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A Comparison Of Public Defenders Vs. Private Attorneys, Tiffany Costello 2021 Merrimack College

A Comparison Of Public Defenders Vs. Private Attorneys, Tiffany Costello

Honors Senior Capstone Projects

This study seeks to determine whether there are any differences in conviction rates or client satisfaction between public defenders and private attorneys in state or federal courts. Although researchers have spent time examining differences between attorney type and client satisfaction or conviction rates, little information exists on the assessment of attorney type in the federal system. The study will consist of a two-part survey with approximately twenty-seven closed-ended questions about client satisfaction, conviction, court, and attorney type. The target population will be any criminal defendant in federal or state court with an attorney. In this study, the sampling method will ...


The Ethics Of Interrogation: How Unethical Interrogations Lead To False Confessions And What It Means For The Criminal, Janelle Havens 2021 Merrimack College

The Ethics Of Interrogation: How Unethical Interrogations Lead To False Confessions And What It Means For The Criminal, Janelle Havens

Criminology Student Work

Forensic interrogation is a vital step in the process of criminal investigations in order to extract information about suspects and the crime at hand. However, tunnel vision, artificial time constraints, lack of thorough training, and noble-cause corruption can influence how an investigator decides to interrogate a suspect or witness. When these influences are exerted on an investigator, the need to secure an arrest and conviction overpowers the need for justice - this results in false confessions and wrongful convictions. This is otherwise known as “the end doesn't justify the means” mindset. This causes investigators to engage in unethical interrogations, whether ...


What Accounts For The Variation Of Immigration Policies In Western Democracies Since 9/11?, Hayley McElroy 2021 The University of Akron

What Accounts For The Variation Of Immigration Policies In Western Democracies Since 9/11?, Hayley Mcelroy

Williams Honors College, Honors Research Projects

From the aftermath of the 9/11 terrorist attacks to now, there has been a dramatic change of immigration policies among Western Democracies. This comparative paper will measure the change of refugee acceptance rates and will discover the reasons for these variations. Immigration has become a major issue in the United States as well as in other Western democracies. Even though most of these democracies are located in similar geographic areas and have similar cultures, they all have different approaches when it comes to accepting immigrants and refugees. Furthermore, this paper will analyze the policies of the United States, the ...


Urban Growth, Low Impact Development, And Seattle's Stormwater Management System, Katherine Baals 2020 Seattle University School of Law

Urban Growth, Low Impact Development, And Seattle's Stormwater Management System, Katherine Baals

Seattle Journal of Technology, Environmental & Innovation Law

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of Cultural Heritage On Japanese Towns And Villages, Yuichiro Tsuji Dr. 2020 University of Tsukuba

The Impact Of Cultural Heritage On Japanese Towns And Villages, Yuichiro Tsuji Dr.

Seattle Journal of Technology, Environmental & Innovation Law

In 1954, when historically significant clays and clay pots were found in the Iba district of Shizuoka prefecture, the city applied to the prefectural education committee for a historic site designation. The committee granted this designation to the city..

However, in 1973 the education committee lifted its permission to promote development around the location. Historians have sought revocation of this decision under the Administrative Case Litigation Act (ACLA), but the Supreme Court has denied standing. By denying standing, the Japanese Supreme Court allows the prefecture to destroy a historical site.

First, this paper seeks to discuss the doctrine of standing ...


Proposed Federal Osha Standards For Wildfire Smoke, Keenan Layton 2020 Seattle University School of Law

Proposed Federal Osha Standards For Wildfire Smoke, Keenan Layton

Seattle Journal of Technology, Environmental & Innovation Law

With the rise of global temperatures, climatologists predict a corresponding increase in the frequency and severity of wildfires in the Pacific Northwest. Rising temperatures are expected to create drier conditions in forests, thereby creating environmental conditions more prone to forest fires. Wildfires have become a common enough occurrence in the Pacific Northwest that summers have become synonymous with smoky conditions, but the issue is not constrained to this region. Though the Pacific Northwest has recently acted as a harbinger of increasing wildfires, environmental scientists forecast an increase in fire risk throughout the Western United States. The predicted rise in forest ...


