Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Urban Studies and Planning Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Selected Works

2013

PDF

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication

Articles 1 - 30 of 177

Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

A Reinventar Las Fiestas, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq. Dec 2013

A Reinventar Las Fiestas, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.

Fernando Carrión Mena

El orden y la ritualidad de las fiestas -originalmente de base ciudadana- empiezan a ser regulados municipalmente


Landfills – Territorial Issues Of Cities From North-East Region, Romania, Florin C. Mihai, Pavel Ichim Dec 2013

Landfills – Territorial Issues Of Cities From North-East Region, Romania, Florin C. Mihai, Pavel Ichim

Florin C MIHAI

Landfilling prevails in waste management options in Romania like others new EU members, being contrary to the concept of waste hierarchy promoted in recent years by EC. Waste disposal is done usually in non-compliant landfills and Government established a program to close these sites. This paper aims to analyse the transition from traditional waste management systems to an integrated system at national, regional and local scale. Assessment of landfills location based on buffer analysis (using GIS techniques) is made according to the proximity of five critical factors (CF) such as: residential area, industry & commercial units, agricultural lands, rivers & lakes, forest ...


Improving Supports For Youth Of Color Traumatized By Violence, Rhonda Tsoi-A-Fatt Bryant, Robert Phillips Dec 2013

Improving Supports For Youth Of Color Traumatized By Violence, Rhonda Tsoi-A-Fatt Bryant, Robert Phillips

Rhonda Tsoi-A-Fatt Bryant

No abstract provided.


Homelessness Research: Shaping Policy And Practice, Now And Into The Future, Dennis P. Culhane, Vince R. Kane, Mark Johnston Nov 2013

Homelessness Research: Shaping Policy And Practice, Now And Into The Future, Dennis P. Culhane, Vince R. Kane, Mark Johnston

Dennis P. Culhane

As this special issue of the journal well reflects, much progress has been made in homelessness research. That progress has been matched with advances in homelessness policy and programming, nearly all of it informed by the contributions of the research community. While the imperatives of policy-making have required decisions to be made with imperfect knowledge, a substantial enough convergence of theory and evidence has enabled policymakers to shift homelessness policy and practice in important ways. Those shifts have also prefigured some of policymakers’ needs from the research community in the future.


Analysis Of The Spatial And Temporal Dynamics Of Street Hawking: A Case Study Of The Accra Metropolitan Area, Alex Owusu Barimah, Stephen Abrokwah, Stephen Frimpong Nov 2013

Analysis Of The Spatial And Temporal Dynamics Of Street Hawking: A Case Study Of The Accra Metropolitan Area, Alex Owusu Barimah, Stephen Abrokwah, Stephen Frimpong

Stephen Frimpong

To the street hawker, it is a means of making a living but to the managers of the metropolis, street hawking is a menace. These differences in perception have led to a game plan tied to spatio-temporal diurnal traffic regimes. While the city authorities plan may be to evict the street hawkers, the plan of the hawkers is to outwit the city authorities through make-shift hawking patterns in order to make a living. The difference in the two positions can be characterized by the city manager’s need for clean and less congested city streets, and the hawker’s desire ...


Walking In The Land Of Cars: Automobile-Pedestrian Accidents In Hillsborough County, Florida, Marc Aaron Poling Nov 2013

Walking In The Land Of Cars: Automobile-Pedestrian Accidents In Hillsborough County, Florida, Marc Aaron Poling

Marc A Poling

Analyses of traffic accidents are often focused on the characteristics of the accident event and hence do not take into account the broader neighborhood contexts in which accidents are located. This thesis seeks to extend empirical analyses of accidents by understanding the link between accidents and their surroundings. The case study for this thesis is Hillsborough County, Florida, within which the city of Tampa is located. The Tampa Bay region ranks very high in terms of accident rates within U.S. metropolitan areas and is also characterized by transport policies which favor private automobiles over mass transit options, making it ...


“Who Sows Misery Collects Rage:” Cultivating Insurrection In Crisis Barcelona, Justin Ak Helepololei Oct 2013

“Who Sows Misery Collects Rage:” Cultivating Insurrection In Crisis Barcelona, Justin Ak Helepololei

Justin AK Helepololei

Barcelona as cosmopolitan, business hub and tourist destination can seem the antithesis of popular, anticapitalist struggle. And yet a walk through the city reveals a diffusion of efforts to resurrect Barcelona's insurrectionary past. Forms of embodied contestation are increasingly common features of the urban landscape: loud marches defend squatted social centers as displaced families take back bank-owned apartments. Protesters armed with pots and pans occupy schools and hospitals, draping building facades with banners explaining this endless economic downturn “no és crisi, és capitalisme!” While the spectacular encampments of Spain's 15M movement have been long evicted from public plazas ...


