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Lines Of Communication: Advances In Stem Cell Policy, Dena Davis, Debra Grega 2010 Cleveland-Marshall College of Law

Lines Of Communication: Advances In Stem Cell Policy, Dena Davis, Debra Grega

Journal of Law and Health

This is a transcription of the Journal of Law and Health's Speaker Series event held on November 17, 2009 at the Joseph W. Bartunek III Moot Court Room, Cleveland-Marshall College of Law. The speakers discussed stem cell policy, ethics, oversight, funding restrictions and research restrictions.


Pushing Back: Protecting Maternal Autonomy From The Living Room To The Delivery Room, Benjamin Grant Chojnacki 2010 Cleveland State University

Pushing Back: Protecting Maternal Autonomy From The Living Room To The Delivery Room, Benjamin Grant Chojnacki

Journal of Law and Health

As mothers are given more freedom to make their delivery choices, problems with the current maternity care system and the legal protections afforded fetus have the potential to diminish maternal independence. At one end of the spectrum, the home birth movement and reactions against "medicalized" birth have the potential to create physician distrust and a greater resistance to medical treatment. This resistance, when coupled with an expansive view of fetal rights may result in compelled medical treatment, injury, or the loss of parental rights. At the other end of the spectrum, elective C-sections and inductions will diminish the likelihood that ...


What's All The Headache: Reform Needed To Cope With The Effects Of Concussions In Football, Erika A. Diehl 2010 Cleveland State University

What's All The Headache: Reform Needed To Cope With The Effects Of Concussions In Football, Erika A. Diehl

Journal of Law and Health

In order to effectively manage this public health concern, it is imperative to gain an understanding of the issues surrounding head injuries in sporting events. This Note will discuss the increasing frequency and dangers of concussions in amateur and professional football. It will suggest that athletes, schools, coaches, and doctors must become more educated on the causes and dangers of concussions in order to ensure the safety of participants. In order to do so, this Note introduces a medical overview of concussions, while briefly outlining the diagnosis, long-term effects, and management of concussions. Part III discusses the legal theories athletes ...


Book Review, Laura Ray 2010 Cleveland-Marshall College of Law Library

Book Review, Laura Ray

Journal of Law and Health

Reviewing Real Collaboration: What it Takes for Global Health to Succeed, Mark L. Rosenberg, Elisabeth S. Hayes, Margaret H. McIntyre, and Nancy Neill, California/ Milbank Books on Health and the Public; no. 20. Berkeley: University of California Press; New York: Milbank Memorial Fund, c2010.


Employing E-Health: The Impact Of Electronic Health Records On The Workplace, Sharona Hoffman 2010 Case Western Reserve University School of Law

Employing E-Health: The Impact Of Electronic Health Records On The Workplace, Sharona Hoffman

Faculty Publications

Electronic Health Record (HER) systems may soon become a fixture in most medical settings. President Obama’s 29 stimulus legislation includes $19 billion to promote their implementation. The sophisticated features and efficiencies of HER systems have the potential to improve health outcomes and enhance patient welfare considerably. However, this emerging technology also poses significant challenges and risks, not the least of which are its workplace impacts. This article provides a first of its kind analysis of the ramifications of HER systems for workers and employers.

The potential effects of health information computerization on the workplace are numerous. Employers may obtain ...


Reviving Employee Rights - Recent And Upcoming Employment Discrimination Legislation: Proceedings Of The 2010 Annual Meeting Of The Association Of American Law Schools Section On Employment Discrimination Law, Scott A. Moss, Sandra Sperino, Robin R. Runge, Charles A. Sullivan 2010 University of Colorado Law School

Reviving Employee Rights - Recent And Upcoming Employment Discrimination Legislation: Proceedings Of The 2010 Annual Meeting Of The Association Of American Law Schools Section On Employment Discrimination Law, Scott A. Moss, Sandra Sperino, Robin R. Runge, Charles A. Sullivan

Articles

No abstract provided.


Penetrating The Silence In Sierra Leone: A Blueprint For The Eradication Of Female Genital Mutilation , Chi Mgbako, Meghna Saxena, Cave Anna, Nasim Farjad 2010 Fordham University School of Law

Penetrating The Silence In Sierra Leone: A Blueprint For The Eradication Of Female Genital Mutilation , Chi Mgbako, Meghna Saxena, Cave Anna, Nasim Farjad

Faculty Scholarship

The African grassroots movement to eradicate female genital mutilation (also known as “female genital cutting” and “female circumcision,” hereinafter “FGM”) is widespread. While many African countries and grassroots organizations have made great strides in their efforts to eliminate FGM, Sierra Leone lags behind. In Sierra Leone, FGM is practiced within the bondo secret society, an ancient, all-female commune located in West Africa and also known as the sande. The bondo society’s traditional role was to direct girls’ rites of passage into adulthood. In order to become a member of the bondo, a girl or woman must undergo various rituals ...


