Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Plant Breeding and Genetics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2,166 Full-Text Articles 4,856 Authors 334,740 Downloads 75 Institutions

All Articles in Plant Breeding and Genetics

Faceted Search

2,166 full-text articles. Page 7 of 44.

The Effect Of Two Planting Dates And Methods On Snap Bean (Phaseolus Vulgaris) Production In A Tunnel House, Edward Sparks, Victor Khan, Ramble Ankumah, James E. Currington, Nathaniel Ellison, George X. Hunter Jr., Jeffery L. Moore 2018 Tuskegee University

The Effect Of Two Planting Dates And Methods On Snap Bean (Phaseolus Vulgaris) Production In A Tunnel House, Edward Sparks, Victor Khan, Ramble Ankumah, James E. Currington, Nathaniel Ellison, George X. Hunter Jr., Jeffery L. Moore

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

The study was conducted to evaluate the impact of two planting dates and methods on snap bean yields in a tunnel house. The main plots included planting dates March 17 and 31, 2016 for first and second plantings. The sub-plots consisted of planting Method 1 where one seed per hill was planted every 4” apart, and planting Method 2 where three seeds per hill were planted every 12” apart; each treatment combination was replicated four times. The results of the study showed that it took 55 days for the snap beans to be ready for harvest for both planting dates ...


The Determinants Of Nucleosome Patterns And The Impact Of Phosphate Starvation On Nucleosome Patterns And Gene Expression In Rice, Qi Zhang 2018 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

The Determinants Of Nucleosome Patterns And The Impact Of Phosphate Starvation On Nucleosome Patterns And Gene Expression In Rice, Qi Zhang

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

In eukaryotic cells, DNA is a large molecule that must be greatly condensed to fit within the nucleus. DNA is wrapped around histone proteins to form nucleosomes, which facilitate DNA condensation, but on the other hand, may limit DNA processes. Organisms must respond to environmental stress in order to survive, and one strategy is by remodeling nucleosomes to promote changes in DNA accessibility to alter gene expression. Studies have demonstrated a clear correlation between nucleosome dynamics and transcriptional change in some eukaryotes, however factors that affect nucleosome positioning in plants are largely unknown, and the correlation between nucleosome dynamics and ...


Breeding For Resistance In California Strawberry To Verticillium Dahliae, Zachary Christman 2018 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Breeding For Resistance In California Strawberry To Verticillium Dahliae, Zachary Christman

Theses, Dissertations, and Student Research in Agronomy and Horticulture

Since 1930 the University of California, Davis, has been developing strawberry cultivars that are adapted to the agricultural industry and regional farms. Developing cultivars that require fewer inputs are of significant economic importance in agronomy. Developing a crop resistant to a disease is beneficial for horticulturists since less labor and chemicals are needed for a high yield.6

In commercial strawberry cultivars, complete resistance to V. dahlia is extremely rare. The majority of Californian strawberry cultivars are highly susceptible to it.2 Over the last 18 years of plant breeding for strawberry cultivars with a high degree of resistance and ...


E3 Ubiquitin Ligases: Key Regulators Of Hormone Signaling In Plants, Dior R. Kelley 2018 Iowa State University

E3 Ubiquitin Ligases: Key Regulators Of Hormone Signaling In Plants, Dior R. Kelley

Genetics, Development and Cell Biology Publications

Ubiquitin-mediated control of protein stability is central to most aspects of plant hormone signaling. Attachment of ubiquitin to target proteins occurs via an enzymatic cascade with the final step being catalyzed by a family of enzymes known as E3 ubiquitin ligases, which have been classified based on their protein domains and structures. While E3 ubiquitin ligases are conserved among eukaryotes, in plants they are well-known to fulfill unique roles as central regulators of phytohormone signaling, including hormone perception and regulation of hormone biosynthesis. This review will highlight up-to-date findings that have refined well-known E3 ligase-substrate interactions and defined novel E3 ...