Kalama's Front Yard: A Preliminary Waterfront Site Plan For The Port Of Kalama, Kenneth Rencher, Michelle Miller, Lisa Hendriksen, Leslie Hamilton Oct 2013

Kalama's Front Yard: A Preliminary Waterfront Site Plan For The Port Of Kalama, Kenneth Rencher, Michelle Miller, Lisa Hendriksen, Leslie Hamilton

Michelle Miller

The Kalama Waterfront Preliminary Site Plan sets the groundwork and approach for development of an underutilized 33-acre tract owned by the Port of Kalama. The Plan is intended for the Port of Kalama to use as a starting point for waterfront development. The Plan and implementation strategies will aid the Port by providing a conceptual view of the waterfront and a process by which to begin putting the vision of Kalama's Front Yard in motion. This project was conducted under the supervision of Sy Adler, Deborah Howe, Connie Ozawa, and Sumner Sharpe.


Parcel-Level Redevelopment Strategies For Distressed Neighborhoods, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Justin Hollander Oct 2013

Parcel-Level Redevelopment Strategies For Distressed Neighborhoods, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Justin Hollander

Michael P. Johnson

Certain distressed neighborhoods cannot support traditional residential-focused development. For these communities, we develop decision models for acquisition and redevelopment of chronically vacant lands and structures for primarily non-residential and greening uses. We address social benefits and costs of redevelopment strategies, parcel clustering to exploit economies of scale, and conflicting values among stakeholders. We illustrate our models using data from Baltimore, MD.


Utopia And Bureaucracy: The Fall Of Rajneeshpuram, Oregon, Carl Abbott Oct 2013

Utopia And Bureaucracy: The Fall Of Rajneeshpuram, Oregon, Carl Abbott

Carl Abbott

During 1981-1985, the followers of Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh built a large utopian community in eastern Oregon's solitude and named it Rajneeshpuram. While Rajneeshpuram appeared to be physically isolated and removed from government intervention, it was actually embedded in a dense system of laws and bureaucratic regulations, quite within reach of local, state, and national bureaucracies. It was this ability of the local and state regulators to limit the development that was one of the major factors for the sudden collapse of Rajneeshpuram in the fall of 1985. Other contributing factors were the growing disaffection and factionalism within the commune ...


United States Regional History As An Instructional Field: The Practice Of College And University History Departments, Carl Abbott Oct 2013

United States Regional History As An Instructional Field: The Practice Of College And University History Departments, Carl Abbott

Carl Abbott

In one sense, American history is "a sequential process of regional development marked by a persistent tension between regional cultures and economic interests and integrative national institutions and values." Since the 1890's, regional history has been an active enterprise supported by academic instruction, leading university presses, specialized journals, and professional organizations. A survey of college and university departments of history yielded data to analyze the present ambiguous position of regional history within the evolving discipline of American historical studies.


Community-Based Analytics: Big Data And Decision Making For Community-Based Organizations, Michael P. Johnson Jr. Oct 2013

Community-Based Analytics: Big Data And Decision Making For Community-Based Organizations, Michael P. Johnson Jr.

Michael P. Johnson

Community-based organizations face significant challenges in identifying data needs, and assembling data resources for service provision, strategy design and advocacy. We develop principles by which CBOs can develop and share large datasets in order to formulate and solve decision problems that improve the well-being of localized, often marginalized or distressed communities. We illustrate these ideas using field research from Boston, MA.


Descargas Realizadas Del Blog Hasta El 4 De Octubre De 2013, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq. Oct 2013

Descargas Realizadas Del Blog Hasta El 4 De Octubre De 2013, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.

