Articles 1 - 2 of 2
Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning
Reconsidering The Regional Economic Development Impacts Of Higher Education Institutions In The United States., Joshua Drucker
This study models relationships between United States higher education activities and regional economic performance, 2001 – 2011. Advances include incorporating all degree-granting institutions; estimating spatial spillovers; and comparing multiple economic outcomes, including production and entrepreneurship. Higher education impacts vary by outcome measure but are less influential than in previous studies. Spillovers are substantial up to 60 miles (97 km), reflecting considerable influence across space. More advanced degrees, science and engineering education, and population educational attainment are positively associated with entrepreneurial activity. These findings encourage the traditional university missions of research and teaching, and general policies promoting entrepreneurship, to support economic performance ...
An Evaluation Of Competitive Industrial Structure And Regional Manufacturing Employment Change., Joshua Drucker
This paper examines the relationships between several aspects of regional industrial structure and employment change in the United States manufacturing sector and 19 subsectors from 1987 to 1997. Economic diversity, industrial specialization, and competitive structure are considered together in a non-causal regression framework in order to assess their relative associations with economic performance. The innovative features of the research are considering together multiple distinct facets of industrial structure at the regional scale, emphasizing the less commonly studied characteristic of industrial competitive structure, and exploiting confidential microdata to construct and evaluate detailed metrics across broad geographic and industrial ranges. The findings ...