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Titus Thesis Figures.Docx, Titus Hou 2020 University of Iowa

Titus Thesis Figures.Docx, Titus Hou

Titus Hou

No abstract provided.


Titus Thesis.Docx, Titus Hou 2020 University of Iowa

Titus Thesis.Docx, Titus Hou

Titus Hou

No abstract provided.


P-12 Characterization Of Cgx Tautomerase And Mutants With Acetylenecarboxylic Acid, Daniel Chi, Karen Draths, Amaya Sirinimal 2019 Andrews University

P-12 Characterization Of Cgx Tautomerase And Mutants With Acetylenecarboxylic Acid, Daniel Chi, Karen Draths, Amaya Sirinimal

Celebration of Research and Creative Scholarship

In the production of commodity chemicals through microbial synthesis, the use of renewable sugars as a raw material is increasingly common. However, this generates competition between its use in the chemical industry and the food industry. Therefore, developing alternative biosynthetic pathways involving other renewable feedstocks to replace starch-derived feedstocks is crucial. CgX, a tautomerase native to Corynebacterium glutamicum, catalyzes the hydration and subsequent decarboxylation of acetylenecarboxylic acid (ACA), a compound that can be produced from methane gas and carbon dioxide, both abundant greenhouse gases. The products formed from the CgX (wild-type)-catalyzed reaction of ACA results in a mixture of ...


Study Of The Effect Of Individual Cell Behaviors On Prion Protein Aggregation And Colony Organization In Yeast, Mikahl Banwarth-Kuhn, Jordan Collignon, Suzanne Sindi 2019 University of California, Merced

Study Of The Effect Of Individual Cell Behaviors On Prion Protein Aggregation And Colony Organization In Yeast, Mikahl Banwarth-Kuhn, Jordan Collignon, Suzanne Sindi

Annual Symposium on Biomathematics and Ecology: Education and Research

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Calcium Alginate Entrapment On The Stability Of Novel Lipases From P. Reinekei And P. Brenneri, Priyanka Priyanka, Gemma K. Kinsella, Gary T. Henehan, Barry J. Ryan 2019 Technological University Dublin

The Effect Of Calcium Alginate Entrapment On The Stability Of Novel Lipases From P. Reinekei And P. Brenneri, Priyanka Priyanka, Gemma K. Kinsella, Gary T. Henehan, Barry J. Ryan

Articles

The high cost of soluble enzymes can limit their use for commercial and industrial purposes. Immobilization can enhance enzyme reusability, thereby reducing product isolation costs and overcoming this economic barrier. In the current study, two novel, purified lipases from Pseudomonas sp. (Pseudomonas reinekei and Pseudomonas brenneri) were entrapped in a calcium alginate matrix, with the aim of simultaneously enhancing enzyme reusability and stability. Following entrapment, the retained activity of the enzyme-alginate composite was verified by an enzymatic hydrolysis reaction of a p-nitrophenol palmitate substrate. The effect of the enzyme-alginate entrapment against various physiochemical parameters such as pH, temperature, metal ions ...


Insect Population Dynamics, Varietal Preference And Performance Of Organic Bio-Pesticides, Anitha Chitturi, Jeanine Davis, Margaret Bloomquist, Franklin Quarcoo, Kokoasse Kpomblekou-A, Desmond Mortley 2019 Tuskegee University

Insect Population Dynamics, Varietal Preference And Performance Of Organic Bio-Pesticides, Anitha Chitturi, Jeanine Davis, Margaret Bloomquist, Franklin Quarcoo, Kokoasse Kpomblekou-A, Desmond Mortley

Professional Agricultural Workers Journal

Abstract

Organic farming prohibits use of synthetic agrochemicals and encourages use of Integrated Pest Management (IPM) methods. States in the Southeastern US generally lag behind the rest of the country in organic vegetable production partly because of high insect pressures that make it difficult to grow vegetables without pesticides. This study on summer squash (Cucurbita pepo), grown using organic management practices, was conducted at a research station located in Mills River, North Carolina. The objectives of the study were to assess insect population dynamics and to evaluate performance of three OMRI-approved bio-pesticides: Azadirachtin, Pyrethrin and Spinosad against major insect pests ...


