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(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate (Egcg) Post-Transcriptionally And Post-Translationally Suppresses The Cell Proliferative Protein Trop2 In Human Colorectal Cancer Cells., Seung Baek, Mugdha Sukhthankar, SAVERIO Alberti 2010 The University of Tennessee

(-)-Epigallocatechin-3-Gallate (Egcg) Post-Transcriptionally And Post-Translationally Suppresses The Cell Proliferative Protein Trop2 In Human Colorectal Cancer Cells., Seung Baek, Mugdha Sukhthankar, Saverio Alberti

Seung J Baek

BACKGROUND: TROP-2 is a tumor-promoting molecule that has been found to be overexpressed in many cancer cells, making it a plausible biomarker of carcinogenesis. The main aim of this study was to examine the effect of green tea catechins (namely, (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate; EGCG) on TROP-2 expression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Western blot and RT-PCR were applied to assess TROP2 expression in colorectal cancer cells and tissues. RESULTS: Two different mechanisms were found to operate in diverse cell lines. In SW480 cells, EGCG affected the post-transcriptional processing of the TROP-2 mRNA, as this was quickly and specifically degraded in the presence of EGCG ...


Mcc-555-Induced Nag-1 Expression Is Mediated In Part By Klf4., Maria Cekanova, Seong-Ho Lee, Michael McEntee, Seung Baek 2010 The University of Tennessee

Mcc-555-Induced Nag-1 Expression Is Mediated In Part By Klf4., Maria Cekanova, Seong-Ho Lee, Michael Mcentee, Seung Baek

Seong-Ho Lee

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) plays a central role in cell differentiation, metabolism and tumorigenesis. We have investigated the therapeutic properties of 5-[[6-[(2-fluorophenyl)-methoxy]-2-napthalenyl]-methyl]-2,4-thiazolidinedione (MCC-555) a PPARgamma agonist in human colorectal cancer cells. To elucidate the molecular mechanism(s), by which MCC-555 exerts its effects on the human colorectal cancer cells, we have analyzed the expression of two pro-apoptotic proteins, Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-activated gene-1 (NAG-1). MCC-555-induced expression of the transcription factor, KLF-4 was blocked by a PPARgamma specific antagonist GW9662 in PPARgamma-dependent manner in HCT-116 cells. We ...


Chloroacetamid Spray Drift And Leaf Tatters In Hackberry, Ariana P. Miller 2010 University of Nebraska at Lincoln

Chloroacetamid Spray Drift And Leaf Tatters In Hackberry, Ariana P. Miller

Dissertations & Theses in Natural Resources

During the last decade, leaf tatters has been reported in white oak and hackberry across several Midwestern states. Herbicide spray drift studies have shown that chloroacetamides can induce leaf tatters. The objectives of this research were to: 1) identify vulnerable bud developmental stages in hackberry and 2) determine if different commercial chloroacetamides affect severity of leaf tatters. In 2008, a preliminary spray drift experiment was conducted on mature trees from a former hackberry provenance test stand. Acetochlor (Harness), S-metolachlor (Dual II Magnum), and dimethenamid (Outlook) were applied at concentrations approximating 27%, 54%, 81%, or 108% of the recommended field rate ...


Hiv And Hepatocellular And Esophageal Carcinomas Related To Consumption Of Mycotoxin-Prone Foods In Sub-Saharan Africa, Jonathan H. Williams, Jessica A. Grubbs, Jerry W. Davis, Jia-Sheng Wang, Pauline E. Jolly, Nii-Ayi Ankrah, William O. Ellis, Evans Afriyie-Gyawu, Natalie M. Johnson, Abraham G. Robinson, Timothy D. Phillips 2010 University of Georgia

Hiv And Hepatocellular And Esophageal Carcinomas Related To Consumption Of Mycotoxin-Prone Foods In Sub-Saharan Africa, Jonathan H. Williams, Jessica A. Grubbs, Jerry W. Davis, Jia-Sheng Wang, Pauline E. Jolly, Nii-Ayi Ankrah, William O. Ellis, Evans Afriyie-Gyawu, Natalie M. Johnson, Abraham G. Robinson, Timothy D. Phillips

Environmental Health Sciences Faculty Publications

Background: Promotion of the HIV epidemic by aflatoxin is postulated but not yet established. Sub-Saharan populations commonly consume food contaminated by mycotoxins, particularly aflatoxins (predominantly found in peanut, maize, rice, and cassava) and fumonisins, which occur primarily in maize. Aflatoxin promotes hepatocellular cancer, and fumonisin may promote esophageal cancer.

