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Intersectionality And Planning At The Margins: Lgbtq Youth Of Color In New York, Clara Irazabal, Claudia Huerta Jan 2015

Intersectionality And Planning At The Margins: Lgbtq Youth Of Color In New York, Clara Irazabal, Claudia Huerta

Clara Irazabal

Through an intersectional lens, this article reflects on the dialog between planning and gender, feminist, and queer studies to analyze the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) youth of color (YOC) community in New York City (NYC). The community is subject to multiple disenfranchisements, given their ethno-racial status, class, age, gender, and sexual orientation. This community's limited access to safe public spaces and amenities, housing, health services, job training, and other opportunities is an urban planning challenge insufficiently understood or addressed. Our methodology includes participant observation and analysis of an LGBTQ YOC tour of West Village in NYC ...


Introduction: What Do We Mean By 'Transbordering Latin Americas', Clara Irazabal Jan 2014

Introduction: What Do We Mean By 'Transbordering Latin Americas', Clara Irazabal

Clara Irazabal

This book, Transbordering Latin Americas: Liminal Places, Cultures, and Powers (T)Here, explores transbordering/transnational Latin American sociocultural and spatial conditions across the globe and across scales—from the gendered and racialized body to the national and transnational arena. What do we mean by “transbordering Latin Americas”? When we use the plural Latin Americas, we purposefully implode the notion of a unified, cohesive, and static Latin America and a corresponding singular identity—a way of being or being perceived as Latin American. The phrase “transbordering Latin Americas” thus comprises instances of that which can be defined as “Latin American” (which ...


Transbordering Planning: Esempi Dalle Americhe Latine, Clara Irazabal Jan 2014

Transbordering Planning: Esempi Dalle Americhe Latine, Clara Irazabal

Clara Irazabal

Le discipline spaziali sono chiamate ad interrogarsi con maggiore attenzione sul ruolo che le dinamiche transnazionali hanno nella configurazione del paesaggio contemporaneo, nelle sue forme urbane, sociali ed identitarie. Lo studio di processi transnazionali del contesto latino-americano, all'interno e al di la delle sue frontiere politiche, sociali, culturali e simboliche, mostra come le popolazioni migranti trascendano, negozino e ridisegnino i confini dei regini di potere esistenti, attraverso le proprie pratiche abitative e di mobilita a diverse scale. Transbordering Latin Amercias, ultimo progetto del Latin Lab della Columbia University, presenta una serie di ricerche che ragionano sulla diffusione globale d ...


Desenho Urbano, Planejamento E Politicas De Desenvolvimento Em Curitiba, Clara Irazabal Jan 2013

Desenho Urbano, Planejamento E Politicas De Desenvolvimento Em Curitiba, Clara Irazabal

Clara Irazabal

Durante as últimas décadas, Curitiba tem sido referenciada como uma “cidade modelo” ambientalmente sustentável e um notável exemplo tanto de um processo de planejamento urbano bemsucedido como de uma ampla coleção de projetos de desenho urbano atraentes, inovadores, funcionais, econômicos e replicáveis. Este capítulo examina projetos de desenvolvimento urbano em Curitiba desde os anos 1960 e apresenta várias razões pelas quais a cidade merece louvor: o competente e contínuo processo de planejamento garantiu a eficiência do transporte público, a preservação histórica e cultural, a revitalização do Centro e a prioridade à circulação de pedestres, programas ambientais eficazes e uma série ...


Desenho Urbano, Planejamento E Politicas De Desenvolvimento Em Curitiba, Clara Irazabal Jan 2013

Desenho Urbano, Planejamento E Politicas De Desenvolvimento Em Curitiba, Clara Irazabal

Clara Irazabal

Durante as últimas décadas, Curitiba tem sido referenciada como uma “cidade modelo” ambientalmente sustentável e um notável exemplo tanto de um processo de planejamento urbano bemsucedido como de uma ampla coleção de projetos de desenho urbano atraentes, inovadores, funcionais, econômicos e replicáveis. Este capítulo examina projetos de desenvolvimento urbano em Curitiba desde os anos 1960 e apresenta várias razões pelas quais a cidade merece louvor: o competente e contínuo processo de planejamento garantiu a eficiência do transporte público, a preservação histórica e cultural, a revitalização do Centro e a prioridade à circulação de pedestres, programas ambientais eficazes e uma série ...


