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Urban Studies and Planning Commons

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2013

Selected Works

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Articles 1 - 30 of 151

Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

Homelessness Research: Shaping Policy And Practice, Now And Into The Future, Dennis P. Culhane, Vince R. Kane, Mark Johnston Nov 2013

Homelessness Research: Shaping Policy And Practice, Now And Into The Future, Dennis P. Culhane, Vince R. Kane, Mark Johnston

Dennis P. Culhane

As this special issue of the journal well reflects, much progress has been made in homelessness research. That progress has been matched with advances in homelessness policy and programming, nearly all of it informed by the contributions of the research community. While the imperatives of policy-making have required decisions to be made with imperfect knowledge, a substantial enough convergence of theory and evidence has enabled policymakers to shift homelessness policy and practice in important ways. Those shifts have also prefigured some of policymakers’ needs from the research community in the future.


Analysis Of The Spatial And Temporal Dynamics Of Street Hawking: A Case Study Of The Accra Metropolitan Area, Alex Owusu Barimah, Stephen Abrokwah, Stephen Frimpong Nov 2013

Analysis Of The Spatial And Temporal Dynamics Of Street Hawking: A Case Study Of The Accra Metropolitan Area, Alex Owusu Barimah, Stephen Abrokwah, Stephen Frimpong

Stephen Frimpong

To the street hawker, it is a means of making a living but to the managers of the metropolis, street hawking is a menace. These differences in perception have led to a game plan tied to spatio-temporal diurnal traffic regimes. While the city authorities plan may be to evict the street hawkers, the plan of the hawkers is to outwit the city authorities through make-shift hawking patterns in order to make a living. The difference in the two positions can be characterized by the city manager’s need for clean and less congested city streets, and the hawker’s desire ...


Walking In The Land Of Cars: Automobile-Pedestrian Accidents In Hillsborough County, Florida, Marc Aaron Poling Nov 2013

Walking In The Land Of Cars: Automobile-Pedestrian Accidents In Hillsborough County, Florida, Marc Aaron Poling

Marc A Poling

Analyses of traffic accidents are often focused on the characteristics of the accident event and hence do not take into account the broader neighborhood contexts in which accidents are located. This thesis seeks to extend empirical analyses of accidents by understanding the link between accidents and their surroundings. The case study for this thesis is Hillsborough County, Florida, within which the city of Tampa is located. The Tampa Bay region ranks very high in terms of accident rates within U.S. metropolitan areas and is also characterized by transport policies which favor private automobiles over mass transit options, making it ...


“Who Sows Misery Collects Rage:” Cultivating Insurrection In Crisis Barcelona, Justin Ak Helepololei Oct 2013

“Who Sows Misery Collects Rage:” Cultivating Insurrection In Crisis Barcelona, Justin Ak Helepololei

Justin AK Helepololei

Barcelona as cosmopolitan, business hub and tourist destination can seem the antithesis of popular, anticapitalist struggle. And yet a walk through the city reveals a diffusion of efforts to resurrect Barcelona's insurrectionary past. Forms of embodied contestation are increasingly common features of the urban landscape: loud marches defend squatted social centers as displaced families take back bank-owned apartments. Protesters armed with pots and pans occupy schools and hospitals, draping building facades with banners explaining this endless economic downturn “no és crisi, és capitalisme!” While the spectacular encampments of Spain's 15M movement have been long evicted from public plazas ...


Kalama's Front Yard: A Preliminary Waterfront Site Plan For The Port Of Kalama, Kenneth Rencher, Michelle Miller, Lisa Hendriksen, Leslie Hamilton Oct 2013

Kalama's Front Yard: A Preliminary Waterfront Site Plan For The Port Of Kalama, Kenneth Rencher, Michelle Miller, Lisa Hendriksen, Leslie Hamilton

Michelle Miller

The Kalama Waterfront Preliminary Site Plan sets the groundwork and approach for development of an underutilized 33-acre tract owned by the Port of Kalama. The Plan is intended for the Port of Kalama to use as a starting point for waterfront development. The Plan and implementation strategies will aid the Port by providing a conceptual view of the waterfront and a process by which to begin putting the vision of Kalama's Front Yard in motion. This project was conducted under the supervision of Sy Adler, Deborah Howe, Connie Ozawa, and Sumner Sharpe.


