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International and Area Studies

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Environmental Advocacy: Insights From East Asia, Mary Alice Haddad Jul 2017

Environmental Advocacy: Insights From East Asia, Mary Alice Haddad

Mary Alice Haddad


Environmental advocacy in East Asia takes place in a context where there are few well-funded professional advocacy organisations, no viable green parties, and governments that are highly pro-business. In this advocacy-hostile environment, what strategies are environmental organizations using to promote better environmental outcomes?  Using an original database of environmental organizations and interviews with activists and officials throughout the region, this paper investigates which strategies are most common and compares them to the advocacy strategies found in the United States.  It finds, perhaps surprisingly, that (a) environmental organizations across East Asia employ similar advocacy strategies even though they are operating in ...


Solving Slums: Assessing Rehabilitation Policy In Mumbai, India, Carl Hooks Nov 2016

Solving Slums: Assessing Rehabilitation Policy In Mumbai, India, Carl Hooks

Carl Hooks

Research poster presented at the Global Poverty Conference: Strategies, Solutions, and Networks. Conference co-hosted by the International & Area Studies program, Brown School of Social Work, and WU Career Center on Nov. 10-11, 2016.


Increasing Environmental Performance In A Context Of Low Governmental Enforcement: Evidence From China, Mary Alice Haddad Jan 2015

Increasing Environmental Performance In A Context Of Low Governmental Enforcement: Evidence From China, Mary Alice Haddad

Mary Alice Haddad

How can activists and policy makers encourage better environmental behavior in a context of poor governmental enforcement? This article examines the case of the Institute of Public & Environmental Affairs, a Chinese nonprofit organization, to show how a transparency-based platform can encourage brand-sensitive multinational corporations, their suppliers, their investors, local governments, and consumers to behave in more environmentally responsible ways, even in a context of low governmental enforcement. Using Institute of Public & Environmental Affairs as its model, this article argues that a transparency-based platform can serve an important coordinating function across multiple sectors, creating a mechanism through which market forces are ...


Review Of The Book "Engineers And Communities", Earthea Nance Dec 2014

Review Of The Book "Engineers And Communities", Earthea Nance

Earthea Nance, PhD (Stanford University, 2004)

This review was conducted by Paulo A.C. Libanio of the Brazilian National Water Agency, 2015.


Introduction: What Do We Mean By 'Transbordering Latin Americas', Clara Irazabal Jan 2014

Introduction: What Do We Mean By 'Transbordering Latin Americas', Clara Irazabal

Clara Irazabal

This book, Transbordering Latin Americas: Liminal Places, Cultures, and Powers (T)Here, explores transbordering/transnational Latin American sociocultural and spatial conditions across the globe and across scales—from the gendered and racialized body to the national and transnational arena. What do we mean by “transbordering Latin Americas”? When we use the plural Latin Americas, we purposefully implode the notion of a unified, cohesive, and static Latin America and a corresponding singular identity—a way of being or being perceived as Latin American. The phrase “transbordering Latin Americas” thus comprises instances of that which can be defined as “Latin American” (which ...


Paradoxes Of Democratisation: Environmental Politics In East Asia, Mary Alice Haddad Dec 2013

Paradoxes Of Democratisation: Environmental Politics In East Asia, Mary Alice Haddad

Mary Alice Haddad

This chapter examines environmental politics in four polities that run the full spectrum of political regimes: mainland China (authoritarian), South Korea and Taiwan (newly democratic), and Japan (mature democracy). The chapter argues that variation in environmental politics in each place resulted primarily from the timing of their environmental movements, with subsequent movements learning from predecessors and gaining increasing access to global NGO networks. Paradoxically, when environmental movements became linked to democratization movements (in South Korea and Taiwan), they also became linked to political parties, which hindered access to government policymaking when non-allied parties were in power.


