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Selected Works

2007

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Articles 1 - 30 of 76

Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

The People's Plan For Overcoming The Hurricane Katrina Blues - Summary, Michelle M. Thompson Nov 2007

The People's Plan For Overcoming The Hurricane Katrina Blues - Summary, Michelle M. Thompson

Dr. Michelle M. Thompson, GISP, FRGS

The Peoples’ Plan is a strategic action plan for the recovery of the 9th Ward. We’ve created it based on conversations with residents – some struggling to return home, others intent on remaining in a neighborhood that has always been there own. The Peoples’ Plan provides a thorough assessment of what must be done to provide recovery in one of the hardest hit areas of the City, and provides a recovery model for all badly flooded areas. Our Plan seeks to transform the 9th Ward as it is rebuilt. The proposed transformation will be resident-driven and will provide improved employment ...


Saving The Inner Suburbs, Michael E Lewyn Nov 2007

Saving The Inner Suburbs, Michael E Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

While Jacksonville's older, more walkable neighborhoods and its newest suburbs have been thriving, its 1950s and 1960s suburbs have been declining. This article analyzes the causes of (and possible solutions to) this problem.


R&D Policy In The United States: The Promotion Of Nanotechnology, Philip Shapira, Jue Wang Nov 2007

R&D Policy In The United States: The Promotion Of Nanotechnology, Philip Shapira, Jue Wang

Philip Shapira

This case study reviews the evolution of nanotechnology policies and programmes in the United States with a particular focus on three thematic areas: governance, interactions among R&D policies, and interaction between R&D policy and non-R&D policies. Federal R&D policy in nanotechnology has moved through several stages, including initial exploration before the 1980s, the promotion of scientific and technological breakthroughs in the 1980s, policy development in the 1990s and multiagency national initiatives in the 2000s. Since 2001, the major federal R&D policy mechanism in nanotechnology in the US has been the National Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI). NNI ...


El Desafío Político De Gobernar La Ciudad, Fernando Carrión Mena Nov 2007

El Desafío Político De Gobernar La Ciudad, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

Las ciudades latinoamericanas están cambiando. De la «ciudad frontera», con una lógica de urbanización basada en la expansión de las periferias y la metropolización industrial, se ha pasado a una «ciudad en red», resultado de la globalización, la reforma del Estado y los cambios demográficos. En este nuevo contexto, se perciben en la región dos modelos políticos de gobierno de la ciudad: el de la ciudad empresarial privada, que recurre al mercado para inyectarle eficiencia a la gestión urbana, y el de la ciudad inclusiva, basada en una revalorización del espacio público y la promoción de derechos. La exitosa experiencia ...


Defining A Research Domain In An Emerging Technology: Vaccine Research In The State Of Georgia, Shannon Barker, Jan Youtie, Philip Shapira Oct 2007

Defining A Research Domain In An Emerging Technology: Vaccine Research In The State Of Georgia, Shannon Barker, Jan Youtie, Philip Shapira

Philip Shapira

This paper presents an approach for measuring emerging technologies in the context of mature industries. In particular, this article focuses on vaccine-related research. Although vaccines comprise an established industry, new developments in biotechnology have led to emerging area in vaccine R&D, including therapeutic vaccines; subunit and DNA-based vaccines; advances in vaccine delivery; and new methodologies for vaccine design, manufacturing, and testing. Defining this field is challenging because it spans multiple disciplines, including biotechnology, public health, and epidemiology. To gain an understanding of the field as it is related to biomedical research, we focused our study parameters to concentrate on these aspects of vaccine ...


Interrogatorio A La Descentralización Latinoamericana, Fernando Carrión Mena Oct 2007

Interrogatorio A La Descentralización Latinoamericana, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

En América Latina, el proceso de descentralización se inició con el quiebre de aguas que significó el retomo a la democracia, producido a fines de la década de los setenta y principios de la de los ochenta. Esto quiere decir que su existencia tiene no menos de 25 años, que nació de la mano de la redemocratización y que, por lo tanto, éste debería ser su signo.

Sin embargo, la descentralización también fue contemporánea de dos procesos simultáneos de reforma del Estado: el uno, de carácter político, que impulsó la llamada gobernabilidad por medio del fortalecimiento del presidencialismo y por ...