Parcel-Level Redevelopment Strategies For Distressed Neighborhoods, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Justin Hollander Oct 2013

Parcel-Level Redevelopment Strategies For Distressed Neighborhoods, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Justin Hollander

Michael P. Johnson

Certain distressed neighborhoods cannot support traditional residential-focused development. For these communities, we develop decision models for acquisition and redevelopment of chronically vacant lands and structures for primarily non-residential and greening uses. We address social benefits and costs of redevelopment strategies, parcel clustering to exploit economies of scale, and conflicting values among stakeholders. We illustrate our models using data from Baltimore, MD.


Utopia And Bureaucracy: The Fall Of Rajneeshpuram, Oregon, Carl Abbott Oct 2013

Utopia And Bureaucracy: The Fall Of Rajneeshpuram, Oregon, Carl Abbott

Carl Abbott

During 1981-1985, the followers of Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh built a large utopian community in eastern Oregon's solitude and named it Rajneeshpuram. While Rajneeshpuram appeared to be physically isolated and removed from government intervention, it was actually embedded in a dense system of laws and bureaucratic regulations, quite within reach of local, state, and national bureaucracies. It was this ability of the local and state regulators to limit the development that was one of the major factors for the sudden collapse of Rajneeshpuram in the fall of 1985. Other contributing factors were the growing disaffection and factionalism within the commune ...


United States Regional History As An Instructional Field: The Practice Of College And University History Departments, Carl Abbott Oct 2013

United States Regional History As An Instructional Field: The Practice Of College And University History Departments, Carl Abbott

Carl Abbott

In one sense, American history is "a sequential process of regional development marked by a persistent tension between regional cultures and economic interests and integrative national institutions and values." Since the 1890's, regional history has been an active enterprise supported by academic instruction, leading university presses, specialized journals, and professional organizations. A survey of college and university departments of history yielded data to analyze the present ambiguous position of regional history within the evolving discipline of American historical studies.


Community-Based Analytics: Big Data And Decision Making For Community-Based Organizations, Michael P. Johnson Jr. Oct 2013

Community-Based Analytics: Big Data And Decision Making For Community-Based Organizations, Michael P. Johnson Jr.

Michael P. Johnson

Community-based organizations face significant challenges in identifying data needs, and assembling data resources for service provision, strategy design and advocacy. We develop principles by which CBOs can develop and share large datasets in order to formulate and solve decision problems that improve the well-being of localized, often marginalized or distressed communities. We illustrate these ideas using field research from Boston, MA.


Tablero De Control Para La Gestión Por Objetivos Y Resultados En La Provincia De Buenos Aires: Anteproyecto Para El Organismo De Control Del Agua De Buenos Aires (Ocaba), Federico Del Giorgio Solfa Sep 2013

Tablero De Control Para La Gestión Por Objetivos Y Resultados En La Provincia De Buenos Aires: Anteproyecto Para El Organismo De Control Del Agua De Buenos Aires (Ocaba), Federico Del Giorgio Solfa

Federico Del Giorgio Solfa

Este trabajo tiene la finalidad de difundir el anteproyecto de un sistema de apoyo a la toma de decisiones, que se desarrolló para la Gerencia de Atención al Usuario y Control Operativo del Servicio, del Organismo de Control del Agua de Buenos Aires. El mismo, está orientado a monitorear la gestión de reclamos de usuarios y el funcionamiento y modernización de sus departamentos regionales.


El Organismo De Control Del Agua De Buenos Aires: Funcionamiento Y Organización Territorial En Perspectiva De La Regionalización Bonaerense, Federico Del Giorgio Solfa, Alfonso Roberto González Sep 2013

El Organismo De Control Del Agua De Buenos Aires: Funcionamiento Y Organización Territorial En Perspectiva De La Regionalización Bonaerense, Federico Del Giorgio Solfa, Alfonso Roberto González

Federico Del Giorgio Solfa

Este trabajo tiene como objetivo dar cuenta sobre los antecedentes y perspectivas de impulso de las regiones y/o delegaciones del Organismo de Control del Agua de Buenos Aires (OCABA), como así también, examinar los criterios de delegación y/o regionalización con las funciones que, por norma, pudieran habérseles asignado. Entre los principales desafíos asumidos, intentamos realizar un análisis de los principales hitos normativos que fueron modificando el accionar de los distintos organismos que evolucionaron hasta originar el OCABA. Asimismo, se mostrarán mapas de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, donde se indicarán las regiones asignadas por las diferentes normativas y ...