Historical Overview Of Latinos And Planning In The Southwest: 1900 To The Present, Clara Irazabal, Ramzi Farhat Jan 2012

Historical Overview Of Latinos And Planning In The Southwest: 1900 To The Present, Clara Irazabal, Ramzi Farhat

Clara Irazabal

The historical experience of Latino communities is marked by segregation, poverty, and discrimination. Through a critical understanding of the effects of cultural, economic, and governance processes on urbanization patterns, placemakers start to reverse these effects in the contemporary moment. This chapter presents an account of the challenges, opportunities, and agents of change in the three historical periods of pre-Second World War, post-war, and in contemporary Latino communities, with a focus on Mexican Americans in the US Southwest.1 As with black communities in the South, for decades urban planning facilitated the segregationist management of Latino neighborhoods and proceeded unabated through ...


Studio Report: Porto Maravilha: Planning For Inclusive Communities In Rio De Janeiro's Port Area, Clara Irazabal, Alejandro De Castro-Mazarro, Claudia P. Huerta, Rosemary R. Bolich, Millay Kogan, Max B. Podemski, Daleen Saah, Jordan Harrison Salinger, Sarah Welton, May Yu Jan 2012

Studio Report: Porto Maravilha: Planning For Inclusive Communities In Rio De Janeiro's Port Area, Clara Irazabal, Alejandro De Castro-Mazarro, Claudia P. Huerta, Rosemary R. Bolich, Millay Kogan, Max B. Podemski, Daleen Saah, Jordan Harrison Salinger, Sarah Welton, May Yu

Clara Irazabal

The Porto Maravilha Studio represents the work of seven Masters in Urban Planning students from Columbia University Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation with the guidance of their instructors. In Spring 2012, the studio worked in collaboration with the Municipal Secretary of Housing of Rio de Janeiro (Secretaria Municipal de Habitação, or SMH) to analyze opportunities for incorporating affordable and inclusionary housing in the urban redevelopment plans of Rio de Janeiro’s historic port area. Rio will host a number of mega-events in the next five years, including the 2014 FIFA World Cup and 2016 Summer Olympics Games, and ...


Immigration And Integration Religious And Political Activism For/With Immigrants In Los Angeles, Clara Irazabal Jan 2011

Immigration And Integration Religious And Political Activism For/With Immigrants In Los Angeles, Clara Irazabal

Clara Irazabal

Although the role of religion in the lives of immigrants has recently been a subject of interest by scholars, there has not been much focus on the importance of the religio-political activism of faith-based and community organizations in favour of immigrants. This article focuses on a religious congregation, Immanuel Presbyterian Church, and a community-organizing network, the Salvadoran American National Association, to demonstrate how religion is actively promoting and aiding political engagement on behalf of and with immigrants in Los Angeles, with a particular, although not exclusive, focus on immigrants of Latino origin, who comprise the lion’s share of immigrants ...


Transforming Subjectivities: Service That Expands Learning In Urban Planning, Clara Irazabal, Susan C. Harris Jan 2011

Transforming Subjectivities: Service That Expands Learning In Urban Planning, Clara Irazabal, Susan C. Harris

Clara Irazabal

In a recent service-learning course we taught at the University of Southern California (USC), our goal was the 'transformation of subjectivity", as students traversed their own paths from students to professionals, learners to doers and coeducators, and from experts to collaborators. Our intent was to minimize the boundaries separating classroom and community. We encouraged students to bridge the gap between disciplines (urban planning, public policy, public management, public administration, and real estate) and sought to help them become collaborative and socially responsible professionals. We also tried to change the role that community partners usually play in service-learning partnership. Many public ...


Development And Cooperation At A Crossroads: Between Shattered Dreams And A Just World, Clara Irazabal Jan 2011

Development And Cooperation At A Crossroads: Between Shattered Dreams And A Just World, Clara Irazabal

Clara Irazabal

The preface of the book "Reflections on Development and Cooperation," published by the Program of Development and Cooperation at Universitat Internacional de Calalunya.


Review Of Taming The Disorderly City: The Spatial Landscape Of Johannesburg After Apartheid, By Martin J. Murray, Clara Irazabal Jan 2011

Review Of Taming The Disorderly City: The Spatial Landscape Of Johannesburg After Apartheid, By Martin J. Murray, Clara Irazabal

Clara Irazabal

Murray has produced a mesmerizing account of Johannesburg as an iconic neoliberal city of despicable inequality and polarization. According to his portrayal, the blatantly racist spatial regime of apartheid Johannesburg has given way, in the post-apartheid era, to a classist spatial war against the poor.