Decentralization Is Dead, Long Live Decentralization! Capital City Reform And Political Rights In Kampala, Uganda, Christopher Gore Apr 2013

Decentralization Is Dead, Long Live Decentralization! Capital City Reform And Political Rights In Kampala, Uganda, Christopher Gore

Christopher D Gore

African cities are currently experiencing some of the highest population growth rates in the world. Accompanying this growth is constant and continuing pressure on national and local governments to develop political and institutional structures that respond to the multiple demands this demographic change provokes in relation to service delivery, economic development and social wellbeing. In response to these challenges, national governments are reviewing the political and administrative structures of their capital cities, sometimes recentralizing authority. This article examines the reforms to Kampala, capital city of Uganda. The article explains how the national government gradually created the legal conditions necessary to ...


Desenho Urbano, Planejamento E Politicas De Desenvolvimento Em Curitiba, Clara Irazabal Jan 2013

Desenho Urbano, Planejamento E Politicas De Desenvolvimento Em Curitiba, Clara Irazabal

Clara Irazabal

Durante as últimas décadas, Curitiba tem sido referenciada como uma “cidade modelo” ambientalmente sustentável e um notável exemplo tanto de um processo de planejamento urbano bemsucedido como de uma ampla coleção de projetos de desenho urbano atraentes, inovadores, funcionais, econômicos e replicáveis. Este capítulo examina projetos de desenvolvimento urbano em Curitiba desde os anos 1960 e apresenta várias razões pelas quais a cidade merece louvor: o competente e contínuo processo de planejamento garantiu a eficiência do transporte público, a preservação histórica e cultural, a revitalização do Centro e a prioridade à circulação de pedestres, programas ambientais eficazes e uma série ...


Desenho Urbano, Planejamento E Politicas De Desenvolvimento Em Curitiba, Clara Irazabal Jan 2013

Desenho Urbano, Planejamento E Politicas De Desenvolvimento Em Curitiba, Clara Irazabal

Clara Irazabal

Durante as últimas décadas, Curitiba tem sido referenciada como uma “cidade modelo” ambientalmente sustentável e um notável exemplo tanto de um processo de planejamento urbano bemsucedido como de uma ampla coleção de projetos de desenho urbano atraentes, inovadores, funcionais, econômicos e replicáveis. Este capítulo examina projetos de desenvolvimento urbano em Curitiba desde os anos 1960 e apresenta várias razões pelas quais a cidade merece louvor: o competente e contínuo processo de planejamento garantiu a eficiência do transporte público, a preservação histórica e cultural, a revitalização do Centro e a prioridade à circulação de pedestres, programas ambientais eficazes e uma série ...


Heritage Interpretation As Public Discourse: Towards A New Paradigm, Neil A. Silberman Dec 2012

Heritage Interpretation As Public Discourse: Towards A New Paradigm, Neil A. Silberman

Neil A. Silberman

No abstract provided.


Engineers And Communities: Transforming Sanitation In Contemporary Brazil, Earthea Nance Dec 2012

Engineers And Communities: Transforming Sanitation In Contemporary Brazil, Earthea Nance

Earthea Nance, PhD (Stanford University, 2004)

Book cover, summary, and two reviews.


The Changes And Non-Changes Of China's Rural Land, Qian Forrest Zhang, John A. Donaldson Aug 2012

The Changes And Non-Changes Of China's Rural Land, Qian Forrest Zhang, John A. Donaldson

Qian Forrest ZHANG

No abstract provided.


Ethical Dilemma Of Foreign Aid And China's One-Child Policy, Kip Klingman Apr 2012

Ethical Dilemma Of Foreign Aid And China's One-Child Policy, Kip Klingman

Kip Klingman

Discussion: whether to or not to provide funds for a group in China, which provides family health clinics in the most poverty-stricken regions in China.


Discourses Of Development: Narratives Of Cultural Heritage As An Economic Resource, Neil Silberman Jan 2012

Discourses Of Development: Narratives Of Cultural Heritage As An Economic Resource, Neil Silberman

Neil A. Silberman

No abstract provided.


Engineers And Communities, Earthea Nance Jan 2012

Engineers And Communities, Earthea Nance

Earthea Nance

No abstract provided.


