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Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

Spatial Analysis Of Fatal Automobile Crashes In Nashville, Tn, 2001-2011, Yan Chen Dec 2013

Spatial Analysis Of Fatal Automobile Crashes In Nashville, Tn, 2001-2011, Yan Chen

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

With increasing levels of motor vehicle ownership, automobile crashes have become a serious public issue in the U.S. and around the world. Knowing when, where, and how traffic accidents happen is critical in order to ensure road safety and to plan for adequate road infrastructure. There is a rich body of literature pertaining to time-related fatal crashes, most of which focuses on non-spatial factors such as a driver’s visibility at night, drinking and drug use, and road conditions. These studies provide a theoretical basis for understanding the causes of crashes from a non-spatial perspective, and a number of ...


Vgi And Twitter For Event Feedback; A Case Study For The Arts Council For Long Beach, Numa Gremling Dec 2013

Vgi And Twitter For Event Feedback; A Case Study For The Arts Council For Long Beach, Numa Gremling

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

Social networking platforms such as Twitter are playing an increasingly important role in understanding the public’s involvement of social activities. Along with GIS and the volunteered geographic information movement, these technologies have great potential in shaping how urban planning can be conducted. This report will provide details about how an interactive web GIS application was used to connect the public with the Arts Council of Long Beach (ACLB), a non-profit organization. The web application provides the ACLB an effective way to evaluate public responses concerning their A LOT Initiative, a project which aims at reviving neighborhoods by hosting events ...


The Mayaarch3d Project: A 3d Webgis For Analyzing Ancient Architecture And Landscapes, Jennifer Von Schwerin, Heather Richards-Rissetto, Fabio Remondino, Giorgio Agugario, Gabrio Girardi Sep 2013

The Mayaarch3d Project: A 3d Webgis For Analyzing Ancient Architecture And Landscapes, Jennifer Von Schwerin, Heather Richards-Rissetto, Fabio Remondino, Giorgio Agugario, Gabrio Girardi

Anthropology Faculty Publications

There is a need in the humanities for a 3D WebGIS with analytical tools that allow researchers to analyze 3D models linked to spatially referenced data. Geographic Information Systems (GIS) allow for complex spatial analysis of 2.5D data. For example, they offer bird’s eye views of landscapes with extruded building footprints, but one cannot ‘get on the ground’ and interact with true 3D models from a pedestrian perspective. Meanwhile, 3D models and virtual environments visualize data in 3D space, but analytical tools are simple rotation or lighting effects. The MayaArch3D Project is developing a 3D WebGIS—called QueryArch3D ...


Creating A Vibrant Place For The City Of Redlands Assessing The Suitability Of An Abandoned Downtown Space For Mixed Use Development, Basim Saidan Alharbi Aug 2013

Creating A Vibrant Place For The City Of Redlands Assessing The Suitability Of An Abandoned Downtown Space For Mixed Use Development, Basim Saidan Alharbi

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

With expanding urban population and growing need for various services, city governments and local organizations are looking for effective uses of city spaces. The City of Redlands wants to improve their use of vacant locations and provide better services to the local residents. In particular, the City of Redlands wants to apply mixed land use on the old Redlands Mall location that has been closed down. A comparative suitability analysis is conducted in a GIS to the site and surrounding areas to provide evidence to the client and the decision makers. Various factors, including schools, libraries, parks, hospitals, population density ...


The Role Of Suburbia In The Attribution Of Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Jochen Albrecht, Peter Marcotullio, Andrea Sarzynski, Niels Schulz Jul 2013

The Role Of Suburbia In The Attribution Of Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Jochen Albrecht, Peter Marcotullio, Andrea Sarzynski, Niels Schulz

Publications and Research

The original goal of the research presented here was to quantify by world region, the contribution of urbanized areas to global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (EDGAR, 2011). Regressions on population density and growth rate, GDP, and heating/cooling degree days, as well as a row of other non-significant variables, show that the contribution of urban extents is between 38% and 49% of total emissions (Marcotullio et al., 2012). In spite of using very liberal definitions of urban extents (GRUMP, 2011) this is at the low end of academic estimates (Satterthwaite, 2008; WEO, 2008; Dhakal, 2010). It is no surprise that ...


Exploring The Role Of The Food Environment On Food Shopping Patterns In Philadelphia, Pa, Usa: A Semiquantitative Comparison Of Two Matched Neighborhood Groups, Jana A. Hirsch, Amy Hillier Jan 2013

Exploring The Role Of The Food Environment On Food Shopping Patterns In Philadelphia, Pa, Usa: A Semiquantitative Comparison Of Two Matched Neighborhood Groups, Jana A. Hirsch, Amy Hillier

Cartographic Modeling Lab Papers

Increasing research has focused on the built food environment and nutrition-related outcomes, yet what constitutes a food environment and how this environment influences individual behavior still remain unclear. This study assesses whether travel mode and distance to food shopping venues differ among individuals in varying food environments and whether individual- and household-level factors are associated with food shopping patterns. Fifty neighbors who share a traditionally defined food environment (25 in an unfavorable environment and 25 in a favorable environment) were surveyed using a mix of close- and open-ended survey questions. Food shopping patterns were mapped using Geographic Information Systems (GIS ...


The Geography Of Global Urban Greenhouse Gas Emissions: An Exploratory Analysis, Jochen Albrecht, Peter Marcotullio, Amdrea Sarzynski, Niels Schulz, Jake Garcia Jan 2013

The Geography Of Global Urban Greenhouse Gas Emissions: An Exploratory Analysis, Jochen Albrecht, Peter Marcotullio, Amdrea Sarzynski, Niels Schulz, Jake Garcia

Publications and Research

The purpose of this paper is to describe global urban greenhouse gas emissions by region and sector, examine the distribution of emissions through the urban-to-rural gradient, and identify covariates of emission levels for our baseline year, 2000.We usemultiple existing spatial databases to identify urban extent, greenhouse gas emissions (CO2, N2O, CH4 and SF6) and covariates of emissions in a “top-down” analysis. The results indicate that urban activities are significant sources of total greenhouse gas emissions (36.8 and 48.6 % of total). The urban energy sector accounts for between 41.5 and 66.3 % of total energy emissions. Significant ...


From Mounds To Maps To Models: Visualizing Ancient Architecture Across Landscapes, Heather Richards-Rissetto Jan 2013

From Mounds To Maps To Models: Visualizing Ancient Architecture Across Landscapes, Heather Richards-Rissetto

Anthropology Faculty Publications

Since the onset of settlement pattern studies in the 1950s, landscape mapping projects have become an archaeological mainstay. Remote sensing technologies such as lidar, photogrammetry, and SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) steadily reveal new archaeological sites. For landscape archaeology, the detection and mapping of small architectural complexes and households offers important data to contextualize larger (often already known) sites and perform regional analyses. However, because the majority of sites remain unexcavated, analysis is limited, and yet Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and 3D Visualization are expanding the possible uses for older and newly-acquired data on unexcavated mounds. This paper describes a GIS ...