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2013

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Articles 571 - 600 of 607

Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

New Data On Local Vacant Property Registration Ordinances, Yun Sang Lee, Patrick Terranova, Daniel Immergluck Jan 2013

New Data On Local Vacant Property Registration Ordinances, Yun Sang Lee, Patrick Terranova, Daniel Immergluck

USI Publications

This article describes the Vacant Property Registration Ordinance Database, a new database of local vacant property registration ordinances (VPROs) in the United States. Beginning with an industry list, 550 ordinances were acquired, read, and coded on more than 30 characteristics. VPROs grew dramatically in 2008 and 2009, during the climax of the national foreclosure crisis, and the number of ordinances continued to grow after 2009, albeit at a somewhat slower pace. The database provides details on the coverage, requirements, and penalties specified in VPROs across the country.


From Property Abandonment To Predatory Equity: Writings On Financialization And Urban Space In New York City, Desiree Justina Fields Jan 2013

From Property Abandonment To Predatory Equity: Writings On Financialization And Urban Space In New York City, Desiree Justina Fields

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Financial markets, actors and imperatives are increasingly central to today's global capitalism, even in areas of the economy traditionally distinct from finance, such as real estate. This financialization changes the role of mortgage capital in urban space from building place-bound wealth to facilitating the extraction of value from place. This dissertation addresses questions about how financialization operates in the rental market, specifically its relation to: earlier processes of urban disinvestment, ongoing social and political struggles around urban space, the meaning of home and social reproduction. These questions correspond to broader theoretical debates about the contingent relationship between today's ...


The Impact Of The Built Environment On Health Across The Life Course: Design Of A Cross-Sectional Data Linkage Study, Karen Villanueva, Gavin Pereira, Matthew Knuiman, Fiona Bull, Lisa Wood, Hayley Christian, Sarah Foster, Bryan Boruff, Bridget Beesley, Sharyn Hickey, Sarah Joyce, Andrea Grace Nathan, Dick Saarloos, Billie Giles-Corti Jan 2013

The Impact Of The Built Environment On Health Across The Life Course: Design Of A Cross-Sectional Data Linkage Study, Karen Villanueva, Gavin Pereira, Matthew Knuiman, Fiona Bull, Lisa Wood, Hayley Christian, Sarah Foster, Bryan Boruff, Bridget Beesley, Sharyn Hickey, Sarah Joyce, Andrea Grace Nathan, Dick Saarloos, Billie Giles-Corti

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

Introduction: The built environment is increasingly recognised as being associated with health outcomes. Relationships between the built environment and health differ among age groups, especially between children and adults, but also between younger, mid-age and older adults. Yet few address differences across life stage groups within a single population study. Moreover, existing research mostly focuses on physical activity behaviours, with few studying objective clinical and mental health outcomes. The Life Course Built Environment and Health ( LCBEH ) project explores the impact of the built environment on self-reported and objectively measured health outcomes in a random sample of people across the life ...


Public Space And Urban Life: A Spatial Ethnography Of A Portland Plaza, Katrina Leigh Johnston Jan 2013

Public Space And Urban Life: A Spatial Ethnography Of A Portland Plaza, Katrina Leigh Johnston

Dissertations and Theses

The Urban Center Plaza at Portland State University is a high profile place situated in downtown Portland, Oregon. In some ways it is the ideal university plaza providing space for eating, conversing, or limited recreational activity. It is a place that has been studied before, but not in a more in-depth method incorporating quantitative and qualitative analyses. It is also a place that has gone through several stages of development and is the target of many opinions based on casual observations, at times due to these changes. This thesis focuses on an ethnography of place in this particular plaza in ...


A Study Of Emergency Service Provider Costs For Chronically Homeless Persons In Washington County, Oregon, Scott Stewart, Janai Kessi Jan 2013

A Study Of Emergency Service Provider Costs For Chronically Homeless Persons In Washington County, Oregon, Scott Stewart, Janai Kessi

Northwest Economic Research Center Publications and Reports

Individuals and families experiencing homelessness in Washington County are a growing community challenge. Services provided to the homeless population have tended to focus on providing support in cases of emergency, and by doing so are unlikely to address the root causes of homelessness. There is a growing recognition nationally that concentrating on provision of emergency services might be both inefficient and unnecessarily expensive. Recognizing these issues locally, Vision Action Network (VAN) and its partners have taken the initiative to both better understand homelessness in Washington County and to encourage progress toward its solution. As one part of that effort VAN ...


