Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

15,800 Full-Text Articles 25,846 Authors 2,590,420 Downloads 275 Institutions

All Articles in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology

Faceted Search

15,800 full-text articles. Page 1 of 503.

Radical Botany: Plants And Speculative Fiction [Table Of Contents], Natania Meeker, Antónia Szabari 2019 Fordham University

Radical Botany: Plants And Speculative Fiction [Table Of Contents], Natania Meeker, Antónia Szabari

Literature

No abstract provided.


The Response Of Utah Lake's Plant And Algal Community Structure To Cultural Eutrophication, Leighton R. King 2019 Utah State University

The Response Of Utah Lake's Plant And Algal Community Structure To Cultural Eutrophication, Leighton R. King

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Human activities have long had a negative impact on the water quality of freshwater lakes around the world. Utah Lake, located in north-central Utah, has been a subject of such impacts, as the lake experiences recurrent harmful algal blooms during the summer months. Lake warnings and closures have made the public increasingly aware of the ecological and economic impact of these blooms. The objectives of this study were to: 1) compare historical and present-day water quality and ecosystem conditions using environmental data contained in sediment cores, 2) identify whether, and when, Utah Lake transitioned from clearwater to turbid conditions, and ...


Preliminary Analysis Of Habitat Use And Home Range Size In A Long-Lived Ectotherm Vertebrate, Kayla Bonadie, Amber Rittgers 2019 University of North Georgia

Preliminary Analysis Of Habitat Use And Home Range Size In A Long-Lived Ectotherm Vertebrate, Kayla Bonadie, Amber Rittgers

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC): November 1st, 2019

Time: 900 – 1500

Location: University of North Georgia – Gainesville Campus, Oakwood, GA

Conference web site: https://ung.edu/undergraduate-research-creative-activities/gurc/index.php/

Authors: K. Bonadie, A. Rittgers, N.L. Hyslop, J.L. Mook

Abstract word count: 236


Soilmates: Identifying Plant And Soil Interactions, Chloe Cromer 2019 University of North Georgia

Soilmates: Identifying Plant And Soil Interactions, Chloe Cromer

Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)

Author: Chloe Cromer

Email: cscrom6858@ung.edu

Co-Author/Mentor: Tim Ohlert

Email: tohlert@unm.edu

Presentation Type: Oral/Powerpoint

Field of Study: Desert Ecology

Soilmates

This research project was part of a 10-week long REU (Research Experience for Undergraduates) program funded through the NSF and hosted by the University of New Mexico.

The effect that vegetation change has on our soils remains a relatively understudied topic. Currently, in New Mexico and in many arid biomes around the world, grasslands are being encroached upon by woody shrubs like the Creosote bush (Larrea tridentata). The impacts of woody shrub encroachment on grassland ...


What Have Long-Term Field Studies Taught Us About Population Dynamics?, Beth A. Reinke, David A. W. Miller, Fredric J. Janzen 2019 Pennsylvania State University

What Have Long-Term Field Studies Taught Us About Population Dynamics?, Beth A. Reinke, David A. W. Miller, Fredric J. Janzen

Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology Publications

Long-term studies have been crucial to the advancement of population biology, especially our understanding of population dynamics. We argue that this progress arises from three key characteristics of long-term research. First, long-term data are necessary to observe the heterogeneity that drives most population processes. Second, long-term studies often inherently lead to novel insights. Finally, long-term field studies can serve as model systems for population biology, allowing for theory and methods to be tested under well-characterized conditions. We illustrate these ideas in three long-term field systems that have made outsized contributions to our understanding of population ecology, evolution, and conservation biology ...


Phylogenetic Comparative Methods And The Evolution Of Multivariate Phenotypes, Dean C. Adams, Michael L. Collyer 2019 Iowa State University

Phylogenetic Comparative Methods And The Evolution Of Multivariate Phenotypes, Dean C. Adams, Michael L. Collyer

Ecology, Evolution and Organismal Biology Publications

Evolutionary biology is multivariate, and advances in phylogenetic comparative methods for multivariate phenotypes have surged to accommodate this fact. Evolutionary trends in multivariate phenotypes are derived from distances and directions between species in a multivariate phenotype space. For these patterns to be interpretable, phenotypes should be characterized by traits in commensurate units and scale. Visualizing such trends, as is achieved with phylomorphospaces, should continue to play a prominent role in macroevolutionary analyses. Evaluating phylogenetic generalized least squares (PGLS) models (e.g., phylogenetic analysis of variance and regression) is valuable, but using parametric procedures is limited to only a few phenotypic ...


