Signaling Pathways Induced By Leptin During Epithelial(-)Mesenchymal Transition In Breast Cancer, 2018 Autonomous University of Guerrero
Signaling Pathways Induced By Leptin During Epithelial(-)Mesenchymal Transition In Breast Cancer, Monserrat Olea-Flores, Juan Carlos Juarez-Cruz, Miguel A. Mendoza-Catalan, Teresita Padilla-Benavides, Napoleon Navarro-Tito
Open Access Articles
Leptin is an adipokine that is overexpressed in obese and overweight people. Interestingly, women with breast cancer present high levels of leptin and of its receptor ObR. Leptin plays an important role in breast cancer progression due to the biological processes it participates in, such as epithelial(-)mesenchymal transition (EMT). EMT consists of a series of orchestrated events in which cell(-)cell and cell(-)extracellular matrix interactions are altered and lead to the release of epithelial cells from the surrounding tissue. The cytoskeleton is also re-arranged, allowing the three-dimensional movement of epithelial cells into the extracellular matrix. This transition provides ...
Pyronaridine Exerts Potent Cytotoxicity On Human Breast And Hematological Cancer Cells Through Induction Of Apoptosis, 2018 NYC College of Technology
Pyronaridine Exerts Potent Cytotoxicity On Human Breast And Hematological Cancer Cells Through Induction Of Apoptosis, Alberto Martinez, Paulina J. Villanueva, Sarah T. Baca, Rebecca E. Dejesus, Manuel Larragoity, Lisett Contreras, Denisse A. Gutierrez, Armando Varela-Ramirez, Renato J. Aguilera
Publications and Research
The potent antimalarial drug pyronaridine (PND) was tested for its potential as an anticancer drug. After exposing cancerous (17) and non-cancerous (2) cells to PND for 72 hr, PND was found to exhibit consistent and potent cytotoxic activity at low micromolar (μM) concentrations that ranged from 1.6 μM to 9.4 μM. Moreover, PND exerted a significant selective cytotoxicity index (SCI) on five out of seven breast cancer cell lines tested, with favorable values of 2.5 to 4.4, as compared with the non-cancerous breast MCF-10A cell line. By using the same comparison, PND exhibited a significant SCI ...
6 - Evaluating The Effects Of Microenvironment Pro-Inflammatory Cytokines On Breast Cancer Metastasis, 2018 University of Georgia
6 - Evaluating The Effects Of Microenvironment Pro-Inflammatory Cytokines On Breast Cancer Metastasis, Megan Williams
Georgia Undergraduate Research Conference (GURC)
Breast cancer is one of the most commonly diagnosed forms of cancer in women, yet there is still no cure for stage IV breast cancer. Stage IV breast cancer is characterized by the cancer becoming metastatic and spreading to other parts of the body. With metastatic breast cancer accounting for approximately 90% of all breast cancer deaths, it is imperative to better understand the mechanisms of breast cancer metastasis for approaches towards treatment and prevention. It is understood that the cellular microenvironment plays a vital role in breast cancer metastasis, as research has shown that signaling molecules, such as cytokines ...
Cd147 As A Potential Therapeutic Target In Glioblastoma Treatment, 2018 Northern Michigan University
Cd147 As A Potential Therapeutic Target In Glioblastoma Treatment, Beau Adams
All NMU Master's Theses
Glioblastoma (GBM) tumors are the most common and lethal form of cancer in the central nervous system (CNS). GBM tumors appear to contain a mixture of different cell types, which makes them difficult to treat. GBM cells exhibit altered morphology from normal cells on several different levels, which highlights different pathways to potentially target for therapeutic treatments. The human surface glycoprotein CD147, also known as basigin, is expressed at significantly higher levels in GBMs compared to non-neoplastic brain tissue. Furthermore, levels of CD147 expression correlate with brain tumor progression and show the highest expression in GBM. Here, we suppressed tumor ...
