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2013

Agricultural and Resource Economics

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Articles 1 - 11 of 11

Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

Agriculture And The Food System: A Short History And Country Case Study In Mongolia, Marissa L. Markowitz Sep 2013

Agriculture And The Food System: A Short History And Country Case Study In Mongolia, Marissa L. Markowitz

Capstone Collection

This paper includes a brief history of the human food system. It includes an exploration of the formation of the food system, the development of the modernized food and agriculture system, and challenges arisen throughout. Additionally, a specific case study into Mongolia and the unique geography of its food system is highlighted. The purpose of providing the case study is to consider challenges of a food system in transition amidst development in one country. Recommendations for Mongolia anent sustainable development are provided.


Poultry And The Press: Urban Chickens And The National Stage, Nicole Iroz-Elardo Jul 2013

Poultry And The Press: Urban Chickens And The National Stage, Nicole Iroz-Elardo

Metroscape

After a 2010 Association of Collegiate Schools of Planning (ACSP) conference bus erupted into chatter from a tour guide’s passing comment about a new ordinance allowing chickens into Minneapolis backyards, I wondered about the magnitude of the urban chicken movement. Legalizing urban chickens is, in fact, occurring more often. A Lexus-Nexus Power Search of the term ‘chicken ordinance’ does not even register a hit in 2000. Yet in 2010, 141 articles discussed potential changes to urban chicken ordinances. Such an explosion of national news coverage suggests urban chicken keeping reaches beyond Portland’s borders.

What is driving this interest ...


Blue Growth In The Middle Kingdom: An Analysis Of China’S Ocean Economy, Rui Zhao, Stephen Hynes, Guang Shun He Jun 2013

Blue Growth In The Middle Kingdom: An Analysis Of China’S Ocean Economy, Rui Zhao, Stephen Hynes, Guang Shun He

Working Papers

This paper builds on the work carried out by OEAS in China, which established the framework of ocean economy accounting in China. It also demonstrates how it is possible to compile ocean economy data, from the existing government databases in China. The Chinese ocean economy was divided into two separate parts for the purpose of the analysis presented; the ocean industry and ocean-related industry. Data was collected for 12 major ocean industries. Using a similar methodology to that developed in previous international studies, it was found that the major ocean industries produced US$239.09 billion in value added output ...


From Fail-Safe To Safe-To-Fail: Sustainability And Resilience In The New Urban World, Jack F. Ahern May 2013

From Fail-Safe To Safe-To-Fail: Sustainability And Resilience In The New Urban World, Jack F. Ahern

Jack F. Ahern

Abstract: The extent to which the 21st Century world will be "sustainable" depends in large part on the sustainability of cities. Early ideas on implementing sustainability focused on concepts of achieving stability, practicing effective management and the control of change and growth-- a "fail-safe" mentality. More recent thinking about change, disturbance, uncertainty, and adaptability is fundamental to the emerging science of resilience, the capacity of systems to reorganize and recover from change and disturbance without changing to other states-- in other words, systems that are "safe to fail." While the concept of resilience is intellectually intriguing, it remains largely unpracticed ...


Race, Class, And Food Justice In South Allison Hill, Pa., Giovania Genevieve Tiarachristie May 2013

Race, Class, And Food Justice In South Allison Hill, Pa., Giovania Genevieve Tiarachristie

Student Honors Theses By Year

Urban gardening has been hailed as a tool for community empowerment in the inner city to relieve food security. But in some low-income communities with predominantly people of color, the Whiteness of a new wave of urban gardening and the Alternative Food movement for local, slow, and organic, can be a source of race and class tension, hindering the potential for collaborative partnerships. This study applies critical perspectives on race and explores through qualitative analysis the race-class conflicts around food and urban gardening in a very diverse, low-income neighborhood in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania called South Allison Hill. A series of seven ...