Transformaciones Urbanas: 25 Años Después, Fernando Carrión Mena Oct 2007

Transformaciones Urbanas: 25 Años Después, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

En este último cuarto de siglo, en que el Diario Hoy ha sido testigo y actor privilegiado del convivir nacional, se ha producido un cambio estructural en el patrón de urbanización del Ecuador y en el desarrollo urbano de sus ciudades, que se puede caracterizar a través de los siguientes cuatro componentes fundamentales: 1. De rural a urbano 2. De municipio a gobierno local 3. De ciudad periférica a ciudad construida 4. La ciudad: un nuevo contexto


The Fall Of The 1977 Phillies: How A Baseball Team's Collapse Sank A City's Spirit, Mitchell J. Nathanson Sep 2007

The Fall Of The 1977 Phillies: How A Baseball Team's Collapse Sank A City's Spirit, Mitchell J. Nathanson

Mitchell J Nathanson

Too often, the Philadelphia sports fan has been dismissed as a lout, a boorish dolt immune to reason, his vocabulary whittled down to a singular “boo.” This is particularly true when it comes to Phillies fans, who are more likely to turn on their team than any other in the city. Although the Eagles, Sixers and Flyers may hear it from the rafters when they’re not going well, only the Phils will hear it when they are. The strained relationship between the city and the Phillies, however, has deep historical and sociological roots; roots that directly correlate with the ...


La Descentralización En El Ecuador: Opciones Comparadas, Fernando Carrión Mena Sep 2007

La Descentralización En El Ecuador: Opciones Comparadas, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

La Sede Ecuador de la Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales (FLACSO) y las instituciones abajo firmantes organizaron en diciembre de 2006, el seminario “Quince años de descentralización y autonomías en Ecuador”, cuyo objetivo central fue realizar un balance del recorrido de esta propuesta de reforma del Estado, y debatir sobre los derroteros previsibles hacia el futuro. La publicación que ahora ponemos a disposición, es producto de esas discusiones y debates.

Este libro aparece en un contexto decisivo en los procesos de descentralización de los países de la región andina, y sobre todo en Ecuador en donde próximamente se dará paso ...


Reforma Policial: ¿Realidad Ineludible De Una Nueva Doctrina De Seguridad?, Fernando Carrión Mena Sep 2007

Reforma Policial: ¿Realidad Ineludible De Una Nueva Doctrina De Seguridad?, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

Un fantasma recorre América Latina: es el fantasma de una nueva doctrina de (in)seguridad. Todas las fuerzas de la vieja América Latina se han unido en esta santa cruzada para acosar juntas a este fantasma: la policía, la justicia, la cárcel, los gobiernos locales; la derecha y la izquierda; los opositores y los gobiernistas, la cooperación internacional y la población.

La población demanda seguridad, los políticos ofrecen su versión más represiva, la cooperación internacional está más presente que nunca, los Estados nacionales y subnacionales incrementan notablemente los recursos6, así como las propuestas de políticas se multiplican. Todos en esta ...


Transformation Of Japan’S Civil Society Landscape, Mary Alice Haddad Aug 2007

Transformation Of Japan’S Civil Society Landscape, Mary Alice Haddad

Mary Alice Haddad

Japan’s civil society is being transformed as more people volunteer for advocacy and professional nonprofit organizations. In the American context, this trend has been accompanied by a decline in participation in traditional organizations. Does the rise in new types of nonprofit groups herald a decline of traditional volunteering in Japan? This article argues that while changes in civil rights, political opportunity structure, and technology have also taken place in Japan, they have contributed to the rise of new groups without causing traditional organizations to decline, because Japanese attitudes about civic responsibility have continued to support traditional volunteering.


Applicability Of Satellite Remote Sensing And Gis Techniques And Ground Data In Watershed Planning: The Case Of Kubili, Nigeria, Olarewaju Oluseyi Ifatimehin Aug 2007

Applicability Of Satellite Remote Sensing And Gis Techniques And Ground Data In Watershed Planning: The Case Of Kubili, Nigeria, Olarewaju Oluseyi Ifatimehin

Olarewaju Oluseyi Ifatimehin

Watershed land and hydrology are resources that are very important in agricultural development. Adequate and proper land use planning and management of these resources is of ultimate importance in sustainable development. In this study remote sensing and Geographic Information System (GIS) techniques were used to generate information on the current status and utilization potentials of the Kubili watershed and generate local specific micro watershed development plans for the area. The study revealed that about 33.25 per cent of the land cover is used for rain fed agriculture that lacks sufficient soil and moisture to support good yield. The drainage ...