The Myth Of Portlandia, Sara Gates Jan 2013

The Myth Of Portlandia, Sara Gates

Institute of Portland Metropolitan Studies Publications

An interview with Carl Abbott, professor of Urban Studies and Planning at PSU, and Karin Magaldi, chair of PSU's Theatre and Film Department, about Portland's recent trio of locally-filmed TV shows. How are they changing how the rest of the country perceives us? How are they changing us?


Lake Oswego School District Population And Enrollment Forecast 2013-14 To 2022-23, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Vivian Siu, Charles Rynerson Jan 2013

Lake Oswego School District Population And Enrollment Forecast 2013-14 To 2022-23, Portland State University. Population Research Center, Vivian Siu, Charles Rynerson

School District Enrollment Forecast Reports

This report presents the results of a demographic study conducted by the Portland State University Population Research Center (PRC). The study includes analysis of population, housing and enrollment trends affecting the District in recent years, estimates of the impacts of housing development on LOSD enrollment, and forecasts of district‐wide and individual school enrollments for the 2013‐14 to 2022‐23 school years.


Black And Blue: Police-Community Relations In Portland's Albina District, 1964-1985, Leanne Claire Serbulo, Karen J. Gibson Jan 2013

Black And Blue: Police-Community Relations In Portland's Albina District, 1964-1985, Leanne Claire Serbulo, Karen J. Gibson

Urban Studies and Planning Faculty Publications and Presentations

As in many cities across America, the relationship between African Americans in Portland, Oregon, and the city police force was fraught with tension through the late twentieth century. Scholars Leanne Serbulo and Karen Gibson argue that Portland's African Americans, who collectively made up less than ten percent of Portland residents and were segregated into neighborhoods including the Albina district, experienced police as figures of colonial oppression. The authors chronicle how, over two decades bordered by African Americans' deaths at the hands of police, neighborhood activists attempted to reform the police department and met resistance. The authors conclude that transformation ...


The Geography Of Global Urban Greenhouse Gas Emissions: An Exploratory Analysis, Jochen Albrecht, Peter Marcotullio, Amdrea Sarzynski, Niels Schulz, Jake Garcia Jan 2013

The Geography Of Global Urban Greenhouse Gas Emissions: An Exploratory Analysis, Jochen Albrecht, Peter Marcotullio, Amdrea Sarzynski, Niels Schulz, Jake Garcia

Publications and Research

The purpose of this paper is to describe global urban greenhouse gas emissions by region and sector, examine the distribution of emissions through the urban-to-rural gradient, and identify covariates of emission levels for our baseline year, 2000.We usemultiple existing spatial databases to identify urban extent, greenhouse gas emissions (CO2, N2O, CH4 and SF6) and covariates of emissions in a “top-down” analysis. The results indicate that urban activities are significant sources of total greenhouse gas emissions (36.8 and 48.6 % of total). The urban energy sector accounts for between 41.5 and 66.3 % of total energy emissions. Significant ...


Ua30/2 Facilities & Campus Services Parking & Transportation Services, Wku Archives Jan 2013

Ua30/2 Facilities & Campus Services Parking & Transportation Services, Wku Archives

WKU Archives Collection Inventories

Records created by and about Parking & Transportation Services.


Revisiting Equity: The Hud Sustainable Communities Initiative, Lisa K. Bates, Marisa Zapata Jan 2013

Revisiting Equity: The Hud Sustainable Communities Initiative, Lisa K. Bates, Marisa Zapata

Urban Studies and Planning Faculty Publications and Presentations

In 1974, Norman Krumholz boldly called on planners to advocate for equity in public resource allocation and administrative practices. In 2010, the Obama administration’s HUD-DOT-EPA Sustainable Communities Initiative—specifically in the form of the Sustainable Communities Regional Planning Grant

(SCRPG)—renewed this call for equity. But our review of the responses by thirteen grantees proved disappointing. The plans put forth by award winners recycle many of the activities from the Cleveland Policy Plan (CPP) without employing its overarching mission. Instead of boldness, we are left with a stark reminder about the lack of progress made since the City of ...


Contesting The North Williams Traffic Operations And Safety Project, Amy Lubitow, Thaddeus R. Miller Jan 2013

Contesting The North Williams Traffic Operations And Safety Project, Amy Lubitow, Thaddeus R. Miller

Urban Studies and Planning Faculty Publications and Presentations

The North Williams Traffic Safety Operations Project, overseen by the Portland Bureau of Transportation (PBOT), was proposed in 2010. With an initial budget of $370,000, the project was designed to reduce conflict between buses, bicycles and motor vehicles on North Williams Avenue and improve the overall safety and accessibility of the street. As is common practice, PBOT’s first step in this project was to organize a stakeholder advisory committee (SAC) of interested business owners, neighborhood association representatives, residents, and key stakeholders living or working along North Williams Avenue who would be tasked with advising the city on the ...