Objectives: This analysis was undertaken to test the hypotheses that consumption of mycotoxin-prone staple foods is 1) related to the incidence of HIV infection in Africa and 2) related to “signature” cancer rates confirming exposure to aflatoxins and fumonisins.

Design: World Health Organization data for causes of death and the Food ...


A Comparative Study Of Three Growing Media And Four Plant Groups Under Extensive Green Roof Conditions In San Luis Obispo, Ca, Todd Alan Nelson 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

A Comparative Study Of Three Growing Media And Four Plant Groups Under Extensive Green Roof Conditions In San Luis Obispo, Ca, Todd Alan Nelson

Master's Theses and Project Reports

ABSTRACT A Comparative Study of Three Growing Media and Four Plant Groups Under Extensive Green Roof Conditions in San Luis Obispo, California Todd A. Nelson Green roof growing media and plant species are critical factors when deciding on the best materials for a project. Growing media must be chosen in accordance with load bearing capacities of structures and water requirements of the plant material. Plant species must be able to thrive in the climate of the green roof and withstand a green roof’s harsh environment. The objectives of this research were: (1) to determine which of three extensive green ...


Role Of Akap5 In Postsynaptic Signaling Complexes, Mingxu Zhang 2010 University of Iowa

Role Of Akap5 In Postsynaptic Signaling Complexes, Mingxu Zhang

Theses and Dissertations

Noradrenergic signaling has important functions in the central nervous system (CNS) with respect to emotion, learning and memory. Activation of β- adrenergic receptors (β ARs) stimulates protein kinase A via Gs-protein, adenylyl cyclase, and cAMP. Synaptic β←2 -adrenergic receptors, targets of the neurotransmitter norephinephrin, are associated with the GluA1 subunit of AMPA-type glutamate receptors, which mediate most excitatory synaptic transmission in mammalian CNS. PKA-mediated phosphorylation of GluA1 on Ser845 is important for GluA1 surface expression, activity induced postsynaptic accumulation, and synaptic plasticity. Postsynaptic localization of PKA is mediated by a major scaffolding protein `A kinase anchor protein 5 (AKAP5 ...


Mcc-555-Induced Nag-1 Expression Is Mediated In Part By Klf4., Maria Cekanova, Seong-Ho Lee, Michael McEntee, Seung Baek 2010 The University of Tennessee

Mcc-555-Induced Nag-1 Expression Is Mediated In Part By Klf4., Maria Cekanova, Seong-Ho Lee, Michael Mcentee, Seung Baek

Seung J Baek

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) plays a central role in cell differentiation, metabolism and tumorigenesis. We have investigated the therapeutic properties of 5-[[6-[(2-fluorophenyl)-methoxy]-2-napthalenyl]-methyl]-2,4-thiazolidinedione (MCC-555) a PPARgamma agonist in human colorectal cancer cells. To elucidate the molecular mechanism(s), by which MCC-555 exerts its effects on the human colorectal cancer cells, we have analyzed the expression of two pro-apoptotic proteins, Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4) and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)-activated gene-1 (NAG-1). MCC-555-induced expression of the transcription factor, KLF-4 was blocked by a PPARgamma specific antagonist GW9662 in PPARgamma-dependent manner in HCT-116 cells. We ...


Natural Selection On Epas1 (Hif2Α) Associated With Low Hemoglobin Concentration In Tibetan Highlanders, Cynthia M. Beall, Gianpiero L. Cavalleri, Libin Deng, Robert C. Elston, Yang Gao, Jo Knight, Chaohua Li, Jiang Chuan Li, Yu Liang, Mark McCormack, Hugh E. Montgomery, Hao Pan, Peter A. Robbins, Kevin V. Shianna, Siu Cheung Tam, Ngodup Tsering, Krishna Veeramah, Wei Wang, Puchung Wangdui, Michael E. Weale, Yaomin Xu, Zhe Xu, Ling Yang, M Justin Zaman, Changqing Zeng, Li Zhang, Xianglong Zhang, Pingcuo Zhaxi, Yong Tang Zheng 2010 Case Western Reserve University