Synthesis And Biological Evaluation Of Phaeosphaeride A Derivatives As Antitumor Agents, 2018 Old Dominion University
Synthesis And Biological Evaluation Of Phaeosphaeride A Derivatives As Antitumor Agents, Victoria Abzianidze, Petr Beltyukov, Sofya Zakharenkova, Natalia Moiseeva, Jennifer Mejia, Alvin Holder, Yuri Trishin, Alexander Berestetskiy, Victor Kuznetsov
Chemistry & Biochemistry Faculty Publications
New derivatives of phaeosphaeride A (PPA) were synthesized and characterized. Anti-tumor activity studies were carried out on the HCT-116, PC3, MCF-7, A549, К562, NCI-Н929, Jurkat, THP-1, RPMI8228 tumor cell lines, and on the HEF cell line. All of the compounds synthesized were found to have better efficacy than PPA towards the tumor cell lines mentioned. Compound 6 was potent against six cancer cell lines, HCT-116, PC-3, K562, NCI-H929, Jurkat, and RPMI8226, showing a 47, 13.5, 16, 4, 1.5, and 7-fold increase in anticancer activity comparative to those of etoposide, respectively. Compound 1 possessed selectivity toward the NCI-H929 cell ...
Classification Of Intensity-Modulated Proton Therapy Plans, 2018 Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy
Classification Of Intensity-Modulated Proton Therapy Plans, Louise Gabrielle Lima '19, Alice Liu '19
Student Publications & Research
Proton radiotherapy is a form of radiation treatment that uses energized protons to break DNA, leading to cell death and killing cancers.
Tumor-Stroma Interactions Differentially Alter Drug Sensitivity Based On The Origin Of Stromal Cells, 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Tumor-Stroma Interactions Differentially Alter Drug Sensitivity Based On The Origin Of Stromal Cells, Benjamin D. Landry
GSBS Dissertations and Theses
Tumor heterogeneity observed between patients has made it challenging to develop universal or broadly effective cancer therapies. Therefore, an ever-growing movement within cancer research aims to tailor cancer therapies to individual patients or specific tumor subtypes. Tumor stratification is generally dictated by the genomic mutation status of the tumor cells themselves. Importantly, non-genetic influences – such as interactions between tumor cells and other components of the tumor microenvironment – have largely been ignored. Therefore, in an effort to increase treatment predictability and efficacy, we investigated how tumor-stroma interactions contribute to drug sensitivity and drug resistance.
I designed a high throughput co-culture screening ...
Modified Cantilever Arrays Improve Sensitivity And Reproducibility Of Nanomechanical Sensing In Living Cells, 2018 University College London
Modified Cantilever Arrays Improve Sensitivity And Reproducibility Of Nanomechanical Sensing In Living Cells, Samadhan B. Patil, Rajai M. Al-Jehani, Hashem Etayash, Valerian Turbe, Keren Jiang, Joe Bailey, Walid Al-Akkad, Rania Soudy, Kamaljit Kaur, Rachel A. Mckendry, Thomas Thundat, Joseph W. Ndieyira
Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research
Mechanical signaling involved in molecular interactions lies at the heart of materials science and biological systems, but the mechanisms involved are poorly understood. Here we use nanomechanical sensors and intact human cells to provide unique insights into the signaling pathways of connectivity networks, which deliver the ability to probe cells to produce biologically relevant, quantifiable and reproducible signals. We quantify the mechanical signals from malignant cancer cells, with 10 cells per ml in 1000-fold excess of non-neoplastic human epithelial cells. Moreover, we demonstrate that a direct link between cells and molecules creates a continuous connectivity which acts like a percolating ...
Modulation Of Hypoxia-Induced Chemoresistance To Polymeric Micellar Cisplatin: The Effect Of Ligand Modification Of Micellar Carrier Versus Inhibition Of The Mediators Of Drug Resistance, 2018 University of Alberta
Modulation Of Hypoxia-Induced Chemoresistance To Polymeric Micellar Cisplatin: The Effect Of Ligand Modification Of Micellar Carrier Versus Inhibition Of The Mediators Of Drug Resistance, Hoda Soleymani Abyaneh, Amir Hassan Soleimani, Mohammad Reza Vakili, Rania Soudy, Kamaljit Kaur, Francesco Cuda, Ali Tavassoli, Afsaneh Lavasanifar
Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research
Hypoxia can induce chemoresistance, which is a significant clinical obstacle in cancer therapy. Here, we assessed development of hypoxia-induced chemoresistance (HICR) against free versus polymeric cisplatin micelles in a triple negative breast cancer cell line, MDA-MB-231. We then explored two strategies for the modulation of HICR against cisplatin micelles: a) the development of actively targeted micelles; and b) combination therapy with modulators of HICR in MDA-MB-231 cells. Actively targeted cisplatin micelles were prepared through surface modification of acetal-poly(ethylene oxide)-poly(-carboxyl-"-caprolactone) (acetal-PEO-PCCL) micelles with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-targeting peptide, GE11 (YHWYGYTPQNVI). Our results showed that hypoxia ...
