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Articles 1 - 30 of 197

Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

Midat Sodom And The Housing Affordability Crisis, Michael Lewyn Feb 2019

Midat Sodom And The Housing Affordability Crisis, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Ancient Jewish texts states that the city of Sodom was overthrown because of its hostility to hospitality. Today, American cities often limit new housing; is this policy analogous to midat Sodom (Hebrew for "the ways of Sodom")? What arguments justify these policies, and what counter-arguments are relevant to those arguments?


Are Wide Streets Negligent?, Michael Lewyn Dec 2018

Are Wide Streets Negligent?, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

American commercial streets are typically designed to encourage rapid automobile traffic, thus making streets unsafe for pedestrians. In the 2016 case of Turturro v. City of New York, the New York Court of Appeals upheld a jury verdict against a city for failing to slow down such traffic. This article describes Turturro, but shows how limited its holding was: the Turturro court emphasized a city's failure to study traffic calming, so if a city studies its options adequately it can avoid liability even if its policies are unsuccessful.


Planetizen Blog Posts- First Half Of 2019, Michael Lewyn Dec 2018

Planetizen Blog Posts- First Half Of 2019, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Op-ed length articles on various land use-related issues.


Market Urbanism Blog Posts - First Half Of 2019, Michael Lewyn Dec 2018

Market Urbanism Blog Posts - First Half Of 2019, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Blog posts on urban issues, mostly related to housing costs.


Do You Believe In Ghost Apartments?, Michael Lewyn Dec 2018

Do You Believe In Ghost Apartments?, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

According to the popular press, expensive cities are being overrun by "ghost apartments"- condominiums owned by wealthy foreigners, but used as investments rather than being rented out to local residents. This article points out that such apartments are in fact a very small percentage of housing supply, even in some cities that are supposedly overran with such condos.

More importantly, the existence of new “ghost apartments” does not justify exclusionary zoning policies. If a city popular with foreign investors discourages construction of new housing, investors are likely to purchase older housing units, outbidding local residents for those units. In this ...


Introduction To Transit-Oriented Development, Michael Lewyn Oct 2018

Introduction To Transit-Oriented Development, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Explains how transit-oriented development differs from the automobile-oriented development that surrounds many suburban train stations, why the former is desirable, and what sort of zoning changes promote such development.


The Rise Of Market Urbanism, Michael Lewyn Jun 2018

The Rise Of Market Urbanism, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Compares market urbanism to new urbanism and to defenders of suburban sprawl. Like new urbanists, market urbanists find urban life to be socially valuable, and emphasize that sprawl is not always in line with consumer preferences. But market urbanists are more likely to emphasize the role of government regulation in creating suburbanization, and to oppose anti-sprawl land use regulations.


The Universality Of The Human Condition: Theorizing Transportation Inequality Claims By Persons With Disabilities In Canada, 1976-2016, Laverne A. Jacobs Jun 2018

The Universality Of The Human Condition: Theorizing Transportation Inequality Claims By Persons With Disabilities In Canada, 1976-2016, Laverne A. Jacobs

Laverne Jacobs

Transportation is the lifeline that connects persons with disabilities with the community, and facilitates greater opportunities for work, social inclusion and overall independence. Adequate accessible transportation has long been a concern of persons with disabilities, yet there is a dearth of sustained research on the legal and societal implications of transportation inequality for persons with disabilities. This article contributes to the research on both transportation inequality and equality theory by providing an empirical and theoretical analysis of the human rights tribunal decisions on transportation equality in Canada. In doing so, it examines the issues from the perspective of the voices ...


Market Urbanism, Michael Lewyn Apr 2018

Market Urbanism, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

A speech comparing market urbanism and new urbanism.


The Neighborhood Veto And Its Discontents, Michael Lewyn Feb 2018

The Neighborhood Veto And Its Discontents, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Discusses negative side effects of neighborhood input on land use decisions related to housing. In particular, my speech suggests that the "neighborhood veto" over rezonings increases housing supply by reducing housing prices, and makes development more car-oriented by reducing population density.


Super Problems In Superstar Cities, Michael Lewyn, Beth Gazes Dec 2017

Super Problems In Superstar Cities, Michael Lewyn, Beth Gazes

Michael E Lewyn

Review of Richard Florida's The New Urban Crisis


Engineering Standards In Highway Design Litigation, Michael Lewyn Dec 2017

Engineering Standards In Highway Design Litigation, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Highway engineers sometimes believe that if they redesign streets to improve pedestrian safety (for example, by introducing traffic calming techniques) they might be successfully sued for negligent design by motorists. This chapter suggests that in such situations, governments are likely to be protected by discretionary function immunity. In addition, the chapter discusses a variety of technical issues.


2018 July-December Market Urbanism Blog Posts, Michael Lewyn Dec 2017

2018 July-December Market Urbanism Blog Posts, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Posts at marketurbanism.com


Engineering Standards In Highway Design Litigation, Michael Lewyn Dec 2017

Engineering Standards In Highway Design Litigation, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Chapter in "Engineering Standards for Forensic Application." (coauthored) Focuses on soveriegn immunity for highway designers.