Natural Selection On Epas1 (Hif2Α) Associated With Low Hemoglobin Concentration In Tibetan Highlanders, Cynthia M. Beall, Gianpiero L. Cavalleri, Libin Deng, Robert C. Elston, Yang Gao, Jo Knight, Chaohua Li, Jiang Chuan Li, Yu Liang, Mark Mccormack, Hugh E. Montgomery, Hao Pan, Peter A. Robbins, Kevin V. Shianna, Siu Cheung Tam, Ngodup Tsering, Krishna Veeramah, Wei Wang, Puchung Wangdui, Michael E. Weale, Yaomin Xu, Zhe Xu, Ling Yang, M Justin Zaman, Changqing Zeng, Li Zhang, Xianglong Zhang, Pingcuo Zhaxi, Yong Tang Zheng

Molecular and Cellular Therapeutics Articles

By impairing both function and survival, the severe reduction in oxygen availability associated with high-altitude environments is likely to act as an agent of natural selection. We employed genomic and candidate gene approaches to search for evidence of such genetic selection. First, a genome-wide allelic differentiation scan (GWADS) comparing indigenous highlanders of the Tibetan Plateau (3200-3500m) with closely related lowland Han revealed a genome-wide significant divergence across eight SNPs located near EPAS1. This gene encodes the transcription factor HIF2α, which stimulates production of red blood cells and thus increases the concentration of hemoglobin in blood. Second, in a separate cohort ...


Poisonous Rangeland Plants In San Luis Obispo County, Sara Litten, Amanda Ou 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Poisonous Rangeland Plants In San Luis Obispo County, Sara Litten, Amanda Ou

Animal Science

Poisonous Rangeland Plants in San Luis Obispo County is a comprehensive educational guide to rangeland plants that are toxic to domestic livestock. This guide begins with an exploration of how the biological systems are affected by the poisonous plant toxins. The biochemistry behind these toxins is included in the discussion. Next, reference material for fourteen plants that inhabit San Luis Obispo County is provided. This information includes specific toxins found in poisonous plants, affected animals, symptoms of poisoning, stages of growth, lethal dose, and distribution of the plant in California. This section of the guide is filled with helpful photos ...


Analysis Of Anthropogenic Effects On Topsoil Throughout The California Polytechnic State University Campus In San Luis Obispo, Brooke L. Hamilton 2010 California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo

Analysis Of Anthropogenic Effects On Topsoil Throughout The California Polytechnic State University Campus In San Luis Obispo, Brooke L. Hamilton

Earth and Soil Sciences

Soils reflect the health of a landscape, and in many cases carry the burden of anthropogenic activity, continually changing in characteristics such as pH, soil texture, soil structure, carbon:nitrogen ratios (C:N), and chemical composition. In a study sampling six different soils on the California Polytechnic State University campus in San Luis Obispo, these five soil characteristics were tested for and the results were determined. Soil samples consist of the top 5-10 cm of soil profiles, with sample sites varying according to degree of human contact; the locations the samples were taken from are as follows: (1) Walters Creek ...


Effects Of Atmospheric Non-Thermal Plasma On Invasion Of Colorectal Cancer Cells., Seung Baek, Chul-Ho Kim, S Kwon, K Lee, S Jun, Philip Rack 2010 The University of Tennessee

Effects Of Atmospheric Non-Thermal Plasma On Invasion Of Colorectal Cancer Cells., Seung Baek, Chul-Ho Kim, S Kwon, K Lee, S Jun, Philip Rack

Seung J Baek

No abstract provided.


Comparative Transcriptional Study Of The Effects Of High Intracellular Zinc On Prostate Carcinoma Cells, Wong Pooi Fong 2010 Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA

Comparative Transcriptional Study Of The Effects Of High Intracellular Zinc On Prostate Carcinoma Cells, Wong Pooi Fong

Wong Pooi Fong

The normally high concentration of zinc in normal prostate gland is significantly reduced in malignant prostate tissues, but its precise role in prostate tumorigenesis remains unclear. The present study investigates the growth and transcriptional responses of LNCaP prostate cancer cells to prolonged high Zn(2+) treatment. Restoration of high intracellular Zn(2+) to LNCaP cells significantly reduced the cell proliferation rate by 42.2 +/- 7.4% at the exponential growth phase and the efficiency of colony formation on soft agar by 87.2 +/- 2.5% at week 5 post-treatment. At least 161 LNCaP cell genes responded to the high intracellular ...


