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A Three-Pronged Analysis Of The Proposal For A United States Space Force, Justin Della, Angelica Gould, Christian Junio, Michael Pope, James Sacca, Cristina Viana, Kirsti Wattles, Michael Weinhoffer 2019 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Daytona Beach

A Three-Pronged Analysis Of The Proposal For A United States Space Force, Justin Della, Angelica Gould, Christian Junio, Michael Pope, James Sacca, Cristina Viana, Kirsti Wattles, Michael Weinhoffer

International Journal of Security Studies

On June 18, 2018, at a meeting of the National Space Council, President Trump announced that he had directed the Department of Defense and the Pentagon “to immediately begin the process necessary to establish a space force as the sixth branch of the armed forces.” There are distinct legal, logistical, budgetary, and political challenges that must be resolved before a Space Force comes into being, and this paper provides insight into all of these issues. The legal section notes that while certain military activities are permitted in outer space, defensive weapons are likely the only systems that a Space Force ...


Access Mars: Assessing Cave Capabilities Establishing Specific Solutions: Final Report, Abdul Mohsen Al Husseini, Luis Alvarez Sanchez, Konstantinos Antonakopoulos, Jeffrey (Johannes) Apeldoorn, Kenneth Lowell Ashford Jr., Kutay Deniz Atabay, Sara Langston, et al. 2019 Selected Works

Access Mars: Assessing Cave Capabilities Establishing Specific Solutions: Final Report, Abdul Mohsen Al Husseini, Luis Alvarez Sanchez, Konstantinos Antonakopoulos, Jeffrey (Johannes) Apeldoorn, Kenneth Lowell Ashford Jr., Kutay Deniz Atabay, Sara Langston, Et Al.

Sara Langston

The human race has evolved, grown and expanded through the exploration of Earth. After initial steps on the Moon, our next challenge is to explore the solar system. Mars shows potential for both scientific discovery and future human settlement, and so is a prime candidate for the next leap of human exploration. Such a bold endeavor will be a driver for an unprecedented worldwide cooperative effort and the catalyst for a new era of international, intercultural and interdisciplinary human relations. Scientific and technological progress will also accelerate as mankind is ushered into a new era of space exploration.

Currently proposed ...


Developing Space: Political And Socio-Economic Rationales Of Emerging Space Programs, Sandra Cabrera-Alvarado, Sara Langston, Tanay Sharma 2019 Mexican Space Agency

Developing Space: Political And Socio-Economic Rationales Of Emerging Space Programs, Sandra Cabrera-Alvarado, Sara Langston, Tanay Sharma

Sara Langston

A presentation on developing space programs in Latin America and the need to work together cooperatively to maximize budgets to support scientific and technological research.


Reimagining Icarus: Ethics, Law And Policy Considerations For Commercial Human Spaceflight, Sara M. Langston 2019 Senmurv Consulting LLC

Reimagining Icarus: Ethics, Law And Policy Considerations For Commercial Human Spaceflight, Sara M. Langston

Sara Langston

Commercial human spaceflight presents an area for engaging novel human activity and objectives, to include space exploration, entertainment, transportation and extraterrestrial resource acquisition. The inherent dangers and lack of scientific and medical certainty involved however raise interrelated questions of ethics, bioethics, law and public policy. This is particularly the case with spaceflight participant (SFP) screening, selection, and commercial human spaceflight activities where regulations are currently silent or lacking. In the absence of established law, ethics can play an important role by informing industry standards, policies and best practices. Understanding the fundamental ethical values at stake in the application of new ...


Houston, We Have An Arbitration: International Arbitration’S Role In Resolving Commercial Aerospace Disputes, Carson W. Bennett 2019 Pepperdine University

Houston, We Have An Arbitration: International Arbitration’S Role In Resolving Commercial Aerospace Disputes, Carson W. Bennett

Pepperdine Dispute Resolution Law Journal

This article explores the complimentary nature between the burgeoning private aerospace industry and international arbitration, as well as detailing how it could be advantageous to resolve these aerospace disputes in California. Part II outlines the new space race. It begins with the Ansari XPrize and follows some of the industry’s most significant developments. Part III explores the benefits of arbitration and how the characteristics of international arbitral proceedings cater to the common concerns of aerospace companies. Part IV catalogues the initiatives arbitral institutions have taken to customize an arbitration for aerospace disputes. This article argues that a specialized institution ...


Nasa-Cnsa Collaboration, Ellyn Hu '21, Ming Huang '21, Nathan Tamez '21 2019 Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy

Nasa-Cnsa Collaboration, Ellyn Hu '21, Ming Huang '21, Nathan Tamez '21

Student Leadership Exchange (SLX)

Due to the Public Law 112-55, Sec. 539 passed by the 112th United States Congress in April 2011, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is prohibited from using funds to host Chinese visitors at NASA facilities. This law restricts NASA scientists from engaging with China’s recent developments in aerospace technology, resulting in the loss of a potential ally and a mutually beneficial partnership. This law stems from a multitude of reasons, including concern for the security of research centers and distrust that the Chinese will only steal American information. NASA and CNSA (China National Space Administration) have both ...