Plant Genetic Resources For Food And Agriculture: Opportunities And Challenges Emerging From The Science And Information Technology Revolution, Michael Halewood, Tinashe Chiurugwi, Ruaraidh Sackville Hamilton, Brad Kurtz, Emily Marden, Eric Welch, Frank Michiels, Javad Mozafari, Muhamad Sabran, Nicola Patron, Paul Kersey, Ruth Bastow, Shawn Dorius, Sonia Dias, Susan McCouch, Wayne Powell 2018 Bioversity International, Rome, Italy

Plant Genetic Resources For Food And Agriculture: Opportunities And Challenges Emerging From The Science And Information Technology Revolution, Michael Halewood, Tinashe Chiurugwi, Ruaraidh Sackville Hamilton, Brad Kurtz, Emily Marden, Eric Welch, Frank Michiels, Javad Mozafari, Muhamad Sabran, Nicola Patron, Paul Kersey, Ruth Bastow, Shawn Dorius, Sonia Dias, Susan Mccouch, Wayne Powell

Sociology Publications

Over the last decade, there has been an ongoing revolution in the exploration, manipulation, and synthesis of biological systems, through the development of new technologies that generate, analyse and exploit big data. Users of Plant Genetic Resources (PGR) can potentially leverage these capacities to significantly increase the efficiency and effectiveness of their efforts to conserve, discover and utilise novel qualities in PGR, and help achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This review advances the discussion on these emerging opportunities and discusses how taking advantage of them will require data integration and synthesis across disciplinary, organisational and international boundaries, and the ...


Genome-Wide Association Studies Of Doubled Haploid Exotic Introgression Lines For Root System Architecture Traits In Maize (Zea Mays L.), Darlene L. Sanchez, Sisi Liu, Rania Ibrahim, Michael Blanco, Thomas Lubberstedt 2018 Iowa State University

Genome-Wide Association Studies Of Doubled Haploid Exotic Introgression Lines For Root System Architecture Traits In Maize (Zea Mays L.), Darlene L. Sanchez, Sisi Liu, Rania Ibrahim, Michael Blanco, Thomas Lubberstedt

Agronomy Publications

Root system architecture (RSA) is becoming recognized as important for water and nutrient acquisition in plants. This study focuses on finding single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with seedling RSA traits from 300 doubled haploid (DH) lines derived from crosses between Germplasm Enhancement of Maize (GEM) accessions and inbred lines PHB47 and PHZ51. These DH lines were genotyped using 62,077 SNP markers, while root and shoot phenotype data were collected from 14-day old seedlings. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) were conducted using three models to offset false positives/negatives. Multiple SNPs associated with seedling root traits were detected, some of which ...


Identification Of Quantitative Trait Loci For Leaf-Related Traits In An Ibm Syn10 Dh Maize Population Across Three Environments, Langlang Ma, Zhongrong Guan, Zhiteng Zhang, Xiaoxiang Zhang, Yanling Zhang, Chaoying Zou, Huanwei Peng, Guangtang Pan, Michael Lee, Yaou Shen, Thomas Lubberstedt 2018 Sichuan Agricultural University

Identification Of Quantitative Trait Loci For Leaf-Related Traits In An Ibm Syn10 Dh Maize Population Across Three Environments, Langlang Ma, Zhongrong Guan, Zhiteng Zhang, Xiaoxiang Zhang, Yanling Zhang, Chaoying Zou, Huanwei Peng, Guangtang Pan, Michael Lee, Yaou Shen, Thomas Lubberstedt

Agronomy Publications

Leaf-related traits (leaf length, leaf width, leaf area and leaf angle) are very important for the yield of maize (Zea mays L) due to their influence on plant type. Therefore, it is necessary to identify quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for leaf-related traits. In this report, 221 doubled haploid lines (DHLs) of an IBM Syn10 DH population were provided for QTL mapping. In total, 54 QTLs were detected for leaf-related traits in single environments using a high-density genetic linkage map. Among them, only eight common QTLs were identified across two or three environments, and the common QTLs for the four traits ...


