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Urban Studies and Planning Commons

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Selected Works

2016

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Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

Success Measures For Local Economic Development: Project Final Report, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Sandeep Jani Nov 2016

Success Measures For Local Economic Development: Project Final Report, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Sandeep Jani

Michael P. Johnson

No abstract provided.


Fast-Food Restaurant Industry: A Cleveland Perspective 1930-2016, Richard Klein Nov 2016

Fast-Food Restaurant Industry: A Cleveland Perspective 1930-2016, Richard Klein

Richard Klein

This writing will focus on some the major fast-food establishments that served Greater Cleveland and how they evolved over time. Emphasizes will also be placed on some of the smaller as well as larger restaurants. To lend additional clarity, this study will investigate some leading national chains whose innovations within the industry set the pace for current development.


An Agenda For Diversity And Inclusion-Related Research Within Or/Ms/Analytics, Michael P. Johnson Jr., George Chichirau Nov 2016

An Agenda For Diversity And Inclusion-Related Research Within Or/Ms/Analytics, Michael P. Johnson Jr., George Chichirau

Michael P. Johnson

Diversity and inclusion have been widely studied and debated, most often within the social sciences. What contributions can operations research, management science and analytics make to this domain of inquiry? This talk will critically examine assumptions and practices within the decision sciences that may support as well impede diversity- and inclusion-related research, and propose a research agenda that can challenge yet enrich our profession.


Estimating Strategic Impacts Of Foreclosed Housing Redevelopment Using Spatial Analysis, Michael P. Johnson Jr. Nov 2016

Estimating Strategic Impacts Of Foreclosed Housing Redevelopment Using Spatial Analysis, Michael P. Johnson Jr.

Michael P. Johnson

Community-based organizations engaged in foreclosure response wish to quantify the relative value of housing units for redevelopment. We measure the 'strategic value' of property acquisition candidates based on proximity to site-specific neighborhood amenities and disamenities, given the relative importance of that proximity to CDC organizational and community objectives. We show that strategic values can differ in systematic ways depending on the types of amenities and disamenities identified as relevant for acquisition decisions, the relative importance assigned to those amenities and disamenities, and the utility maximization objectives of the organization.


Solving Slums: Assessing Rehabilitation Policy In Mumbai, India, Carl Hooks Nov 2016

Solving Slums: Assessing Rehabilitation Policy In Mumbai, India, Carl Hooks

Carl Hooks

Research poster presented at the Global Poverty Conference: Strategies, Solutions, and Networks. Conference co-hosted by the International & Area Studies program, Brown School of Social Work, and WU Career Center on Nov. 10-11, 2016.


Decision Modeling For Housing And Community Development: #11;A Methodology For Evidence-Based Urban And Regional Planning, Michael P. Johnson Jr. Nov 2016

Decision Modeling For Housing And Community Development: #11;A Methodology For Evidence-Based Urban And Regional Planning, Michael P. Johnson Jr.

Michael P. Johnson

Urban community development corporations and other local institutions routinely face challenging problems in housing and economic development that require substantial expertise in data analytics and decision modeling. While CDC employees have significant experience in diverse application areas, they often face limitations in acquiring, analyzing and sharing data, and using these data to solve decision problems whose solutions can generate novel strategies to address localized needs. Recent research, inspired by local responses to
the housing foreclosure crisis, and developed in cooperation with Boston‐area CDCs, has resulted in a collection of analytic methods and applications that can assist CDCs and similar ...


Revisiting Critical Gis, Jim Thatcher, Luke Bergmann, Britta Ricker, Reuben Rose-Redwood, Daniel O’Sullivan, Trevor J. Barnes, Luke R. Barnesmoore, Laura Beltz Imaoka, Ryan Burns, Jonathan Cinnamon, Craig M. Dalton, Clinton Davis, Stuart Dunn, Francis Harvey, Jin-Kyu Jung, Elen Kersten, Ladona Knigge, Nick Lally, Wen Lin, Dillon Mahmoudi, Michael Martin, Will Payne, Amir Sheikh, Taylor Shelton, Eric Sheppard, Chris W. Strother, Alexander Tarr, Matthew W. Wilson, Jason C. Young Oct 2016

