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Drug Law Reform—Retreating From An Incarceration Addiction, Robert G. Lawson 2010 University of Kentucky College of Law

Drug Law Reform—Retreating From An Incarceration Addiction, Robert G. Lawson

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

Now, thirty years into the "war on drugs," views about the law's reliance on punishment to fix the drug problem are less conciliatory and more absolute: "[t]he notion that 'the drug war is a failure' has become the common wisdom in academic ... circles." Those who have most closely studied the results of the "war" believe that it has "accomplished little more than incarcerating hundreds of thousands of individuals whose only crime was the possession of drugs." More importantly, they believe that it has had little if any effect on the drug problem: "Despite the fact that the number ...


Lifting Burdens: Proof, Social Justice, And Public Assistance Administrative Hearings, Lisa Brodoff 2010 Seattle University School of Law

Lifting Burdens: Proof, Social Justice, And Public Assistance Administrative Hearings, Lisa Brodoff

Faculty Scholarship

In "Lifting Burdens: Proof, Social Justice, and Public Assistance Administrative Hearings," Lisa Brodoff describes the administrative hearing system for public assistance recipients and applicants, and asserts that it is the primary social justice system for the poor. She discusses why public assistance appellants are always placed at a significant disadvantage in this system. The article proposes that the best way to even out the inequities in adjudications is to always place the burdens of production and persuasion by clear and convincing evidence on the government in these hearings. She argues that policy, efficiency, and fairness require a consistent and heavy ...


The Case For Social Rights, Virginia Mantouvalou 2010 Georgetown University Law Center

The Case For Social Rights, Virginia Mantouvalou

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

This is part of the book Debating Social Rights (Oxford, Hart Publishing, 2010) where I am making the case for social rights and Professor Conor Gearty (LSE) is making the case against social rights. This paper argues that social and economic rights, defined as rights to the satisfaction of basic needs, are constitutional essentials at domestic level and claims of the highest priority at supranational level. Their inadequate legal protection in national and supranational orders is not justified. Social rights have common foundations with civil and political rights, but have been neglected in law because of Cold War ideologies. The ...


International Commercial Surrogacy And Its Parties, 43 J. Marshall L. Rev. 1009 (2010), Margaret Ryznar 2010 John Marshall Law School

International Commercial Surrogacy And Its Parties, 43 J. Marshall L. Rev. 1009 (2010), Margaret Ryznar

The John Marshall Law Review

No abstract provided.


Social Security Benefits Formula 101: A Practical Primer, Francine J. Lipman 2010 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law

Social Security Benefits Formula 101: A Practical Primer, Francine J. Lipman

Scholarly Works

No abstract provided.


Medicaid, Low Income Pools, And The Goals Of Privatization, Laura Hermer 2010 Mitchell Hamline School of Law

Medicaid, Low Income Pools, And The Goals Of Privatization, Laura Hermer

Faculty Scholarship

This article examines the Bush Administration's attempts to transform certain supplemental payments, most notably Medicaid’s Disproportionate Share Hospital (DSH) program, into a means of subsidizing private health coverage for Medicaid expansion populations. Greater private market involvement in the state disbursement of supplemental payments such as DSH makes it more difficult to fulfill Medicaid’s original goals. It reduces the overall funds available specifically for care, provides beneficiaries with leaner benefit plans than those offered by the public system, and hinders beneficiaries from obtaining and retaining care. As such, it increases waste and inefficiency, rather than reducing them. At ...