Ethnoscapes, Clara Irazabal Jan 2011

Ethnoscapes, Clara Irazabal

Clara Irazabal

Although the urban planning and design literature extensively explores the intersection of race and space, much less work has been done on the study of ethnicity and space, an interrelation I refer to as producting ethnoscapes. This chapter discusses the emergence of ethnoscapes as contemporary spatial typologies, heightened by the new global socio-economic order. The chapter analyzes different processes of ethnicization of space, particularly focusing on Latina/o ethnoscapes in the United States. Latina/os have distinctively used processes of territorializing, regulating, and symbolizing place to sustain distinctive communities flavored by ethnic business and social associations (Arreola 2002; Aguilar San ...


Golden Geese Or White Elephants? The Paradoxes Of World Heritage Sites And Community-Based Tourism Development In Agra, India, Clara Irazabal, Surajit Chakravarty Jan 2011

Golden Geese Or White Elephants? The Paradoxes Of World Heritage Sites And Community-Based Tourism Development In Agra, India, Clara Irazabal, Surajit Chakravarty

Clara Irazabal

This study examines the relationship between World Heritage Sites (WHSs) and local community development in Agra, India. We investigate two interrelated themes: the role of planning in developing the tourism potential of the Taj Mahal and other WHSs in Agra, and the impact of the WHS framework on the development of the city. We analyze the weaknesses of the institutions and agencies responsible for Agra’s inability to convert the development potential created by its three WHSs into significant economic, community and infrastructure improvements. The Agra case reveals a set of developmental paradoxes, whereby the restructuring of the tourist industry ...


Right To The Suburb? Rethinking Lefebvre And Immigrant Activism, Clara Irazabal, Genevieve Carpio, Laura Pulido Dec 2010

Right To The Suburb? Rethinking Lefebvre And Immigrant Activism, Clara Irazabal, Genevieve Carpio, Laura Pulido

Clara Irazabal

In the face of increasing migration by Latinos to suburbs and multi-scalar policies criminalizing immigrants, municipalities are increasingly confronting the question, Who has the Right to the Suburb? We seek to better understand how the tensions between suburbanites and Latino immigrants are addressed by municipal governments as immigration enforcement is increasingly rescaled to the local level. Case studies of Maywood and Costa Mesa in Southern California suggest responses are by no means similar and can actually be contrasting, given the city’s historical trajectories, socio-economic status, political leadership, and networks of activists. Suburban struggles are often assumed to be conservative ...


Review Of Immigration And Integration In Urban Communities: Renegotiating The City, Ed. Lisa Hanley, Blair Ruble, And Allison Garland, Clara Irazabal Jan 2010

Review Of Immigration And Integration In Urban Communities: Renegotiating The City, Ed. Lisa Hanley, Blair Ruble, And Allison Garland, Clara Irazabal

Clara Irazabal

This book challenges the prevailing, counterpoising paradigms of immigration studies and integration strategies -- multiculturalism and assimilationism -- by noting that host communities are not as static and migrants are constantly evolving, reacting and adapting to each other.


The Scheherazade Syndrome: Fiction And Fact In Dubai’S Quest To Become A Global City, Clara Irazabal, Alamira Hashim, Greta Byrum Jan 2010

The Scheherazade Syndrome: Fiction And Fact In Dubai’S Quest To Become A Global City, Clara Irazabal, Alamira Hashim, Greta Byrum

Clara Irazabal

No abstract provided.


Promised Land? Immigration, Religiosity, And Space In Southern California, Clara Irazabal, Grace Dyrness Jan 2010

Promised Land? Immigration, Religiosity, And Space In Southern California, Clara Irazabal, Grace Dyrness

Clara Irazabal

This article looks at how immigrants and their supporters appropriate and use religious space and other public spaces for religious and socio-political purposes in Southern California. While the everyday living conditions of many immigrants, particularly the unauthorized Latino immigrants, force unto them an embodied disciplinarity that maintains spatialities of restricted citizenship, the public appropriations of space for and through religious practices allow for them –even if only momentarily –to express an embodied transgression. This practice in public space helps realize spaces of freedom and hope, however ephemerally. Potentially, these rehearsing exercises can help revert internalized disempowering subjectivities and create social ...


Retos Urbano Ambientales: Disturbio Climático En América Latina Y El Caribe, Clara Irazabal Dec 2009

Retos Urbano Ambientales: Disturbio Climático En América Latina Y El Caribe, Clara Irazabal

Clara Irazabal

Las proyecciones hacia el futuro determinan que podría haber un aumento de hasta 1,7°C de temperatura para el 2050 y hasta 4°C para el final de este siglo, lo que sería catastrófico para la sostenabilidad de vida en el planeta, tal y como la conocemos hoy, Los niveles de aumento del nivel del mar han alcanzado 2 a 3 mm/año desde 1980 en la región. Han sido observados también cambios en los patrones de precipitaciones, con algunas áreas recibiendo más lluvias-sur de Brasil. Paraguay, Uruguay, nordeste de Argentina y noroeste de Perú-y otras con un menor ...