Fernando Carrión Mena

Descargas realizadas del blog hasta el 4 de octubre de 2013


Tablero De Control Para La Gestión Por Objetivos Y Resultados En La Provincia De Buenos Aires: Anteproyecto Para El Organismo De Control Del Agua De Buenos Aires (Ocaba), Federico Del Giorgio Solfa Sep 2013

Tablero De Control Para La Gestión Por Objetivos Y Resultados En La Provincia De Buenos Aires: Anteproyecto Para El Organismo De Control Del Agua De Buenos Aires (Ocaba), Federico Del Giorgio Solfa

Federico Del Giorgio Solfa

Este trabajo tiene la finalidad de difundir el anteproyecto de un sistema de apoyo a la toma de decisiones, que se desarrolló para la Gerencia de Atención al Usuario y Control Operativo del Servicio, del Organismo de Control del Agua de Buenos Aires. El mismo, está orientado a monitorear la gestión de reclamos de usuarios y el funcionamiento y modernización de sus departamentos regionales.


El Organismo De Control Del Agua De Buenos Aires: Funcionamiento Y Organización Territorial En Perspectiva De La Regionalización Bonaerense, Federico Del Giorgio Solfa, Alfonso Roberto González Sep 2013

El Organismo De Control Del Agua De Buenos Aires: Funcionamiento Y Organización Territorial En Perspectiva De La Regionalización Bonaerense, Federico Del Giorgio Solfa, Alfonso Roberto González

Federico Del Giorgio Solfa

Este trabajo tiene como objetivo dar cuenta sobre los antecedentes y perspectivas de impulso de las regiones y/o delegaciones del Organismo de Control del Agua de Buenos Aires (OCABA), como así también, examinar los criterios de delegación y/o regionalización con las funciones que, por norma, pudieran habérseles asignado. Entre los principales desafíos asumidos, intentamos realizar un análisis de los principales hitos normativos que fueron modificando el accionar de los distintos organismos que evolucionaron hasta originar el OCABA. Asimismo, se mostrarán mapas de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, donde se indicarán las regiones asignadas por las diferentes normativas y ...


The Question Of Legacy And The 2008 Olympic Games: An Exploration Of Post-Games Utilization Of Olympic Sport Venues In Beijing, Xiaowei Yu Sep 2013

The Question Of Legacy And The 2008 Olympic Games: An Exploration Of Post-Games Utilization Of Olympic Sport Venues In Beijing, Xiaowei Yu

Xiaowei Yu

The last two decades have seen more and more cities joining the competitions for hosting the Olympic Games, resulting in soaring investments, both public and private, in Olympic-related projects. The Olympic Games have become a two-week gigantic event with tremendous costs burdening host cities. Meanwhile, the last three decades have witnessed underused facilities and lack of financial support for maintenance of the Olympic venues after the Games. Based on previous literature, the “white elephant” effect has happened in every Olympic city during the last twenty years. In terms of Beijing, scholars have yet to substantially investigate the post-Games utilization of ...


Revitalizing Distressed Older Suburbs, Kathryn W. Hexter, Edward W. Hill, Brian A. Mikelbank, Benjamin Y. Clark, Charles Post Sep 2013

Revitalizing Distressed Older Suburbs, Kathryn W. Hexter, Edward W. Hill, Brian A. Mikelbank, Benjamin Y. Clark, Charles Post

Benjamin Y. Clark

No abstract provided.


Urban Property Development In Malaysia: The Impact Of Chinese And Malay Conceptions Of Space, Hans-Dieter Evers Sep 2013

Urban Property Development In Malaysia: The Impact Of Chinese And Malay Conceptions Of Space, Hans-Dieter Evers

Hans-Dieter Evers

In the past 30 years Peninsular Malaysia has undergone rapid urbanization from 34% urban population in 1980 to 71% in 2010. This has created an unprecedented building boom, leading to the rise of large construction companies. This chapter is going to argue that next to the political economy of ethnicity the cultural conceptions of space will have a decisive impact on the process of urbanization. The physical city-scape of Malaysian urban areas in turn will determine the everyday life and the employment opportunities of all Malaysians.


Are Green Cities Nice Places To Live? Examining The Link Between Urban Sustainability And Quality Of Life, David S. Bieri Sep 2013

Are Green Cities Nice Places To Live? Examining The Link Between Urban Sustainability And Quality Of Life, David S. Bieri

David S Bieri

The growing importance of nonmarket assets such as the environment, combined with the unprecedented availability of high-resolution data, has renewed broad interest in quantifying sustainability at different spatial levels. Policy-related decision making requires that potential sustainability measures meet three key requirements; (i) sustainability metrics need to be comprehensive such that they reflect the experience of representative households; (ii) sustainability indices need to be comparable across different geographic scales, and; (iii) measures of sustainability need to be economically meaningful, ideally tying into the larger system of national accounts. However, conventional sustainability indices do not tend to meet these criteria, rendering them ...