Slums, Slumdogs, And Resistance, Tayyab Mahmud 2010 Seattle University School of Law

Slums, Slumdogs, And Resistance, Tayyab Mahmud

Faculty Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Social Welfare And Fairness In Juvenile Crime Regulation, Elizabeth S. Scott, Laurence Steinberg 2010 Columbia Law School

Social Welfare And Fairness In Juvenile Crime Regulation, Elizabeth S. Scott, Laurence Steinberg

Faculty Scholarship

The question of how lawmakers should respond to developmental differences between adolescents and adults in formulating juvenile crime policy has been the subject of debate for a generation. A theme of the punitive law reforms that dismantled the traditional juvenile justice system in the 1980s and 1990s was that adolescents were not different from adults in any way that was relevant to criminal punishment – or at least that any differences were trumped by the demands of public safety. But this view has been challenged in recent years; scholars and courts have recognized that adolescents, due to their developmental immaturity, are ...


Book Review, Chad J. Schatzle 2010 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law

Book Review, Chad J. Schatzle

Scholarly Works

Welfare's Forgotten Past: A Socio-Legal History of the Poor Law is a timely reminder of society's legal duty to the poor. In an era of global economic turmoil, with recent welfare reform and heated debates over the extension of unemployment benefits here in the United States, it is easy to forget that laws for the relief of poverty have roots reaching back more than 400 years. Author Lorie Charlesworth, Reader in Law and History at Liverpool John Moores University, focuses her book on the poor law-a historical, English system derived largely from the seventeenth-century laws of settlement and ...


Family-Related Issues In Social And Welfare Law. Legal Methods For Research On Children And Families, Titti Mattsson 2009 Lund University

Family-Related Issues In Social And Welfare Law. Legal Methods For Research On Children And Families, Titti Mattsson

Titti Mattsson

No abstract provided.


Just Contracts And Catholic Social Teaching: A Perspective From American Law, Vincent Rougeau 2009 Boston College Law

Just Contracts And Catholic Social Teaching: A Perspective From American Law, Vincent Rougeau

Vincent D. Rougeau

No abstract provided.


Fundamental Social Rights, Social Security And The Costs Of Social Rights: Brazilian Cases, carlos luiz strapazzon 2009 Western University of Santa Catarina State (UNOESC); University Positivo School of Law

Fundamental Social Rights, Social Security And The Costs Of Social Rights: Brazilian Cases, Carlos Luiz Strapazzon

Carlos Luiz Strapazzon

Brazilian Courts, in order to guarantee social rights, should take into account the scarcity of resources and the principle of equality so as not favoring anyone with features that are intended for everyone. Given this limitation, how the Judicial Power might act with respect to the realization of social rights? It has down increased attention how, in Brazil, the Judicial Power, especially the Supreme Court and the Superior Court, have interfered in Executive discretion so as to protect social rights, as health rights or educational rights. This article aims to explain how it occurs in Brazil and verify, on the ...


Das Virtudes Cívicas Clássicas Às Virtudes Pós-Modernas - Dos Tempos E Dos Modos, Paulo Ferreira da Cunha 2009 Universidade do Porto

Das Virtudes Cívicas Clássicas Às Virtudes Pós-Modernas - Dos Tempos E Dos Modos, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Ao mesmo tempo que importa recuperar, na nossa memória e na educação, os grandes exemplos dos virtuosos heróis e sábios da Antiguidade Clássica, que a deseducação tem olvidado, não se pode esquecer que o mundo pós-moderno em que vivemos requer de nós aptidões, virtualidades, posicionamentos diferentes. Não para caminharmos no sentido de todos os demais, mas para respondermos com valor aos reptos do presente. Este artigo procura conciliar, pois, o legado clássico das virtudes cívicas, com algumas propostas inspiradas em autores recentes (como Italo Calvino e Alain Finkielkraut) para o séc. XXI


Direito, Utopia E Insularidade, Paulo Ferreira da Cunha 2009 Universidade do Porto

Direito, Utopia E Insularidade, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Não é por acaso que tantas utopias literárias se localizam ficcionalmente em ilhas. Não é por acaso que as utopias são uma espécie de descrição constitucional sem as amarras dos artigos de um código de direito político. Não é por acaso que as ilhas, parecendo uma prisão, rodeada de mar por todos os lados, são afinal sonhos de onde se pode sair, voando. Não só em sonhos oníricos, mas em sonhos que se podem tornar realidade. Este artigo desenvolve as ligações entre os aspectos literários, políticos e jurídicos das utopias na sua dimensão insular.