"Toxic" Workplaces: The Negative Interface Between The Physical And Social Environments, Linda Too, Michael Harvey Sep 2013

"Toxic" Workplaces: The Negative Interface Between The Physical And Social Environments, Linda Too, Michael Harvey

Linda Too

Toxic real estate has been used as a negative phrase to describe non-performing assets on a firm's balance sheet. Today there is another form of "TOXIC" real estate that needs management's attention, i.e. physical workplaces that are harmful to employees on a day-in and day-out basis. Particularly when productivity of workforce is now central to business competitiveness, it is timely to explore the interface between physical and social environments as many of the social/psychological impacts on employees have not been recognized or calibrated. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the links between physical workplace ...


The Question Of Legacy And The 2008 Olympic Games: An Exploration Of Post-Games Utilization Of Olympic Sport Venues In Beijing, Xiaowei Yu Sep 2013

The Question Of Legacy And The 2008 Olympic Games: An Exploration Of Post-Games Utilization Of Olympic Sport Venues In Beijing, Xiaowei Yu

Xiaowei Yu

The last two decades have seen more and more cities joining the competitions for hosting the Olympic Games, resulting in soaring investments, both public and private, in Olympic-related projects. The Olympic Games have become a two-week gigantic event with tremendous costs burdening host cities. Meanwhile, the last three decades have witnessed underused facilities and lack of financial support for maintenance of the Olympic venues after the Games. Based on previous literature, the “white elephant” effect has happened in every Olympic city during the last twenty years. In terms of Beijing, scholars have yet to substantially investigate the post-Games utilization of ...


Revitalizing Distressed Older Suburbs, Kathryn W. Hexter, Edward W. Hill, Brian A. Mikelbank, Benjamin Y. Clark, Charles Post Sep 2013

Revitalizing Distressed Older Suburbs, Kathryn W. Hexter, Edward W. Hill, Brian A. Mikelbank, Benjamin Y. Clark, Charles Post

Benjamin Y. Clark

No abstract provided.


Teaching Planners To Deal : The Pedagogical Value Of A (Simulated) Economic Development Negotiation, Laura Wolf-Powers Aug 2013

Teaching Planners To Deal : The Pedagogical Value Of A (Simulated) Economic Development Negotiation, Laura Wolf-Powers

Laura Wolf-Powers

Three decades after planners in North America and Europe began adopting the public–private partnership approach, such arrangements have become the norm in urban redevelopment and city-building. As a result, when teaching real estate development as a facet of urban economic development, academic practitioners of planning face an uneasy dichotomy between deliberation—which embraces the “plannerly” virtues of inclusivity and participation—and negotiation, the procedural vocabulary of public–private contracting. This dichotomy is felt acutely by instructors who are interested in incorporating principles of equity and social justice into redevelopment pedagogy.

This paper describes a classroom exercise in which students ...


Feasibility Study Of Consolidating Public Safety Answering Points In South Euclid, Beachwood, Euclid, Shaker Heights, And University Heights, Ohio, Daila Shimek, Kyle Johnson, Eugene L. Kramer, Nathaniel Neider Aug 2013

Feasibility Study Of Consolidating Public Safety Answering Points In South Euclid, Beachwood, Euclid, Shaker Heights, And University Heights, Ohio, Daila Shimek, Kyle Johnson, Eugene L. Kramer, Nathaniel Neider

Daila Shimek

The study conducted by the Center for Public Management (PM) found that, for two of three scenarios analyzed, it is legally, technologically, and financially feasible to consolidate public safety answering points (PSAPs) in South Euclid, Beachwood, Euclid, Shaker Heights, and University Heights, Ohio. Of the scenarios found feasible, the study estimates a decrease in costs ranging from almost $687,700 to $1.1 million, depending upon the configuration of the PSAP. When factoring in capital costs, the savings ranges from $555,000 to $898,000, but lead to an increase in costs of $189,000 in a PSAP dispatching for ...


