Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Urban Studies and Planning Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2013

Conference

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication

Articles 1 - 10 of 10

Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

Community Restoration: A Snapshot On How It Is Obtained And What Are The Effects?, Robert A. Bright, Wayne P. Carlton, Jordan L. Carrethers Jun 2013

Community Restoration: A Snapshot On How It Is Obtained And What Are The Effects?, Robert A. Bright, Wayne P. Carlton, Jordan L. Carrethers

Black Issues Conference

Community Restoration: A snapshot on how it is obtained and what are the effects?

The presentation examines some of the factors to a successful community restoration and what are the end results of a restored community especially when we participate in the process.


Evaluation Of Smart Phone Weight-Mile Tax Truck Data For Supporting Freight Modeling, Performance Measures And Planning, Katherine E. Bell, Miguel Andres Figliozzi May 2013

Evaluation Of Smart Phone Weight-Mile Tax Truck Data For Supporting Freight Modeling, Performance Measures And Planning, Katherine E. Bell, Miguel Andres Figliozzi

Student Research Symposium

Oregon is one of the few states that currently charge a commercial truck weight-mile tax (WMT). This research serves to evaluate ancillary applications for a system developed by the Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT) to simplify WMT collection. The data collection system developed by ODOT – Truck Road Use Electronics (TRUE) - includes a smart phone application with a Global Positioning System (GPS) device and microprocessor. The TRUE data has enormous advantages over commercial truck GPS data used in previous research due to its level of disaggregation and its potential to differentiate between vehicle and commodity types. This research evaluates the accuracy ...


Unpacking Producer / Consumer Relationships In Ethical Markets: A Look At Portland's Diy Sector, Renée Bogin Curtis May 2013

Unpacking Producer / Consumer Relationships In Ethical Markets: A Look At Portland's Diy Sector, Renée Bogin Curtis

Student Research Symposium

This presentation analyzes ethical consumption practices in alternative markets with a sector-specific focus evaluation of indicators and impacts. The paper reviews qualitative research conducted on Portland’s artisan economy with a focus on the independent or do-it-yourself (DIY) craft sector and presents follow up methods. General findings demonstrate ways market perceptions of sector participants reveal value-driven practices, illustrate impacts on production (through the role of place), and highlight impacts of market practices on producer accountability and consumer choices. Specific findings indicate drivers of the DIY market include integrity of production and consumption, communitarian values, minimal concern about competition, and attitudes ...


Healthy Snack Availability Near High- And Low-Income Urban Schools, Hayley Pickus, Nancy Findholt, Betty T. Izumi, Thuan Nguyen May 2013

Healthy Snack Availability Near High- And Low-Income Urban Schools, Hayley Pickus, Nancy Findholt, Betty T. Izumi, Thuan Nguyen

Student Research Symposium

Children’s snacking habits are influenced by their immediate food environments. Increasingly, findings show that factors such as corner stores near schools are related to obesity. This study was conducted in preparation for a larger, community-based participatory research project to create "healthy snacking zones” near schools in a rural Oregon county. The objective was to assess healthy snack availability in stores located within a half mile radius of high- and low-income elementary and middle schools in Portland, Oregon. Using Geographic Information Systems, convenience and food stores were selected and classified as either high- or low income based on % eligibility to ...


Bicycle-Specific Traffic Signals: Results From State-Of-The-Practice Review, Sam R. Thompson, Christopher Michael Monsere, Miguel Andres Figliozzi, Peter Koonce, Gary Obery May 2013

Bicycle-Specific Traffic Signals: Results From State-Of-The-Practice Review, Sam R. Thompson, Christopher Michael Monsere, Miguel Andres Figliozzi, Peter Koonce, Gary Obery

Student Research Symposium

This poster presents the results of a survey of North American jurisdictions with known installations of bicycle-specific traffic signals and a review of available engineering guidance. Surveys were sent to agencies in 21 jurisdictions (19 in the United States and two in Canada) that requested detailed engineering aspects of the signal design such as placement, mounting height, lens diameter, backplate color, type of actuation, interval times, use of louvers, and performance. We reviewed guidance documents produced by the National Association of City Transportation Officials (NACTO); American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO); Transportation Association of Canada (TAC); the ...


