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Articles 1 - 30 of 874

Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

Eco 112 - Economia Brasileira, Eloi Martins Senhoras Jan 2016

Eco 112 - Economia Brasileira, Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


Walkability: To Quantify Or Not To Quantify, William W. Riggs Nov 2015

Walkability: To Quantify Or Not To Quantify, William W. Riggs

William W. Riggs

Academics and policy makers have developed quantitative approaches to judging how conducive a location is to walking. This has resulted in new terms like “walkability,” and the trademarked industry term Walk Score has entered the lexicon because of www.walkscore.com. The website rates one place against another, implying that some areas are a “walker’s paradise” and others are not. Some believe that the Walk Score provides a direct and replicable method to benchmark or measure walkability. While as a metric walkability indices typically use three key factors (proximity to goods and services, population dynamics and the concentration of ...


Cargo Bikes As A Growth Area For Bicycle Vs. Auto Trips: Exploring The Potential For Mode Substitution Behavior, William W. Riggs Oct 2015

Cargo Bikes As A Growth Area For Bicycle Vs. Auto Trips: Exploring The Potential For Mode Substitution Behavior, William W. Riggs

William W. Riggs

Cargo bikes are increasing in availability in the United States. While a large body of research has continued to investigate traditional bike transportation, cargo bikes offer the potential to capture trips for those that might otherwise be made by car. To investigate this, data from a survey of cargo bike users are evaluated using descriptive and inferential statistics. The survey queried how use and travel dynamics of characteristics with the hypothesis that cargo bike ownership has the potential to contribute to mode substitution behavior. From a descriptive standpoint, 68.9% of those surveyed changed their travel behavior after purchasing a ...


Course, Counselor, And Teacher Gaps: Addressing The College Readiness Challenge In High-Poverty High Schools, Rhonda Tsoi-A-Fatt Bryant Jun 2015

Course, Counselor, And Teacher Gaps: Addressing The College Readiness Challenge In High-Poverty High Schools, Rhonda Tsoi-A-Fatt Bryant

Rhonda Tsoi-A-Fatt Bryant

More than half of all public school children live in low-income families. As the number of poor children has risen, so has the number of children who attend high-poverty schools. According to 2012 data, the most recent available, 1 in 5 children attend a school where at least 75 percent of students qualify for free or reduced-price lunch—up from 12 percent just 12 years ago. Concentrated poverty is most prevalent in urban areas, where 34 percent of students attend high-poverty schools. Given the racial/ethnic makeup of our nation's urban centers, many of these students are children of ...


San Luis Obispo Open Space Survey, William W. Riggs, Megyn Rugh, Camille Jackson, Kelsey Stefen, Lance Knox Apr 2015

San Luis Obispo Open Space Survey, William W. Riggs, Megyn Rugh, Camille Jackson, Kelsey Stefen, Lance Knox

William W. Riggs

The City of San Luis Obispo (SLO) has eleven official public open spaces. Managing these places presents a challenge in providing top-tier environmental stewardship, while also accommodating passive recreational use and access, in an era of fiscal limitations and competing priorities. Given that reality and the changing population dynamics in the US, providing equal access to these facilities is of increasing importance, whether by car, bike, on foot or via public transit. These open spaces provide value (environmental, economic and social) primarily to residents, as well as visitors, and gaining a data-driven understanding of that value was a primary goal ...


“Two-Ways” To Fix Our Neighborhoods, John Gilderbloom, William W. Riggs Apr 2015

“Two-Ways” To Fix Our Neighborhoods, John Gilderbloom, William W. Riggs

William W. Riggs

Expanding on earlier research about the impacts of one-way streets on outcomes such as public health and property values, a new study examines a citywide case study in Louisville.


San Luis Obispo Open Space Survey, William W. Riggs, Robert Hill Jan 2015

San Luis Obispo Open Space Survey, William W. Riggs, Robert Hill

William W. Riggs

Presentation detailing work on a the San Luis Obispo Open Space Survey report for the City of San Luis Obispo involving assessment of the conditions, characteristics-of, and visitors-to SLO open spaces.