Teaching Planners To Deal : The Pedagogical Value Of A (Simulated) Economic Development Negotiation, Laura Wolf-Powers Aug 2013

Teaching Planners To Deal : The Pedagogical Value Of A (Simulated) Economic Development Negotiation, Laura Wolf-Powers

Laura Wolf-Powers

Three decades after planners in North America and Europe began adopting the public–private partnership approach, such arrangements have become the norm in urban redevelopment and city-building. As a result, when teaching real estate development as a facet of urban economic development, academic practitioners of planning face an uneasy dichotomy between deliberation—which embraces the “plannerly” virtues of inclusivity and participation—and negotiation, the procedural vocabulary of public–private contracting. This dichotomy is felt acutely by instructors who are interested in incorporating principles of equity and social justice into redevelopment pedagogy.

This paper describes a classroom exercise in which students ...


Feasibility Study Of Consolidating Public Safety Answering Points In South Euclid, Beachwood, Euclid, Shaker Heights, And University Heights, Ohio, Daila Shimek, Kyle Johnson, Eugene L. Kramer, Nathaniel Neider Aug 2013

Feasibility Study Of Consolidating Public Safety Answering Points In South Euclid, Beachwood, Euclid, Shaker Heights, And University Heights, Ohio, Daila Shimek, Kyle Johnson, Eugene L. Kramer, Nathaniel Neider

Daila Shimek

The study conducted by the Center for Public Management (PM) found that, for two of three scenarios analyzed, it is legally, technologically, and financially feasible to consolidate public safety answering points (PSAPs) in South Euclid, Beachwood, Euclid, Shaker Heights, and University Heights, Ohio. Of the scenarios found feasible, the study estimates a decrease in costs ranging from almost $687,700 to $1.1 million, depending upon the configuration of the PSAP. When factoring in capital costs, the savings ranges from $555,000 to $898,000, but lead to an increase in costs of $189,000 in a PSAP dispatching for ...


Feasibility Study For Consolidation Of Public Safety Answering Points In Perry County Ohio, Daila Shimek, Kyle Johnson, Eugune L. Kramer, Patrick Johnson, Nat Neider Jul 2013

Feasibility Study For Consolidation Of Public Safety Answering Points In Perry County Ohio, Daila Shimek, Kyle Johnson, Eugune L. Kramer, Patrick Johnson, Nat Neider

Daila Shimek

This report provides an assessment of the feasibility of consolidation of the public safety answering points (PSAPS’s) in Perry County, Ohio and the Village of New Lexington (in Perry County), Ohio. The report describes the methodology used to assess the feasibility of consolidating these PSAPs. The findings are that consolidation of PSAPs and dispatch services among the participating entities would not be feasible if the decision is made purely on costs. However, a consolidated PSAP would reduce the duplication of services and redundant capital projects. This in turn would free up funds to maintain and replace capital items as ...


Predictors Of Cycling In College Students, Lynda B. Ransdell, Susan G. Mason, Thomas Wuerzer, Ka Man Leung Jul 2013

Predictors Of Cycling In College Students, Lynda B. Ransdell, Susan G. Mason, Thomas Wuerzer, Ka Man Leung

Thomas Wuerzer

Objectives: To (1) assess cycling-related questions that have been added to the electronic version of the American College Health Association National College Health Assessment II (ACHA-NCHA), (2) examine cycling prevalence, and (3) identify predictors of cycling in college students. Participants: Predominately female (69%), undergraduate (89%), and white (85%) students (N = 949) from a large, urban, northwestern, bicycle-friendly university completed the electronic version of the ACHA-NCHA II. Methods: Thirty cycling-related questions were added to the ACHA-NCHA II and a subsample of questions was analyzed. Results: Cycling questions added to the ACHA-NCHA II scale were reliable and valid, based on the psychometric ...


Global Cities Are Coastal Cities Too: Paradox In Sustainability?, Herman L. Boschken Jul 2013

Global Cities Are Coastal Cities Too: Paradox In Sustainability?, Herman L. Boschken

Herman L. Boschken

Worldwide, most global cities are located in coastal zones, but a paradox of sustainability is especially striking for American global cities. This article examines such paradox drawn between globalization-induced development and coastal ecosystems. It focuses on two developmental components found principally in global cities: (1) the agglomeration of foreign waterborne commerce and global business services and (2) the accelerated activity and mobility habits of a global professional class. Despite formidable gaps in research, some anecdotal evidence suggests unique hazards exist for the coastal ecology as globalization pressures expand a global city’s urban footprint.