The Chromosome-Scale Reference Genome Of Black Pepper Provides Insight Into Piperine Biosynthesis, Lisong Hu, Zhongping Xu, Maojun Wang, Rui Fan, Daojun Yuan, Baoduo Wu, Huasong Wu, Xiaowei Qin, Lin Yan, Lehe Tan, Soonliang Sim, Wen Li, Christopher A. Saski, Henry Daniell, Jonathan F. Wendel, Keith Lindsey, Xianlong Zhang, Chaoyun Hao, Shuangxia Jin 2019 Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences

The Chromosome-Scale Reference Genome Of Black Pepper Provides Insight Into Piperine Biosynthesis, Lisong Hu, Zhongping Xu, Maojun Wang, Rui Fan, Daojun Yuan, Baoduo Wu, Huasong Wu, Xiaowei Qin, Lin Yan, Lehe Tan, Soonliang Sim, Wen Li, Christopher A. Saski, Henry Daniell, Jonathan F. Wendel, Keith Lindsey, Xianlong Zhang, Chaoyun Hao, Shuangxia Jin

Jonathan F. Wendel

Black pepper (Piper nigrum), dubbed the ‘King of Spices’ and ‘Black Gold’, is one of the most widely used spices. Here, we present its reference genome assembly by integrating PacBio, 10x Chromium, BioNano DLS optical mapping, and Hi-C mapping technologies. The 761.2 Mb sequences (45 scaffolds with an N50 of 29.8 Mb) are assembled into 26 pseudochromosomes. A phylogenomic analysis of representative plant genomes places magnoliids as sister to the monocots-eudicots clade and indicates that black pepper has diverged from the shared Laurales-Magnoliales lineage approximately 180 million years ago. Comparative genomic analyses reveal specific gene expansions in the ...


Description Of The Adult Male Of Euscorpius Feti Tropea, 2013 (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae), With Notes On Cave Ecology Of This Species, Gioele Tropea, Roman Ozimec 2019 Marshall University

Description Of The Adult Male Of Euscorpius Feti Tropea, 2013 (Scorpiones: Euscorpiidae), With Notes On Cave Ecology Of This Species, Gioele Tropea, Roman Ozimec

Euscorpius

The adult male of Euscorpius feti Tropea, 2013 (Euscorpiidae) is described for the first time. A large series (45 specimens including the type material) has been studied, most of the material previously unpublished. E. feti has been found in as many as 17 caves in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina, including the Adriatic islands, which makes it the most common Euscorpius species so far found in caves. Ecological notes on this species are presented.


Reproductive Parameters And Female Breeding Season Survival Of Rio Grande Wild Turkeys In South Central Texas, Jacob White 2019 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Reproductive Parameters And Female Breeding Season Survival Of Rio Grande Wild Turkeys In South Central Texas, Jacob White

LSU Master's Theses

Historically, Rio Grande wild turkeys in south central Texas have been at lower densities than other portions of the state. Within the Oak-Prairie Wildlife District of Texas, Rio Grande wild turkey regulatory restrictions are different for counties in the eastern and western portions of the ecoregion. Due to perceived increases in turkey density in the eastern portion of the ecoregion (hereafter 1-bird zone), Texas Parks and Wildlife Department (TPWD) considered increasing the bag limit to match counties in the western portion of the district (hereafter 4-bird zone) in order to increase hunting opportunities. However, if regulatory changes are to be ...


Application Of Models To Screwworm Eradication Programs, E. S. Krafsur 2019 Iowa State University

Application Of Models To Screwworm Eradication Programs, E. S. Krafsur

Elliot Krafsur

Screwworms (Cochliomyia hominivorax, Diptera: Calliphoridae) were eradicated from the United States with E.F. Knipling's 'demonstrative' model that related the relative mating proportions of wild and sterile insects to population fertility and predicted population trends in subsequent generations. Ad hoc correlations between treatments applied and experimental results obtained on Sanibel Island, Florida, in 1952-1953, Curacao, Netherlands East Indies in 1954, and the Florida mainland in 1957 provided a conceptual guide for the eradication campaigns from 1958 until 1967. Many mathematical models have since been proposed that relate pest insect population density at some future time to density, fertility, net ...