Revisiting Critical Gis, Jim Thatcher, Luke Bergmann, Britta Ricker, Reuben Rose-Redwood, Daniel O’Sullivan, Trevor J. Barnes, Luke R. Barnesmoore, Laura Beltz Imaoka, Ryan Burns, Jonathan Cinnamon, Craig M. Dalton, Clinton Davis, Stuart Dunn, Francis Harvey, Jin-Kyu Jung, Elen Kersten, Ladona Knigge, Nick Lally, Wen Lin, Dillon Mahmoudi, Michael Martin, Will Payne, Amir Sheikh, Taylor Shelton, Eric Sheppard, Chris W. Strother, Alexander Tarr, Matthew W. Wilson, Jason C. Young

Britta Ricker

The article looks into the critical geographic information science (GIS) in approaching questions both emerging and enduring around the intersection of the spatial and the digital. It offers trading zones for discussion of issues, for building alliances and interrogating tensions, and for a constant dialectical process of critique and renewal. One tension running through critical GIS is the contradictory role it has played in addressing questions of social justice.


Campus Score: Measuring University Campus Qualities, Amir Hajrasouliha Oct 2016

Campus Score: Measuring University Campus Qualities, Amir Hajrasouliha

Amir Hajrasouliha

This research proposes an index, called Campus Score, which measures the main physical qualities of University campuses. Campus Score is composed ofthree latent variables representing Urbanism, Greenness, and On-Campus Living, with 10 indicators. This index has been calculated for 103 research-intensive universities in the United States of America. Two linear regressions show that Campus Score has significant associations with freshman retention and 6-year graduation rates. It is also interesting to note that, compared to the Academic Ranking of World Universities (Shanghai Ranking), Campus Score has stronger associations with freshman retention and graduation rates. The one-way ANOVA test and post-hoc analysis ...


Financiación Por Promotores De Vivendas Asequibles Para La Clase Trabajadora Mediante Impuestos Y Recuperación De Plusvalías: Una Comparación De Los Enfoques Estadounidense Y Español, Julian Conrad Juergensmeyer Oct 2016

Financiación Por Promotores De Vivendas Asequibles Para La Clase Trabajadora Mediante Impuestos Y Recuperación De Plusvalías: Una Comparación De Los Enfoques Estadounidense Y Español, Julian Conrad Juergensmeyer

Julian C. Juergensmeyer

Este artículo explora las diferencias, similitudes, ventajas y desventajas comparativas entre los deberes de financiación de los promotores urbanos de viviendas asequibles y para la clase trabajadora en los Estados Unidos y España. Se hace hincapié en las impact fees como fuente de ingresos en los Estados Unidos y los requisitos de recuperación de plusvalías en España y en Cataluña en particular. El autor concluye que las impact fees norteamericanas proporcionan una base más amplia para los deberes de los promotores de financiación, pero que los programas españoles de recuperación de plusvalías ofrecen una mayor flexibilidad a las autoridades encargadas ...


The Middle Class, Urban Schools And Choice, Michael Lewyn Oct 2016

The Middle Class, Urban Schools And Choice, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Urban schools tend to be less attractive to middle-class parents than suburban schools; as a result, the public school system generates suburban sprawl.  This talk discusses both egalitarian and market-oriented means of making cities more attractive to parents.


The Criminalization Of Walking, Michael Lewyn Sep 2016

The Criminalization Of Walking, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Talk based on my longer article "The Criminalization of Walking" (now at https://0-works.bepress.com.library.simmons.edu/lewyn/106/ ). I note that I gave a similar speech at Limmud New York on 2-20-17.


Measuring Success: Community Analytics For Local Economic Development, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Sandeep Jani Sep 2016

Measuring Success: Community Analytics For Local Economic Development, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Sandeep Jani

Michael P. Johnson

Main Street organizations are community-based nonprofits across the USA dedicated to local economic development through physical improvements, technical assistance to businesses, marketing and placebuilding. In this paper we identify metrics associated with success in local economic development and generate decision opportunities for improved program design and implementation. Our community partners, Main Street organizations in the city of Boston, want to ensure that data they collect about their service areas can help them measure progress towards achieving their individual goals as well as identify programs and initiatives that make best use of their resources and expertise. Using a mixed methods, inductive ...