Transnational Meanings Of La Virgen De Guadalupe: Religiosity, Space And Culture At Plaza Mexico, Clara Irazabal, Macarena Gomez-Barris Jan 2009

Transnational Meanings Of La Virgen De Guadalupe: Religiosity, Space And Culture At Plaza Mexico, Clara Irazabal, Macarena Gomez-Barris

Clara Irazabal

In this paper, we examine Plaza Mexico in Lynwood, California, a magnet for Latino communities from throughout the greater Los Angeles region, to show immigrants' use of space to produce transnational communities as coherent. One of the key ways that immigrant identity is formed in this space is through cultural religiosity. Despite the fact that Plaza Mexico is a shopping mall, the place gathers participation from Mexican immigrants and Latinos of other national origins at key times of religious expression during the year. Following what Holloway calls 'enchanted space', we analyse the Day of the Dead celebration (2 November) and ...


Urban Design, Planning, And The Politics Of Development In Curitiba, Clara Irazabal Jan 2009

Urban Design, Planning, And The Politics Of Development In Curitiba, Clara Irazabal

Clara Irazabal

Over the past several decades, Curitiba, Brazil has been referred to as an environmentally sustainable ¨model city¨and as a remarkable example of both a succesful urban planning process and a large array of urban design projects that are attractive, innovative, functional, cost'effective, and replicable. This chapter examines urban design and planning projects and processes in Curitiba since the 1960s, and shows many reasons why the city deserves praiseÑ an effective and continuous planning process has guaranteed efficiency in public transit, historic andcultural preservation, a revitalized and pedestrian'friendly downtown, effective environmental programs, and a series of urban design ...


Revisiting Urban Planning In Latin America And The Caribbean, Clara Irazabal Jan 2009

Revisiting Urban Planning In Latin America And The Caribbean, Clara Irazabal

Clara Irazabal

Regional study prepared for Revisiting Urban Planning: Global Report on Human Settlements 2009. United Nations, Habitat.


Realizing Planning's Emancipatory Promise: Learning From Regime Theory To Strengthen Communicative Action, Clara Irazabal Jan 2009

Realizing Planning's Emancipatory Promise: Learning From Regime Theory To Strengthen Communicative Action, Clara Irazabal

Clara Irazabal

This article informs communicative action theory with insights from urban regime theory. The synthesis proposes a model of planning that is more comprehensive in its treatment of the linkages between planning and governance and helps advance the creation of network power, emancipatory knowledge, empowering subjectivities, and spaces of solidarity. The article then discusses the merits of these insights in the context of a categorization of planning into traditional, democratic, advocacy, and incremental approaches.


One Size Does Not Fit All: Land Markets And Property Rights For The Construction Of The Just City, Clara Irazabal Jan 2009

One Size Does Not Fit All: Land Markets And Property Rights For The Construction Of The Just City, Clara Irazabal

Clara Irazabal

This essay reflects on alternative urban markets and property right systems in some Latin American countries. What becomes clear is that one size does not fit all: land markets and property rights are multifaceted and their conception and implementation should be context-sensitive. In recent experiments and proposals in Brazil, El Salvador and Venezuela, among other countries, they are being used as instruments for the expansion of rights to the city and the construction of the just city.


Planificación Y Diseño Urbano Y Regional En Curitiba: El Último Medio Siglo, Clara Irazabal Jan 2009

Planificación Y Diseño Urbano Y Regional En Curitiba: El Último Medio Siglo, Clara Irazabal

Clara Irazabal

A comienzos de la década de los 50, las ciudades de Brasil comenzaron un rápido proceso de urbanización. Curitiba comenzó su proceso de crecimiento en el decenio de los 60, y rápidamente alcanzó la mayor tasa de crecimiento en el país, en promedio 5% anual. Este índice de crecimiento, el cual se repitió en otras ciudades de Brasil y alrededor del mundo, causó numerosos problemas urbanos que llevaron a estado de crisis a muchas metrópolis. Dada la inminente necesidad de manejar este crecimiento, en 1965, se desarrolló un plan urbano preliminar para Curitiba: el Plan Maestro-Plano Diretor-aprobado en 1966, basado ...