The Dragonflies And Damselflies Of Nebraska, Fred Sibley, Janis Paseka, Roy Beckemeyer 2019 Nebraska Ornithologists' Union

The Dragonflies And Damselflies Of Nebraska, Fred Sibley, Janis Paseka, Roy Beckemeyer

Zea E-Books

Odonates of Nebraska

The Nebraska odonate list has 109 species in two suborders, damselflies (Zygoptera) with 47 species and dragonflies (Anisoptera) with 62 species. Nebraska had been very poorly surveyed prior to 2005 and 63 counties had fewer than 10 records. By 2017 the number of county records had nearly quadrupled, to over 3000 records, the average county total had increased from 9 to 33 and all counties had at least 21 records. An effort was made to collect data more or less uniformly from all 93 Nebraska counties. The areas with intense corn and soybean farming, eastern and southcentral ...


Founders Of Plant Ecology: Frederic And Edith Clements, Jon H. Oberg 2019 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Founders Of Plant Ecology: Frederic And Edith Clements, Jon H. Oberg

Publications of UNSM Staff and Affiliates

Nineteenth-century students of Charles Bessey at the University of Nebraska, Frederic Clements and Edith Schwartz received doctorates in botany, married, and went on to become founders of the discipline of plant ecology. They tested and taught their theory of plant succession, known as Clementsian ecology, for nearly four decades at their Alpine laboratory in Colorado. Their leadership and influence at the Carnegie Institution was world-wide and attracted followers from several other disciplines. They advocated land use measures to combat the Dust Bowl in the 1930s. Clementsian ecology is still recognized as a paradigm against which other theories of nature are ...


A Potential Role For Phenotypic Plasticity In Invasions And Declines Of Social Insects, Fabio Manfredini, Marina Arbetman, Amy L. Toth 2019 University of London, Egham

A Potential Role For Phenotypic Plasticity In Invasions And Declines Of Social Insects, Fabio Manfredini, Marina Arbetman, Amy L. Toth

Amy Toth

Eusociality, a form of animal social organization involving sterile and reproductive castes, is a rare, but highly ecologically successful form of life. There are striking examples of eusocial species with populations that are ecologically dominant in their native ranges, as well as remarkably successful globally as invasive species; prominent examples include fire ants and yellowjacket wasps. At the same time, there have been startling population declines in other social insects, notably bumble bees. Here, we explore the possible role of phenotypic plasticity in invasion biology and declines of social insect species. This topic is of particular interest, because social insects ...


Bee And Butterfly Response To Floral Resources In Central Iowa Prairie Restorations, Chandler Dolan, Kathleen Madsen, Mark Myers, Ai Wen 2019 University of Northern Iowa

Bee And Butterfly Response To Floral Resources In Central Iowa Prairie Restorations, Chandler Dolan, Kathleen Madsen, Mark Myers, Ai Wen

Mark C. Myers

Over 90 percent of Iowa’s land is devoted to cultivated row crops and pasture, which has caused a decline in biodiversity and habitat for many bee and butterfly species. To restore lost ecosystems and conserve pollinator diversity, the USDA recently developed a new Conservation Reserve Program Pollinator Habitat conservation practice (CP-42). Since 2012, Iowa farmers have enrolled over 200,000 acres in this program with little evaluation of its effectiveness. In 2017, a team of students and faculty from the University of Northern Iowa and Tallgrass Prairie Center developed methods to evaluate vegetation and pollinator activity in CP-42 restoration ...


Scorpions Of The Horn Of Africa (Arachnida: Scorpiones). Part Xxi. Parabuthus (Buthidae) (Part Ii), With Description Of Five New Species From Somaliland And Ethiopia, František Kovařík, Graeme Lowe, Hassan S. A. Elmi, František Šťáhlavský 2019 Marshall University

Scorpions Of The Horn Of Africa (Arachnida: Scorpiones). Part Xxi. Parabuthus (Buthidae) (Part Ii), With Description Of Five New Species From Somaliland And Ethiopia, František Kovařík, Graeme Lowe, Hassan S. A. Elmi, František Šťáhlavský

Euscorpius

No abstract provided.