Five Myths About Sprawl , Michael E Lewyn Aug 2007

Five Myths About Sprawl , Michael E Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

In Sprawl: A Compact History, Robert Bruegmann, an art historian, has painted a superficially convincing case for the status quo, asserting that sprawl is “a natural result of affluence that occurs in all urbanized societies.” Bruegmann's book has generated glowing media publicity. This article suggests that Bruegmann overestimates the universality of sprawl, by overlooking the differences between pedestrian-friendly cities with some sprawling development and cities in which automobile-dependent sprawl is the only choice available to most consumers. In addition, Bruegmann understates the harmful social effects of sprawl, especially the effect of automobile-dependent development upon non-drivers. Bruegmann also consistently underestimates ...


Web Du Bois And The "Negro Problem": Thoughts On Violence In Philadelphia, Amy Hillier Jul 2007

Web Du Bois And The "Negro Problem": Thoughts On Violence In Philadelphia, Amy Hillier

Amy Hillier

This sermon, delivered at First Unitarian Church of Philadelphia, might also be called "Why a white girl from New Hampshire is studying The Philadelphia Negro." This essay/sermon connects Du Bois's 1896 survey of Philadelphia to the violence currently plaguing Philadelphia.


Chronology Of The Drafting, Review, And Revision Of The Proposed Icomos Charter For The Interpretation And Presentation Of Cultural Heritage Sites, Neil Silberman Jul 2007

Chronology Of The Drafting, Review, And Revision Of The Proposed Icomos Charter For The Interpretation And Presentation Of Cultural Heritage Sites, Neil Silberman

Neil A. Silberman

No abstract provided.


How Government Regulation Forces Americans Into Their Cars: A Case Study, Michael E Lewyn Jun 2007

How Government Regulation Forces Americans Into Their Cars: A Case Study, Michael E Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Shows how zoning law in Jacksonville contributes to automobile dependence.


Spatial Heterogeneity And Transit Use, Bradley W. Lane, Takatsugu Kobayashi Jun 2007

Spatial Heterogeneity And Transit Use, Bradley W. Lane, Takatsugu Kobayashi

Bradley W. Lane

The results of investments in transit and redevelopment vary widely across space. To better understand the investment and use connection, this research analyzes the spatial characteristics of modal choice and land-use locally rather than globally. The proportion of people around stations using transit is modeled as a function of environmental variables, spatial proximity to transit, and spatial autocorrelation among those variables by using geographically weighted regression (GWR) on data from St. Louis, Missouri. The analysis generated spatially variant regression coefficients and R-square values that suggest significant spatial variation in the influence of neighborhood factors on modal choice.


Bibliografia De La Antoni Tapies, Armando Silva May 2007

Bibliografia De La Antoni Tapies, Armando Silva

armando silva

Exposición sobre el proyecto de imaginarios urbanos de armando silva en la fundación Antoni Tapies de Barcelona, mayo del 20007


Bibliografia De La Antoni Tapies, Armando Silva May 2007

Bibliografia De La Antoni Tapies, Armando Silva

armando silva

Exposición sobre el proyecto de imaginarios urbanos de armando silva en la fundación Antoni Tapies de Barcelona, mayo del 20007


¿Por Qué Todos Los Caminos Conducen A La Miseria Del Panóptico?, Fernando Carrión Mena May 2007

¿Por Qué Todos Los Caminos Conducen A La Miseria Del Panóptico?, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

Las libertades públicas y la seguridad ciudadana son dos caras de una misma moneda y son –a su vez- requisitos fundamentales para la convivencia social. Esto significa que son inseparables la una de la otra, en el sentido que hay una relación en la que “la seguridad y el orden son valores subordinados a las libertades” (Agirreazkuenaga, 1995). Pero también quiere decir que el respeto a la precedencia permite la tolerancia y la convivencia.

La seguridad ciudadana, como política pública, no puede limitar las libertades individuales. De allí que ninguna de las tres instituciones públicas como dispositivos disciplinarios (Foucault, 1989 ...


Exploring The Frontiers Of Heritage: Economics, Social Ecology, And Collective Memory, Neil A. Silberman Apr 2007

Exploring The Frontiers Of Heritage: Economics, Social Ecology, And Collective Memory, Neil A. Silberman

Neil A. Silberman

No abstract provided.


Quito: Imagen Urbana, Espacio Público, Memoria E Identidad, Fernando Carrión Mena Apr 2007

Quito: Imagen Urbana, Espacio Público, Memoria E Identidad, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

Quito -como muchas de las urbes- es un palimpsesto, en el sentido que es una ciudad que tiene múltiples y simultáneas huellas superpuestas, todas venidas de los distintos tiempos que encarnan la heterogeneidad del desarrollo urbano. Esta característica ha hecho que propios y extraños construyan diversas y variadas lecturas de Quito, que es -a la vez- única y plural.