Theoretical Studies Of Ir And Nmr Spectral Changes Induced By Sigma-Hole Hydrogen, Halogen, Chalcogen, Pnicogen, And Tetrel Bonds In A Model Protein Environment, Mariusz Michalczyk, Wiktor Zierkiewicz, Rafał Wysokiński, Steve Scheiner 2019 Wrocław University of Science and Technology

Theoretical Studies Of Ir And Nmr Spectral Changes Induced By Sigma-Hole Hydrogen, Halogen, Chalcogen, Pnicogen, And Tetrel Bonds In A Model Protein Environment, Mariusz Michalczyk, Wiktor Zierkiewicz, Rafał Wysokiński, Steve Scheiner

Steve Scheiner

Various types of σ-hole bond complexes were formed with FX, HFY, H2FZ, and H3FT (X = Cl, Br, I; Y = S, Se, Te; Z = P, As, Sb; T = Si, Ge, Sn) as Lewis acid. In order to examine their interactions with a protein, N-methylacetamide (NMA), a model of the peptide linkage was used as the base. These noncovalent bonds were compared by computational means with H-bonds formed by NMA with XH molecules (X = F, Cl, Br, I). In all cases, the A–F bond, which lies opposite the base and is responsible for the σ-hole on the ...


Synthesis And Evaluation Of Novel Silica Hydride-Based Stationary Phases For Bioanalytical Applications, 2019 Selected Works

Synthesis And Evaluation Of Novel Silica Hydride-Based Stationary Phases For Bioanalytical Applications

Seiichiro Watanabe

Most HPLC columns are packed with silanol (Si-OH)-rich type-B silica that often
participates in undesired electrostatic interactions with sample solutes and produces a poor analyte peak shape. These silanols are also known to facilitate the surface hydration required for HILIC mode to retain polar analytes. However, the hydrated surface composition can easily fluctuate, which results in poor reproducibility and requires a lengthy equilibration step. In this study, four novel stationary phases have been developed by using the TYPE-CTM silica material, in which up to 95% of the surface silanols have been replaced with Si-H group. One of the advantages ...


Characterization Of The Role Of Alpha-Arylphorin In The Heliothis Virescens Midgut Response To Cry1ac Toxin From Bacillus Thuringiensis, Jerreme Jamael Jackson 2019 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Characterization Of The Role Of Alpha-Arylphorin In The Heliothis Virescens Midgut Response To Cry1ac Toxin From Bacillus Thuringiensis, Jerreme Jamael Jackson

Jerreme Jackson

Homeostasis of the intestinal epithelium in Heliothis virescens is mediated by the proliferation and differentiation of multipotent intestinal stem cells (ISCs) that lie adjacent to the basal lamina. In response to extrinsic and intrinsic signals, ISC proliferation and differentiation promotes epithelial growth and regeneration following the loss of integrity. We tested the in vivo effects of the ISC mitogen, a [alpha]-arylphorin, on ISC proliferation and the morphological changes of the midgut during larval development. Additionally, we examined how these changes affected the intestinal epithelium response to Cry1Ac toxin from Bacillus thuringiensis. Histological and in vitro evidence supported two distinct ...


Leptin Promotes Expression Of Emt-Related Transcription Factors And Invasion In A Src And Fak-Dependent Pathway In Mcf10a Mammary Epithelial Cells, Monserrat Olea-Flores, Miriam Zuniga-Eulogio, Arvey Tacuba-Saavedra, Magdalena Bueno-Salgado, Andrea Sanchez-Carvajal, Yovani Vargas-Santiago, Miguel A. Mendoza-Catalan, Eduardo Perez Salazar, Alejandra Garcia-Hernandez, Teresita Padilla-Benavides, Napoleon Navarro-Tito 2019 Autonomous University of Guerrero

Leptin Promotes Expression Of Emt-Related Transcription Factors And Invasion In A Src And Fak-Dependent Pathway In Mcf10a Mammary Epithelial Cells, Monserrat Olea-Flores, Miriam Zuniga-Eulogio, Arvey Tacuba-Saavedra, Magdalena Bueno-Salgado, Andrea Sanchez-Carvajal, Yovani Vargas-Santiago, Miguel A. Mendoza-Catalan, Eduardo Perez Salazar, Alejandra Garcia-Hernandez, Teresita Padilla-Benavides, Napoleon Navarro-Tito

Open Access Articles

Leptin is one of the main adipokines secreted in breast tissue. Leptin promotes epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), cell migration and invasion in epithelial breast cells, leading to tumor progression. Although, the molecular mechanisms that underlie these events are not fully understood, the activation of different signaling pathways appears to be essential. In this sense, the effects of leptin on the activation of kinases like Src and FAK, which regulate signaling pathways that activate the EMT program, are not completely described. Therefore, we investigated the involvement of these kinases using an in vitro model for leptin-induced EMT process in the non-tumorigenic MCF10A ...


Immediate-Early Genes And Delayed Primary Response Genes Regulated By Nmu In Skbr3 Her-2 Positive Breast Cancer Cell Line, Jessica Murphy, Sweta Rani 2019 Waterford Institute of Technology

Immediate-Early Genes And Delayed Primary Response Genes Regulated By Nmu In Skbr3 Her-2 Positive Breast Cancer Cell Line, Jessica Murphy, Sweta Rani

Sure-J: Science Undergraduate Research Journal

Background
Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease that consists of varying genetic, cellular and molecular subtypes with unique characteristics. Due to the multiple subtypes and molecular markers of breast cancer, successful clinical treatment is hampered by the lack of reliable biomarkers. HER2-positive breast cancer is an aggressive subtype associated with poor patient prognosis. Although survival rates have dramatically increased due to the development of Trastuzumab in 1997, many patients develop a resistance to this therapeutic treatment and relapse over time. Rani et al. (2014), have associated the acquirement of resistance to HER2-treatment with Neuromedin U, but the mechanisms by which ...


