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Organizations And Economics, Richard Adelstein 2010 Wesleyan University

Organizations And Economics, Richard Adelstein

Division II Faculty Publications

A contribution to a symposium on a paper by Richard Posner.


Documentation, Documentary, And The Law: What Should Be Made Of Victim Impact Videos?, Regina Austin 2010 University of Pennsylvania

Documentation, Documentary, And The Law: What Should Be Made Of Victim Impact Videos?, Regina Austin

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Since the Supreme Court sanctioned the introduction of victim impact evidence in the sentencing phase of capital cases in Payne v. Tennessee, 501 U.S. 808 (1991), there have been a number of reported decisions in which that evidence has taken the form of videos composed of home-produced still photographs and moving images of the victim. Most of these videos were first shown at funerals or memorial services and contain music appropriate for such occasions. This article considers the probative value of victim impact videos and responds to the call of Justice John Paul Stevens, made in a statement regarding ...


Ip And Antitrust: Reformation And Harm, Christina Bohannan, Herbert J. Hovenkamp 2010 University of Iowa College of Law

Ip And Antitrust: Reformation And Harm, Christina Bohannan, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Antitrust and intellectual property law both seek to improve economic welfare by facilitating competition and investment in innovation. At various times both antitrust and IP law have wandered off this course and have become more driven by special interests. Today, antitrust and IP are on very different roads to reform. Antitrust reform began in the late 1970s with a series of Supreme Court decisions that linked the plaintiff’s harm and right to obtain a remedy to the competition - furthering goals of antitrust policy. Today, patent law has begun its own reform journey, but it is in a much earlier ...


Firms As Social Actors, Richard Adelstein 2009 Wesleyan University

Firms As Social Actors, Richard Adelstein

Richard Adelstein

A close look at what firms are and how they act.


Law In The Shadow Of Bargaining: The Feedback Effect Of Civil Settlements, Ben Depoorter 2009 University of California, Hastings College of the Law

Law In The Shadow Of Bargaining: The Feedback Effect Of Civil Settlements, Ben Depoorter

Ben Depoorter

Lawmakers, courts, and legal scholars often express concern that settlement agreements withhold important information from the public. This Essay identifies, to the contrary, problematic issues involving the availability of information on non-representative settlements. The theoretical and empirical evidence presented in this Essay demonstrates that, despite the widespread use of nondisclosure agreements, information on settlements is distributed both inside and outside legal communities, reaching actors through various channels including the oral culture in legal communities, specialized reporters, professional interest organizations, and media coverage. Moreover, information on private settlement agreements circulates more widely if the agreed compensation in a given settlement exceeds ...


Introduction: A Brief Trajectory Of Public Choice And Public Law, Daniel Farber, Anne O'Connell 2009 Berkeley Law

Introduction: A Brief Trajectory Of Public Choice And Public Law, Daniel Farber, Anne O'Connell

Anne Joseph O'Connell

No abstract provided.


Statutes Undermine The Progress Made: The Criminalisation Of Positive Women, Aziza Ahmed, Beri Hull, Alice Welbourn, Emma Bell, Heidi Nass 2009 Northeastern University

Statutes Undermine The Progress Made: The Criminalisation Of Positive Women, Aziza Ahmed, Beri Hull, Alice Welbourn, Emma Bell, Heidi Nass

Aziza Ahmed

Criminalisation laws have a specific and nuanced impact on women living with HIV. An understanding of the consequences of such laws will help positive women and other advocates to combat negative uses of such laws, and to frame and advocate for effective alternatives for HIV prevention. This article helps tease out some of the ways that criminalisation can negatively impact the lives of positive women in particular: the explicit sex discrimination in the laws, the gender bias in courtrooms, the impact on marginalised women, and the increase in stigma and discrimination through criminalisation laws.