Property Value Impacts Of Foreclosed Housing Acquisitions Under Uncertainty, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Senay Solak, Rachel B. Drew, Jeffrey Keisler Aug 2013

Property Value Impacts Of Foreclosed Housing Acquisitions Under Uncertainty, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Senay Solak, Rachel B. Drew, Jeffrey Keisler

Michael P. Johnson

Community development corporations seek to stabilize neighborhoods affected by the recent foreclosure crisis through acquisition and redevelopment of distressed properties. One rationale for this work is the alleviation or avoidance of negative foreclosure impacts. We estimate the lost value to proximate properties associated with a single foreclosure through a Markov chain representing probabilistic transitions between foreclosure stages. We apply our model to a case study of foreclosure properties in Chelsea, MA. A rank ordering by estimated property value impacts indicates significant potential gains in social value as compared to current community development practice. We extend our basic model to address ...


'Michelle Thompson (University Of New Orleans) Coordinates Whodata', Michelle Thompson Jul 2013

'Michelle Thompson (University Of New Orleans) Coordinates Whodata', Michelle Thompson

Michelle M. Thompson

Urban Affairs Association Member News


Michelle Thompson (University Of New Orleans) Coordinates Whodata.Org, Michelle Thompson Jul 2013

Michelle Thompson (University Of New Orleans) Coordinates Whodata.Org, Michelle Thompson

Michelle M. Thompson

Michelle M. Thompson, Phd (University of New Orleans) is the Coordinator of WhoData.org which is a New Orleans-based community-municipal-university partnership using an applied public participation geographic information system (PPGIS) model. Since 2009, WhoData has standardized training for residents to assess neighborhoods, photograph blight indicators, create maps, and share findings with the public and city government. The community data information system, www.whodata.org, houses the property condition survey results while neighborhood profile reports and maps are on www.whodata.net. The WhoData team is supported by the University of New Orleans Department of Planning & Urban Studies, residents from City ...


Feasibility Study For Consolidation Of Public Safety Answering Points In Perry County Ohio, Daila Shimek, Kyle Johnson, Eugune L. Kramer, Patrick Johnson, Nat Neider Jul 2013

Feasibility Study For Consolidation Of Public Safety Answering Points In Perry County Ohio, Daila Shimek, Kyle Johnson, Eugune L. Kramer, Patrick Johnson, Nat Neider

Daila Shimek

This report provides an assessment of the feasibility of consolidation of the public safety answering points (PSAPS’s) in Perry County, Ohio and the Village of New Lexington (in Perry County), Ohio. The report describes the methodology used to assess the feasibility of consolidating these PSAPs. The findings are that consolidation of PSAPs and dispatch services among the participating entities would not be feasible if the decision is made purely on costs. However, a consolidated PSAP would reduce the duplication of services and redundant capital projects. This in turn would free up funds to maintain and replace capital items as ...


Predictors Of Cycling In College Students, Lynda B. Ransdell, Susan G. Mason, Thomas Wuerzer, Ka Man Leung Jul 2013

Predictors Of Cycling In College Students, Lynda B. Ransdell, Susan G. Mason, Thomas Wuerzer, Ka Man Leung

Thomas Wuerzer

Objectives: To (1) assess cycling-related questions that have been added to the electronic version of the American College Health Association National College Health Assessment II (ACHA-NCHA), (2) examine cycling prevalence, and (3) identify predictors of cycling in college students. Participants: Predominately female (69%), undergraduate (89%), and white (85%) students (N = 949) from a large, urban, northwestern, bicycle-friendly university completed the electronic version of the ACHA-NCHA II. Methods: Thirty cycling-related questions were added to the ACHA-NCHA II and a subsample of questions was analyzed. Results: Cycling questions added to the ACHA-NCHA II scale were reliable and valid, based on the psychometric ...


Ethics, Ethics Rules And Professional Behavior, Jaap Vos Jun 2013

Ethics, Ethics Rules And Professional Behavior, Jaap Vos

Jacobus J. "Jaap" Vos

Basic introduction one ethics and the AICP Code of Ethics.


Uplifting: Improvements In Boston Area Client Well-Being, Ryan Kling, Lisa Kalimon, Tanya Stepasiuk, Bukola Usidame, Ryan Mclane, Ryan Whalen, Ana Maria Sanchez, Michael P. Johnson Jr. Jun 2013

Uplifting: Improvements In Boston Area Client Well-Being, Ryan Kling, Lisa Kalimon, Tanya Stepasiuk, Bukola Usidame, Ryan Mclane, Ryan Whalen, Ana Maria Sanchez, Michael P. Johnson Jr.