The C1 Domain In Cancer Signaling Molecules: Regulation By Lipids And Protein-Protein Interactions, Hongbin Wang 2010 University of Pennsylvania

The C1 Domain In Cancer Signaling Molecules: Regulation By Lipids And Protein-Protein Interactions, Hongbin Wang

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Cysteine-rich (C1) domains, present in PKC isozymes, Chimaerins, RasGRPs, PKDs, Munc13s, DGKs, and MRCKs, can bind the diacylglycerol (DAG) second messenger. In the present thesis research, I demonstrated that p23/Tmp21 acts as a C1-domain docking protein that mediates perinuclear translocation of beta2-chimaerin. Glu227 and Leu248 in the beta2-chimaerin C1-domain are crucial for binding p23/Tmp21 and perinuclear targeting. Isolated C1-domains from individual PKC isozymes or RasGRP1 differentially interact with p23/Tmp21. PKCepsilon interacts with p23/Tmp21 specifically via its C1b domain, however this association is lost in response to phorbol esters. These results demonstrate that p23/Tmp21 acts as ...


Molecular And Structural Insights Into Nuclear Hormone Receptor Repression Mediated By The Corepressor Ncor, Caroline A. Murphy 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Molecular And Structural Insights Into Nuclear Hormone Receptor Repression Mediated By The Corepressor Ncor, Caroline A. Murphy

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Nuclear hormone receptors comprise a large family of ligand-sensitive transcription factors that can directly bind and regulate target genes to affect various physiological processes including development, differentiation, circadian rhythm and metabolism. Classically, activation of transcription by nuclear receptors (NRs) is due to a ligandinduced switch from corepressor- to coactivator-bound states. Highly analogous corepressors including NCoR and SMRT facilitate repression by NR via recruitment and activation of the histone deacetylase HDAC3. Liver X Receptor (LXR) is an NR that functions to regulate diverse physiological processes including cholesterol metabolism, lipid homeostasis, immunity and inflammation. Selective modulators of LXR to specifically target pathways ...


Improved Plasma Stability And Sustained Release Profile Of Gemcitabine Via Polypeptide Conjugation, Kiew Lik Voon, Cheong Soon Keng, Khalifah Sidik 2010 Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA

Improved Plasma Stability And Sustained Release Profile Of Gemcitabine Via Polypeptide Conjugation, Kiew Lik Voon, Cheong Soon Keng, Khalifah Sidik

Kiew Lik Voon

To enhance the stability of the anticancer drug gemcitabine (2'-deoxy-2',2'-difluorocytidine), it was conjugated to poly-L-glutamic acid (PG-H) via a carbodiimide reaction. The synthesised poly-L-glutamic acid-gemcitabine (PG-G) was purified and characterised by using SDS-PAGE to estimate its molecular weight, HPLC to determine its purity and degree of drug loading, and NMR to elucidate the structure. In vitro aqueous hydrolytic studies showed that the gemcitabine release from the polymeric drug conjugate was pH dependent, and that the conjugation to PG-H improved its stability in human plasma. The release of the bound gemcitabine from PG-G in plasma was mediated by ...


Xenoestrogen-Specific Mechanisms Of Developmental Reprogramming Correlate With Gene Expression And Tumor Development, Kristen L. Greathouse 2010 University of Texas Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences at Houston

Xenoestrogen-Specific Mechanisms Of Developmental Reprogramming Correlate With Gene Expression And Tumor Development, Kristen L. Greathouse

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Environmental exposures during sensitive windows of development can reprogram normal physiological responses and alter disease susceptibility later in life in a process known as developmental reprogramming. We have shown that neonatal exposure to the xenoestrogen diethylstilbestrol (DES) can developmentally reprogram the reproductive tract in genetically susceptible Eker rats giving rise to complete penetrance of uterine leiomyoma. Based on this, we hypothesized that xenoestrogens, including genistein (GEN) and bisphenol A (BPA), reprogram estrogen-responsive gene expression in the myometrium and promote the development of uterine leiomyoma. We proposed the mechanism that is responsible for the developmental reprogramming of gene expression was through ...