Carving A Walled Village To Keep Friends In -- An Ethnographic Account In The Cyberspace Of Ingress, Leung-Sea, Lucia Siu Jan 2015

Carving A Walled Village To Keep Friends In -- An Ethnographic Account In The Cyberspace Of Ingress, Leung-Sea, Lucia Siu

Prof. SIU Leung-sea, Lucia

This paper investigates how new forms of classical social cohesion, as illustrated by Emile Durkheim, can be found in the mobile gaming community of Ingress. Ingress was a global game developed by Google that ran on mobile phones using location-based technologies. Gamers from two factions had to travel, cooperate and combat across actual geographical space to play. The paper investigates how the gaming community simultaneously possessed global connectivity and cultures of local enclave communities. It contains ethnographic records of a group of gamers from the satellite town of Tuen Mun, Hong Kong. The group used to build a symbolic wall ...


Success In These Schools? Visual Counternarratives Of Young Men Of Color And Urban High Schools They Attend, Shaun R. Harper, Ph.D. Jan 2015

Success In These Schools? Visual Counternarratives Of Young Men Of Color And Urban High Schools They Attend, Shaun R. Harper, Ph.D.

Shaun R. Harper, Ph.D.

The overwhelming majority of published scholarship on urban high schools in the United States focuses on problems of inadequacy, instability, underperformance, and violence. Similarly, across all schooling contexts, most of what has been written about young men of color continually reinforces deficit narratives about their educational possibility. Taken together, images of Black and Latino male students in inner-city schools often manufacture dark, hopeless visualizations of imperiled youth and educational environments. Using photographic data from a study of 325 college-bound juniors and seniors attending 40 public New York City high schools, this article counterbalances one-sided mischaracterizations of young men of color ...


Intersectionality And Planning At The Margins: Lgbtq Youth Of Color In New York, Clara Irazabal, Claudia Huerta Jan 2015

Intersectionality And Planning At The Margins: Lgbtq Youth Of Color In New York, Clara Irazabal, Claudia Huerta

Clara Irazabal

Through an intersectional lens, this article reflects on the dialog between planning and gender, feminist, and queer studies to analyze the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) youth of color (YOC) community in New York City (NYC). The community is subject to multiple disenfranchisements, given their ethno-racial status, class, age, gender, and sexual orientation. This community's limited access to safe public spaces and amenities, housing, health services, job training, and other opportunities is an urban planning challenge insufficiently understood or addressed. Our methodology includes participant observation and analysis of an LGBTQ YOC tour of West Village in NYC ...


Guideline For Integrating Climate Change Adaptation Into Municipal Planning And Governance, Christine Wamsler Jan 2015

Guideline For Integrating Climate Change Adaptation Into Municipal Planning And Governance, Christine Wamsler

Christine Wamsler

No abstract provided.


Urban Design Projects, Vicente Del Rio Jan 2015

Urban Design Projects, Vicente Del Rio

Vicente del Rio

Images of main planning and urban design projects and book covers, such as: Urban design concept plan for Fells Point, Baltimore; Rio Cidade Project, Rio de Janeiro; Lagoa dos Ingleses and Porto Jacuhi new communities; Runner-up for riverfront ecological park in Uberlandia, Brazil; Runner-up proposal for the 2016 Rio Olympics Park Master Plan; Park Marina Riverfront Urban Design Plan, Redding CA; Avenue 12 Corridor Urban Design Plan, Madera County CA.


Inclusively Walkable: Exploring The Equity Of Walkable Housing In The San Francisco Bay Area, William W. Riggs Dec 2014

Inclusively Walkable: Exploring The Equity Of Walkable Housing In The San Francisco Bay Area, William W. Riggs

William W. Riggs

This study evaluates the inclusiveness of walkable housing in the San Francisco Bay Area. Using a series of regression models that control for an array of factors, this study finds that blacks are more likely to live in less walkable areas, a factor which could result in increased societal costs. These models suggest that this factor may mask other highly collinear factors including income, education, and social networks. This phenomenon is explored with qualitative interviews that reinforce this finding and illustrate the many push and pull factors that influence housing choice. These findings are then used to develop potential hypotheses ...


