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Laboratory and Basic Science Research Commons

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Morphological Comparison Of Fourth-Instar Larvae From Various Populations Of Wyeomyia Smithii, Kendra D. Moore 2018 Georgia Southern University

Morphological Comparison Of Fourth-Instar Larvae From Various Populations Of Wyeomyia Smithii, Kendra D. Moore

University Honors Program Theses

Populations of pitcher plant mosquitoes, Wyeomyia smithii, have exhibited recent shifts in blood-feeding behavior, likely in response to changes in climate and food availability. A comparison of various morphological structures in fourth-instar larvae was conducted to investigate the hypothesis that geographic and temporal dietary differences are reflected in changes in organismal size.


Modeling Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy In Neonatal Cardiomyocytes In Cultured In 3d, Esther Choi 2018 University of Colorado, Boulder

Modeling Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy In Neonatal Cardiomyocytes In Cultured In 3d, Esther Choi

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Heart disease continues to be the leading cause of death in both men and women. It is accompanied with cellular- and organ- level remodeling that cannot be mimicked or recaptured by cells on standard culture platforms. Polyethylene glycol hydrogels bridge this gap by providing user-defined tunability for cell culture. A novel 3D cell culture system was developed to encapsulate neonatal rat ventricular cardiomyocytes (NRVMs) in a single plane, and cell health was assessed. In parallel, recombinant adenoviruses containing the mutations responsible for human hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) in the beta myosin gene (R403Q and R453C) were generated and used as a ...


Integrating Online Instruction And Hands-On Laboratory Activities For Summer Learning For Students Of Color: A Design Case In Forensic Science, Douglas Elrick, Jiaqi Yu, Connie Hargrave 2018 Iowa State University

Integrating Online Instruction And Hands-On Laboratory Activities For Summer Learning For Students Of Color: A Design Case In Forensic Science, Douglas Elrick, Jiaqi Yu, Connie Hargrave

Education Publications

The popularity of TV shows such as Crime Scene Investigation (CSI) has generated high school students’ interest in forensics. Yet, forensic science is not commonly accessible to students, and especially students of color who often attend under-resourced high schools. This article presents the design, development, and evaluation of an online forensics course created for high school students of color who were a part of an informal science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) educational development program. Two essential elements guided the course design: the target learners (high school students of color) and integrating online instruction and hands-on laboratory activities involving real-world ...


The Interplay Between Polarity Regulators, Calcium, And The Actin Cytoskeleton During Tip Growth, Carlisle Bascom Jr 2018 University of Massachusetts Amherst

The Interplay Between Polarity Regulators, Calcium, And The Actin Cytoskeleton During Tip Growth, Carlisle Bascom Jr

Doctoral Dissertations

Plant cell growth is a meticulously regulated process whereby the cell wall is selectively loosened to allow for turgor-pressure driven expansion. The rate of expansion must equal delivery of new material, or the cell will lyse. In many plant cells, this process happens diffusely around the cell. However, a number of plant cells have anisotropic shapes that require exquisite spatial control of secretion. One simple example of anisotropic patterning is tip growth; highly polarized cell expansion utilized by pollen tubes, root hairs, and moss protonemata. Investigating the role various molecules have in tip growth sheds light on how plant cells ...


Laboratory Focus On Improving The Culture Of Biosafety: Statewide Risk Assessment Of Clinical Laboratories That Process Specimens For Microbiologic Analysis, Erik Munson, Erin J. Bowles, Richard Dern, eric Beck, Raymond P. Podzorski, Allen C. Batemman, Timothy K. Block, Joshua L. Kropp, Tyler Radke, Karen Siebers, Brian Simmons, Mary A. Smith, Frances Spray-Larson, David M. Warshauer 2018 Marquette University

Laboratory Focus On Improving The Culture Of Biosafety: Statewide Risk Assessment Of Clinical Laboratories That Process Specimens For Microbiologic Analysis, Erik Munson, Erin J. Bowles, Richard Dern, Eric Beck, Raymond P. Podzorski, Allen C. Batemman, Timothy K. Block, Joshua L. Kropp, Tyler Radke, Karen Siebers, Brian Simmons, Mary A. Smith, Frances Spray-Larson, David M. Warshauer

Clinical Lab Sciences Faculty Research and Publications

The Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene challenged Wisconsin laboratories to examine their biosafety practices and improve their culture of biosafety. One hundred three clinical and public health laboratories completed a questionnaire-based, microbiology-focused biosafety risk assessment. Greater than 96% of the respondents performed activities related to specimen processing, direct microscopic examination, and rapid nonmolecular testing, while approximately 60% performed culture interpretation. Although they are important to the assessment of risk, data specific to patient occupation, symptoms, and travel history were often unavailable to the laboratory and, therefore, less contributory to a microbiology-focused biosafety risk assessment than information on the specimen source ...