Scientific Understandings Of Postpartum Illness: Improving Health Law And Policy?, Stacey A. Tovino 2010 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law

Scientific Understandings Of Postpartum Illness: Improving Health Law And Policy?, Stacey A. Tovino

Scholarly Works

In its broadest sense, the Article examines the relationship between science and the law in the context of postpartum illness. From classical antiquity to the present day, physicians and scientists have investigated the causes, correlates, and consequences of the depressions and psychoses that develop in some women following their transition to motherhood. The scientific investigation of postpartum illness has been characterized by an open-ended search for knowledge with the recgonition that scientific findings published one day are subject to revision the next. Legislators and judges also have sought to understand postpartum illness as necessary to make laws that affect and ...


Layers Of Vulnerability In Occupational Health And Safety For Migrant Workers: Case Studies From Canada And The Uk, Eric Tucker, Malcolm Sargeant 2010 Osgoode Hall Law School of York University

Layers Of Vulnerability In Occupational Health And Safety For Migrant Workers: Case Studies From Canada And The Uk, Eric Tucker, Malcolm Sargeant

Articles & Book Chapters

No abstract provided.


Does Twenty-Five Years Make A Difference In “Unequal Treatment”?: The Persistence Of Racial Disparities In Health Care Then And Now, Ruqaiijah A. Yearby 2010 Saint Louis University School of Law

Does Twenty-Five Years Make A Difference In “Unequal Treatment”?: The Persistence Of Racial Disparities In Health Care Then And Now, Ruqaiijah A. Yearby

All Faculty Scholarship

In 1985, the Secretary of the U.S. Department of Health and Services (HHS) issued a landmark report that exposed the persistence of racial disparities in the U.S. healthcare system. Unfortunately, twenty-five years later, racial disparities in healthcare continue to persist. For example, since 1985, more African-Americans have died from coronary disease, breast cancer, and diabetes than Caucasians, even though more Caucasians suffer from these diseases than African-Americans. Notwithstanding their increased mortality rates, African Americans “have a statistically significantly lower mean number of annual ambulatory [walk-in] visits and are less likely to have seen a physician in [any given ...


Litigation, Integration, And Transformation: Using Medcaid To Address Racial Inequities In Health Care, Ruqaiijah A. Yearby 2010 Saint Louis University School of Law

Litigation, Integration, And Transformation: Using Medcaid To Address Racial Inequities In Health Care, Ruqaiijah A. Yearby

All Faculty Scholarship

Instances of racial discrimination in health care continue despite the enactment of civil rights laws, such as Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 *329 (Title VI). Title VI prohibited racial discrimination by health care entities receiving government funding such as Medicaid payments. The federal government focused its initial efforts on hospitals. Because hospitals relied on federal funding, the federal government was able to force hospitals to integrate without much resistance from the hospital industry. However, since this accomplishment the government has relied too heavily on assurances of compliance from other health care entities, such as nursing homes ...


African Americans Can't Win, Break Even, Or Get Out Of The System: The Persistence Of “Unequal Treatment ” In Nursing Home Care, Ruqaiijah A. Yearby 2010 Saint Louis University School of Law

African Americans Can't Win, Break Even, Or Get Out Of The System: The Persistence Of “Unequal Treatment ” In Nursing Home Care, Ruqaiijah A. Yearby

All Faculty Scholarship

Empirical data show that racial disparities in the quality of care provided by nursing homes are a common occurrence, not isolated to Illinois. Nine years after the publication of the groundbreaking Institute of Medicine Study (“IOM study”) Unequal Treatment: Confronting Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Healthcare, which acknowledged continued racial disparities in health care and provided suggestions for the elimination of these disparities, racial disparities still remain. One chief example of the continuation of racial disparities in health care is in the provision of nursing home care.

Decades of empirical research studies have shown that racial disparities in accessing quality ...


There Is A Time To Keep Silent And A Time To Speak, The Hard Part Is Knowing Which Is Which: Striking The Balance Between Privacy Protection And The Flow Of Health Care Information, Daniel J. Gilman, James C. Cooper 2010 Federal Trade Commission

There Is A Time To Keep Silent And A Time To Speak, The Hard Part Is Knowing Which Is Which: Striking The Balance Between Privacy Protection And The Flow Of Health Care Information, Daniel J. Gilman, James C. Cooper

Michigan Telecommunications & Technology Law Review

Health information technology (HIT) has become a signal element of federal health policy, especially as the recently enacted American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act or ARRA) comprises numerous provisions related to HIT and commits tens of billions of dollars to its development and adoption. These provisions charge various agencies of the federal government with both general and specific HIT-related implementation tasks including, inter alia, providing funding for HIT in various contexts: the implementation of interoperable HIT, HIT-related infrastructure, and HIT-related training and research. The Recovery Act also contains various regulatory provisions pertaining to HIT. Provisions of the ...


