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Urban Studies and Planning Commons

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Articles 1 - 30 of 99

Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

Evaluating The Policy–Practice Gap In A Transitional Housing Program An Innovation In Process Evaluation, Jessica Perez, Anaid Yerena Apr 2016

Evaluating The Policy–Practice Gap In A Transitional Housing Program An Innovation In Process Evaluation, Jessica Perez, Anaid Yerena

Anaid Yerena

In the United States, in 2013, 610,042 people were estimated homeless in one night. Improving the effectiveness of homeless assistance programs, particularly aligning programs’ practices with their goals, is critical to serving this population. Using a theory that predicts homeless exits, this study presents an innovative, low-cost evaluation tool that can be used by a wide range of human service providers to conduct more frequent “in-house” process evaluations. The Gap Assessment of Policy and Practice (GAPP) tool streamlines process evaluations thus improving social programs. To test this tool’s effectiveness, we compared the results of a traditional process evaluation ...


Smart Engagement: Planning And Decision-Making In Distressed Urban Neighborhoods, Justin Hollander, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Eliza D. Whiteman Dec 2015

Smart Engagement: Planning And Decision-Making In Distressed Urban Neighborhoods, Justin Hollander, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Eliza D. Whiteman

Michael P. Johnson

This book addresses the challenges and opportunities associated with the use of decision science and information technologies to help stabilize and revitalize distressed urban communities in the United States.

While cities in the U.S. grow and decline at various rates and for different underlying reasons, neighborhoods within cities that have faced sustained demographic and socio-economic challenges over time may have multiple factors in common, such as physical blight, widespread vacancies, underserved and marginalized populations and, in some cases, local markets that do not respond to traditional economic development strategies. These distressed communities are often indicative of high levels of ...


Civic Engagement In Planning For Cleveland's Lakefront, Kathryn Hexter Dec 2015

Civic Engagement In Planning For Cleveland's Lakefront, Kathryn Hexter

Kathryn W. Hexter

No abstract provided.


The Millennium Project: 2003, A Civic Education And Career Development Program For Northeast Ohio High School Students, Kathryn Hexter Dec 2015

The Millennium Project: 2003, A Civic Education And Career Development Program For Northeast Ohio High School Students, Kathryn Hexter

Kathryn W. Hexter

No abstract provided.


Public Utilities And The Poor: Rights And Responsibilities, David Sweet, Kathryn Hexter Dec 2015

Public Utilities And The Poor: Rights And Responsibilities, David Sweet, Kathryn Hexter

Kathryn W. Hexter

No abstract provided.


Connecting Cleveland To Its Natural Edge: Civic Engagement And The Cleveland Lakefront Plan The Natural City Symposium, Kathryn Hexter, Wendy Kellogg Dec 2015

Connecting Cleveland To Its Natural Edge: Civic Engagement And The Cleveland Lakefront Plan The Natural City Symposium, Kathryn Hexter, Wendy Kellogg

Kathryn W. Hexter

No abstract provided.


Jewish Cleveland 2004, Mark Rosentraub, Kathryn Hexter Dec 2015

Jewish Cleveland 2004, Mark Rosentraub, Kathryn Hexter

Kathryn W. Hexter

No abstract provided.


The Role Of The University In City Planning: A Case Study Of Cleveland's Lakefront Redevelopment, Wendy Kellogg, Kathryn Hexter Dec 2015

The Role Of The University In City Planning: A Case Study Of Cleveland's Lakefront Redevelopment, Wendy Kellogg, Kathryn Hexter

Kathryn W. Hexter

No abstract provided.


An Empirical Study On The Relationship Between Sustainability Performance And Business Competitiveness Of International Construction Contractors, Yongtao Tan, Jorge Ochoa, Craig Langston, Li-Yin Shen Jul 2015

An Empirical Study On The Relationship Between Sustainability Performance And Business Competitiveness Of International Construction Contractors, Yongtao Tan, Jorge Ochoa, Craig Langston, Li-Yin Shen

Craig Langston

With expectations for resource efficiency and climate change adaptation in the construction industry, there is an increasing need for contractors to implement sustainable practices. Such action will burden contractors with additional costs that will lower their economic performance. There are few research studies on how sustainability relates to a firm's competitiveness. This paper represents an empirical study of the relationship between sustainability performance and business competitiveness of international construction contractors. An inverse U-shape relationship between contractors' sustainability performance and their international revenue, and a U-shape relationship between contractors' sustainability performance and their international revenue growth was discovered. The findings ...