Who Wants To Be A Muggle? The Diminished Legitimacy Of Law As Magic, Mark E. Burge 2009 Texas A&M University School of Law

Who Wants To Be A Muggle? The Diminished Legitimacy Of Law As Magic, Mark E. Burge

Mark Edwin Burge

In the Harry Potter world, the magical population lives among the non-magical Muggle population, but we Muggles are largely unaware of them. This secrecy is by elaborate design and is necessitated by centuries-old hostility to wizards by the non-magical majority. The reasons behind this hostility, when combined with the similarities between Harry Potter-stylemagic and American law, make Rowling’s novels into a cautionary tale for the legal profession that it not treat law as a magic unknowable to non-lawyers. Comprehensibility — as a self-contained, normative value in the enactment interpretation, and practice of law — is given short-shrift by the legal profession ...


Winterthouhgts, Matilda Arvidsson 2009 Lund University

Winterthouhgts, Matilda Arvidsson

Matilda Arvidsson

No abstract provided.


Organizations And Economics, Richard Adelstein 2009 Wesleyan University

Organizations And Economics, Richard Adelstein

Richard Adelstein

A contribution to a symposium on a paper by Richard Posner.


Charity And Information: Correcting The Failure Of A Disjunctive Social Norm, Robert D. Cooter, Brian Broughman 2009 Berkeley Law School

Charity And Information: Correcting The Failure Of A Disjunctive Social Norm, Robert D. Cooter, Brian Broughman

Robert Cooter

Charitable donations fund social goods that the state and markets undersupply. While some people donate much to charity, most Americans donate little or nothing. Experiments in behavioral economics show that anonymity, not human nature, causes low contributions. Disclosure of each individual’s aggregate conduct is necessary for the effectiveness of any disjunctive social norm, including charity. We propose a public registry where each taxpayer can voluntarily disclose the ratio between his charitable giving and income. The registry will clarify the social norm and increase average donations. We extend our analysis to pro bono legal services where a similar registry would ...


Impact Of The Australia-Us Free Trade Agreement On Australian Medicines Regulation And Prices, Thomas A. Faunce, James Bai, Duy Nguyen 2009 Australian National University

Impact Of The Australia-Us Free Trade Agreement On Australian Medicines Regulation And Prices, Thomas A. Faunce, James Bai, Duy Nguyen

Thomas A Faunce

The Australia – United States Free Trade Agreement (AUSFTA) came into force on 1 January 2005. Before and subsequently to the AUSFTA being concluded, controversy surrounded the debate over its impact on Australia ’ s health policy, specifically on regulation of pharmaceutical patents and Australia ’ s cost-effectiveness system relating to prescription medicine prices known as the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS). This article examines the expectations of both parties in the pharmaceutical sector with regard to the AUSFTA, as well as how successfully they were achieved. It seeks to analyse important relevant outcomes for regulators, the public and pharmaceutical industry, as well as ...


Nanotechnology And The International Law Of Weaponry: Towards International Regulation Of Nano-Weapons., Thomas A. Faunce, Hitoshi Nasu 2009 Australian National University

Nanotechnology And The International Law Of Weaponry: Towards International Regulation Of Nano-Weapons., Thomas A. Faunce, Hitoshi Nasu

Thomas A Faunce

The development of nanotechnology for military application is an emerging area of research and development, the pace and extent of which has not been fully anticipated by international legal regulation. Nano-weapons are referred to here as objects and devices using nanotechnology or causing effects in nano-scale that are designed or used for harming humans. Such weapons, despite their controversial human and environmental toxicity, are not comprehensively covered by specific, targeted regulation under international law. This article critically examines current international humanitarian law and arms control law regimes to determine whether significant gaps exist in the regulation of nanotechnology focused on ...


Árbol Genealógico Del Consejo De Estado: El Constitucionalismo Autoritario En Nuestra Historia, Fernando Muñoz 2009 Universidad Austral de Chile

Árbol Genealógico Del Consejo De Estado: El Constitucionalismo Autoritario En Nuestra Historia, Fernando Muñoz

Fernando Muñoz

An appeal to prestige and experience creates a historical continuity between various institutions: the Royal Audiencia, the Council of State, and the “institutional” and for-life senators. This work focuses on the discourse that articulates and unifies these various institutional forms throughout Chilean history, suggesting a context for the study of Chilean constitutional authoritarianism.