The Ethics Of Wildlife Control In Humanized Landscapes, John Hadidian, Camilla H. Fox, William S. Lynn Aug 2016

The Ethics Of Wildlife Control In Humanized Landscapes, John Hadidian, Camilla H. Fox, William S. Lynn

William S. Lynn, PhD

The 21st century is witness to an unprecedented and rapid growth of human settlements, from urban centers to wilderness vacation resorts. Concurrent with this has been the growing tolerance and acceptance of many wild animals and humans for one another. This has created an expanding ‘zone’ of human-animal contacts, some number of which invariably result in conflicts. While the vast majority of our interactions with wild animals are undoubtedly benign, it is the conflict between wildlife and people that draws particularly close attention from the public. Animals viewed as vertebrate “pests” range from the small to the large, the timid ...


Childhood And Adolescent Neighborhood Effects On Adult Income: Using Siblings To Examine Differences In Ordinary Least Squares And Fixed-Effect Models, Thomas P. Vartanian, Page Walker Buck Jun 2016

Childhood And Adolescent Neighborhood Effects On Adult Income: Using Siblings To Examine Differences In Ordinary Least Squares And Fixed-Effect Models, Thomas P. Vartanian, Page Walker Buck

Page Buck

No abstract provided.


Reconsidering The Regional Economic Development Impacts Of Higher Education Institutions In The United States., Joshua Drucker Jun 2016

Reconsidering The Regional Economic Development Impacts Of Higher Education Institutions In The United States., Joshua Drucker

Joshua Drucker

This study models relationships between United States higher education activities and regional economic performance, 2001 – 2011. Advances include incorporating all degree-granting institutions; estimating spatial spillovers; and comparing multiple economic outcomes, including production and entrepreneurship. Higher education impacts vary by outcome measure but are less influential than in previous studies. Spillovers are substantial up to 60 miles (97 km), reflecting considerable influence across space. More advanced degrees, science and engineering education, and population educational attainment are positively associated with entrepreneurial activity. These findings encourage the traditional university missions of research and teaching, and general policies promoting entrepreneurship, to support economic performance ...


Design Efficiency: An Analysis Of Sewer Differences Between Form-Based And Conventional Neighborhood Development Designs In Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, Carolyn M. Keene, Dorothy Ives-Dewey, James P. Lewandowski Jun 2016

Design Efficiency: An Analysis Of Sewer Differences Between Form-Based And Conventional Neighborhood Development Designs In Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, Carolyn M. Keene, Dorothy Ives-Dewey, James P. Lewandowski

James Lewandowski

No abstract provided.


Modeling Bus Priority Using Intermodal Dynamic Network Assignment-Simulation Methodology, Khaled F. Abdelghany, Ahmed F. Abdelghany, Hani S. Mahmassani, Akmal S. Abdelfatah Jun 2016

Modeling Bus Priority Using Intermodal Dynamic Network Assignment-Simulation Methodology, Khaled F. Abdelghany, Ahmed F. Abdelghany, Hani S. Mahmassani, Akmal S. Abdelfatah

Ahmed Abdelghany

This article presents a modeling framework that represents bus priority at signalized intersections in the context of its potential network-level and intermodal effects. The model incorporates bus priority within an intermodal dynamic traffic assignment simulation model. It dynamically assigns travelers to different modes and routes in the network according to prevailing traffic conditions, which result from applying a certain network control/bus priority scheme. The model considers changes in traffic conditions as a result of (1) drivers’ route choice adjustments due to changes in traffic signals settings and (2) modal shifts by travelers to take advantage of improved transit service ...


Dunham Tavern Museum Governance Project, Stuart Mendel Jun 2016

Dunham Tavern Museum Governance Project, Stuart Mendel

Stuart C Mendel

The Center for Nonprofit Policy & Practice (CNP&P) was formally engaged by board leaders of the Dunham Tavern Museum in 2014 to assist the organization with forming and performing the work to strengthen board governance. Gradually, a project work plan was created to conduct “small p” planning (not traditional strategic planning) to advance the interests of the organization. The mutually agreed upon work products facilitated by the CNP&P include the following elements: Board development, training, and priorities planning of strategic issues; Assist board members develop a board governance committee; Create a mutually agreeable work plan for the committee; Provide staffing and support for the board governance committee, involving such matters as: Prepare meeting agendas Note-taking at meetings with written minutes Coordinating communications of board members Research as required Review and revise official Dunham Tavern bylaws; Other tasks as mutually agreed upon.