Increasing Mobility In Dubuque: Developing Alternative Mode-Sharing Opportunities, Bobby Casiello, Marcus Coenen, Matthew Martin, Nate Mueller, Mark Pooley, Xiaoxue Zhou Jan 2013

Increasing Mobility In Dubuque: Developing Alternative Mode-Sharing Opportunities, Bobby Casiello, Marcus Coenen, Matthew Martin, Nate Mueller, Mark Pooley, Xiaoxue Zhou

Urban & Regional Planning Final Projects

No abstract provided.


Making Accessibility Analyses Accessible: A Tool To Facilitate The Public Review Of The Effects Of Regional Transportation Plans On Accessibility, Aaron Golub, Glenn Robinson, Brendan Nee Jan 2013

Making Accessibility Analyses Accessible: A Tool To Facilitate The Public Review Of The Effects Of Regional Transportation Plans On Accessibility, Aaron Golub, Glenn Robinson, Brendan Nee

Urban Studies and Planning Faculty Publications and Presentations

The regional transportation planning process in the United States has not been easily opened to public oversight even after strengthened requirements for public participation and civil rights considerations. In the effort to improve the public review of regional transportation plans, this paper describes the construction of a proof-of concept web-based tool designed to analyze the effects of regional transportation plans on accessibility to jobs and other essential destinations. The tool allows the user to analyze disparities in accessibility outcomes by demographic group, specifically income and race, as required by civil rights-related planning directives. The tool makes cumulative-opportunity measures of the ...


Does Residential Dissonance Affect Residential Mobility?, Gavin Turrell, M Kamruzzaman, Simon Washington, Douglas Baker Jan 2013

Does Residential Dissonance Affect Residential Mobility?, Gavin Turrell, M Kamruzzaman, Simon Washington, Douglas Baker

Faculty of Health Sciences Publications

This research identifies the impacts of residential dissonance on residential mobility behavior in transit-oriented developments (TODs) versus non-TODs in Brisbane, Australia. On the basis of the characteristics of living environments (density, diversity, connectivity, and accessibility) and the travel preferences of 4,545 individuals, respondents in 2009 were classified into one of four categories: TOD consonants, TOD dissonants, non-TOD dissonants, and non-TOD consonants. Binary logistic regression analyses were employed to identify residential mobility behavior of groups between 2009 and 2011 while controlling for timevarying covariates. The findings show that both TOD dissonants and TOD consonants move residences at an equal rate ...


学术履历, Pingkang Yu Dec 2012

学术履历, Pingkang Yu

Pingkang Yu

No abstract provided.


Young Professionals As Ambivalent Change Agents In New Orleans After The 2005 Hurricanes, Renia Ehrenfeucht, Marla Nelson Dec 2012

Young Professionals As Ambivalent Change Agents In New Orleans After The 2005 Hurricanes, Renia Ehrenfeucht, Marla Nelson

Renia Ehrenfeucht

After the 2005 hurricanes, newcomers arrived in New Orleans to help rebuild the city. The influx of one identifiable group, young professionals and postgraduates, raised hopes and concerns that New Orleans would gentrify. Based on semistructured interviews with 78 young and mid-career professionals, this paper examines how the young professionals approached an ambivalent situation where they were working to rebuild a better city while retaining its distinct cultural qualities, given that their presence itself contributed to the cultural change. They reconciled these tensions with an appreciation for localism that, for newcomers in particular, was expressed through knowing and responding to ...


The Transnationalization Of The ‘Housing Problem’: Social Sciences And Developmentalism In Postwar Argentina, Leandro Benmergui Dec 2012

The Transnationalization Of The ‘Housing Problem’: Social Sciences And Developmentalism In Postwar Argentina, Leandro Benmergui

Leandro Benmergui

No abstract provided.


Funding Rail: Federal Decisions And Local Financing, Kate Lowe Dec 2012

Funding Rail: Federal Decisions And Local Financing, Kate Lowe

Kate Lowe, PhD

No abstract provided.


Nonconformity And Street Design In West Hollywood, California, Renia Ehrenfeucht Dec 2012

Nonconformity And Street Design In West Hollywood, California, Renia Ehrenfeucht

Renia Ehrenfeucht

No abstract provided.


Performing Survival In The Global City: Theatre Isôko’S The Monument”, Kim Solga, Jennifer Capraru Dec 2012

Performing Survival In The Global City: Theatre Isôko’S The Monument”, Kim Solga, Jennifer Capraru

Kim Solga

No abstract provided.