Responsible Energy Storage For A Renewable Electrical Grid, Matt Longacre 2020 Seattle University School of Law

Responsible Energy Storage For A Renewable Electrical Grid, Matt Longacre

Seattle Journal of Technology, Environmental & Innovation Law

The United States economy, its national security, and even the health and safety of its citizens depend on reliably available electricity. Electricity is largely available through the grid – more than 9,200 generating units, capable of generating more than one terawatt of electricity, connected to more than 600,000 miles of wire. The grid extends to nearly everything: from charging cellphones to cellphone towers, from light emitting diodes to street lights, and from parking meters to electric cars; the grid has become ubiquitous.

The current grid infrastructure has been valued at two trillion dollars, but much of it is aging ...


The Ftc And Ai Governance: A Regulatory Proposal, Michael Spiro 2020 Seattle University School of Law

The Ftc And Ai Governance: A Regulatory Proposal, Michael Spiro

Seattle Journal of Technology, Environmental & Innovation Law

No abstract provided.


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Prenatal Care For Undocumented Women In The United States, Cristina Mendoza 2020 Dominican University of California

Prenatal Care For Undocumented Women In The United States, Cristina Mendoza

Nursing | Senior Theses

Background: While prenatal care is an essential preventive service, access is not equal. Undocumented immigrants in the United States face many barriers that prevent them from accessing primary health care needs, including adequate prenatal care. Throughout the United States, standard Medicaid provides coverage for all pregnancy-related care, encompassing the antenatal period, childbirth, and postpartum. However, undocumented women do not qualify to receive these services. Many studies showed that lack of prenatal care for undocumented pregnant women jeopardizes their health and their neonates’ health by increasing their risk of complications related to pregnancy and birth. Objective: To bring awareness of the ...


Laboratories Of Exclusion: Medicaid, Federalism & Immigrants, Medha D. Makhlouf 2020 Penn State Dickinson Law

Laboratories Of Exclusion: Medicaid, Federalism & Immigrants, Medha D. Makhlouf

Faculty Scholarly Works

Forthcoming Dec. 2020

Medicaid’s cooperative federalism structure gives states significant discretion to include or exclude various categories of immigrants. This has created extreme geographic variability in immigrants’ access to health coverage. This Article describes federalism’s role in influencing state policies on immigrant eligibility for Medicaid and its implications for national health policy. Although there are disagreements over the extent to which public funds should be used to subsidize immigrant health coverage, this Article reveals that decentralized policymaking on immigrant access to Medicaid has weakened national health policy. It has failed to incentivize the type of state policy experimentation ...


Feigned Consensus: Usurping The Law In Shaken Baby Syndrome/Abusive Head Trauma Prosecutions, Keith A. Findley, D. Michael Risinger, Patrick D. Barnes, Julie A. Mack, David A. Moran, Barry C. Scheck, Thomas L. Bohan 2020 University of Wisconsin Law School

Feigned Consensus: Usurping The Law In Shaken Baby Syndrome/Abusive Head Trauma Prosecutions, Keith A. Findley, D. Michael Risinger, Patrick D. Barnes, Julie A. Mack, David A. Moran, Barry C. Scheck, Thomas L. Bohan

Articles

Few medico-legal matters have generated as much controversy--both in the medical literature and in the courtroom--as Shaken Baby Syndrome (SBS), now known more broadly as Abusive Head Trauma (AHT). The controversies are of enormous significance in the law because child abuse pediatricians claim, on the basis of a few non-specific medical findings supported by a weak and methodologically flawed research base, to be able to “diagnose” child abuse, and thereby to provide all of the evidence necessary to satisfy all of the legal elements for criminal prosecution (or removal of children from their parents). It is a matter, therefore, in ...


The Current Anxiety About "Jd Advantage" Jobs: An Analysis, Susan Carle 2020 American University Washington College of Law

The Current Anxiety About "Jd Advantage" Jobs: An Analysis, Susan Carle

Articles in Law Reviews & Other Academic Journals

No abstract provided.


Masthead, 2020 University of California, Hastings College of the Law

Masthead

Hastings Business Law Journal

No abstract provided.


The Ethics Of Governance, Justice Gordon Goodman 2020 University of California, Hastings College of the Law

The Ethics Of Governance, Justice Gordon Goodman

Hastings Business Law Journal

This Article discusses the need for a board of last resort to set financial values during periods of extreme economic stress, i.e., the “liquidity black hole” events. The purpose of this proposed board, the “Independent Treasury Board,” would be to address valuation uncertainty during bust periods immediately following major financial crises.