A Preliminary Investigation Of Acculturative Stress And Diurnal Cortisol Among Latina Women, Lucas Torres, Felicia Mata-Greve, April L. Harkins 2018 Marquette University

A Preliminary Investigation Of Acculturative Stress And Diurnal Cortisol Among Latina Women, Lucas Torres, Felicia Mata-Greve, April L. Harkins

Clinical Lab Sciences Faculty Research and Publications

The interplay between biological and cultural factors has remained understudied among ethnic minority groups, including Latinos. To the best of our knowledge, minimal to no research has examined the relationship between acculturative stressors and diurnal cortisol among Latina women. This initial exploratory study sought to examine the relationship between cortisol and acculturative stress. Among a small sample of adult Latina women, salivary cortisol was collected at 3 time points (waking, 30 min postwaking, and bedtime) to assess the cortisol awakening response (CAR) and diurnal cortisol response. Information regarding acculturative stress and acculturation was also collected. The major results showed that ...


Modeling Canopy Effect In The Great Lakes Cladophora Model, Ankita Bakshi 2018 Michigan Technological University

Modeling Canopy Effect In The Great Lakes Cladophora Model, Ankita Bakshi

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Cladophora glomerata is a filamentous green alga native to the Great Lakes. However, its nuisance growth in phosphorus rich waters negatively affects the lakes’ aesthetic and water quality. The Great Lakes Cladophora Model (GLCM) v1, developed in 1982, was the first mechanistic model to simulate Cladophora growth basing phosphorus availability and environmental conditions followed by Cladophora Growth Model and GLCM v2. In this study, the light and temperature mediation factors for Cladophora net growth are revised as a necessary step prior to the development of a self-shading algorithm. The concept of a fixed-value, maximum achievable biomass (carrying capacity) employed in ...


Dna Base Excision Repair And Double Strand Break Repair In Human Fibroblast, Mingyang Li 2017 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Dna Base Excision Repair And Double Strand Break Repair In Human Fibroblast, Mingyang Li

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

In eukaryotes, DNA repair mechanisms detect and repair damaged DNA. DNA damage is primarily caused by a variety of exogenous and endogenous sources. Several types of damage to DNA are repaired by different kinds of DNA repair pathways. This dissertation focused on repair of N-methylpurines (NMPs) and double-strand breaks (DSBs) in human fibroblasts.

NMPs, including N7-methylguanine (7MeG) and N3-methyladenine (3MeA), can be induced by environmental methylating agents (e.g. the soil fumigant methyl bromide), chemotherapeutics (e.g. nitrogen mustards), and natural cellular methyl donors like S-adenosylmethionine. In human cells, NMPs are repaired by the multi-step ...


Effect Of Metal Ion Substitution On Electrochemical Properties Of Cobalt Oxide For Energy Applications, Dalal Alqahtani 2017 Pittsburg State University

Effect Of Metal Ion Substitution On Electrochemical Properties Of Cobalt Oxide For Energy Applications, Dalal Alqahtani

Electronic Thesis Collection

Metal oxides are being used for various applications, such as batteries, supercapacitors, and catalysts. This research is mainly to produce high-performance energy storage devices capable of working at high temperatures and causing no pollution in the environment. To this end, the effect of metal ion substitution on the electrochemical properties of Co3O4 for energy applications was studied. Different metal oxides, such as FeCo2O4, MnCo2O4, Co3O4, NiCo2O4, CuCo2O4, and ZnCo2O4, were synthesized using a hydrothermal process. These metal oxides were ...


