Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Government Contracts Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

646 Full-Text Articles 518 Authors 388,988 Downloads 78 Institutions

All Articles in Government Contracts

Faceted Search

646 full-text articles. Page 7 of 16.

Review Of Wampler, Brian. 2007. “Participatory Budget In Brazil: Contestation, Cooperation And Accountability”, Bernd Reiter 2014 University of South Florida

Review Of Wampler, Brian. 2007. “Participatory Budget In Brazil: Contestation, Cooperation And Accountability”, Bernd Reiter

Bernd Reiter

The article reviews the book "Participatory Budgeting in Brazil: Contestation, Cooperation, and Accountability," by Brian Wampler.


Reforma Educacional, Exclusão E Racismo Na Bahia, Bernd Reiter 2014 University of South Florida

Reforma Educacional, Exclusão E Racismo Na Bahia, Bernd Reiter

Bernd Reiter

Este artigo apresenta os achados principais da nossa pesquisa, desenvolvida durante o período de junho 2001 a janeiro 2002 sobre a reforma educacional em Salvador - Bahia. Concluimos que dois fatores principais impedem o maior sucesso desta reforma. Primeiro, detectamos um sistema de racismo estrutural, responsável por nortear as percepções que professores, diretores e administradores tinham sobre o alunado pobre e negro nas escolas pesquisadas, no sentido de esperar e exigir pouco desses alunos. Baixas expectativas resultavam em baixo empenho. Segundo, encontramos que a educação pública, mesmo melhorando, ainda não pode competir com a educação privada. Como consequência, escolas públicas continuam ...


Portugal: National Pride And Imperial Neurosis, Bernd Reiter 2014 University of South Florida

Portugal: National Pride And Imperial Neurosis, Bernd Reiter

Bernd Reiter

Points out that Portugal's journey, from a minor colonizing power to a member of the European Union, transformed its sense of national belonging and citizenship. African colonial possessions later disavowed, along with those Africans who had become Portuguese citizens under the earlier arrangement; Failure of Portugal to recognize the existence within its borders of a black community, its history and its exclusion.


Defendendo Privilégio: Os Limites Da Participação Popular Em Salvador, Bahia, Bernd Reiter 2014 University of South Florida

Defendendo Privilégio: Os Limites Da Participação Popular Em Salvador, Bahia, Bernd Reiter

Bernd Reiter

Este estudo enfoca as mudanças das relações Estadosociedade no estado da Bahia, e os fatores que condicionam uma participação democrática. A partir de trabalho de campo realizado durante várias viagens entre 2001 e 2006 à Salvador, BA, coletei dados sobre a qualidade da participação comunitária na gestão de escolas públicas, no processo de planejamento urbano (PDDU) e no orçamento participativo, iniciado em janeiro de 2005 naquela cidade. Comparei três áreas de interação entre o governo local e a sociedade em geral, sociedade civil especificamente. Este artigo é enfocado nas duas últimas áreas da política, mas, em todos os casos observados ...


Inequality And School Reform In Bahia, Brazil, Bernd Reiter 2014 University of South Florida

Inequality And School Reform In Bahia, Brazil, Bernd Reiter

Bernd Reiter

This article compares public and community schools in Salvador, the state capital of Bahia, Brazil. Based on quantitative data analysis and qualitative research conducted on-site during three research trips in 2001, 2003 and 2005, the author finds that Brazil’s extreme inequality and the associated concentration of state power in a few hands stand in the way of an effective reform. In 1999, the state of Bahia started to reform its basic education cycle, but the author’s research shows that Bahian elites use access to basic education to defend their inherited privilege. The analysis of community schools further demonstrates ...


Review Of Fikes, Kesha. 2009. “Managing African Portugal: The Citizen-Migrant Distinction”, Bernd Reiter 2014 University of South Florida

Review Of Fikes, Kesha. 2009. “Managing African Portugal: The Citizen-Migrant Distinction”, Bernd Reiter

Bernd Reiter

No abstract provided.


Continuidade E Mudança No Brasil: Os Legados Do Bacharelismo, João Batista de Castro Júnior, Bernd Reiter 2014 University of South Florida

Continuidade E Mudança No Brasil: Os Legados Do Bacharelismo, João Batista De Castro Júnior, Bernd Reiter

Bernd Reiter

In this article, we discuss some of the literature on the development of the Portuguese colonial legacy called "bacharelismo and seek to provide an answer to the question why clientelism and patronage are still such pervasive forces in Brazilian politics and indeed in broader society. By tracing back the ways how certain groups have conquered, maintained, and defended privilege vis-`a-vis popular sectors of Brazilian society and by following this process of defending inherited privilege all the way to contemporary times, we seek to support our main argument, which is that Brazilian society has never been sufficiently re-structured in order ...


Sociedade Civil, Democratização, E Exclusão Racial No Brasil, Bernd Reiter 2014 University of South Florida

Sociedade Civil, Democratização, E Exclusão Racial No Brasil, Bernd Reiter

Bernd Reiter

No abstract provided.


The Epistemology And Methodology Of Exploratory Social Science Research: Crossing Popper With Marcuse, Bernd Reiter 2014 University of South Florida

The Epistemology And Methodology Of Exploratory Social Science Research: Crossing Popper With Marcuse, Bernd Reiter

Bernd Reiter

This article seeks to propose a rationale for exploratory research in the social sciences. Inspired by the recent debates around qualitative methods (Gerring, 2001; George and Bennett, 2005; Brady and Collier, 2004; Mahoney and Rueschemeyer, 2003; Ragin, 2008; to name just a few), I seek to demonstrate that exploratory research also has a rightful place within the social sciences. In order to live up to its potential, exploratory research needs to be conducted in a transparent, honest, and selfreflexive way – and follow a set of guidelines that ensure its reliability. Exploratory research, if conducted in such a way, can achieve ...