If an Independent Treasury Board existed prior to 2008, it could have helped rein in some valuations that were among the causes for the Great Recession. More importantly, it could have quickened recovery from the Great Recession during the period immediately following the financial crisis by shortening the ...


Federal Right To Try Act: Heightened Informed Consent And Price Regulation Measures Will Improve Quality, Autonomy, And Exploitation Issues, Brenda Lin 2020 University of California, Hastings College of the Law

Federal Right To Try Act: Heightened Informed Consent And Price Regulation Measures Will Improve Quality, Autonomy, And Exploitation Issues, Brenda Lin

Hastings Business Law Journal

This Note will examine the federal Right to Try Act, which was enacted on May 30, 2018. The federal statute followed the passage of Right to Try legislation in thirty-eight states, including California. Much controversy has surrounded “Right to Try” as an alternative to preexisting pathways to investigational drug treatments, such as traditional clinical trials and the FDA-regulated Expanded Access program, also commonly known as “Compassionate Use.”

This Note will examine those criticisms, evaluate the federal Right to Try Act, and propose amendments through the lenses of health care quality, patient autonomy, and long-term scientific innovation. Some controversy stems from ...


An Introduction To Joint Powers Authorities, Their Funding Mechanisms, And Why California Should Utilize One In Order To Create An Effective Forest Management System To Prevent Wildfires, Anna Bernstein 2020 University of California, Hastings College of the Law

An Introduction To Joint Powers Authorities, Their Funding Mechanisms, And Why California Should Utilize One In Order To Create An Effective Forest Management System To Prevent Wildfires, Anna Bernstein

Hastings Business Law Journal

In the wake of ever-increasing incidences of wildfires across California, cost-effective, practical, and functional forest management has become a priority in order to keep California’s land and residents safe. From 2018 to 2020, six out of ten of California’s worst fires, coined ”megafires” by the United States Forest Service, have rampaged through the state. These megafires often behave in unstoppable ways. Most recently, in 2018, they killed more than a hundred people and destroyed seventeen thousand homes, all while burning hundreds of thousands of acres across California. Although the end of the recent drought has brought some relief ...


Cover, 2020 University of California, Hastings College of the Law

Cover

Hastings Business Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Women And (In)Justice: The Effects Of Employer Implicit Bias And Judicial Discretion On Title Vii Plaintiffs, Kya Rose Coletta 2020 University of California, Hastings College of the Law

Women And (In)Justice: The Effects Of Employer Implicit Bias And Judicial Discretion On Title Vii Plaintiffs, Kya Rose Coletta

Hastings Business Law Journal

Current disparate treatment jurisprudence requires a plaintiff to prove that her employer intentionally discriminated based on sex, ignoring the social cognitive view that emphasizes the role of unconscious, unintentional mental processes. Women are unable to reach the top- tiers of the legal profession, like partnership, due to employers’ deeply engrained biases that emerge during assignment distribution and performance evaluations. This Note challenges that dominant approach, arguing that disparate treatment liability should turn on proof of actuation rather than evidence of intentionality. This Note presents a prescriptive discussion of how employers can implement compliance measures to prevent implicit bias in decision-making ...


The Legal Needs Of Nonprofits: An Empirical Study Of Tax-Exempt Organizations And Their Access To Legal Services, Raymond H. Brescia, Bahareh Ansari, Hannah Hage 2020 University of California, Hastings College of the Law

The Legal Needs Of Nonprofits: An Empirical Study Of Tax-Exempt Organizations And Their Access To Legal Services, Raymond H. Brescia, Bahareh Ansari, Hannah Hage

Hastings Race and Poverty Law Journal

This empirical study, using quantitative and qualitative techniques, attempts to assess the state of the legal needs of nonprofit organizations, with an emphasis on the ways in which nonprofit organizations are or are not accessing assistance addressing their legal services needs. While most research into the extent to which Americans may or may not be accessing legal services focuses on the legal needs of individuals and families, this study focuses on the legal needs of nonprofit groups. Our goal with this research project is to contribute to the growing literature on the scope of unmet legal needs in the United ...


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