Generalized Concentration Addition Predicts Joint Effects Of Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Agonists With Partial Agonists And Competitive Antagonists, Gregory J. Howard, Jennifer J. Schlezinger, Mark E. Hahn, Thomas F. Webster 2010 Dickinson College

Generalized Concentration Addition Predicts Joint Effects Of Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Agonists With Partial Agonists And Competitive Antagonists, Gregory J. Howard, Jennifer J. Schlezinger, Mark E. Hahn, Thomas F. Webster

Faculty and Staff Publications By Year

Background: Predicting the expected outcome of a combination exposure is critical to risk assessment. The toxic equivalency factor (TEF) approach used for analyzing joint effects of dioxinlike chemicals is a special case of the method of concentration addition. However, the TEF method assumes that individual agents are full aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) agonists with parallel dose–response curves, whereas many mixtures include partial agonists.

Objectives: We assessed the ability of generalized concentration addition (GCA) to predict effects of combinations of full AhR agonists with partial agonists or competitive antagonists.

Methods: We measured activation of AhR-dependent gene expression in H1G1.1c3 ...


Quantifying Legacy Effects Of Managed Disturbance On Sagebrush Steppe Resilience And Diversity, Julie Ripplinger 2010 Utah State University

Quantifying Legacy Effects Of Managed Disturbance On Sagebrush Steppe Resilience And Diversity, Julie Ripplinger

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Land-use legacies can affect landscapes for decades to millennia. A long history of shrub management exists in the sagebrush steppe of the Intermountain West where shrub-removal treatments, a type of managed disturbance, have been implemented for over 50 years to reduce sagebrush cover. The assumption behind managed disturbances is that they will increase forage for domestic livestock and improve wildlife habitat. However, the long-term effects of managed disturbance on plant community composition and diversity are not well understood. We investigated the legacy effects of three common types of managed disturbance (chemical, fire, and mechanical treatments) on plant community diversity and ...


The Role Of Camkii Binding Nmdars In Synaptic Plasticity And Memory, Robert Francis Dallapiazza 2010 University of Iowa

The Role Of Camkii Binding Nmdars In Synaptic Plasticity And Memory, Robert Francis Dallapiazza

Theses and Dissertations

Our memories are fundamental components of who we are as individuals. They influence almost every aspect of our lives such as our decisions, our personalities, our emotions, and our purpose in life. Diseases that affect memory have devastating impacts on the individuals who bear them. Imagine not being able to recall pleasant memories or even the faces of close family members. It's important to understand the biology of memory formation not only because it's an intriguing scientific question, but because of its consequences when these processes are lost. N-methyl-D-aspartate-type glutamate receptors (NMDARs) and calcium/calmodulin-dependent kinase II (CaMKII ...


Effects Of Long-Term Pioglitazone Treatment On Peripheral And Central Markers Of Aging, Eric M. Blalock, Jeremiah T. Phelps, Tristano Pancani, James L. Searcy, Katie L. Anderson, John C. Gant, Jelena Popovic, Margarita G. Avdiushko, Don A. Cohen, Kuey-Chu Chen, Nada M. Porter, Olivier Thibault 2010 University of Kentucky

Effects Of Long-Term Pioglitazone Treatment On Peripheral And Central Markers Of Aging, Eric M. Blalock, Jeremiah T. Phelps, Tristano Pancani, James L. Searcy, Katie L. Anderson, John C. Gant, Jelena Popovic, Margarita G. Avdiushko, Don A. Cohen, Kuey-Chu Chen, Nada M. Porter, Olivier Thibault

Pharmacology and Nutritional Sciences Faculty Publications

BACKGROUND: Thiazolidinediones (TZDs) activate peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) and are used clinically to help restore peripheral insulin sensitivity in Type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Interestingly, long-term treatment of mouse models of Alzheimer's disease (AD) with TZDs also has been shown to reduce several well-established brain biomarkers of AD including inflammation, oxidative stress and Abeta accumulation. While TZD's actions in AD models help to elucidate the mechanisms underlying their potentially beneficial effects in AD patients, little is known about the functional consequences of TZDs in animal models of normal aging. Because aging is a common risk factor for both ...


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