Campus Does Matter: The Relationship Of Student Retention And Degree Attainment To Campus Design, Amir Hajrasouliha, Reid Ewing May 2016

Campus Does Matter: The Relationship Of Student Retention And Degree Attainment To Campus Design, Amir Hajrasouliha, Reid Ewing

Amir Hajrasouliha

No abstract provided.


Interim Executive Director Program, Stuart C. Mendel May 2016

Interim Executive Director Program, Stuart C. Mendel

Stuart C Mendel

Interim Executive Director Program Guide


The 2014 National Community Summit On Green Infrastructure: Summary Report, Stuart Mendel, Justin Glanville, Julie Quinn May 2016

The 2014 National Community Summit On Green Infrastructure: Summary Report, Stuart Mendel, Justin Glanville, Julie Quinn

Stuart C Mendel

This report presents key points from each dialogue session, as well as overall themes from the Summit as a whole. These key points and themes were synthesized by dialogue facilitators and representatives from CSU, NEORSD and EPA. In addition, this report presents narrative versions of the lead presentations for each session. These are meant to serve as case studies of best practices to address each session topic.


Distinctly Cleveland: How The Arts Are Helping To Revitalize Rust Belt Cities, Gregory M. Sadlek, Joan Chase May 2016

Distinctly Cleveland: How The Arts Are Helping To Revitalize Rust Belt Cities, Gregory M. Sadlek, Joan Chase

Gregory M Sadlek

This book addresses many of the common reasons why the so-called “Rust Belt” cities suffered decline and the many solutions proposed and efforts already undertaken that seek to reverse the decline and spur rejuvenation. The contributors discuss the reasons for the decline including globalization, energy policy–related issues, and even the impact of air conditioning on location decisions. They also detail many of the entrepreneurial efforts undertaken in cities like Cleveland that are helping to reinvigorate once-depressed areas, offer suggestions related to investments in workforce training and current energy policy, critique the use of economic development subsidies, discuss the success ...


University Circle & Little Italy Study: Demographic Trends, Property Assessment, And Recommendations For Neighborhood Revitalization, Ziona Austrian, Kathryn W. Hexter, Ellen Cyran, Paul Boehnlein, Bryan Townley, Kenneth Kalynchuk May 2016

University Circle & Little Italy Study: Demographic Trends, Property Assessment, And Recommendations For Neighborhood Revitalization, Ziona Austrian, Kathryn W. Hexter, Ellen Cyran, Paul Boehnlein, Bryan Townley, Kenneth Kalynchuk

Ellen Cyran

This report was prepared at the request of University Circle Inc. (UCI) and Little Italy Redevelopment Corporation (LIRC), and was funded by The Cleveland Foundation. The research was conducted by the Center for Economic Development and the Center for Community Planning & Development at Cleveland State University’s Levin College of Urban Affairs and by the Thriving Communities Institute at the Western Reserve Land Conservancy. This report presents the findings from a detailed demographic analysis and property conditions assessment. These findings inform program and policy recommendations to guide future efforts to manage development, as well as to stabilize and revitalize the ...


Comprehensive Community Housing Study And Needs Analysis, Kathryn W. Hexter, Kirby Date, Charlie Post, Molly Schnoke, Ellen Cyran May 2016

Comprehensive Community Housing Study And Needs Analysis, Kathryn W. Hexter, Kirby Date, Charlie Post, Molly Schnoke, Ellen Cyran

Ellen Cyran

In the fall of 2014, the City of Kent (“city” or “Kent”), in partnership with Kent State University (“KSU” or “university”), engaged the team composed of Allegro Realty Advisors and Cleveland State University’s Maxine Goodman Levin College of Urban Affairs Centers for Community Planning and Development and Economic Development (collectively the “consulting team”) to create a Comprehensive Community Housing Study and Needs Analysis (“study”). As stated in the request for proposals, the study has three objectives: • Provide data that can guide public policy decisions in the area of housing and identify proposed action items that can be implemented to ...