Evaluation Of Whodata.Org As An Applied Public Participation Geographic Information System (Ppgis), Michelle Thompson, Derreck Deason, Brittany Arceneaux, Philip Gilmore Mar 2015

Evaluation Of Whodata.Org As An Applied Public Participation Geographic Information System (Ppgis), Michelle Thompson, Derreck Deason, Brittany Arceneaux, Philip Gilmore

Michelle M. Thompson

Recent advancements in the application of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in planning theory and practice are in direct response to a growing awareness among planners for the need to increase public participation in the processes involved in neighborhood and community planning. (NCGIS, 1996) Public Participation Geographic Information System (PPGIS) focuses on the social implications of how people, space, and environment are represented in GIS (Seiber, 2006). The use of PPGIS has shifted with improved community access to tools and talent which were, along with funding, significant barriers to implementation.

In 2009, WhoData.org was created to meet the needs of ...


Superstar Cities, Inequality And Housing Policy, S Y Phang Mar 2015

Superstar Cities, Inequality And Housing Policy, S Y Phang

PHANG Sock Yong

Income and wealth inequality have been constantly debated, especially in recent years. Most studies, such as the recent work by Thomas Piketty, compare inequality across countries and over time. National inequality measures, however, mask considerable variations across cities within the same country. A country’s biggest and most economically dynamic cities also tend to have the largest inequality gaps. These cities – what Joseph Gyourko calls “Superstar Cities” – are also distinguished by their high housing prices. Migration in and out of cities limits the extent to which Superstar Cities can use local redistributive policies (including housing policies) to reduce inequality. As ...


A Review Of Alternative Economic Base Study Methods For Community Economic Development, Jordan Yin Mar 2015

A Review Of Alternative Economic Base Study Methods For Community Economic Development, Jordan Yin

Jordan S. Yin

No abstract provided.


The Community Option In Urban Policy, Jordan Yin, J. Pitt, P Clavel Mar 2015

The Community Option In Urban Policy, Jordan Yin, J. Pitt, P Clavel

Jordan S. Yin

No abstract provided.


Feral Deer In The Suburbs: An Emerging Issue For Australia?, Shelley Burgin, Mariama Mattila, Daryl Mcphee, Tor Hundloe Jan 2015

Feral Deer In The Suburbs: An Emerging Issue For Australia?, Shelley Burgin, Mariama Mattila, Daryl Mcphee, Tor Hundloe

Tor Hundloe

Deer are not endemic to Australia, but were introduced for game and aesthetics between the early 18th and 20th centuries. Until recent decades, most deer descended from these introductions. Before the 1970s when deer numbers and distribution expanded dramatically, farming was a modest enterprise. With the collapse of farming in the 1990s, large numbers of deer were deliberately released and translocated. Feral numbers and herds have subsequently expanded, and are increasingly encroaching on urban areas. As a new issue in Australia, views toward feral deer are polarized and span “welcome guest” to “major pest.” The emerging urban deer issues need ...


Feral Deer In The Suburbs: An Emerging Issue For Australia?, Shelley Burgin, Mariama Mattila, Daryl Mcphee, Tor Hundloe Jan 2015

Feral Deer In The Suburbs: An Emerging Issue For Australia?, Shelley Burgin, Mariama Mattila, Daryl Mcphee, Tor Hundloe

Daryl McPhee

Deer are not endemic to Australia, but were introduced for game and aesthetics between the early 18th and 20th centuries. Until recent decades, most deer descended from these introductions. Before the 1970s when deer numbers and distribution expanded dramatically, farming was a modest enterprise. With the collapse of farming in the 1990s, large numbers of deer were deliberately released and translocated. Feral numbers and herds have subsequently expanded, and are increasingly encroaching on urban areas. As a new issue in Australia, views toward feral deer are polarized and span “welcome guest” to “major pest.” The emerging urban deer issues need ...