Detection Of Duo-Schistosome Infection From Filtered Urine Samples From School Children In Zambia After Mda, Megan J. Hessler, Austin Cyrs, Steven C. Krenzke, El Shaimaa Mahmoud, Chummy Sikasunge, James C. L. Mwansa, Nilanjan Lodh 2017 Marquette University

Detection Of Duo-Schistosome Infection From Filtered Urine Samples From School Children In Zambia After Mda, Megan J. Hessler, Austin Cyrs, Steven C. Krenzke, El Shaimaa Mahmoud, Chummy Sikasunge, James C. L. Mwansa, Nilanjan Lodh

Clinical Lab Sciences Faculty Research and Publications

Schistosomiasis is one of the major Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) in sub-Saharan Africa. In sub-Saharan Africa, two major human schistosome species namely Schistosoma mansoniand S. haematobium often occur sympatrically largely affecting children. Recognizing the public health impact of Schistosomiasis, the World Health Organization (WHO) is urging member states to regularly treat at least 75% and up to 100%, of all school-aged children at risk of morbidity. For control strategies based on targeted mass drug administration (MDA) to succeed it is essential to have a simple and sensitive test for monitoring the success of these interventions. Current available diagnostic tests ...


Aging, Inflammation, And Gut Microbiota In Mice, Jody Demeo 2017 Bowling Green State University

Aging, Inflammation, And Gut Microbiota In Mice, Jody Demeo

Honors Projects

Inflammation and gut microbiota are two areas of study that can be linked to aging in the body. As a person ages, systemic inflammation tends to increase, and changes in microbiota in the gastrointestinal system occur as well.


Zinc Chloride Activates Phospho-Akt And Promotes Chondrocyte Maturation In The Atdc5 Chondrogenic Cell Line, Donya T. Burgess 2017 Seton Hall University

Zinc Chloride Activates Phospho-Akt And Promotes Chondrocyte Maturation In The Atdc5 Chondrogenic Cell Line, Donya T. Burgess

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Fracture healing is characterized by inflammation, cartilage formation, bone deposition, and remodeling. Endochondral ossification is an important part of callus formation that relies on the maturation of chondrocytes. Early in their maturation these cells express collagen type II alpha 1 chain (COL2A1) and express collagen type X alpha 1 chain (COL10A1) as they mature further and become hypertrophic chondrocytes. Activation of the insulin pathway is considered a primary factor involved in the initiation of chondrogenesis and its progression during bone healing. Insulin mimetics like zinc chloride (ZnCl2) have been shown to improve bone healing outcomes and enhance bone healing ...


Dopamine Levels In The Brain Of Rat Models Of Human Rheumatoid Arthritis, Amelia Stinson 2017 University of the Incarnate Word

Dopamine Levels In The Brain Of Rat Models Of Human Rheumatoid Arthritis, Amelia Stinson

Theses & Dissertations

Research Focus. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, debilitating, autoimmune disease that causes the destruction of bone tissue and the articular structures of joints. At least 30% of RA patient populations have cognitive impairment. Acidic dopamine (DA) is the principal neuroimmunotransmitter that links the central nervous system and peripheral nervous system together. The aim of the present study was to determine the levels of DA and its two acidic metabolites: 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC) and homovanillic acid (HVA) in arthritic induced rats, and whether their levels vary across four different parts of the brain: amygdala (AMG), front cerebral cortex (CX ...


Characterization Of Notch1 And Pi3k-Pten-Akt/Mtor Pathway Interaction In Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Kyriante' Henry 2017 The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center UTHealth Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences

Characterization Of Notch1 And Pi3k-Pten-Akt/Mtor Pathway Interaction In Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Kyriante' Henry

UT GSBS Dissertations and Theses (Open Access)

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) affects various mucosal sites of the upper aerodigestive tract, including the nasal and oral cavities, the nasopharynx, and the oropharynx. More than five hundred thousand new cases of HNSCC occurred in 2011 alone, with 50,000 reported cases in the United States. This trend made HNSCC the seventh most common non-skin cancer worldwide (Ferlay et al., 2015). Although significant epidemiological and pathological advancements have been made, survival rates have not improved much over the last 40 years, leaving a mortality rate that remains at approximately 50%. An unbiased drug screen demonstrated that HNSCC ...


Exogenous Ubiquitin: Role In Myocardial Inflammation And Remodeling Post- Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury, Stephanie Scofield 2017 East Tennessee State University

Exogenous Ubiquitin: Role In Myocardial Inflammation And Remodeling Post- Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury, Stephanie Scofield

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Sympathetic stimulation occurs in the heart after injuries such as ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) and myocardial infarction and affects myocardial remodeling. Prolonged sympathetic stimulation can result in myocardial dysfunction through its effects on cardiac myocyte apoptosis and myocardial fibrosis. Ubiquitin (UB) is well known for its role of tagging old or damaged proteins for degradation via the UB-proteosome pathway. The role of exogenous UB however, is not fully understood. Previously, our lab showed that β-adrenergic receptor (β-AR) stimulation increased levels of extracellular UB in the conditioned media of adult rat ventricular myocytes and that UB inhibits β-AR-stimulated apoptosis. This study ...