Brasil: Los Hijos Del Pt, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq. Jun 2013

Brasil: Los Hijos Del Pt, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.

Fernando Carrión Mena

Desde el día lunes 11 de junio pasado se han presentado en varias ciudades brasileñas un conjunto de manifestaciones masivas caracterizadas por su espontaneidad: ausencia de liderazgo, de organizaciones, demandas plurales y difusas, así como carencia de un nombre con el que se auto identifiquen. Por eso los medios de comunicación no han tenido más remedio que bautizarlo como los “indignados” brasileños o la “primavera tropical”… El detonante de este proceso fue el incremento en 10 centavos de dólar al pasaje del transporte urbano, justo en el momento que empezaba la Copa de Confederaciones de Fútbol, como antesala de la ...


Ethics, Ethics Rules And Professional Behavior, Jaap Vos Jun 2013

Ethics, Ethics Rules And Professional Behavior, Jaap Vos

Jacobus J. "Jaap" Vos

Basic introduction one ethics and the AICP Code of Ethics.


Crisis Del Fútbol: Una Oportunidad, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq. Jun 2013

Crisis Del Fútbol: Una Oportunidad, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.

Fernando Carrión Mena

En estos últimos 12 años el fútbol ecuatoriano ha logrado éxitos deportivos nunca antes vistos a nivel internacional, tanto con selecciones como con clubes. También se observa un importante crecimiento económico en el fútbol nacional: mientras la economía nacional crece a una tasa promedio en los últimos cuatro años a un ritmo del 5%, la del fútbol lo ha hecho al 8%. Sin embargo de esta realidad deportiva y económica, en el ámbito administrativo y financiero de los clubes se observa una situación compleja: modelos de gestión anacrónicos, desequilibrios entre ingresos y egresos, y ausencia de transparencia en el manejo ...


Uplifting: Improvements In Boston Area Client Well-Being, Ryan Kling, Lisa Kalimon, Tanya Stepasiuk, Bukola Usidame, Ryan Mclane, Ryan Whalen, Ana Maria Sanchez, Michael P. Johnson Jr. Jun 2013

Uplifting: Improvements In Boston Area Client Well-Being, Ryan Kling, Lisa Kalimon, Tanya Stepasiuk, Bukola Usidame, Ryan Mclane, Ryan Whalen, Ana Maria Sanchez, Michael P. Johnson Jr.

Michael P. Johnson

LIFT-Boston, a local non-profit organization, entered into a collaborative partnership in September 2012 with McCormack Graduate School Public Policy Ph.D. students and faculty to develop and execute a research project. The goals of this endeavor were to assist LIFT-Boston in understanding the outcomes associated with its services and enable the organization to further pursue service goals. The primary research questions respond to the organization’s most fundamental questions. These include how the organization’s unique service model impacts clients across several objective and subjective dimensions of well-being. Secondary questions focus on how these impacts may translate into increases or ...


Community Commons: An Analysis Of The Gullah Communities Of South Carolina, Elizabeth Brabec Jun 2013

Community Commons: An Analysis Of The Gullah Communities Of South Carolina, Elizabeth Brabec

Elizabeth Brabec

Descended from slaves brought to the southeast United States between the early 17th and mid 19th centuries, the Gullah-Geechee of South Carolina and Georgia in the United States, have developed distinctive, culturally-expressive creole communities. Juxtaposed against their ancestor’s plantation slave villages, present-day settlements reveal deliberate creations of community and strong connections to place. The Gullah concept of place and community also includes an understanding of the land as commons that is at odds with the dominant culture in the United States.Under slavery the Gullah lived in rigidly geometric settlements. Although this was the only settlement pattern the slaves ...


Turismo En Quito: 2008-2012, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq. May 2013

Turismo En Quito: 2008-2012, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.

Fernando Carrión Mena

Quito busca posicionarse como una ciudad de destino turístico en relación a tres funciones que atraen personas desde afuera de la urbe: el centro histórico como Patrimonio de la Humanidad, la mitad del mundo que es una determinación de la geografía planetaria y la concentración de las oficinas y aparatos del sector público gracias a su condición de capital. A estas funciones de destino turístico habrá que añadir que se trata de un lugar enclavado en una geografía llamativa con la presencia del volcán Pichincha, del Panecillo y de la irregularidad de su territorio, que le otorgan una personalidad propia ...