Virtude Da Constituição E Virtudes Republicanas, Paulo Ferreira da Cunha 2009 Universidade do Porto

Virtude Da Constituição E Virtudes Republicanas, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

A virtude da Constituição é a sua essência e função. E a Constituição tem sempre uma virtude liberal-democrática, apesar de tudo. Conra tudo e contra todos, apesar por vezes mesmo de si própria e das intenções dos seus autores... Depois do “retorno” dos valores à política e ao Direito Constitucional, é a vez da volta das virtudes à discussão, designadamente pela via da ética constitucional ou republicana, de novo na ordem do dia em muitos países. Quais serão, então, as principais virtudes juspolíticas, constitucionais, ou republicanas? O presente artigo intenta também uma proposta de virtudes republicanas concretas para o nosso ...


Instituições, Trabalho E Pessoas, Paulo Ferreira da Cunha 2009 Universidade do Porto

Instituições, Trabalho E Pessoas, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Os especialistas em doenças terminais sabem que ninguém tem saudades, quando abandona a vida, do trabalho que não fez. Tem saudades sim do tempo que não passou com familiares e amigos. A sociedade contemporânea, e algumas instituições "totais" estão a potenciar até ao expoente demencial a exploração e a despersonalização dos trabalhadores, designadamente proletarizando técnicos superiores e técnicos pensantes que, sem ócio criativo, deixarão de criar. É uma crise civilizacional, nada menos.


Ahistorical Indians And Reservation Resources, Ezra Rosser 2009 American University Washington College of Law

Ahistorical Indians And Reservation Resources, Ezra Rosser

Ezra Rosser

The article is an in-depth exploration of the impacts of an Indian tribe's decision to pursue an environmentally destructive form of economic development. The history of Navajo Nation's coal leasing provides the background for the tribe's recent proposal to build a coal-fired power plant and the controversies surrounding the proposal and the environmental review process.


Benefit Overpayments, The Common Law And Human Rights, Mel Cousins 2009 Glasgow Caledonian University

Benefit Overpayments, The Common Law And Human Rights, Mel Cousins

Mel Cousins

This article examines the issue of benefits overpayments in UK social security law. Current estimates put the level of overpayments due to error (as opposed to fraud) at about £2 billion per annum. Concern about his issue has led to the publication of a DWP statement of strategy and an attempt by DWP to use the common law to recover overpaid benefits. The article looks at a number of recent court decisions which have important implications for UK practice.


Secretary Of State For Work And Pensions V. Sister Is, Mel Cousins 2009 Glasgow Caledonian University

Secretary Of State For Work And Pensions V. Sister Is, Mel Cousins

Mel Cousins

This case before the Upper Tribunal concerned the rules of the state pension credit (SPC) which, in effect, provide that ‘members of religious orders’ who are ‘fully maintained by their order’ have no entitlement to a state pension credit. As the Three-Judge Panel pointed out this is the rule ‘regardless of the actual amount of their income or their other circumstances’. The case concerned both the interpretation of these two phrases and – assuming the Panel found that they applied to the claimants – the compatibility of such an approach with the European Convention on Human Rights (the Convention issue).


Patmalniece V. Secretary Of State For Work And Pensions, Mel Cousins 2009 Glasgow Caledonian University

Patmalniece V. Secretary Of State For Work And Pensions, Mel Cousins

Mel Cousins

In Patmalniece the Court of Appeal has considered the compatibility of the UK right to reside requirement with Regulation 1408/71/EEC on co-ordination of social security for migrants. The Court earlier upheld the compatibility of the right to reside rule with the EU Treaty in Abdirahman. However, this case was different in that the claimant – unlike those in the previous cases - was within the personal scope of Regulation 1408/71.


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