License To Kill: An Analysis Of The Legality Of Fully Autonomous Drones In The Context Of International Use Of Force Law, Andrew Figueroa 2019 Florida International University College of Law

License To Kill: An Analysis Of The Legality Of Fully Autonomous Drones In The Context Of International Use Of Force Law, Andrew Figueroa

Pace International Law Review

We live in a world of constant technological change; and with this change, comes unknown effects and consequences. This is even truer with weapons and warfare. Indeed, as the means and methods of warfare rapidly modify and transform, the effects and consequences on the laws of war are unknown. This Article addresses one such development in weapon and warfare technology—Fully Autonomous Weapons or “Killer Robots”—and discusses the inevitable use of these weapons within the current international law framework. Recognizing the current, inadequate legal framework, this Article proposes a regulation policy to mitigate the risks associated with Fully Autonomous ...


Stm In The Nature Of International Space Law, Yu Takeuchi 2019 JAXA/Keio University

Stm In The Nature Of International Space Law, Yu Takeuchi

Space Traffic Management Conference

The discussion regarding STM has been accelerated due to the US policy decision of taking the lead of international discussion in Space Policy Directive 3 (SPD3). It is necessary to solve the following 3 issues to install STM in global sphere; the SSA data sharing; space debris mitigation management; and traffic management regulations.

This paper will be focusing on the 3rd issue, traffic management regulations, and firstly describe the reason of inherent reluctance of States to control the outer space based on the fundamental principle of international space law. The States sovereignty is always the dominant in the territorial ...


Monetizing Space Debris: Getting Tax Credits On Board, George Anthony Long 2019 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Monetizing Space Debris: Getting Tax Credits On Board, George Anthony Long

Space Traffic Management Conference

Human ingenuity and creativity is said to be one of the most powerful forces on Earth. Money is and historically has been a universal motivation for human ingenuity and creativity. Outer space is not an exception to this historical trend. It is common knowledge that private sector investment in outer space ventures is escalating and this investment is the engine generating the current resurgence in space ventures. The private investments in outer space are principally directed toward resource extraction, space tourism, and other activities which hold the promise of future financial returns on the investments. Noticeably, we do not hear ...


New Standards For An Old Problem: The Role Of The Federal Communications Commission In Fulfilling Space Policy Directive-3, Michael S. Dodge 2019 University of North Dakota

New Standards For An Old Problem: The Role Of The Federal Communications Commission In Fulfilling Space Policy Directive-3, Michael S. Dodge

Space Traffic Management Conference

The recent Space Policy Directive-3, issued on June 18th, 2018, commands several sectors of the federal executive apparatus to reassess their current and future efforts to address space traffic management and space situational awareness issues. The reasons for this Directive can be boiled down to the belief that the continued use of the orbital realm depends on responsible management, which in turn depends on myriad factors that include the development of new technologies, the refinement of data gathering, and the clarification of governmental operational roles. In particular, the Directive calls for enhanced standardization of safety and best practices, and ...


Nanosat Tracking And Identification Techniques And Technologies, Mark A. Skinner 2019 Aerospace

Nanosat Tracking And Identification Techniques And Technologies, Mark A. Skinner

Space Traffic Management Conference

Nanosats (and CubeSats, ‘Smallsats’, etc.) are of order 10 cm in size, and are at or near the limits of what can be tracked and characterized, using existing space surveillance assets. Additionally, given the CubeSat form-factor, they are often launched in large numbers (scores), and can be virtually identical. Thus are they difficult to track and to identify.

We have identified a number of technologies that future nanosat missions could employ that would enhance the trackability and/or identification of their satellites when on-orbit. Some of these technologies require active illumination of the satellite with electromagnetic energy, either in the ...


Table Of Contents, Seattle University Law Review 2019 Seattle University School of Law

Table Of Contents, Seattle University Law Review

Seattle University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Flight And Federalism: Federal Preemption Of State And Local Drone Laws, Nicholas Cody 2018 University of Washington School of Law

Flight And Federalism: Federal Preemption Of State And Local Drone Laws, Nicholas Cody

Washington Law Review

Small, unmanned aircraft referred to as “drones” are becoming increasingly common in the skies above the United States. Their increasing ubiquity has been driven by the wide variety of industries and tasks to which they can be applied, but it has also drawn the attention of government. Where Amazon.com sees the potential for packages delivered in thirty minutes or less, governments see crowded skies and clumsy pilots, to name only two potential risks associated with the widespread integration of drones into the national airspace. To that end, just as Amazon.com has ambitiously made use of the technology, state ...