Rare Gene Fusion Rearrangement Sptnb1-Pdgfrb In An Atypical Myeloproliferative Neoplasm, 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Rare Gene Fusion Rearrangement Sptnb1-Pdgfrb In An Atypical Myeloproliferative Neoplasm, Vanessa Fiorini Furtado, Neeraj Y. Saini, William V. Walsh, Venu G. Bathini, Patricia M. Miron
Open Access Articles
The 2016 revision to the World Health Organization classification of myeloid neoplasms and acute leukemia recognizes a distinct class of myeloid and lymphoid tumors with eosinophilia-related proliferations associated with specific gene rearrangements, one of which involves rearrangements of platelet-derived growth factor receptor B (PDGFRB) gene. We report a case of a rare PDGFRB rearrangement with SPTNB1 (spectrin beta, nonerythrocytic 1) that presented as atypical myeloproliferative neoplasm.
Generation And Characterization Of Monoclonal Antibodies That Recognize Human And Murine Supervillin Protein Isoforms, 2018 University of Massachusetts Medical School
Generation And Characterization Of Monoclonal Antibodies That Recognize Human And Murine Supervillin Protein Isoforms, Tara C. Smith, Richard G. Saul, Elisabeth R. Barton, Elizabeth J. Luna
Open Access Articles
Supervillin isoforms have been implicated in cell proliferation, actin filament-based motile processes, vesicle trafficking, and signal transduction. However, an understanding of the roles of these proteins in cancer metastasis and physiological processes has been limited by the difficulty of obtaining specific antibodies against these highly conserved membrane-associated proteins. To facilitate research into the biological functions of supervillin, monoclonal antibodies were generated against the bacterially expressed human supervillin N-terminus. Two chimeric monoclonal antibodies with rabbit Fc domains (clones 1E2/CPTC-SVIL-1; 4A8/CPTC-SVIL-2) and two mouse monoclonal antibodies (clones 5A8/CPTC-SVIL-3; 5G3/CPTC-SVIL-4) were characterized with respect to their binding sites, affinities ...
Mathematical Modeling And Simulation With Deep Learning Methods Of Cancer Growth For Patient-Specific Therapy, Vishal Kobla, Joshua P. Smith, Pranav Unni, Padmanabhan Seshaiyer
Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research
No abstract provided.
In Vitro And Ex-Vivo Evaluation Of Topical Formulations Designed To Minimize Transdermal Absorption Of Vitamin K1, Ramina Nabiee, Barent Dubois, Laura Green, Ajay Sharma, Siu Fun Wong, Hamidreza Montazeri Aliabadi
Pharmacy Faculty Articles and Research
Topical application of Vitamin K1 has been demonstrated to effectively treat papulopustular skin rash, a serious and frequently encountered side effect of Epidermal Growth Factor Inhibitors (EGFRIs). Systemic absorption of vitamin K1 from skin and the resultant consequence of antagonizing EGFRIs anticancer effects jeopardizes the clinical acceptability of this rather effective treatment. The purpose of the present study was to rationally formulate and evaluate the release rate and transdermal absorption of a wide range of Vitamin K1 dermal preparations with a variety of physiochemical properties. A library of 33 formulations with were compounded and tested for Vitamin K1 permeation using ...
Extracellular Vesicles In Oral Squamous Carcinoma Carry Oncogenic Mirna Profile And Reprogram Monocytes Via Nf-Kappab Pathway, Fatemeh Momen-Heravi, Shashi Bala
Open Access Articles
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are carriers of different biomacromolecules that participate in cellular signaling and disease pathogenesis. Although it has been shown that EVs can play an active role in cellular communication and different stages of cancer progression, the role of EVs in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) cancer pathogenesis, especially in the crosstalk of cancer cells with immune cells is unknown. Here, we present a detailed analysis of findings regarding the profile of EVs in OSCC and the role of EVs and associated miRNAs in the crosstalk of malignant cells with monocytes. We demonstrate that EVs are detectable in significantly ...
8th Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium, 2018 The Texas Medical Center Library
8th Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium, University Of Texas Md Anderson Cancer Center Postdoctoral Association
MD Anderson Cancer Center Postdoctoral Association Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium Abstracts
The mission of the Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium (APSS) is to provide a platform for talented postdoctoral fellows throughout the Texas Medical Center to present their work to a wider audience. The MD Anderson Postdoctoral Association convened its inaugural Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium (APSS) on August 4, 2011.