Powerpoint- Setback Speech, Michael Lewyn Jun 2017

Powerpoint- Setback Speech, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Setback regulations often require that all buildings be a certain amount of feet (usually about 25-50 feet from the street).  As a result of these zoning rules, all destinations outside the most urban areas have to place either parking or useless green spaces between the street and a store, office building or residence.
 
I argue that these regulations make walking more difficult, for four reasons.  First, pedestrians have to waste time walking through these empty spaces.  Second, walking through a sea of parking is simply no fun.  Pedestrians tend to enjoy shade and a sense of enclosure, so they tend ...


I Share, Therefore It's Mine, Donald J. Kochan Apr 2017

I Share, Therefore It's Mine, Donald J. Kochan

Donald J. Kochan

Uniquely interconnecting lessons from law, psychology, and economics, this article aims to provide a more enriched understanding of what it means to “share” property in the sharing economy. It explains that there is an “ownership prerequisite” to the sharing of property, drawing in part from the findings of research in the psychology of child development to show when and why children start to share. They do so only after developing what psychologists call “ownership understanding.” What the psychological research reveals, then, is that the property system is well suited to create recognizable and enforceable ownership norms that include the rights ...


Suburbia, Gentrification And Jews, Michael Lewyn Feb 2017

Suburbia, Gentrification And Jews, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Has the gentrification of recent decades arrested the 20th-century movement of Jews to suburbia? After reviewing Jewish population surveys, I conclude that in most cities, the Jewish intown population has increased modestly. I also discuss why some cities' Jewish populations are more suburbanized more than others.


Health And Safety Overregulation, Michael Lewyn Jan 2017

Health And Safety Overregulation, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Anti-jaywalking laws are designed to protect the safety of pedestrians. Similarly, police and child protection officials punish parents who allow their children to walk to school, in the name of child safety. This speech criticizes these policies and their justifications.


The Environmentalist Case For Sprawl- And Why It Fails, Michael Lewyn Dec 2016

The Environmentalist Case For Sprawl- And Why It Fails, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Environmentalists generally favor compact, walkable development, because development that reduces automobile use may reduce automobile-related pollution. Defenders of suburban sprawl argue, however, that compact development may actually increase pollution in a variety of ways. This article criticizes the latter argument.,


March-July 2017 Market Urbanism Posts, Michael Lewyn Dec 2016

March-July 2017 Market Urbanism Posts, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

My blog posts from March to July 2017 at marketurbanism.com


The Obama Administration's Parting Shot, Michael Lewyn Dec 2016

The Obama Administration's Parting Shot, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Discusses the "Housing Development Toolkit", a policy paper on affordable housing issued by the White House in September 2016.


The Criminalization Of Walking, Michael Lewyn Dec 2016

The Criminalization Of Walking, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

The simple act of walking is sometimes criminalized in the United States. Anti-jaywalking statutes and ordinances—originally motivated by auto-industry lobbyists in the 1920s—call for fines and, sometimes, imprisonment for crossing the street. Additionally, some localities have interpreted statutes against “child neglect” to encompass a parent’s decision to let their kid walk outside alone. The result of this criminalization? Such policies have reduced pedestrian liberty, increased automobile traffic and pollution, and created a disincentive for physical activity in the midst of an obesity and diabetes epidemic. In addition to discussing these effects, this Article argues that the purported ...


Robocar Risks, Michael Lewyn Dec 2016

Robocar Risks, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Suggests that policymakers should not widen roads or stringently enforce anti-jaywalking laws in order to accommodate autonomous vehicles.


My Planetizen Blog Posts July-August 2017, Michael Lewyn Dec 2016

My Planetizen Blog Posts July-August 2017, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Blog posts reprinted from planetizen.com


Jan-Feb. 2017 Market Urbanism Posts, Michael Lewyn Dec 2016

Jan-Feb. 2017 Market Urbanism Posts, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Blog posts at start of 2017 in marketurbanism.com


2007 Cnu Blog Posts, Michael Lewyn Dec 2016

2007 Cnu Blog Posts, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

The Congress for New Urbanism (cnu.org) once had a group blog that I contributed to. These are my 2007 posts, mostly about the 2007 CNU conference.


2015 Cnu Blog Posts, Michael Lewyn Dec 2016

2015 Cnu Blog Posts, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

My blog posts at the Congress for New Urbanism (cnu.org) website, obtained at archive.org. Unfortunately, a few posts (mostly from May) still have not been found.


Attacking Smart Growth, Michael Lewyn Dec 2016

Attacking Smart Growth, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Review of The Human City, by Joel Kotkin


Does The Threat Of Gentrification Justify Restrictive Zoning?, Michael Lewyn Dec 2016

Does The Threat Of Gentrification Justify Restrictive Zoning?, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Historically, progressives have opposed restrictive zoning, arguing that by restricting the housing supply to high-end housing, zoning reduces the supply of housing available to lower-income Americans. But recently, some progressives have suggested that new market-rate housing facilitates gentrification and displacement of lower-income renters. This article critically examines that theory.


Planetizen Blog Posts September-December 2017, Michael Lewyn Dec 2016

Planetizen Blog Posts September-December 2017, Michael Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

Blog posts related to public transit, housing costs, and other urban issues.