Tracking People’S Movements By Rfid Implants, Seyed Saeid Saadatmand Apr 2013

Tracking People’S Movements By Rfid Implants, Seyed Saeid Saadatmand

Master's Level Graduate Research Conference

Assume it is 2050. There is no place and time which cannot be tracked. There is nothing that anybody can hide. Everything has an identity number in a central database in United States and it is connected to internet. Spatial relationship of objects can be measured. It is real time city where anything can be tracked. It is obvious that one is sitting on a chair, the chair is in a room and the room is located on the thirtieth floor of a skyscraper in Manhattan. Rolex Company wants to measure the density of its watches which has been bought ...


Evaluating The Impact Of Team Policing In Las Vegas, Nevada, Natalie N. Martinez Apr 2013

Evaluating The Impact Of Team Policing In Las Vegas, Nevada, Natalie N. Martinez

Graduate Research Symposium (GCUA) (2010 - 2017)

Team policing involves the continuous geographical assignment of both patrol officers and investigators to the same, defined area, which allows them to become familiar with area residents and knowledgeable about community concerns and thus, enables them to develop individualized strategies to resolve the neighborhood problems that can lead to crime and disorder. This study evaluates the impact of a team policing intervention in Las Vegas, Nevada that combines an emphasis on community outreach with problem-focused policing strategies to determine the effectiveness of team policing as a crime control strategy. The results indicate that the team policing did not result in ...


Socioeconomic Effect On Crime In The Southwest United States Pre- And Post-Great Recession, Kristina Donathan, Jaewon Lim Apr 2013

Socioeconomic Effect On Crime In The Southwest United States Pre- And Post-Great Recession, Kristina Donathan, Jaewon Lim

Graduate Research Symposium (GCUA) (2010 - 2017)

Facing the Great Recession, the Southwest megapolitan cluster in the United States including Las Vegas, Southern California and Sun Corridor in Arizona had a massive negative economic shock. Skyrocketing unemployment, massive foreclosures and other socioeconomic factors may negatively affect our safe environment with changing patterns in crime. This study aims to investigate the impacts of socioeconomic factors on different types of crimes committed in the megapolitan cluster of the Southwest United States. Using annual crime datasets, we look at the three years before the Great Recession and subsequent three years (2005-2010). The metropolitan areas, Los Angeles, CA, Las Vegas, NV ...


Obstacles To Developing And Implementing Problem-Oriented Policing Projects In Police Agencies, Kristine-Gem D. Estrella, Victoria Luong, Tamara D. Madensen Apr 2013

Obstacles To Developing And Implementing Problem-Oriented Policing Projects In Police Agencies, Kristine-Gem D. Estrella, Victoria Luong, Tamara D. Madensen

Graduate Research Symposium (GCUA) (2010 - 2017)

This research examines impediments to problem-solving initiatives within police organizations. A systematic evaluation of a complex problem-oriented policing project in Las Vegas, Nevada, is used to identify obstacles to developing effective crime reduction interventions. This evaluation focuses on the first three steps of the SARA problem-solving process: scanning, analysis, and response. At each stage of the project, interviews are conducted with key project personnel (e.g., area command captains, supervising sergeants, community-oriented policing officers, community partners, residents). Data is also collected through observations at community meetings and ride-alongs with officers assigned to the project. These data are analyzed and common ...


Police Responses To Domestic Violence And Public Perception, Kelly Stout, Alexis Kennedy Apr 2013

Police Responses To Domestic Violence And Public Perception, Kelly Stout, Alexis Kennedy

Graduate Research Symposium (GCUA) (2010 - 2017)

Domestic violence, also known as, intimate partner violence (IPV), has become an epidemic in the United States. This research is intended to explain the types of IPV, describe the effects of severe IPV, look at the change in public perceptions of IPV situations, and explore the police responses to such situations. Students at UNLV participated in the “Police Responses to Calls for Service” survey, that was created to determine the public’s level of awareness of IPV situations and whether that awareness increases support for police policies in responding to intimate partner violence calls.