Cultivating Just Planning And Legal Institutions: A Critical Assessment Of The South Central Farm In Los Angeles, Clara Irazabal, Anita Punja Dec 2008

Cultivating Just Planning And Legal Institutions: A Critical Assessment Of The South Central Farm In Los Angeles, Clara Irazabal, Anita Punja

Clara Irazabal

The South Central Farm (SCF) in Los Angeles was a 14-acre urban farm in one of the highest concentrations of impoverished residents in the county. It was destroyed in July 2006. This article analyzes its epic as a landscape of resistance to discriminatory legal and planning practices. It then presents its creation and maintenance as an issue of environmental justice, and argues that there was a substantive rationale on the basis of environmental justice and planning ethics that should have provided sufficient grounds for the city to prevent its dismantling. Based on qualitative case study methodology, the study contributes to ...


Latino Communities In The United States: Place-Making In The Pre-World War Ii, Post-World War, And Contemporary City, Clara Irazabal, Ramzi Farhat Jan 2008

Latino Communities In The United States: Place-Making In The Pre-World War Ii, Post-World War, And Contemporary City, Clara Irazabal, Ramzi Farhat

Clara Irazabal

Scholarship on Latino communities in the United States has yet to catch up with the rapid growth of this ethnic population in the country. Understanding the Latino urban experience and developing plans to better respond to both the needs of Latino communities and their integration within society is not only relevant, but also urgently necessary. Using the city of Los Angeles as a main lens, in addition to a general look at the urban Southwest, we contribute to the scholarship on the subject with a review of literature on Latino communities. We structure the review as an assessment of the ...


Prologue: Ordinary Places, Extraordinary Events, Clara Irazabal Dec 2007

Prologue: Ordinary Places, Extraordinary Events, Clara Irazabal

Clara Irazabal

Scholars have argued that public space is a prerequisite for the expression, representation, preservation, and/or enhancement of democracy (Sassen, 1996; Holston, 1989, 1999; Caldeira, 2000; Low, 2000; Low and Smith, 2006). However, this optimistic outlook is betrayed in reality by the many examples in recent history when public spaces have been used for the deployment and reproduction of totalitarian regimes. In the Americas, we can recount the experiences of Pinochet’s Santiago, Videla’s Buenos Aires, Strossner’s Asuncion, and Pérez Jiménez’s Caracas, among others. Yet, even in those cases, political demonstrations in public spaces conversely played a ...


Space, Revolution And Resistance: Ordinary Places And Extraordinary Events In Caracas, Clara Irazabal Dec 2007

Space, Revolution And Resistance: Ordinary Places And Extraordinary Events In Caracas, Clara Irazabal

Clara Irazabal

As discussed in the introduction, many scholars have argued that public space is a prerequisite for the expression, representation, preservation and enhancement of democracy (Boudreau, 2000; Caldeira, 2000; Holston and Appadurai, 1999; Low, 2000; Sassen, 1996; Low and Smith, 2006). This has not been more true than in the capital cities of Latin America in recent decades, where political demonstrations have played a critical role in the demise of totalitarian regimes and the reestablishment of democracy. Caracas, capital city of Venezuela, is a prime example in that key urban spaces have been sites for popular demonstrations since Hugo Chavez became ...


Entertainment-Retail Centres In Hong Kong And Los Angeles: Trends And Lessons, Clara Irazabal, Surajit Chakravarty Jan 2007

Entertainment-Retail Centres In Hong Kong And Los Angeles: Trends And Lessons, Clara Irazabal, Surajit Chakravarty

Clara Irazabal

This paper examines the evolution and recent trends in the design of Entertainment Retail Centres (ERCs) in Los Angeles and Hong Kong. Most of the literature on spaces of consumption and leisure deals with economic reasons for the development of these spaces, and with the social, cultural, and political implications of the phenomenon. There are limitations to this approach that this study addresses. First, there has been a lack of attention to processes of globalization in the analysis of these spaces. Furthermore, a largely US-centred approach has left out an understanding of the significance of the ERC phenomenon in other ...


Kitsch Is Dead, Long Live Kitsch: The Production Of Hyperkitsch In Las Vegas, Clara Irazabal Jan 2007

Kitsch Is Dead, Long Live Kitsch: The Production Of Hyperkitsch In Las Vegas, Clara Irazabal

Clara Irazabal

This study investigates the production ofhyperreality and kitsch in the latest generation of hotel-casino developments in Las Vegas. In these environments, visual imagery is manipulated for the creation of spectacle and a sense of alienation from time and reality. This suspension of real time and space is aimed at both facilitating the production of a simulated environment as "natural" and producing ideal sites for pleasure and consumption. Building upon the concepts of hyperreality and kitsch, this study proposes the framework of hyperkitsch to understand Las Vegas ' contribution to contemporary urbanization. Through four case studies, this paper suggests that the iconographies ...