Testing Vert™ Accelerometer To Identify Validity And Reliability When Compared To Switch Mat, Tara McDonald 2017 East Tennessee State University

Testing Vert™ Accelerometer To Identify Validity And Reliability When Compared To Switch Mat, Tara Mcdonald

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This present study was intended to identify the reliability and validity of the Vert™ device when compared to a Switch mat. Vert is a wireless device intended to measure jump count and jump height through an application on a smartphone or tablet and the Switch mat provides jump height using wireless sensors. Jump height is an important factor in many sports such as volleyball and basketball and it is important to have devices that coaches and trainers can use for testing that they can rely on. If this device is found to be valid and reliable, coaches and trainers could ...


Surveillance Of Wisconsin Organisms For Trends In Antimicrobial Resistance And Epidemiology (Swotare): Epidemiologic Correlates For 2016 Surveillance Isolates, Erik Munson, Heather Zeman, Erin Hueppchen 2017 Marquette University

Surveillance Of Wisconsin Organisms For Trends In Antimicrobial Resistance And Epidemiology (Swotare): Epidemiologic Correlates For 2016 Surveillance Isolates, Erik Munson, Heather Zeman, Erin Hueppchen

Clinical Lab Sciences Faculty Research and Publications

Background: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention advocate data collection and monitoring as one facet of a comprehensive approach to combat antimicrobial resistance in the United States. However, a paucity of such data exists at the local/state level for common disease-causing organisms.

Methods: To begin to characterize epidemiologic correlates of antibacterial resistance in Wisconsin, data analyses were performed with respect to isolates in the Surveillance of Wisconsin Organisms for Trends in Antimicrobial Resistance and Epidemiology (SWOTARE) 2016 collection. In addition to submitting isolates of Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Streptococcus pneumoniae, participating laboratories were also requested ...


Intracellular Signaling And Trafficking In Cancer: Role Of Rab5-Gtpase In Migration And Invasion Of Breast Cells, Nicole Porther 2017 Biological Sciences

Intracellular Signaling And Trafficking In Cancer: Role Of Rab5-Gtpase In Migration And Invasion Of Breast Cells, Nicole Porther

Nicole Porther

Metastasis is characterized pathologically by uncontrolled cell invasion, proliferation, migration and angiogenesis. Steroid hormones, such as estrogen, and growth factors, which include insulin growth factor I/II (IGF-1/IGF-2) therapy has been associated with most if not all of the features of metastasis. It has been determined that IGF-1 increases cell survival of cancer cells and potentiate the effect of E2 and other ligand growth factors on breast cancer cells. However not much information is available that comprehensively expounds on the roles of insulin growth factor receptor (IGFR) and Rab GTPases may play in breast cancer. The latter, Rab GTPases ...


Neuronal Degeneration And Short-Term Memory Impairment After Tbi, Obiamaraije Igwe 2017 University of Louisville

Neuronal Degeneration And Short-Term Memory Impairment After Tbi, Obiamaraije Igwe

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) was associated with impaired short-term memory with causes of vehicle accidents and falls. Protein plaques containing fibrinogen (Fg), are associated with memory loss. After TBI, Fg in blood was higher than normal (>~2 mg/ml), which resulted in increased Fg in extravascular space. Therefore, Fg bonded to its endothelial receptor intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1). Fg then interacted with cellular prion protein (PrPC), which had a strong effect on the loss of memory and cognition. Mechanisms of Fg and PrPC complex formation and its functional implication are not known. This present study tested the level of Fg-PrPC ...


Answer To November Photo Quiz: Campylobacter Jejuni Pleuritis, Robin Olson, Kimber L. Munson, Maureen Napierala, Erik Munson 2017 Wheaton Franciscan Laboratory

Answer To November Photo Quiz: Campylobacter Jejuni Pleuritis, Robin Olson, Kimber L. Munson, Maureen Napierala, Erik Munson

Clinical Lab Sciences Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


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