Mac3a And Mac3b, Two Core Subunits Of The Mos4-Associated Complex, Positively Influence Mirna Biogenesis, Shengjun Li, Kan Liu, Bangjun Zhou, Mu Li, Shuxin Zhang, Lirong Zeng, Chi Zhang, Bin Yu 2018 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Mac3a And Mac3b, Two Core Subunits Of The Mos4-Associated Complex, Positively Influence Mirna Biogenesis, Shengjun Li, Kan Liu, Bangjun Zhou, Mu Li, Shuxin Zhang, Lirong Zeng, Chi Zhang, Bin Yu

Faculty Publications from the Center for Plant Science Innovation

MAC3A and MAC3B are conserved U-box containing proteins in eukaryotes. They are subunits of the MOS4-associated complex (MAC) that plays essential roles in plant immunity and development in Arabidopsis. However, their functional mechanisms remain elusive. Here we show that Arabidopsis thaliana MAC3A and MAC3B act redundantly in microRNA (miRNA) biogenesis. Lack of both MAC3A and MAC3B in the mac3b mac3b double mutant reduces the accumulation of miRNAs, causing elevated transcript levels of miRNA targets. mac3a mac3b also decreases the levels of primary miRNA transcripts (pri-miRNAs). However, MAC3A and MAC3B do not affect the promoter activity of genes encoding miRNAs (MIR ...


Analysis Of Extreme Phenotype Bulk Copy Number Variation (Xp-Cnv) Identified The Association Of Rp1 With Resistance To Goss's Wilt Of Maize, Ying Hu, Jie Ren, Zhao Peng, Arnoldo A. Umana, Ha Le, Tatiana Danilova, Junjie Fu, Haiyan Wang, Alison Robertson, Scot H. Hulbert, Frank F. White, Sanzhen Liu 2018 Kansas State University

Analysis Of Extreme Phenotype Bulk Copy Number Variation (Xp-Cnv) Identified The Association Of Rp1 With Resistance To Goss's Wilt Of Maize, Ying Hu, Jie Ren, Zhao Peng, Arnoldo A. Umana, Ha Le, Tatiana Danilova, Junjie Fu, Haiyan Wang, Alison Robertson, Scot H. Hulbert, Frank F. White, Sanzhen Liu

Plant Pathology and Microbiology Publications

Goss's wilt (GW) of maize is caused by the Gram-positive bacterium Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. nebraskensis (Cmn) and has spread in recent years throughout the Great Plains, posing a threat to production. The genetic basis of plant resistance is unknown. Here, a simple method for quantifying disease symptoms was developed and used to select cohorts of highly resistant and highly susceptible lines known as extreme phenotypes (XP). Copy number variation (CNV) analyses using whole genome sequences of bulked XP revealed 141 genes containing CNV between the two XP groups. The CNV genes include the previously identified common rust resistant locus ...


Qtl Mapping In Three Connected Populations Reveals A Set Of Consensus Genomic Regions For Low Temperature Germination Ability In Zea Mays L., Xuhui Li, Guihua Wang, Junjie Fu, Li Li, Guangyao Jia, Lisha Ren, Thomas Lubberstedt, Guoying Wang, Jianhua Wang, Riliang Gu 2018 China Agricultural University

Qtl Mapping In Three Connected Populations Reveals A Set Of Consensus Genomic Regions For Low Temperature Germination Ability In Zea Mays L., Xuhui Li, Guihua Wang, Junjie Fu, Li Li, Guangyao Jia, Lisha Ren, Thomas Lubberstedt, Guoying Wang, Jianhua Wang, Riliang Gu

Agronomy Publications

Improving seed vigor in response to cold stress is an important breeding objective in maize that allows early sowing. Using two cold tolerant inbred lines 220 and P9-10 and two susceptible lines Y1518 and PH4CV, three connected F2:3 populations were generated for detecting quantitative trait locus (QTL) related to seed low-temperature germination ability. At 10°C, two germination traits (emergence rate and germination index) were collected from a sand bed and three seedling traits (seedling root length, shoot length, and total length) were extracted from paper rolls. Significant correlations were found among all traits in all populations. Via single-population ...