Developmental And Molecular Changes Underlying The Vernalization-Induced Transition To Flowering In Aquilegia Coerulea (James), Bharti Sharma, Timothy A. Batz, Rakesh Kaundal, Elena M. Kramer, Uriah R. Sanders, Valerie J. Mellano, Naveen Duhan, Rousselene B. Larson 2019 California State Polytechnic University - Pomona

Developmental And Molecular Changes Underlying The Vernalization-Induced Transition To Flowering In Aquilegia Coerulea (James), Bharti Sharma, Timothy A. Batz, Rakesh Kaundal, Elena M. Kramer, Uriah R. Sanders, Valerie J. Mellano, Naveen Duhan, Rousselene B. Larson

Center for Integrated Biosystems Publications

Reproductive success in plants is dependent on many factors but the precise timing of flowering is certainly among the most crucial. Perennial plants often have a vernalization or over-wintering requirement in order to successfully flower in the spring. The shoot apical meristem undergoes drastic developmental and molecular changes as it transitions into inflorescence meristem (IM) identity, which then gives rise to floral meristems (FMs). In this study, we have examined the developmental and gene expression changes underlying the transition from the vegetative to reproductive phases in the basal eudicot Aquilegia coerulea, which has evolved a vernalization response independently relative to ...


Creating A Molecular Map Of The Pediatric Lung, Quinlen F. Marshall 2019 College of Saint Benedict/Saint John's University

Creating A Molecular Map Of The Pediatric Lung, Quinlen F. Marshall

Forum Lectures

The newborn lung undergoes vast biochemical and physiological changes during adaptation from the intrauterine to the extrauterine environment. Lung morphogenesis continues from birth into early childhood, mediated by dynamic gene expression and a diversity of pulmonary cell types that exhibit remarkable heterogeneity. (Whitsett, JA. et al. Physiol. Rev, 2019). Surprisingly, few studies have solely focused on human lung development during this critical period, and many current studies of lung maturation rely on adult, murine, or diseased samples, limiting their insights and applicability to longitudinal pediatric lung development. Understanding the molecular and physiological nuances of pulmonary development has important clinical relevance ...


The Alfalfa Insecticide Management (Aim) Toolkit: Linking Insecticide Fate Modelling With Alfalfa Pest And Beneficial Insect Toxicity Endpoints, Kimberly J. Hageman 2019 Utah State University

The Alfalfa Insecticide Management (Aim) Toolkit: Linking Insecticide Fate Modelling With Alfalfa Pest And Beneficial Insect Toxicity Endpoints, Kimberly J. Hageman

Funded Research Records

No abstract provided.


Gene Pyramids And The Balancing Act Of Keeping Pests At Bay, Gustavo C. Macintosh 2019 Iowa State University

Gene Pyramids And The Balancing Act Of Keeping Pests At Bay, Gustavo C. Macintosh

Biochemistry, Biophysics and Molecular Biology Publications

Pyramiding R genes is a common strategy used by breeders to enhance resistance and increase durability of resistance in crops. However, the molecular mechanisms that mediate R gene interactions are not known. Kamphuis et al. (2019) analyzed Medicago truncatula plants carrying two genes that confer resistance to bluegreen aphids. They identified a potential phytohormone crosstalk triggered by the combined R gene action in response to aphid feeding that enhances resistance and minimizes R gene-associated fitness costs to the plant.


Endoglin Protein Interactome Profiling Identifies Trim21 And Galectin-3 As New Binding Partners, Eunate Gallardo-Vara, Lidia Ruiz-Llorente, Juan Casado-Vela, María J. Ruiz-Rodríguez, Natalia López-Andrés, Asit K. Pattnaik, Miguel Quintanilla 2019 CSIC & CIBERER

Endoglin Protein Interactome Profiling Identifies Trim21 And Galectin-3 As New Binding Partners, Eunate Gallardo-Vara, Lidia Ruiz-Llorente, Juan Casado-Vela, María J. Ruiz-Rodríguez, Natalia López-Andrés, Asit K. Pattnaik, Miguel Quintanilla

Papers in Veterinary and Biomedical Science

Endoglin is a 180-kDa glycoprotein receptor primarily expressed by the vascular endothelium and involved in cardiovascular disease and cancer. Heterozygous mutations in the endoglin gene (ENG) cause herediatry hemorrhagic telangiectasia type 1, a vascular disease that presents with nasal and gastrointestinal bleeding, skin and mucosa telangiectase, and arteriovenous malformations in internal organs. A circulating form of endoglin (alias soluble endoglin, sEng), proteolytically released from the membrane-bound protein, has been observed in several inflammation-related pathological conditions and appears to contribute to endothelial dysfunction and cancer development through unknown mechanisms. Membrane-bound endoglin is an auxiliary component of the TGF-B receptor complex and ...