Considerações Acerca Do Aglomerado Metropolitano De Curitiba Na Perspectiva Da Cidade-Região Global, Alceli Ribeiro Alves Oct 2014

Considerações Acerca Do Aglomerado Metropolitano De Curitiba Na Perspectiva Da Cidade-Região Global, Alceli Ribeiro Alves

Alves Ribeiro Alves

The aim of this paper is to critically analyse the hypothesis that the Agglomerated Metropolitan area of Curitiba (AMC) represents a spatial scale of analysis characteristic of world or global cities and, therefore, have great economic and political significance on the world stage. Amongst some of these world cities have figured in previous discussions the cities of London, New York and Tokyo, but also Los Angeles and São Paulo. Making use of a theoretical-conceptual repertoire called Global City- Regions, formulated by SCOTT et al. (2001), and a variety of quantitative data retrieved from different databases, the work presented here obtained ...


City Of Concord Complete Streets Plan Data, William Riggs May 2014

City Of Concord Complete Streets Plan Data, William Riggs

William W. Riggs

Bicycle & pedestrian volume data from May 7 & 8, 2014 gathered as a part of by CalPoly San Luis Obispo students. data gathering and analysis for the City of Concord Streetscape Assessment. A data summary map is available on Google at: https://0-mapsengine.google.com.library.simmons.edu/map/edit?mid=zUgcypEGSusE.kTpGu2CWK_OE.


Understanding Secrets Of Sustainability Through Triz Philosophy, Umakant Mishra Apr 2014

Understanding Secrets Of Sustainability Through Triz Philosophy, Umakant Mishra

Umakant Mishra

After creating the weapons that can destroy the world, the next challenge of man is not to win an enemy but to survive the disasters. The modern man realizes that the worst challenges to face are the manmade disasters. While the nature has given us a well-disposed atmosphere to grow we are spoiling the natural resources through various anti-environmental activities. Our partial knowledge on development has taken us through a so-called development, which is neither eco-friendly nor sustainable. It is therefore important to control our own activities and behavior to minimize their negative effects on other adjacent systems and environment ...


Improving Education Outcomes For African American Youth - Issues For Consideration And Discussion, Rhonda Tsoi-A-Fatt Bryant, Kisha Bird Mar 2014

Improving Education Outcomes For African American Youth - Issues For Consideration And Discussion, Rhonda Tsoi-A-Fatt Bryant, Kisha Bird

Rhonda Tsoi-A-Fatt Bryant

No abstract provided.


Smart Growth In Two Contrastive Metropolitan Areas: A Comparison Between Portland And Los Angeles, Hongwei Dong, Pengyu Zhu Mar 2014

Smart Growth In Two Contrastive Metropolitan Areas: A Comparison Between Portland And Los Angeles, Hongwei Dong, Pengyu Zhu

Pengyu Zhu

This study compares urban landscapes in the Portland and Los Angeles metropolitan areas at the neighbourhood level by operationalising six smart growth indices and mapping their spatial distribution patterns and time trends. Analysis results show that the two metropolitan areas have both strengths and weaknesses in different aspects of smart growth. Most neighbourhoods in both regions do not excel in all six smart growth measures: they are at the high ends of some smart growth indices but at the low ends of others. Some smart growth features such as mixed land use and mixed housing are already pervasive in suburban ...


Calpoly Must To Do More To Put Brakes On Vehicle Traffic, William W. Riggs Feb 2014

Calpoly Must To Do More To Put Brakes On Vehicle Traffic, William W. Riggs

William W. Riggs

There are countless examples of university communities in the United States and internationally that have implemented similar policies. While the city of San Luis Obispo is taking aggressive steps to move in that direction as a part of updates to the Land Use and Circulation Elements, these efforts are not being matched by the campus — and this is at a time where the increase in student population necessitates it.