Ockham's Theory Of Natural Rights, Siegfried Van Duffel, Jonathan Robinson 2009 University of Helsinki

Ockham's Theory Of Natural Rights, Siegfried Van Duffel, Jonathan Robinson

Siegfried Van Duffel

Ockham's theory may well be the most influential medieval predecessor of contemporary theories of human rights. We suggest that it was also in a better condition than its descendants.


Das Virtudes Cívicas Clássicas Às Virtudes Pós-Modernas - Dos Tempos E Dos Modos, Paulo Ferreira da Cunha 2009 Universidade do Porto

Das Virtudes Cívicas Clássicas Às Virtudes Pós-Modernas - Dos Tempos E Dos Modos, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Ao mesmo tempo que importa recuperar, na nossa memória e na educação, os grandes exemplos dos virtuosos heróis e sábios da Antiguidade Clássica, que a deseducação tem olvidado, não se pode esquecer que o mundo pós-moderno em que vivemos requer de nós aptidões, virtualidades, posicionamentos diferentes. Não para caminharmos no sentido de todos os demais, mas para respondermos com valor aos reptos do presente. Este artigo procura conciliar, pois, o legado clássico das virtudes cívicas, com algumas propostas inspiradas em autores recentes (como Italo Calvino e Alain Finkielkraut) para o séc. XXI


Direito, Utopia E Insularidade, Paulo Ferreira da Cunha 2009 Universidade do Porto

Direito, Utopia E Insularidade, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Não é por acaso que tantas utopias literárias se localizam ficcionalmente em ilhas. Não é por acaso que as utopias são uma espécie de descrição constitucional sem as amarras dos artigos de um código de direito político. Não é por acaso que as ilhas, parecendo uma prisão, rodeada de mar por todos os lados, são afinal sonhos de onde se pode sair, voando. Não só em sonhos oníricos, mas em sonhos que se podem tornar realidade. Este artigo desenvolve as ligações entre os aspectos literários, políticos e jurídicos das utopias na sua dimensão insular.


Virtude Da Constituição E Virtudes Republicanas, Paulo Ferreira da Cunha 2009 Universidade do Porto

Virtude Da Constituição E Virtudes Republicanas, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

A virtude da Constituição é a sua essência e função. E a Constituição tem sempre uma virtude liberal-democrática, apesar de tudo. Conra tudo e contra todos, apesar por vezes mesmo de si própria e das intenções dos seus autores... Depois do “retorno” dos valores à política e ao Direito Constitucional, é a vez da volta das virtudes à discussão, designadamente pela via da ética constitucional ou republicana, de novo na ordem do dia em muitos países. Quais serão, então, as principais virtudes juspolíticas, constitucionais, ou republicanas? O presente artigo intenta também uma proposta de virtudes republicanas concretas para o nosso ...


Instituições, Trabalho E Pessoas, Paulo Ferreira da Cunha 2009 Universidade do Porto

Instituições, Trabalho E Pessoas, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Os especialistas em doenças terminais sabem que ninguém tem saudades, quando abandona a vida, do trabalho que não fez. Tem saudades sim do tempo que não passou com familiares e amigos. A sociedade contemporânea, e algumas instituições "totais" estão a potenciar até ao expoente demencial a exploração e a despersonalização dos trabalhadores, designadamente proletarizando técnicos superiores e técnicos pensantes que, sem ócio criativo, deixarão de criar. É uma crise civilizacional, nada menos.


Apuntes Generales Sobre La Libertad De Expresión En Internet, Germán M. Teruel Lozano 2009 Junior researcher/Fellow assistant of the University of Murcia

Apuntes Generales Sobre La Libertad De Expresión En Internet, Germán M. Teruel Lozano

Germán M. Teruel Lozano

GENERAL NOTES ABOUT THE FREEDOM OF SPEECH IN INTERNET: This paper presents an overview of how Internet has revolutionized the setting of freedom of speech. In particular, it is focused in to main aspects: On one hand, the delimitation of freedom of expression in the new media, differentiating in particular between web pages dedicated to the dissemination of information, protected by the freedom of speech; and those that are intended to provide other telematics services, which should not have this protection. Secondly, it is also studied the legal status of this freedom when it is exercised through Internet.


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