“El Desarrollo Municipal En Tamaulipas Y Su Relación Con La Competitividad, 1990-2010”, Ramiro Esqueda-Walle Jan 2012

“El Desarrollo Municipal En Tamaulipas Y Su Relación Con La Competitividad, 1990-2010”, Ramiro Esqueda-Walle

Ramiro Esqueda-Walle

*Se proporciona texto completo mediante solicitud.resquedaw@uat.edu.mx
*Full text upon request.resquedaw@uat.edu.mx


Studio Report: Porto Maravilha: Planning For Inclusive Communities In Rio De Janeiro's Port Area, Clara Irazabal, Alejandro De Castro-Mazarro, Claudia P. Huerta, Rosemary R. Bolich, Millay Kogan, Max B. Podemski, Daleen Saah, Jordan Harrison Salinger, Sarah Welton, May Yu Jan 2012

Studio Report: Porto Maravilha: Planning For Inclusive Communities In Rio De Janeiro's Port Area, Clara Irazabal, Alejandro De Castro-Mazarro, Claudia P. Huerta, Rosemary R. Bolich, Millay Kogan, Max B. Podemski, Daleen Saah, Jordan Harrison Salinger, Sarah Welton, May Yu

Clara Irazabal

The Porto Maravilha Studio represents the work of seven Masters in Urban Planning students from Columbia University Graduate School of Architecture, Planning and Preservation with the guidance of their instructors. In Spring 2012, the studio worked in collaboration with the Municipal Secretary of Housing of Rio de Janeiro (Secretaria Municipal de Habitação, or SMH) to analyze opportunities for incorporating affordable and inclusionary housing in the urban redevelopment plans of Rio de Janeiro’s historic port area. Rio will host a number of mega-events in the next five years, including the 2014 FIFA World Cup and 2016 Summer Olympics Games, and ...


Climate Change, Adaptation, And Formal Education: The Role Of Schooling For Increasing Societies' Adaptive Capacities In El Salvador And Brazil, Christine Wamsler, Ebba Brink, Oskari Rantala Jan 2012

Climate Change, Adaptation, And Formal Education: The Role Of Schooling For Increasing Societies' Adaptive Capacities In El Salvador And Brazil, Christine Wamsler, Ebba Brink, Oskari Rantala

Christine Wamsler

With a worldwide increase in disasters the effects of climate change are already being felt, and it is the urban poor in developing countries who are most at risk. There is an urgent need to better understand the factors that determine people’s capacity to cope with and adapt to adverse climate conditions. This paper examines the influence of formal education in determining the adaptive capacity of the residents of two low-income settlements: Los Manantiales in San Salvador (El Salvador) and Rocinha in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil), where climate-related disasters are recurrent. In both case study areas, average levels of ...


Visual Interventions And The “Crises In Representation” In Environmental Anthropology: Researching Environmental Justice In A Hungarian Romani Neighborhood, Krista Harper Jan 2012

Visual Interventions And The “Crises In Representation” In Environmental Anthropology: Researching Environmental Justice In A Hungarian Romani Neighborhood, Krista Harper

Krista M. Harper

Participatory visual research, or "visual interventions" (Pink 2007) allow environmental anthropologists to respond to three different “crises of representation”: 1) the critique of ethnographic representation presented by postmodern, postcolonial, and feminist anthropologists, 2) the constructivist critique of nature and the environment, and 3) the “environmental justice” critique demanding representation for the environmental concerns of communities of color. Participatory visual research integrates community members in the process of staking out a research agenda, conducting fieldwork and interpreting data, and communicating and applying research findings. Our project used the Photovoice methodology to generate knowledge and documentation related to environment injustices faced by ...


Building Democracy In Japan, Mary Alice Haddad Dec 2011

Building Democracy In Japan, Mary Alice Haddad

Mary Alice Haddad

How is democracy made real? How does an undemocratic country create new institutions and transform its polity such that democratic values and practices become integral parts of its political culture? These are some of the most pressing questions of our times, and they are the central inquiry of Building Democracy in Japan. Using the Japanese experience as starting point, this book develops a new approach to the study of democratization that examines state-society interactions as a country adjusts its existing political culture to accommodate new democratic values, institutions and practices. With reference to the country's history, the book focuses ...


Heritage Interpretation And Human Rights: Documenting Diversity, Expressing Identity, Or Establishing Universal Principles?, Neil A. Silberman Dec 2011

Heritage Interpretation And Human Rights: Documenting Diversity, Expressing Identity, Or Establishing Universal Principles?, Neil A. Silberman

Neil A. Silberman

No abstract provided.