Ohio Historic Preservation Tax Credit Economic Impact Study, Iryna Lendel, Candi Clouse, Ellen Cyran, Tatyana Guzman, Merissa Piazza, Stephanie Ryberg Webster, Charlie Post, Kenneth Kalynchuk May 2016

Ohio Historic Preservation Tax Credit Economic Impact Study, Iryna Lendel, Candi Clouse, Ellen Cyran, Tatyana Guzman, Merissa Piazza, Stephanie Ryberg Webster, Charlie Post, Kenneth Kalynchuk

Ellen Cyran

In the sunset of the 1990s and beginning of the Millennium, historic designation of properties has become an important tool increasingly used to preserve cultural heritage, revive central-city neighborhoods, and stimulate community economic development. Many academic studies illustrated that historic preservation has a positive impact on property values (Zahirovic-Herbert and Chatterjee, 2010; Leicheanko et al., 1999; Clark and Herrin, 1997; Schaeffer and Millerick, 1991).1 Since 2005, historic preservation became part of the sustainable growth concept emphasizing property values, the reuse of historic buildings, integration of culture and multi-functional landscapes, and environmental stewardship. There is a scarcity of literature measuring ...


The Urban Density Premium Across Establishments, R. Jason Faberman, Matthew Freedman Apr 2016

The Urban Density Premium Across Establishments, R. Jason Faberman, Matthew Freedman

Matthew Freedman

We use longitudinal establishment data to estimate the urban density premium for U.S. establishments, controlling for observed establishment characteristics and dynamic establishment behavior. Consistent with previous studies, we find an elasticity of average establishment earnings with respect to metropolitan area population of 0.03, controlling for the endogeneity of location and establishment and metropolitan area characteristics. More importantly, we find that the estimated density premium is realized almost entirely at entry and is constant over an establishment’s life. We find little evidence that the endogenous entry or exit of establishments can account for any of the estimated density ...


Boise Bike Share Location Analysis, Thomas Wuerzer, Susan Mason, Riley Youngerman Apr 2016

Boise Bike Share Location Analysis, Thomas Wuerzer, Susan Mason, Riley Youngerman

Thomas Wuerzer

In consultation with the Central District Health Department, the Community and Regional Planning program conducted a bike share analysis that locates and optimizes the number of bikes and bike share stations for a 2.25-mile radius in the Downtown Boise area. After examining several bike share projects in other cities and studies of their methodologies two analyses from Seattle, Washington and Los Angeles County, California proved helpful in developing the Boise Bike Share Location Analysis. Using GIS optimization analysis to determine the optimal number of bikes and bike stations resulted in 140 bikes and 14 stations as the optimal finding.


Wayfinding In Boise, Thomas Wuerzer, Cherilyn Blender, Bradley Clark, Breland Draper, Paul Morrow, Andrew Mitzel, Alisha Peña Apr 2016

Wayfinding In Boise, Thomas Wuerzer, Cherilyn Blender, Bradley Clark, Breland Draper, Paul Morrow, Andrew Mitzel, Alisha Peña

Thomas Wuerzer

This document reviews the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats of wayfinding within the Boise and downtown areas. This project was done in coordination with the City of Boise Parks & Recreation (Boise P&R) Department as an in-class Service Learning component of the Community and Regional Planning course “CRP 503 Plan Making and Implementation” at Boise State University. The purpose of this project is to develop a quality set of findings and recommendations that adhere to accepted planning processes and sound methodology. The goal from the onset is to develop content that is broad-based, all-inclusive, and will be helpful to Boise ...


Advocacy In Action: Understanding The Influence Of Advocacy Organizations On Local Affordable Housing Policy In The U.S., Anaid Yerena Apr 2016

Advocacy In Action: Understanding The Influence Of Advocacy Organizations On Local Affordable Housing Policy In The U.S., Anaid Yerena

Anaid Yerena

This research examined the factors affecting city support for affordable housing. Specifically, it sought to better understand the influence of advocacy organizations on city affordable housing spending decisions (using HCD expenditures as the dependent variable).


Evaluating The Policy–Practice Gap In A Transitional Housing Program An Innovation In Process Evaluation, Jessica Perez, Anaid Yerena Apr 2016

Evaluating The Policy–Practice Gap In A Transitional Housing Program An Innovation In Process Evaluation, Jessica Perez, Anaid Yerena

Anaid Yerena

In the United States, in 2013, 610,042 people were estimated homeless in one night. Improving the effectiveness of homeless assistance programs, particularly aligning programs’ practices with their goals, is critical to serving this population. Using a theory that predicts homeless exits, this study presents an innovative, low-cost evaluation tool that can be used by a wide range of human service providers to conduct more frequent “in-house” process evaluations. The Gap Assessment of Policy and Practice (GAPP) tool streamlines process evaluations thus improving social programs. To test this tool’s effectiveness, we compared the results of a traditional process evaluation ...