Book Review, Earthea Nance Dec 2014

Book Review, Earthea Nance

Earthea Nance, PhD (Stanford University, 2004)

Book Review published in the journal Water International (2015) The topic… “The book builds upon Nance’s research and presents a comprehensive account of Brazil’s experience of implementing condominial sewerage.” The topic… “From the very beginning, the author expresses her concerns in escaping from preconceived ideas about conventional and participatory development, positioning her views within a third wave of post-structural development discourse, neither universalist nor relativist, that is neither denying nor overvaluing the social content of development.” Research methods… “Nance manages to do so by integrating different areas of established knowledge and examining her research issue from a privileged ...


Yes To Infill, No To Nuisance, Michael Lewyn Dec 2014

Yes To Infill, No To Nuisance, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Criticizes attempts to use nuisance law to prevent infill development.


Marc Jr. For Techboston Academy: Evaluating The Effectiveness Of A Guidance Curriculum For 11th Grade Students In An Urban Setting, Carly Holbrook, Jill Amicangelo, Laura Hayden Dec 2014

Marc Jr. For Techboston Academy: Evaluating The Effectiveness Of A Guidance Curriculum For 11th Grade Students In An Urban Setting, Carly Holbrook, Jill Amicangelo, Laura Hayden

Laura A Hayden

The field of school counseling is becoming increasingly evidence-based and results-driven. As a way to help Massachusetts’ schools develop school counseling programs, the Massachusetts School Counselors Association created the Massachusetts Accountability Report Card (MARC). We are school counseling interns at TechBoston Academy, a Boston Public School. Over the course of the 2010-2011 school year, we measured the effectiveness of our interventions and compiled them into a “MARC Jr.” The information we will present is a review of our MARC Jr., which focused on our school counseling curriculum for 11th grade students.


A Framework For Creating Active And Healthy Communities: A Case Study Of The Gold Coast, Bhishna Bajracharya, Linda Too, Isara Khanjanasthiti Aug 2014

A Framework For Creating Active And Healthy Communities: A Case Study Of The Gold Coast, Bhishna Bajracharya, Linda Too, Isara Khanjanasthiti

Linda Too

Poor modern lifestyle choices have led to a burgeoning health concern for various government agencies prompting urgent review and action. Whilst the health sector has the primary role in addressing health issues, town planning can also contribute to better health by providing supportive environments for an active and healthy lifestyle. Local councils and other decision makers have a fundamental role in promoting healthy lifestyles among local community members through city planning and implementing physical activity and health programs. This research paper has two primary objectives. First, it develops an integrated 3-P (Place, Program and Partnership) framework for promoting active and ...


A Framework For Creating Active And Healthy Communities: A Case Study Of The Gold Coast, Bhishna Bajracharya, Linda Too, Isara Khanjanasthiti Jul 2014

A Framework For Creating Active And Healthy Communities: A Case Study Of The Gold Coast, Bhishna Bajracharya, Linda Too, Isara Khanjanasthiti

Bhishna Bajracharya

Poor modern lifestyle choices have led to a burgeoning health concern for various government agencies prompting urgent review and action. Whilst the health sector has the primary role in addressing health issues, town planning can also contribute to better health by providing supportive environments for an active and healthy lifestyle. Local councils and other decision makers have a fundamental role in promoting healthy lifestyles among local community members through city planning and implementing physical activity and health programs. This research paper has two primary objectives. First, it develops an integrated 3-P (Place, Program and Partnership) framework for promoting active and ...


Australian Bid Cost Benchmarking Of Public Private Partnerships, Michael Regan, Jim Smith, Peter Love Jul 2014

Australian Bid Cost Benchmarking Of Public Private Partnerships, Michael Regan, Jim Smith, Peter Love

Michael Regan

Bid costs are essentially a concern of private companies and evidence is difficult to source from companies keen to safeguard their cost structures in a competitive bid market. Little evidence is available from the product disclosure statements of public companies or published statutory or Securities Exchange returns. Few companies disclose detailed information although there is wide use of generic “rules of thumb” for different project categories and most companies engaged in the PPP market are unwilling to provide information other than in anecdotal form. This paper reviews empirical and pilot survey evidence to ascertain bid cost benchmarks for public private ...


Financing Mechanisms For Public Private Partnerships: Australian Experience, Michael Regan, Jim Smith, Peter Love Jul 2014

Financing Mechanisms For Public Private Partnerships: Australian Experience, Michael Regan, Jim Smith, Peter Love

Michael Regan

Recent events in international capital markets has had major impact on the ongoing rollout of Public Private Partnerships (PPPs) and slowed their use. Capital has been hard to source especially for projects over $300 million, the patronage risk model for economic infrastructure is no longer available, debt is more expensive than it was 18 months ago and credit risk insurance is no longer readily available. This has affected bid markets and slowed the delivery of new infrastructures with longer-term implications for economic performance across the whole economy.