The Digital Divide: Broadband Accessibility In Northern New Hampshire, Nicole M. D'Alessio Apr 2013

The Digital Divide: Broadband Accessibility In Northern New Hampshire, Nicole M. D'Alessio

Honors Theses and Capstones

No abstract provided.


Economic Utopia Inventions As Observed Phenomenon-Success, Failure, Persistence Through History From Dawn Of Mankind To Jesus To Thomas More To Pullman, Riverside And Eugenics, James T. Struck Jan 2013

Economic Utopia Inventions As Observed Phenomenon-Success, Failure, Persistence Through History From Dawn Of Mankind To Jesus To Thomas More To Pullman, Riverside And Eugenics, James T. Struck

James T Struck

Economic Utopia Inventions as Observed Phenomenon-Success, Failure, Persistence Through History From Dawn of Mankind to Jesus to Thomas More to Pullman, Riverside and Eugenics Economic Utopia inventions have been tried from humanity's beginning to today with failure and success. I walked along Cottage Grove Avenue to look at the remains of the Pullman Sleeping Car Company near 111th Street in Chicago; part of what remains of the important Pullman Sleeping Car Company are boarded up buildings, beautiful red towers, nice windows, Hotel Florence, much writing, and a Pullman Historical Foundation and Pullman Historical Site. An Economic utopia invention was ...


Form Follows Function: On The Interaction Between Real Estate Finance And Urban Spatial Structure, David S. Bieri Jan 2013

Form Follows Function: On The Interaction Between Real Estate Finance And Urban Spatial Structure, David S. Bieri

David S Bieri

The fundamental connection between the spatial development of cities and financial markets is a topic that has received little attention from either urbanists or economists. In this short piece, I argue that part of the post-crisis recovery is predicated on a multi-faceted understanding of the subtle causal linkages between financial flows and urban morphologies. Following a historical contextualization of my main argument, I speculate about the key channels through which the dialectical relationship between capital, its regimes of accumulation and its unequal spatial distribution affect the urban fabric. I identify two separate economic processes and historical developments that have co-defined ...


Spatial Equilibrium In The Labor Market, Philip E. Graves Jan 2013

Spatial Equilibrium In The Labor Market, Philip E. Graves

PHILIP E GRAVES

The paper discusses two approaches to spatial equilibrium in the labor market. The more traditional approach of labor economics assumes wage differentials represent arbitrageable differences in utility, with implications 1) that migration should be toward higher wage areas and 2) that migration flows will lead to convergence in wages over space. The more recent approach of urban/regional economics follows Roback in examining the implications of assumed equilibrium in utility over space. In this view wage differentials are compensatory (along with rent differentials) for amenity variation over space. The implications for wage convergence over space are complicated, but in general ...


The Hedonic Method Of Valuing Environmental Policies And Quality, Philip E. Graves Jan 2013

The Hedonic Method Of Valuing Environmental Policies And Quality, Philip E. Graves

PHILIP E GRAVES

Benefit-cost analysts attempt to compare two states of the world, the status quo and a state in which a policy having benefits and costs is being contemplated. For environmental policies, this comparison is greatly complicated by the difficulty in inferring the values that individuals place on an increment to environmental quality. Unlike ordinary private goods, environmental goods are not directly exchanged in markets with observable prices. In this chapter, the hedonic approach to inferring the benefits of an environmental policy is examined.


Fringe Benefits, Catherine Brinkley Jan 2013

Fringe Benefits, Catherine Brinkley

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This study tests the hypothesis that increased rugosity (the ratio between urban perimeter and farmland area) of the rural-urban fringe allows farms to create greater value for their regions through greater access to urban markets. Findings show that increased rugosity is not associated with farmland loss despite correlating with greater population growth. Rugosity is, instead, associated with higher agricultural sales per acre and more farm-to-city networks. Using the urban interface as a variable to understand farm production and stabilization, this paper includes a spatial statistical analysis of county-level metro-area farm products, farmland loss, and demographics in relation to the concentricity ...