Functions Of Maize Genes Encoding Pyruvate Phosphate Dikinase In Developing Endosperm, Ryan R. Lappe, John W. Baier, Susan K. Boehlein, Ryan Huffman, Qiaohui Lin, Fabrice Wattebled, A. Mark Settles, L. Curtis Hannah, Ljudmilla Borisjuk, Hardy Rolletschek, Jon D. Stewart, M. Paul Scott, Tracie A. Hennen-Bierwagen, Alan M. Myers 2018 Iowa State University

Functions Of Maize Genes Encoding Pyruvate Phosphate Dikinase In Developing Endosperm, Ryan R. Lappe, John W. Baier, Susan K. Boehlein, Ryan Huffman, Qiaohui Lin, Fabrice Wattebled, A. Mark Settles, L. Curtis Hannah, Ljudmilla Borisjuk, Hardy Rolletschek, Jon D. Stewart, M. Paul Scott, Tracie A. Hennen-Bierwagen, Alan M. Myers

Agronomy Publications

Maize opaque2 (o2) mutations are beneficial for endosperm nutritional quality but cause negative pleiotropic effects for reasons that are not fully understood. Direct targets of the bZIP transcriptional regulator encoded by o2 include pdk1 and pdk2 that specify pyruvate phosphate dikinase (PPDK). This enzyme reversibly converts AMP, pyrophosphate, and phosphoenolpyruvate to ATP, orthophosphate, and pyruvate and provides diverse functions in plants. This study addressed PPDK function in maize starchy endosperm where it is highly abundant during grain fill. pdk1 and pdk2 were inactivated individually by transposon insertions, and both genes were simultaneously targeted by endosperm-specific RNAi. pdk2 accounts for the ...


Tomato Cultivar Evaluation In High Tunnels, Northern Indiana, 2017, Elizabeth Maynard, Erin A. Bluhm 2018 Purdue University - Main Campus

Tomato Cultivar Evaluation In High Tunnels, Northern Indiana, 2017, Elizabeth Maynard, Erin A. Bluhm

Purdue Fruit and Vegetable Research Reports

Tomatoes are a common crop grown in unheated greenhouses, commonly called high tunnels. Production in these structures has increased in recent years. This trial was conducted to evaluate varieties for their performance as a summer-harvested crop in soil-based high tunnel production systems. Five hybrid determinate varieties or line, one hybrid indeterminate, and one open-pollinated indeterminate variety were compared for yield, earliness, fruit size, and quality.


Sugar-Enhanced And Synergistic Sweet Corn Cultivar Evaluation For Northern Indiana, 2017, Elizabeth Maynard, Erin A. Bluhm 2018 Purdue University - Main Campus

Sugar-Enhanced And Synergistic Sweet Corn Cultivar Evaluation For Northern Indiana, 2017, Elizabeth Maynard, Erin A. Bluhm

Purdue Fruit and Vegetable Research Reports

This paper reports on six bicolor sugar-enhanced or synergistic sweet corn entries that were evaluated at the Pinney-Purdue Agricultural Center in Wanatah, Indiana.


Supersweet Sweet Corn Cultivar Evaluation For Northern Indiana, 2017, Elizabeth Maynard, Erin A. Bluhm 2018 Purdue University - Main Campus

Supersweet Sweet Corn Cultivar Evaluation For Northern Indiana, 2017, Elizabeth Maynard, Erin A. Bluhm

Purdue Fruit and Vegetable Research Reports

This paper reports on fifteen bicolor, two yellow, and two white supersweet sweet corn entries that were evaluated at the Pinney-Purdue Agricultural Center in Wanatah, Indiana.


Pumpkin Variety Performance With And Without Treatment For Powdery Mildew In Northern Indiana, 2017, Elizabeth Maynard, Erin A. Bluhm 2018 Purdue University - Main Campus

Pumpkin Variety Performance With And Without Treatment For Powdery Mildew In Northern Indiana, 2017, Elizabeth Maynard, Erin A. Bluhm

Purdue Fruit and Vegetable Research Reports

Pumpkins are grown on 5,000 acres in Indiana with an average yield of 6.75 tons per acre. Successful pumpkin production requires the use of varieties that yield well and produce pumpkins of the size, shape, color, and quality demanded by the market. Genetic resistance to the fungal disease powdery mildew is present in some varieties. This trial was designed to evaluate performance of pumpkin varieties in northern Indiana with and without treatment for powdery mildew. The trial included fourteen orange jack-o-lantern size pumpkins, one small or 'pie' pumpkin and one specialty yellow pumpkin.