Comparing Project Costs Internationally: Methodology And Data Issues, Rick Best Jul 2014

Comparing Project Costs Internationally: Methodology And Data Issues, Rick Best

Rick Best

It is not uncommon to see or hear statements that suggest that the cost of a project in one country is some multiple of the cost in another. Whether the claim is that it is more or less costly is irrelevant – the fact is that such statements are often meaningless yet governments and clients are all too ready to accept such claims and act on them in their decision-making. In some cases relative cost, however poorly calculated, is used as the basis for conclusions regarding relative productivity in industries such as construction. Arriving at truly comparable costs between countries is ...


Innovate Uno: Annual Undergraduate Research Showcase Brings Out The Best Of The University., Michelle Thompson May 2014

Innovate Uno: Annual Undergraduate Research Showcase Brings Out The Best Of The University., Michelle Thompson

Michelle M. Thompson

May 6, 2014. Michelle Thompson, assistant professor of planning and urban studies, was included in the UNO Magazine story “Innovate UNO: Annual undergraduate research showcase brings out the best of the University. http://magazine.uno.edu/innovate-uno/


Form And Function: On Politics And The Morphology Of The Bazaar In Yazd, Iran, Ali Modarres Mar 2014

Form And Function: On Politics And The Morphology Of The Bazaar In Yazd, Iran, Ali Modarres

Ali Modarres

No abstract provided.


Imagining Possibilities For Healthy Appalachian Communities In An Emerging Postindustrial Landscape, Brian Hoey Jan 2014

Imagining Possibilities For Healthy Appalachian Communities In An Emerging Postindustrial Landscape, Brian Hoey

Brian A. Hoey, Ph.D.

This paper explores how community might be re-imagined to promote incipient social and economic agendas born increasingly of broad-minded citizen initiatives within the Appalachian region aimed at what is generally understood as “development,” but of a form distinct from the prevailing models of a more industrial age. I would like to ask whether a city like Huntington, West Virginia can emerge as a progressive example of what we might term postindustrial, urban regeneration and perhaps what we might call community healing—specifically through grassroots movement now finding local governmental support in collective attempts to transform this place from one defined ...


Paradoxes Of Democratisation: Environmental Politics In East Asia, Mary Alice Haddad Dec 2013

Paradoxes Of Democratisation: Environmental Politics In East Asia, Mary Alice Haddad

Mary Alice Haddad

This chapter examines environmental politics in four polities that run the full spectrum of political regimes: mainland China (authoritarian), South Korea and Taiwan (newly democratic), and Japan (mature democracy). The chapter argues that variation in environmental politics in each place resulted primarily from the timing of their environmental movements, with subsequent movements learning from predecessors and gaining increasing access to global NGO networks. Paradoxically, when environmental movements became linked to democratization movements (in South Korea and Taiwan), they also became linked to political parties, which hindered access to government policymaking when non-allied parties were in power.


Book Review: Neighbors And Neighborhoods: Elements Of Successful Community Design By Sidney Brower, Michelle Thompson Dec 2013

Book Review: Neighbors And Neighborhoods: Elements Of Successful Community Design By Sidney Brower, Michelle Thompson

Michelle M. Thompson

This book would be useful as a complement to a fundamental text on community design and planning. The case studies expand the discussion beyond the design process while including the process of community bonding and relationship building. Brower’s interdisciplinary approach will make this book a useful text in social-science courses such as public policy, psychology, and urban planning.


The Irreconcilable Tension Between Dwelling In Public And The Regulatory State, Renia Ehrenfeucht, Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris Dec 2013

The Irreconcilable Tension Between Dwelling In Public And The Regulatory State, Renia Ehrenfeucht, Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris

Renia Ehrenfeucht

No abstract provided.


This Is My Front Yard!” Claims And Informal Property Rights On Sidewalks, Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris, Renia Ehrenfeucht Dec 2013

This Is My Front Yard!” Claims And Informal Property Rights On Sidewalks, Anastasia Loukaitou-Sideris, Renia Ehrenfeucht

Renia Ehrenfeucht

No abstract provided.