From A Constitutional Right To A Policy Of Exceptions: Abigail Alliance And The Future Of Access To Experimental Therapy, Patricia J. Zettler, Seema K. Shah 2010 Georgia State University College of Law

From A Constitutional Right To A Policy Of Exceptions: Abigail Alliance And The Future Of Access To Experimental Therapy, Patricia J. Zettler, Seema K. Shah

Faculty Publications By Year

Although there has been considerable attention to the plight of terminally ill patients with highly sympathetic constitutional and contractual claims that they should be permitted access to unapproved drugs, courts have been appropriately reluctant to grant such claims. Congress and administrative agencies have the requisite institutional competence to decide complex policy issues related to science and health care such as those involved in establishing an expanded access program. Congress and FDA should allow only limited access to unapproved therapies because there are significant concerns about the safety and efficacy of unapproved drugs. Moreover, many of the proposals to widen access ...


Choosing One: Resolving The Epidemic Of Multiples In Assisted Reproduction, Theresa Glennon 2010 Villanova University Charles Widger School of Law

Choosing One: Resolving The Epidemic Of Multiples In Assisted Reproduction, Theresa Glennon

Villanova Law Review

No abstract provided.


Cost Containment And The Patient Protection And Affordable Care Act, David Orentlicher 2010 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law

Cost Containment And The Patient Protection And Affordable Care Act, David Orentlicher

Scholarly Works

In this article, Professor Orentlicher discusses the need for containing costs, as well as increasing access, for health case in the United States. He argues that for decades, the U.S. health care system has grappled with two key problems - inadequate access to coverage and increasingly unaffordable health care costs. During the debate that led to the enactment of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, public officials recognized the need to address the problems of both access and cost, but in the end, the Act does far more about increasing access than it does about cutting costs. Professor Orentlicher ...


Holding The World Bank Accountable For The Leakage Of Funds From Africa's Health Sector, Fatma E. Marouf 2010 University of Nevada, Las Vegas -- William S. Boyd School of Law

Holding The World Bank Accountable For The Leakage Of Funds From Africa's Health Sector, Fatma E. Marouf

Scholarly Works

This article explores the accountability of international financial institutions (IFIs), such as the World Bank, for human rights violations related to the massive leakage of funds from sub-Saharan Africa’s health sector. The article begins by summarizing the quantitative results of Public Expenditure Tracking Surveys performed in six African countries, all showing disturbingly high levels of leakage in the health sector. It then addresses the inadequacy of good governance and anticorruption programs in remedying this problem. After explaining how the World Bank’s Inspection Panel may serve as an accountability mechanism for addressing the leakage of funds, discussing violations of ...


Commandeering The People: Why The Individual Health Insurance Mandate Is Unconstitutional, Randy E. Barnett 2010 Georgetown University Law Center

Commandeering The People: Why The Individual Health Insurance Mandate Is Unconstitutional, Randy E. Barnett

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

The “Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act” includes what is called an “individual responsibility requirement” or mandate that all persons buy health insurance from a private company and a separate “penalty” enforcing this requirement. In this paper, I do not critique the individual mandate on originalist grounds. Instead, I explain why the individual mandate is unconstitutional under the existing doctrine by which the Supreme Court construes the Commerce and Necessary and Proper Clauses and the tax power. There are three principal claims.

First (Part II), since the New Deal, the Supreme Court has developed a doctrine allowing the regulation of ...


The President’S Global Health Initiative, Lawrence O. Gostin, Emily A. Mok 2010 Georgetown University Law Center

The President’S Global Health Initiative, Lawrence O. Gostin, Emily A. Mok

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

The U.S. Global Health Initiative (GHI) represents the Obama administration’s new strategy for international development assistance in health. With a pledge of $63 billion over six years, GHI aims to fund PEPFAR and a set of broader global health issues (e.g., maternal and child health, nutrition, and neglected tropical diseases). GHI is also being framed as “smart power” whereby health would serve as a critical tool for U.S. foreign policy.

However, as the U.S. enters a period of severe budgetary restraint and as domestic crises rise to the fore, the promise of global health reform ...


The National Individual Health Insurance Mandate: Ethics And The Constitution, Lawrence O. Gostin 2010 Georgetown University Law Center

The National Individual Health Insurance Mandate: Ethics And The Constitution, Lawrence O. Gostin

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

Within weeks, after signing the nation’s first comprehensive health insurance reform, twenty states filed lawsuits challenging the constitutionality of the Bill’s most politically charged feature—an individual purchase mandate. If anything, the tax penalty is too low compared with the cost of insurance, so it may not sufficiently incentivize healthy individuals. But it remains deeply controversial because it compels individuals to purchase coverage they choose not to have, raising the question whether Congress can lawfully and ethically require individuals to contract with, and transfer money to, a private party. To be sure, the individual mandate lacks a clear ...


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