Midwest Vegetable Trial Report For 2017, Elizabeth Maynard, Brad R. Bergefurd, Wenjing Guan, Petrus Langenhoven 2018 Purdue University - Main Campus

Midwest Vegetable Trial Report For 2017, Elizabeth Maynard, Brad R. Bergefurd, Wenjing Guan, Petrus Langenhoven

Purdue Fruit and Vegetable Research Reports

This is a compilation of 19 research trial reports from six land-grant universities in the Midwestern United States. Crops include green beans, cantaloupe, cucumber, ornamental corn, pepper, potato, pumpkin, butternut squash, sweet corn, tomato, and watermelon. Several crops were evaluated in high tunnels or hoophouses. Most trials evaluated different cultivars or varieties. One report addressed specific growing practices: plant spacing for sweet corn.


Intraspecific Genetic Variation, Population Structure, And Performance Of The Invasive Aquatic Macrophyte Eurasian Watermilfoil (Myriophyllum Spicatum) In Waterbodies With And Without Histories Of Chemical Herbicide Treatment Across Michigan, Taylor Zallek 2018 Michigan Technological University

Intraspecific Genetic Variation, Population Structure, And Performance Of The Invasive Aquatic Macrophyte Eurasian Watermilfoil (Myriophyllum Spicatum) In Waterbodies With And Without Histories Of Chemical Herbicide Treatment Across Michigan, Taylor Zallek

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Populations of invasive species are often subjected to novel selective forces in the form of anthropogenic control agents in their introduced ranges. These control agents, applied unevenly among populations within a species’ new range, can send invasive populations on drastically different evolutionary and ecological trajectories. In these studies, we aimed to see if different histories of chemical herbicide treatment are differentially influencing the genetic diversity, structure, and performance of populations of invasive watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum and M. spicatum x M. sibiricum hybrids) from waterbodies in the state of Michigan. We sampled ten waterbodies with different histories of herbicide treatment in ...


Quantitative And Molecular Analysis Of Habituation At The Maize R1 Locus, Robert C. Lindsay 2018 Integrated Life Sciences PhD Program

Quantitative And Molecular Analysis Of Habituation At The Maize R1 Locus, Robert C. Lindsay

Theses and Dissertations

Epigenetics is the study of heritable changes in phenotypes that are not the result of changes in DNA sequence. Examples of epigenetic affecters include methylation changes, chromatin modifications, transcription factors, and RNA-based changes. The molecular mechanisms behind epigenetic changes are not fully understood. Canalization is the buffering of gene expression against environmental changes over time, while habituation is semi-stable expression change over time due to selection. This work characterized the molecular changes associated with the kernel color changes of the R-sc:86-17pale allele at the maize red color1 (r1) locus to determine if the changes are epigenetic in nature. The ...


Natural And Anthropogenic Drivers Of Tree Evolutionary Dynamics, Brandon M. Lind 2018 Virginia Commonwealth University

Natural And Anthropogenic Drivers Of Tree Evolutionary Dynamics, Brandon M. Lind

Theses and Dissertations

Species of trees inhabit diverse and heterogeneous environments, and often play important ecological roles in such communities. As a result of their vast ecological breadth, trees have become adapted to various environmental pressures. In this dissertation I examine various environmental factors that drive evolutionary dynamics in threePinusspecies in California and Nevada, USA. In chapter two, I assess the role of management influence of thinning, fire, and their interaction on fine-scale gene flow within fire-suppressed populations of Pinus lambertiana, a historically dominant and ecologically important member of mixed-conifer forests of the Sierra Nevada, California. Here, I find evidence that ...


Evaluation Of Foliar Fungicides On Soybeans In Central Iowa, Daren Mueller, Yuba Kandel, Stith Wiggs 2018 Iowa State University

Evaluation Of Foliar Fungicides On Soybeans In Central Iowa, Daren Mueller, Yuba Kandel, Stith Wiggs

Farm Progress Reports

Foliar fungicides were assessed on soybeans for foliar disease management and yield response across seven Iowa State University research station locations including the Northwest Farm (Sutherland), Northern Farm (Kanawha), Northeast Farm (Nashua), Central Iowa Farms (Ames), Armstrong Farm (Lewis), McNay Farm (Chariton), and Southeast Farm (Crawfordsville).


Digital Commons powered by bepress