Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Law and Politics Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

5,105 Full-Text Articles 3,795 Authors 2,322,363 Downloads 204 Institutions

All Articles in Law and Politics

Faceted Search

5,105 full-text articles. Page 1 of 143.

Even President Obama Makes Mistakes: Why Expansion Of The Cascade–Siskiyou National Monument Was Improper, Leila Javanshir 2019 Seattle University School of Law

Even President Obama Makes Mistakes: Why Expansion Of The Cascade–Siskiyou National Monument Was Improper, Leila Javanshir

Seattle University Law Review

In 2000, President Clinton created the Cascade–Siskiyou National Monument to protect the Klamath and Siskiyou ecoregions that are home to a variety of rare and endemic plant and animal species. Later, on January 12, 2017, President Obama expanded the Cascade–Siskiyou National Monument, but timber industry representatives and Oregon counties have challenged this expansion because approximately forty thousand of the additional acres were previously reserved for permanent forest production under the Oregon and California Lands Act of 1937. This Note discusses the creation and expansion of this Monument, elaborating on its history and the purposes behind it, and sets ...


Law Matters -- Less Than We Thought, Daniel M. Klerman, Holger Spamann 2019 USC Law School

Law Matters -- Less Than We Thought, Daniel M. Klerman, Holger Spamann

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

In a pre-registered 2×2×2 factorial between-subject randomized lab experiment with 61 federal judges, we test if the law influences judicial decisions, if it does so more under a rule than under a standard, and how its influence compares to that of legally irrelevant sympathies. The judges were given realistic materials and a relatively long period of time (50 minutes) to decide a run-of-the-mill auto accident case. We find weak evidence for the law effect, stronger evidence that rules constrain more than standards, and no evidence of a sympathy effect. Unexpectedly, we find that judges were more likely to ...


Politics, Identity, And Class Certification On The U.S. Courts Of Appeals, Stephen B. Burbank, Sean Farhang 2019 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Politics, Identity, And Class Certification On The U.S. Courts Of Appeals, Stephen B. Burbank, Sean Farhang

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This article draws on novel data and presents the results of the first empirical analysis of how potentially salient characteristics of Court of Appeals judges influence precedential lawmaking on class certification under Rule 23. We find that the partisan composition of the panel (measured by the party of the appointing president) has a very strong association with certification outcomes, with all-Democratic panels having more than double the certification rate of all-Republican panels in precedential cases. We also find that the presence of one African American on a panel, and the presence of two females (but not one), is associated with ...


Agenda-Setting In The Regulatory State: Theory And Evidence, Cary Coglianese, Daniel E. Walters 2019 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Agenda-Setting In The Regulatory State: Theory And Evidence, Cary Coglianese, Daniel E. Walters

Daniel Walters

Government officials who run administrative agencies must make countless decisions every day about what issues and work to prioritize. These agenda-setting decisions hold enormous implications for the shape of law and public policy, but they have received remarkably little attention by either administrative law scholars or social scientists who study the bureaucracy. Existing research offers few insights about the institutions, norms, and inputs that shape and constrain agency discretion over their agendas or about the strategies that officials employ in choosing to elevate certain issues while putting others on the back burner. In this article, we advance the study of ...


Capturing Regulatory Agendas?: An Empirical Study Of Industry Use Of Rulemaking Petitions, Daniel E. Walters 2019 University of Pennsylvania Law School

Capturing Regulatory Agendas?: An Empirical Study Of Industry Use Of Rulemaking Petitions, Daniel E. Walters

Daniel Walters

A great deal of skepticism toward administrative agencies stems from the widespread perception that they excessively or even exclusively cater to business interests. From the political right comes the accusation that business interests use regulation to erect barriers to entry that protect profits and stifle competition. From the political left comes the claim that business interests use secretive interactions with agencies to erode and negate beneficial regulatory programs. Regulatory “capture” theory elevates many of these claims to the status of economic law. Despite growing skepticism about capture theory in academic circles, empirical studies of business influence and capture return ambiguous ...


The Judicial Role In Constraining Presidential Nonenforcement Discretion: The Virtues Of An Apa Approach, Daniel E. Walters 2019 University of Pennsylvania

The Judicial Role In Constraining Presidential Nonenforcement Discretion: The Virtues Of An Apa Approach, Daniel E. Walters

Daniel Walters

Scholars, lawyers, and, indeed, the public at large increasingly worry about what purposive presidential inaction in enforcing statutory programs means for the rule of law and how such discretionary inaction can fit within a constitutional structure that compels Presidents to “take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed." Yet those who have recognized the problem have been hesitant to assign a role for the court in policing the constitutional limits they articulate, mostly because of the strain on judicial capacity that any formulation of Take Care Clause review would cause. In this Article, I argue that courts still can and ...


A Better Hope For Campaign Finance Reform, Edward J. McCaffery 2019 University of Southern California;California Institute of Tecnology

A Better Hope For Campaign Finance Reform, Edward J. Mccaffery

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

There is too much money in American politics, and too much of it comes from too few citizens. Mega-donors like Sheldon Adelson or Tom Steyer make $100 million political expenditures every election cycle. Attempts to limit such large political contributions have failed at every level: judicially, legislatively, and administratively. Much of the academic literature has joined the real world’s sense of despair. This Article takes a new tack. By changing our tax system from an income to a consistent progressive spending tax, the true cost of political expenditures by mega-donors could increase tenfold. By using a strategy of taxing ...