Michael P. Johnson

LIFT-Boston, a local non-profit organization, entered into a collaborative partnership in September 2012 with McCormack Graduate School Public Policy Ph.D. students and faculty to develop and execute a research project. The goals of this endeavor were to assist LIFT-Boston in understanding the outcomes associated with its services and enable the organization to further pursue service goals. The primary research questions respond to the organization’s most fundamental questions. These include how the organization’s unique service model impacts clients across several objective and subjective dimensions of well-being. Secondary questions focus on how these impacts may translate into increases or ...


Worker Experiences Of Accessibility In Post-Katrina New Orleans, Kate Lowe, Mariana Marmol May 2013

Worker Experiences Of Accessibility In Post-Katrina New Orleans, Kate Lowe, Mariana Marmol

Kate Lowe, PhD

No abstract provided.


Turismo En Quito: 2008-2012, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq. May 2013

Turismo En Quito: 2008-2012, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.

Fernando Carrión Mena

Quito busca posicionarse como una ciudad de destino turístico en relación a tres funciones que atraen personas desde afuera de la urbe: el centro histórico como Patrimonio de la Humanidad, la mitad del mundo que es una determinación de la geografía planetaria y la concentración de las oficinas y aparatos del sector público gracias a su condición de capital. A estas funciones de destino turístico habrá que añadir que se trata de un lugar enclavado en una geografía llamativa con la presencia del volcán Pichincha, del Panecillo y de la irregularidad de su territorio, que le otorgan una personalidad propia ...


Social Change, Professor Vibhuti Patel May 2013

Social Change, Professor Vibhuti Patel

Professor Vibhuti Patel

Rights of Adolescent Girls in India: A critical Look at Laws and Policies by Saumya Uma is timely publication about the most neglected segment of our society namely adolescent girls. Perceived as burden by their parents, neglected by policy makers, subordinated by patriarchal system, crushed before they bloom due to omnipresent misogyny; adolescent girls in India have to tread tight rope walk. The author rightly avers that in India experiences of adolescence for girls are greatly different from that for boys. For boys, adolescence is marked by greater autonomy in decision making about career, financial independence, enhanced status and expanded ...


From Fail-Safe To Safe-To-Fail: Sustainability And Resilience In The New Urban World, Jack F. Ahern May 2013

From Fail-Safe To Safe-To-Fail: Sustainability And Resilience In The New Urban World, Jack F. Ahern

Jack F. Ahern

Abstract: The extent to which the 21st Century world will be "sustainable" depends in large part on the sustainability of cities. Early ideas on implementing sustainability focused on concepts of achieving stability, practicing effective management and the control of change and growth-- a "fail-safe" mentality. More recent thinking about change, disturbance, uncertainty, and adaptability is fundamental to the emerging science of resilience, the capacity of systems to reorganize and recover from change and disturbance without changing to other states-- in other words, systems that are "safe to fail." While the concept of resilience is intellectually intriguing, it remains largely unpracticed ...


Cuba As ‘Exception’: Unesco’S World Heritage Program And The Neoliberal Management Of Historic Centers.”, Matthew Hill, Maki Tanaka May 2013

Cuba As ‘Exception’: Unesco’S World Heritage Program And The Neoliberal Management Of Historic Centers.”, Matthew Hill, Maki Tanaka

Matthew J. Hill

No abstract provided.


Cartographers Of The New Millenium, Michelle Thompson, Brittany Arceneaux, Mason Lipscomb May 2013

Cartographers Of The New Millenium, Michelle Thompson, Brittany Arceneaux, Mason Lipscomb

Michelle M. Thompson

Brittany Arceneaux and Dr. Michelle Thompson discuss the 'WhoData' project. The video was created by Mason Lipscomb of UNO.


Environmental And Social Justice Movements And Policy Change In Los Angeles: Is An Inside‐Outside Game Possible?, Martha Matsuoka, Robert Gottlieb May 2013

Environmental And Social Justice Movements And Policy Change In Los Angeles: Is An Inside‐Outside Game Possible?, Martha Matsuoka, Robert Gottlieb

Martha Matsuoka

No abstract provided.