The Hermeneutic Foundations Of Qualitative Research, Bernd Reiter 2014 University of South Florida

The Hermeneutic Foundations Of Qualitative Research, Bernd Reiter

Bernd Reiter

No abstract provided.


Learning From Brazil And India: The Difference That Inclusion Policies Can Make, Bernd Reiter 2014 University of South Florida

Learning From Brazil And India: The Difference That Inclusion Policies Can Make, Bernd Reiter

Bernd Reiter

No abstract provided.


Negotiating Democracy In Brazil: The Politics Of Exclusion, Bernd Reiter 2014 University of South Florida

Negotiating Democracy In Brazil: The Politics Of Exclusion, Bernd Reiter

Bernd Reiter

Do societal inequalities limit the effectiveness of democratic regimes? And if so, why? And how? Addressing this question, Bernd Reiter focuses on the role of societal dynamics in undermining democracy in Brazil. Reiter explores the ways in which race, class, and gender in Brazil structure a society that is deeply divided between the included and the excluded—and where much of the population falls into the latter category. Tracing the mechanisms of the profound cultural resistance to genuine democratization that he finds dominant among the elite, his theoretically and empirically rich analysis offers an alternative way of understanding both the ...


Framing Non-Whites And Producing Second-Class Citizens In France And Portugal, Bernd Reiter 2014 University of South Florida

Framing Non-Whites And Producing Second-Class Citizens In France And Portugal, Bernd Reiter

Bernd Reiter

The quality of contemporary democracies hinges on the breadth and depth of the citizenship regimes on which democracy ultimately rests. This article argues that, to assess citizenship, two important dimensions are of crucial interest, namely to what extent formal citizens are able to live and practice substantive citizenship roles and, secondly, how access to citizenship rights is used by different societal groups in order to defend privilege. Having conducted a comparative case study of Portugal and France, I now argue that political elites are contributing to a framing of non-whites as foreigners and immigrants because it serves their purpose and ...


Civil Society And Democracy: Weimar Reconsidered, Bernd Reiter 2014 University of South Florida

Civil Society And Democracy: Weimar Reconsidered, Bernd Reiter

Bernd Reiter

This article argues that such authors as Sheri Berman and Ariel Armony have overstated the importance of the state when explaining the relationship between civil society and democracy. They have done so because no theoretical framework is currently available to assess civil society's democratic potential, which led them to focus rather on the state as the central explanans. Furthermore, Berman's incorrect interpretation of Weimar's civic organizing led her to draw erroneous conclusions about civil society in general. This article seeks to correct this view on Weimar's civil society and offers a theoretical framework able to capture ...


Brazil’S New Racial Politics, Bernd Reiter, Gladys Mitchell 2014 University of South Florida

Brazil’S New Racial Politics, Bernd Reiter, Gladys Mitchell

Bernd Reiter

No abstract provided.


Racial Formations: Brazil, Bernd Reiter 2014 University of South Florida

Racial Formations: Brazil, Bernd Reiter

Bernd Reiter

No abstract provided.


The Perils Of Empire: Nationhood And Citizenship In Portugal, Bernd Reiter 2014 University of South Florida

The Perils Of Empire: Nationhood And Citizenship In Portugal, Bernd Reiter

Bernd Reiter

After the demise of the Portuguese empire and even more after joining the European Union, the Portuguese state redefined the borders of national belonging. The shift was one from a multi-continental nation, which included parts of Africa, to a more restricted definition of nationhood, one that stressed Portugal's connection to Europe and thus defined belonging by descent. This article, based on research conducted in Lisbon, Portugal in 2003, discusses the impact of this shift on Portuguese citizens of ethnically diverse backgrounds. The Portuguese state, media, academia, and civil society are all involved in constructing, disseminating, and hence consolidating a ...


Art, Culture, And Social Justice: New Strategies Of The Bahian Poor, Bernd Reiter 2014 University of South Florida

Art, Culture, And Social Justice: New Strategies Of The Bahian Poor, Bernd Reiter

Bernd Reiter

No abstract provided.


Afro-Descendants, Identity, And The Struggle For Development In The Americas, Bernd Reiter, Kimberly E. Simmons 2014 University of South Florida

Afro-Descendants, Identity, And The Struggle For Development In The Americas, Bernd Reiter, Kimberly E. Simmons

Bernd Reiter

Indigenous people and African descendants in Latin America and the Caribbean have long been affected by a social hierarchy established by elites, through which some groups were racialized and others were normalized. Far from being “racial paradises” populated by an amalgamated “cosmic race” of mulattos and mestizos, Latin America and the Caribbean have long been sites of shifting exploitative strategies and ideologies, ranging from scientific racism and eugenics to the more sophisticated official denial of racism and ethnic difference. This book, among the first to focus on African descendants in the region, brings together diverse reflections from scholars, activists, and ...


Whiteness As Capital: Constructing Inclusion And Defending Privilege, Bernd Reiter 2014 University of South Florida

Whiteness As Capital: Constructing Inclusion And Defending Privilege, Bernd Reiter

Bernd Reiter

No abstract provided.


Digital Commons powered by bepress