Conversation With Jody Raphael About "Decriminalization Of Prostitution: The Soros Effect", Heather Brunskell-Evans 2019 Kings College, London

Conversation With Jody Raphael About "Decriminalization Of Prostitution: The Soros Effect", Heather Brunskell-Evans

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

George Soros and Open Society Foundation are supporting the decriminalization of prostitution by funding organizations around the world to advocate for this legal change. Heather Brunskell-Evans (FiLiA podcasts, London) interviews Jody Raphael, Senior Research Fellow, Schiller DuCanto & Fleck Law Center, DePaul University College of Law, Chicago, Illinois, USA, about her research on this topic and discusses her article "Decriminalization of Prostitution: The Soros Effect."


Does The Decriminalization Of Prostitution Reduce Rape And Sexually Transmitted Disease? A Review Of Cunningham And Shah Findings, Lily Lachapelle, Clare Schneider, Melanie Shapiro, Donna M. Hughes 2019 University of Rhode Island

Does The Decriminalization Of Prostitution Reduce Rape And Sexually Transmitted Disease? A Review Of Cunningham And Shah Findings, Lily Lachapelle, Clare Schneider, Melanie Shapiro, Donna M. Hughes

Dignity: A Journal on Sexual Exploitation and Violence

In 2013, research findings by Cunningham and Shah claimed that rape and sexually transmitted diseases were reduced by decriminalized prostitution in Rhode Island. The original unpublished claims have received wide media coverage which have gone unexamined. This review finds errors in their analyses. One error is the date when prostitution was decriminalized in Rhode Island. Cunningham and Shah claim that prostitution was decriminalized in 2003. Our analysis finds the date of decriminalization of prostitution was 1980. The change in the start date of decriminalization significantly alters the analysis and the findings. Another error results from Cunningham and Shah using an ...


Municipal Annexation Reform In Texas: How A Victory For Property Rights Jeopardizes The State’S Financial Health, Julie Polansky Bell 2019 St. Mary's University School of Law

Municipal Annexation Reform In Texas: How A Victory For Property Rights Jeopardizes The State’S Financial Health, Julie Polansky Bell

St. Mary's Law Journal

Municipal annexation is the expansion of city boundaries. The greatest motivator behind municipal annexation is maintaining and improving economic prosperity of the annexing authority. The issue of annexation involves a balance of rights between property owners and municipalities of the state. Historically, Texas cities had broad annexation authority under an involuntary annexation scheme. However, in recent years the power has shifted as lawmakers have given property owners greater control over the annexation process. This trend culminated in the passage of the Municipal Annexation Right to Vote Act (MARVA) by the 85th Texas Legislature, which severely limits annexation authority.

Texas municipalities ...


Constitutional Maturity, Or Reading Weber In The Age Of Trump, Josh Chafetz 2019 Selected Works

Constitutional Maturity, Or Reading Weber In The Age Of Trump, Josh Chafetz

Josh Chafetz

Anxiety abounds about the state of American constitutional democracy in “the age of Trump.” A wide range of commentators have raised serious and profound questions about the resilience of our political institutions and the capacity of our current political leadership.

This Essay, written for a Constitutional Commentary symposium on “Constitutional Law in the Trump Era,” attempts to get a handle on that anxiety by taking a step back and viewing our contemporary situation through a broader lens—a lens crafted in a different time and place, but responsive to a related set of political questions.

In particular, this Essay turns ...


Campaign Finance Transparency Affects Legislators' Election Outcomes And Behavior, Abby Wood, Chris Grose 2019 University of Southern California

Campaign Finance Transparency Affects Legislators' Election Outcomes And Behavior, Abby Wood, Chris Grose

University of Southern California Legal Studies Working Paper Series

Do audits by executive agencies impact the behavior of those audited? Does revealing negative information about legislators affect electoral results and behavior? Institutions that encourage transparency, such as campaign finance disclosure, influence mass and elite behavior. We theorize that greater transparency provides information to voters during legislative campaigns about the character of candidates, and this information affects voter and legislator behavior. The U.S. Federal Election Commission conducted random audits of 10 percent of U.S. House members in the 1970s. This FEC program is the only randomized experiment a U.S. agency has conducted on federal legislators and their ...


Solidarity Economy Lawyering, Renee Hatcher 2019 John Marshall Law School

Solidarity Economy Lawyering, Renee Hatcher

Renee Hatcher

This essay explores lawyering in the solidarity economy movement as an emergent approach to progressive transactional lawyering. The solidarity economy movement is a set of value-driven theories and practices that seeks to transform the global economy into a just economy that centers the needs of people and the planet. While the solidarity economy movement has been established for several decades in other parts of the world, the solidarity economy movement in the United States emerged in 2007. Over the last decade the movement has grown and gained significant momentum, with the rise of solidarity economy organizations and initiatives, as well ...


Foreword, 2019 Penn State Law

Foreword

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Table Of Contents, 2019 Penn State Law

Table Of Contents

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Dedication, 2019 Penn State Law

Dedication

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Masthead, 2019 Penn State Law

Masthead

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


The Push For Corporate Human Trafficking Compliance Under The Trends Of Global Legislation, Adam Banks 2019 Penn State Law

The Push For Corporate Human Trafficking Compliance Under The Trends Of Global Legislation, Adam Banks

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Throwing A Flag On Roger Goodell’S Heavy Hand: A Comparison Of Nfl And Fifa Discipline And Dispute Resolution Mechanisms, Sean W. Pie 2019 Penn State Law

Throwing A Flag On Roger Goodell’S Heavy Hand: A Comparison Of Nfl And Fifa Discipline And Dispute Resolution Mechanisms, Sean W. Pie

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Wherever We Go, We Leave A Trail: Surveillance And Sousveillance In The United States And United Kingdom, Allison Amatuzzo 2019 Penn State Law

Wherever We Go, We Leave A Trail: Surveillance And Sousveillance In The United States And United Kingdom, Allison Amatuzzo

Penn State Journal of Law & International Affairs

No abstract provided.


Digital Commons powered by bepress