The Economic Impacts Of Blackbird (Icteridae) Damage To Sunflower In The Usa, Karina Ernst, Julie Elser, George Linz, Hans Kandel, Jason Holderieath, Samantha DeGroot, Steven Shwiff, Stephanie Shwiff 2019 USDA APHIS Wildlife Services

The Economic Impacts Of Blackbird (Icteridae) Damage To Sunflower In The Usa, Karina Ernst, Julie Elser, George Linz, Hans Kandel, Jason Holderieath, Samantha Degroot, Steven Shwiff, Stephanie Shwiff

Jason Holderieath

BACKGROUND: Blackbird (Icteridae) damage to ripening sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) has been a persistent economic issue in the USA for the last five decades. To quantify losses, we surveyed blackbird damage from 2001 to 2013 (excluding 2004) to physiologically mature sunflower in eight states: North Dakota, South Dakota, Texas, Nebraska, Minnesota, Colorado, Kansas, and Vermont.

RESULTS:We pooled data gathered during the most recent 5 years (2009 to 2013) of the survey and found losses averaged $US2.5 million and $US11.3 million for confectionery and oilseed hybrids, respectively. Three states, North Dakota, South Dakota, and Nebraska, had sufficient acreage ...


Description Of The Adult Female Of Diplocentrus Lachua (Scorpiones: Scorpionidae: Diplocentrinae) From Northeastern Alta Verapaz, Guatemala, Rony E. Trujillo, Luis F. de Armas, Carlos A. Gaitán 2019 Marshall University

Description Of The Adult Female Of Diplocentrus Lachua (Scorpiones: Scorpionidae: Diplocentrinae) From Northeastern Alta Verapaz, Guatemala, Rony E. Trujillo, Luis F. De Armas, Carlos A. Gaitán

Euscorpius

The female of the scorpion Diplocentrus lachua Armas, Trujillo & Agreda, 2011 is herein described, on the basis of a single specimen collected at Parque Nacional Laguna Lachuá, Alta Verapaz Department, Guatemala, type locality for this species. An emended diagnosis is provided and the known distribution of all described Guatemalan Diplocentrus species is graphically presented.


Dental And Mandibular Anomalies In White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus Virginianus) From Central Georgia, Patrick M. Powers, Alfred J. Mead 2019 Georgia College & State University

Dental And Mandibular Anomalies In White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus Virginianus) From Central Georgia, Patrick M. Powers, Alfred J. Mead

Georgia Journal of Science

The frequency of dental and mandibular anomalies in free-ranging white-tailed deer in the southeastern United States is not well documented. Characteristic irregularities include supernumerary and missing teeth, malocclusion, root abscesses due to bacterial infections, and tooth or bone damage due to trauma. In the present study, we examined 778 white-tailed deer dentaries collected from the Piedmont National Wildlife Refuge in central Georgia. All dentaries were inspected for lesions, tooth irregularities, developmental anomalies, and other pathologies. Thirty-two dentaries (4.1%) displayed signs of dental or bone abnormalities. More abnormalities were associated with infection or injury (22/778, 2.8%) compared to ...


Beaver And Aspen : Synergy Among Keystone Species, Stephen Bennett, Nicolaas Bouwes, Paul C. Rogers 2019 Selected Works

Beaver And Aspen : Synergy Among Keystone Species, Stephen Bennett, Nicolaas Bouwes, Paul C. Rogers

Nicolaas Bouwes

In the West, climate change is likely to increase the frequency, intensity, and duration of drought. Restoration of soils and water storage capacity can help create resilient uplands and riverscapes (i.e., streams and the valley bottoms). Over the past two centuries, common land uses, the removal of beaver and wood, straightening of streams, and damage to riparian areas have created simplified, structurally starved, riverscapes. Degraded streams are very efficient at transporting water, sediment, and nutrients downstream. Aspen forests are also biological hotspots that have been degraded by past land uses such as overbrowsing ungulates, land clearing, fire suppression, and ...


An Agent-Based Modeling Approach For Predicting The Behavior Of Bighead Carp (Hypophthalmichthys Nobilis) Under The Influence Of Acoustic Deterrence, Joey Gaudy, Craig Garzella 2019 Valparaiso University

An Agent-Based Modeling Approach For Predicting The Behavior Of Bighead Carp (Hypophthalmichthys Nobilis) Under The Influence Of Acoustic Deterrence, Joey Gaudy, Craig Garzella

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


Digital Commons powered by bepress