Heritage Interpretation And Human Rights: Documenting Diversity, Expressing Identity, Or Establishing Universal Principles?, Neil A. Silberman Mar 2011

Heritage Interpretation And Human Rights: Documenting Diversity, Expressing Identity, Or Establishing Universal Principles?, Neil A. Silberman

Neil A. Silberman

No abstract provided.


A State-In-Society Approach To The Nonprofit Sector: Welfare Services In Japan, Mary Alice Haddad Feb 2011

A State-In-Society Approach To The Nonprofit Sector: Welfare Services In Japan, Mary Alice Haddad

Mary Alice Haddad

This article uses the case of Japan to advocate for a new theoretical approach to the study of the nonprofit sector. In particular, it examines how theoretical models based on the European and North American experiences have difficulty explaining the relationship between the nonprofit sector and the state in Japan, and argues that a state-in-society approach is better suited to explaining complex state–society relations in diverse cultural contexts. It does this by examining the evolution of social welfare service provision in Japan. This article is motivated to explain an apparent paradox: Japan’s recent efforts toward greater government decentralization ...


Review Of Taming The Disorderly City: The Spatial Landscape Of Johannesburg After Apartheid, By Martin J. Murray, Clara Irazabal Jan 2011

Review Of Taming The Disorderly City: The Spatial Landscape Of Johannesburg After Apartheid, By Martin J. Murray, Clara Irazabal

Clara Irazabal

Murray has produced a mesmerizing account of Johannesburg as an iconic neoliberal city of despicable inequality and polarization. According to his portrayal, the blatantly racist spatial regime of apartheid Johannesburg has given way, in the post-apartheid era, to a classist spatial war against the poor.


Validation, Resistance, And Exclusion: Neo-Nationalist Cultural Heritage In A Globalized World, Neil A. Silberman Nov 2010

Validation, Resistance, And Exclusion: Neo-Nationalist Cultural Heritage In A Globalized World, Neil A. Silberman

Neil A. Silberman

No abstract provided.


The State-In-Society Approach To Democratization With Examples From Japan, Mary Alice Haddad Sep 2010

The State-In-Society Approach To Democratization With Examples From Japan, Mary Alice Haddad

Mary Alice Haddad

How does an undemocratic country create democratic institutions and transform its polity in such a way that democratic values and practices become integral parts of its political culture? This article uses the case of Japan to advocate for a new theoretical approach to the study of democratization. In particular, it examines how theoretical models based on the European and North American experiences have difficulty explaining the process of democratization in Japan, and argues that a state-in-society approach is better suited to explaining the democratization process diverse cultural contexts. Taking a bottom-up view of recent developments in Japanese civil society through ...


Between Home And History, Neil A. Silberman Sep 2010

Between Home And History, Neil A. Silberman

Neil A. Silberman

No abstract provided.


From Undemocratic To Democratic Civil Society: Japan's Volunteer Fire Departments, Mary Alice Haddad Jan 2010

From Undemocratic To Democratic Civil Society: Japan's Volunteer Fire Departments, Mary Alice Haddad

Mary Alice Haddad

How do undemocratic civic organizations become compatible with democratic civil society? How do local organizations merge older patriarchal, hierarchical values and practices with newer more egalitarian, democratic ones? This article tells the story of how volunteer fire departments have done this in Japan. Their transformation from centralized war instrument of an authoritarian regime to local community safety organization of a full-fledged democracy did not happen overnight. A slow process of demographic and value changes helped the organization adjust to more democratic social values and practices. The way in which this organization made the transition offers important lessons for emerging democracies ...


The Tyranny Of Narrative, Neil Silberman Jan 2010

The Tyranny Of Narrative, Neil Silberman

Neil A. Silberman

No abstract provided.


Who Should Care For The Dead? Balancing Religious Rights With Civic Responsibilities, Neil A. Silberman Jan 2010

Who Should Care For The Dead? Balancing Religious Rights With Civic Responsibilities, Neil A. Silberman

Neil A. Silberman

No abstract provided.