The APSS provides a professional venue for postdoctoral scientists to develop, clarify, and refine their research as a result of formal reviews and critiques of faculty and other postdoctoral scientists. Additionally, attendees discuss current research on a broad range of subjects while promoting academic interactions and enrichment and developing new collaborations.
Immune Checkpoints In Cancer Treatment, 2018 Gettysburg College
Immune Checkpoints In Cancer Treatment, Matthew A. Cherubino
Despite the human immune system, cancer thrives in an extremely hostile environment. Cancer is the second most common cause of death in the U.S. with about 600,000 deaths every year, and cancer is expected to surpass heart disease as the most common cause of death in the U.S. Immune checkpoint inhibitors are a novel and promising therapeutic for treating cancer in its late stages.
Retinoblastoma Binding Protein 4 Maintains Cycling Neural Stem Cells And Prevents Dna Damage And Tp53-Dependent Apoptosis In Rb1 Mutant Neural Progenitors, Laura E. Schultz-Rogers, Maira P. Almeida, Wesley A. Wierson, Marcel Kool, Maura Mcgrail
Genetics, Development and Cell Biology Publications
Retinoblastoma-binding protein 4 (Rbbp4) is a WDR adaptor protein for multiple chromatin remodelers implicated in human oncogenesis. Here we show Rbbp4 is overexpressed in zebrafish rb1-embryonal brain tumors and is upregulated across the spectrum of human embryonal and glial brain cancers. We demonstrate in vivo Rbbp4 is essential for zebrafish neurogenesis and has distinct roles in neural stem and progenitor cells. rbbp4 mutant neural stem cells show delayed cell cycle progression and become hypertrophic. In contrast, rbbp4 mutant neural precursors accumulate extensive DNA damage and undergo programmed cell death that is dependent on Tp53 signaling. Loss of Rbbp4 and disruption ...
Using Non Stem-Cells To Understand Early Tumor Growth, 2018 Brigham Young University
Using Non Stem-Cells To Understand Early Tumor Growth, Jake Hogan, Heiko Enderling, Joel Brown, Robert A. Gatenby
Library/Life Sciences Undergraduate Poster Competition 2018
Tumors of similar size and shape can exhibit different responses to the same treatment. Targeted therapy aims to better treat these tumors by classifying them according to genotypic traits. A better understanding of how tumor traits such as non-stem cells influence tumor growth could improve targeted therapy. We hypothesize that the production of non-stem cells may aid tumor growth in avascular tumors (tumors lacking blood vessels).
Yap Drives Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma Formation And Progression, 2018 The Francis Crick Institute
Yap Drives Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma Formation And Progression, Zoe Vincent-Mistiaen, Ahmed Elbediwy, Hannah Vanyai, Jennifer L. Cotton, Gordon Stamp, Emma Nye, Bradley Spencer-Dene, Gareth J. Thomas, Junhao Mao, Barry Thompson
Open Access Articles
Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) can progress to malignant metastatic cancer, including an aggressive subtype known as spindle cell carcinoma (spSCC). spSCC formation involves epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), yet the molecular basis of this event remains unknown. The transcriptional co-activator YAP undergoes recurrent amplification in human SCC and overexpression of YAP drives SCC formation in mice. Here, we show that human spSCC tumours also feature strong nuclear localisation of YAP and overexpression of activated YAP (NLS-YAP-5SA) with Keratin-5 (K5-CreERt) is sufficient to induce rapid formation of both SCC and spSCC in mice. spSCC tumours arise at sites of epithelial scratch wounding, where ...
Comprehensive Evaluation Of Treatment And Outcomes Of Low-Grade Diffuse Gliomas, 2018 University of Kentucky
Comprehensive Evaluation Of Treatment And Outcomes Of Low-Grade Diffuse Gliomas, Catherine R. Garcia, Stacey A. Slone, Thomas A. Pittman, William H. St. Clair, Donita D. Lightner, John L. Villano
Markey Cancer Center Faculty Publications
Low-grade gliomas affect younger adults and carry a favorable prognosis. They include a variety of biological features affecting clinical behavior and treatment. Having no guidelines on treatment established, we aim to describe clinical and treatment patterns of low-grade gliomas across the largest cancer database in the United States.
We analyzed the National Cancer Database from 2004 to 2015, for adult patients with a diagnosis of World Health Organization grade II diffuse glioma.
We analyzed 13,621 cases with median age of 41 years. Over 56% were male, 88.4% were white, 6.1% were black, and 7 ...