Theoretical Studies Of Ir And Nmr Spectral Changes Induced By Sigma-Hole Hydrogen, Halogen, Chalcogen, Pnicogen, And Tetrel Bonds In A Model Protein Environment, Mariusz Michalczyk, Wiktor Zierkiewicz, Rafał Wysokiński, Steve Scheiner 2019 Wrocław University of Science and Technology

Theoretical Studies Of Ir And Nmr Spectral Changes Induced By Sigma-Hole Hydrogen, Halogen, Chalcogen, Pnicogen, And Tetrel Bonds In A Model Protein Environment, Mariusz Michalczyk, Wiktor Zierkiewicz, Rafał Wysokiński, Steve Scheiner

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

Various types of σ-hole bond complexes were formed with FX, HFY, H2FZ, and H3FT (X = Cl, Br, I; Y = S, Se, Te; Z = P, As, Sb; T = Si, Ge, Sn) as Lewis acid. In order to examine their interactions with a protein, N-methylacetamide (NMA), a model of the peptide linkage was used as the base. These noncovalent bonds were compared by computational means with H-bonds formed by NMA with XH molecules (X = F, Cl, Br, I). In all cases, the A–F bond, which lies opposite the base and is responsible for the σ-hole on the ...


9th Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center PostDoctoral Association 2019 The Texas Medical Center Library

9th Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium, University Of Texas Md Anderson Cancer Center Postdoctoral Association

MD Anderson Cancer Center Postdoctoral Association Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium Abstracts

The mission of the Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium (APSS) is to provide a platform for talented postdoctoral fellows throughout the Texas Medical Center to present their work to a wider audience. The MD Anderson Postdoctoral Association convened its inaugural Annual Postdoctoral Science Symposium (APSS) on August 4, 2011.

The APSS provides a professional venue for postdoctoral scientists to develop, clarify, and refine their research as a result of formal reviews and critiques of faculty and other postdoctoral scientists. Additionally, attendees discuss current research on a broad range of subjects while promoting academic interactions and enrichment and developing new collaborations.


Extensive Ribosome And Rf2 Rearrangements During Translation Termination, Egor Svidritskiy, Gabriel Demo, Anna B. Loveland, Chen Xu, Andrei A. Korostelev 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Extensive Ribosome And Rf2 Rearrangements During Translation Termination, Egor Svidritskiy, Gabriel Demo, Anna B. Loveland, Chen Xu, Andrei A. Korostelev

Open Access Articles

Protein synthesis ends when a ribosome reaches an mRNA stop codon. Release factors (RFs) decode the stop codon, hydrolyze peptidyl-tRNA to release the nascent protein, and then dissociate to allow ribosome recycling. To visualize termination by RF2, we resolved a cryo-EM ensemble of E. coli 70S*RF2 structures at up to 3.3 A in a single sample. Five structures suggest a highly dynamic termination pathway. Upon peptidyl-tRNA hydrolysis, the CCA end of deacyl-tRNA departs from the peptidyl transferase center. The catalytic GGQ loop of RF2 is rearranged into a long beta-hairpin that plugs the peptide tunnel, biasing a nascent ...


Signaling To Trp53 And Tap63 From Chk1/Chk2 Is Responsible For Elimination Of Most Oocytes Defective For Either Chromosome Synapsis Or Recombination, Vera D. Rinaldi, Jordana C. Bloom, John C. Schimenti 2019 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Signaling To Trp53 And Tap63 From Chk1/Chk2 Is Responsible For Elimination Of Most Oocytes Defective For Either Chromosome Synapsis Or Recombination, Vera D. Rinaldi, Jordana C. Bloom, John C. Schimenti

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

Eukaryotic organisms have evolved mechanisms to prevent the accumulation of cells bearing genetic aberrations. This is especially crucial for the germline, because fecundity, and fitness of progeny would be adversely affected by an excessively high mutational incidence. The process of meiosis poses unique problems for mutation avoidance, due to the requirement for SPO11-induced programmed double strand breaks (DSBs) in recombination-driven pairing and segregation of homologous chromosomes. Mouse meiocytes bearing unrepaired meiotic DSBs or unsynapsed chromosomes are eliminated before completing meiotic prophase I. In previous work, we showed that checkpoint kinase 2 (CHK2; CHEK2), a canonical DNA damage response protein, is ...


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