Así, tenemos lecturas venidas desde la literatura, donde se puede -a manera de ejemplo- resaltar los trabajos de Jorge Icaza e Iván Egüez sobre personajes urbanos como el Chulla Romero y Flores o La Linares; pero también los de Javier Vásconez ...


Planners Gone Wild: The Overregulation Of Parking, Michael E Lewyn, Shane Cralle Mar 2007

Planners Gone Wild: The Overregulation Of Parking, Michael E Lewyn, Shane Cralle

Michael E Lewyn

A review of Donald Shoup's book, The High Cost of Free Parking (to be published in William Mitchell Law Review).


Watts My Line? Energy Generation Siting Strategies For Urban Areas, Caleb W. Christopher Feb 2007

Watts My Line? Energy Generation Siting Strategies For Urban Areas, Caleb W. Christopher

Caleb W Christopher

The growth of urban areas has historically been both constrained and encouraged by energy and related infrastructure. Varying degrees of regulation have been sought to respond to compelling public safety needs: more recently, modern environmental law system was derived from public conflicts over siting of an energy plant. While the greater urban density offers reduced per-capita energy consumption rates, contemporary urban revitalization has brought a greater amount of people into closer contact with their energy sources. The unique geography, and increased securities needs, of urban areas demand both reliability and local proximity in energy source production. Urban siting issues will ...


Politics And Volunteering In Japan: A Global Perspective, Mary Alice Haddad Feb 2007

Politics And Volunteering In Japan: A Global Perspective, Mary Alice Haddad

Mary Alice Haddad

Politics and Volunteering begins by painting a portrait of volunteering in Japan, and demonstrates that our current understandings of civil society have been based implicitly on a U.S. model that does not adequately consider participation patterns found in other parts of the world. The book develops a theory of civic participation that, incorporates citizen attitudes about governmental and individual responsibility, with societal and governmental practices that support (or hinder) volunteer participation. This theory is tested using cross-national and sub-national statistical analysis, and it is refined through detailed case studies of volunteering in three Japanese cities. The findings are then ...


Cultural Heritage And The Information Technologies: Facing The Grand Challenges And Structural Transformations Of The 21st Century, Neil Silberman Jan 2007

Cultural Heritage And The Information Technologies: Facing The Grand Challenges And Structural Transformations Of The 21st Century, Neil Silberman

Neil A. Silberman

No abstract provided.


"Disparidades Interregionales En México: El Caso De Tamaulipas", Ramiro Esqueda-Walle Jan 2007

"Disparidades Interregionales En México: El Caso De Tamaulipas", Ramiro Esqueda-Walle

Ramiro Esqueda-Walle

*Se proporciona texto completo mediante solicitud.resquedaw@uat.edu.mx
*Full text upon request.resquedaw@uat.edu.mx


El Patrimonio Cultural De La Ciudad De Alicante: Avance Para Un Catálogo. Bienes Inmuebles., Pablo Rosser Jan 2007

El Patrimonio Cultural De La Ciudad De Alicante: Avance Para Un Catálogo. Bienes Inmuebles., Pablo Rosser

pablo rosser

Primer avance de fichas patrimoniales sobre el patrimonio cultural de Alicante, en su aspecto de Bienes inmuebles.


Form And Meaning In The Earliest Cities: A New Approach To Ancient Urban Planning, Michael E. Smith Jan 2007

Form And Meaning In The Earliest Cities: A New Approach To Ancient Urban Planning, Michael E. Smith

Michael E Smith

This paper won the Catherine Bauer Wurster Prize for the “Best Scholarly Article on American Planning History” for 2007 by the Society for American City and Regional Planning History.


Entertainment-Retail Centres In Hong Kong And Los Angeles: Trends And Lessons, Clara Irazabal, Surajit Chakravarty Jan 2007

Entertainment-Retail Centres In Hong Kong And Los Angeles: Trends And Lessons, Clara Irazabal, Surajit Chakravarty

Clara Irazabal

This paper examines the evolution and recent trends in the design of Entertainment Retail Centres (ERCs) in Los Angeles and Hong Kong. Most of the literature on spaces of consumption and leisure deals with economic reasons for the development of these spaces, and with the social, cultural, and political implications of the phenomenon. There are limitations to this approach that this study addresses. First, there has been a lack of attention to processes of globalization in the analysis of these spaces. Furthermore, a largely US-centred approach has left out an understanding of the significance of the ERC phenomenon in other ...