Anay's Will To Learn: A Woman's Education In The Shadow Of The Maquiladora, Elaine Hampton Dec 2012

Anay's Will To Learn: A Woman's Education In The Shadow Of The Maquiladora, Elaine Hampton

Elaine Hampton

The opening of free trade agreements in the 1980s caused major economic changes in Mexico and the United States. These economic activities spawned dramatic social changes in Mexican society. One young Mexican woman, Anay Palomeque de Carrillo, rode the tumultuous wave of these economic activities from her rural home in tropical southern Mexico to the factories in the harsh desert lands of Ciudad Juárez during the early years of the city’s notorious violence.

During her years as an education professor at the University of Texas at El Paso, author Elaine Hampton researched Mexican education in border factory (maquiladora) communities ...


Introduction To Public Participation Geographic: Special Issue, Michelle Thompson, Kelly Owens Dec 2012

Introduction To Public Participation Geographic: Special Issue, Michelle Thompson, Kelly Owens

Michelle M. Thompson

With the progression of PPGIS, variations in the technology’s adaptability and application have brought forth critiques related to access, technology, and time. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) permeates a global market and technology appears to drive social, economic and civic progress with varying outcomes. Residents, advocates, and community organizations are utilizing democratized data in ways that early PPGIS investors could not have imagined. However, while many applaud the ability to create a trinity with data serving as a neutral partner, some wonder if any advancement has been made. A major critique of PPGIS is the inability to have a sustained ...


Performance And The Global City, Kim Solga, D.J. Hopkins Dec 2012

Performance And The Global City, Kim Solga, D.J. Hopkins

Kim Solga

Following the ground-breaking Performance and the City, this new volume explores what it means to create and experience urban performance – as both an aesthetic and a political practice – in the burgeoning world cities built by globalization and neoliberal capital. Featuring work by artists as well as scholars, written from multiple disciplinary perspectives, and including dozens of photographs as well as a photo essay by Nicholas Whybrow, Performance and the Global City will appeal to readers interested in urban studies, theatre and performance, geography, sociology, and globalization studies.


Does Atlanta Value Marta? Selecting An Autoregressive Model To Recover Willingness To Pay, Juan Moreno-Cruz, Gregory Macfarland, Laurie Garrow Dec 2012

Does Atlanta Value Marta? Selecting An Autoregressive Model To Recover Willingness To Pay, Juan Moreno-Cruz, Gregory Macfarland, Laurie Garrow

Juan B. Moreno-Cruz

Understanding homeowners’ marginal willingness-to-pay (MWTP) for proximity to public transportation infrastructure is important for planning and policy. Naïve estimates of MWTP, however, may be biased as a result of spatial dependence, spatial correlation, and/or spatially endogenous variables. In this paper we discuss a class of spatial autoregressive models that control for these spatial effects, and apply them to sample data collected for the Atlanta, Georgia housing market. We provide evidence that a general-to-specific model selection methodology that relies on the generality of the spatial Durbin model (SDM) should be preferred to the classical specific-to-general methodology that begins with an ...


Plans Are Not Enough, Michael Lewyn Dec 2012

Plans Are Not Enough, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Some commentators see comprehensive municipal plans as a remedy for suburban sprawl. But in fact, a plan can be used to promote sprawl as well as to prevent sprawl.


2013 Cnu Blog Posts, Michael Lewyn Dec 2012

2013 Cnu Blog Posts, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Blog posts from the now-defunct CNU Salons page at cnu.org


2013 Planetizen Blog Posts, Michael Lewyn Dec 2012

2013 Planetizen Blog Posts, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

My 2013 Planetizen.com blog posts on urban and suburban issues.


Heritage Interpretation As Public Discourse: Towards A New Paradigm, Neil A. Silberman Dec 2012

Heritage Interpretation As Public Discourse: Towards A New Paradigm, Neil A. Silberman

Neil A. Silberman

No abstract provided.


The Aging Of Contemporary Homelessness, Dennis P. Culhane, Stephen Metraux, Thomas Byrne, Magdi Stino, Jay Bainbridge Dec 2012

The Aging Of Contemporary Homelessness, Dennis P. Culhane, Stephen Metraux, Thomas Byrne, Magdi Stino, Jay Bainbridge

Dennis P. Culhane

Homelessness is currently at a demographic crossroad. This presents a unique opportunity for hastening its demise. In the thirty years since homelessness first manifested itself in American cities in its contemporary form, it has ascended to one of the most prominent American social problems. Despite the current push by advocacy organizations to end homelessness, many expect it will always be with us. In its longevity, however, lies the potential for its decline, provided we do not repeat this cycle with a new generation of homeless.