Space, The Final Frontier Of Enterprise: Incentivizing Asteroid Mining Under A Revised International Framework, Jack Heise 2018 University of Michigan Law School

Space, The Final Frontier Of Enterprise: Incentivizing Asteroid Mining Under A Revised International Framework, Jack Heise

Michigan Journal of International Law

This Note argues that the Outer Space Treaty (the “OST”) should be modified to provide explicit permission for private entities to engage in asteroid mining while maintaining the principles of international peace and cooperation that the treaty espouses as the core of the framework governing outer space. Part I explores the current state of asteroid mining with reference to the current objectives of companies conducting missions in this realm. Part II examines the OST as applied to the enterprise of asteroid mining by private companies. Part III considers the benefits and drawbacks of various regulatory schemes to govern asteroid mining ...


Essential Air Service: A Lower Rung On The Pilot Shortage Food Chain?, Michael Peck 2018 Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University

Essential Air Service: A Lower Rung On The Pilot Shortage Food Chain?, Michael Peck

National Training Aircraft Symposium (NTAS)

The Essential Air Service (EAS) program, established in 1978 by the federal government as a temporary measure designed to help remote communities cope with the impact of airline deregulation, subsidizes flights to certain destinations that would not otherwise have ready access to commercial air service. The airlines participating in this program fly relatively smaller aircraft and have traditionally hovered at the lower end of the salary scale. Their pilots are, nevertheless, subject to the same flight experience requirements as the major carriers. The national (or perhaps international) pilot shortage has caused some EAS carriers to abruptly terminate service leaving the ...


U.S. Government Aviation Safety Information Resources, Bert Chapman 2018 Purdue University

U.S. Government Aviation Safety Information Resources, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

Presentation covering U.S. Government aviation safety information resources. Topics addressed include U.S. laws,legislation, regulations, court cases, information resources from agencies such as the Federal Aviation Administration, Transportation Security Administration, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, congressional aviation oversight committees and congressional support agencies including the Congressional Budget Office, Congressional Research Service, and Government Accountability Office.


New Heights, New Uses, And New Questions: Can Individuals Enforce Their Property Rights Against The Impending Rise Of Low-Flying Civilian Drones?, Thomas Carlton 2018 Boston College Law School

New Heights, New Uses, And New Questions: Can Individuals Enforce Their Property Rights Against The Impending Rise Of Low-Flying Civilian Drones?, Thomas Carlton

Boston College Law Review

By 2020, there will be at least seven million civilian drones flying in the low-altitude airspace above the United States. Civilian drones include unmanned aerial vehicles operated by both private individuals for recreational and business entities for commercial purposes. While this budding technology has the potential to be a positive influence on society as a whole, civilian drone regulation at both the state and federal level lags behind growing drone usage across the country. As of now, the Federal Aviation Administration has administered a small rule that provides some regulation on the use of civilian drones. Many questions remain, however ...


The Fault Is Not In Our Stars: Avoiding An Arms Race In Outer Space, David A. Koplow 2018 Georgetown University Law Center

The Fault Is Not In Our Stars: Avoiding An Arms Race In Outer Space, David A. Koplow

Georgetown Law Faculty Publications and Other Works

The world is on the precipice of a new arms race in outer space, as China, Russia, the United States, and others undertake dramatic new initiatives in anti-satellite weaponry. These accelerated competitive efforts at space control are highly destabilizing because developed societies have come to depend so heavily upon satellite services to support the entire civilian economy and the modern military apparatus; any significant threat or disruption in the availability of space assets would be massively, and possibly permanently, disruptive.

International law regarding outer space developed with remarkable rapidity in the early years of the Space Age, but the process ...


Private Property Rights And The Public Interest In Exploration Of Outer Space, Frans G. von der Dunk 2018 University of Nebraska College of Law

Private Property Rights And The Public Interest In Exploration Of Outer Space, Frans G. Von Der Dunk

Space, Cyber, and Telecommunications Law Program Faculty Publications

The impending missions to exploit natural resources of celestial bodies may at some point start interfering with the scientific interests, including those of astrobiology, in these bodies. While the legal status of celestial bodies at the highest level is clear, uncertainty has arisen as to the extent private property rights over such objects or over their resources are legally acceptable, legally impossible, or potentially legal. This also provides for a considerable amount of uncertainty regarding how the legal framework could or may need to be changed to accommodate private interests. The article analyzes the two main international treaties relevant from ...


Reimagining Icarus: Ethics, Law And Policy Considerations For Commercial Human Spaceflight, Sara M. Langston 2018 Senmurv Consulting LLC

Reimagining Icarus: Ethics, Law And Policy Considerations For Commercial Human Spaceflight, Sara M. Langston

Publications

Commercial human spaceflight presents an area for engaging novel human activity and objectives, to include space exploration, entertainment, transportation and extraterrestrial resource acquisition. The inherent dangers and lack of scientific and medical certainty involved however raise interrelated questions of ethics, bioethics, law and public policy. This is particularly the case with spaceflight participant (SFP) screening, selection, and commercial human spaceflight activities where regulations are currently silent or lacking. In the absence of established law, ethics can play an important role by informing industry standards, policies and best practices. Understanding the fundamental ethical values at stake in the application of new ...


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