Elecciones Locales 2014, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq. Jan 2014

Elecciones Locales 2014, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.

Fernando Carrión Mena

Esta diferenciación de las fechas se sustentó en la necesidad de fortalecer la autonomía de los gobiernos locales, de tal manera que no se produzca el arrastre de los votos de los candidatos nacionales hacia los locales. Sin embargo, esta importante legislación quedará en el papel, debido a que el presidente de la República será el gran elector, debido al fuerte liderazgo que posee. En la fase preelectoral ya se sintió su presencia, tanto en la selección de candidaturas como en la reelección de ciertas dignidades: se reunió con alrededor de 180 alcaldes y definieron los apoyos mutuos. Ahora, en ...


Succeeding In The City: A Report From The New York City Black And Latino Male High School Achievement Study, Shaun R. Harper, Ph.D., And Researchers From The Center For The Study Of Race And Equity In Education Jan 2014

Succeeding In The City: A Report From The New York City Black And Latino Male High School Achievement Study, Shaun R. Harper, Ph.D., And Researchers From The Center For The Study Of Race And Equity In Education

Shaun R. Harper, Ph.D.

This report is the first publication from the New York City Black and Latino Male High School Achievement Study, a project that entailed individual interviews with 415 students from 40 public high schools – 90 were enrolled in 44 colleges and universities, the rest were college-bound high school juniors and seniors. Understanding how these young men succeeded in and out of school, developed college aspirations, became college-ready, and navigated their ways to postsecondary education was the primary aim of this project. Instead of further amplifying deficits and documenting failures in urban schools, 13 Black and Latino male researchers from the Center ...


Introduction: What Do We Mean By 'Transbordering Latin Americas', Clara Irazabal Jan 2014

Introduction: What Do We Mean By 'Transbordering Latin Americas', Clara Irazabal

Clara Irazabal

This book, Transbordering Latin Americas: Liminal Places, Cultures, and Powers (T)Here, explores transbordering/transnational Latin American sociocultural and spatial conditions across the globe and across scales—from the gendered and racialized body to the national and transnational arena. What do we mean by “transbordering Latin Americas”? When we use the plural Latin Americas, we purposefully implode the notion of a unified, cohesive, and static Latin America and a corresponding singular identity—a way of being or being perceived as Latin American. The phrase “transbordering Latin Americas” thus comprises instances of that which can be defined as “Latin American” (which ...


Transbordering Planning: Esempi Dalle Americhe Latine, Clara Irazabal Jan 2014

Transbordering Planning: Esempi Dalle Americhe Latine, Clara Irazabal

Clara Irazabal

Le discipline spaziali sono chiamate ad interrogarsi con maggiore attenzione sul ruolo che le dinamiche transnazionali hanno nella configurazione del paesaggio contemporaneo, nelle sue forme urbane, sociali ed identitarie. Lo studio di processi transnazionali del contesto latino-americano, all'interno e al di la delle sue frontiere politiche, sociali, culturali e simboliche, mostra come le popolazioni migranti trascendano, negozino e ridisegnino i confini dei regini di potere esistenti, attraverso le proprie pratiche abitative e di mobilita a diverse scale. Transbordering Latin Amercias, ultimo progetto del Latin Lab della Columbia University, presenta una serie di ricerche che ragionano sulla diffusione globale d ...


Moving Beyond Short-Term Coping And Adaptation, Christine Wamsler, Ebba Brink Jan 2014

Moving Beyond Short-Term Coping And Adaptation, Christine Wamsler, Ebba Brink

Christine Wamsler

Throughout human history, people have coped with, and adapted to, their environment. This accumulated capacity at local level is increasingly recognized to be critical in improving resilience and transformation. Nevertheless, city dwellers’ coping and adaptive practices are little known, poorly documented and often not taken into account in the work of municipal authorities and aid organizations. Against this background, this study provides a systematic overview of urban residents’ coping and adaptive practices, presents critical insights into their risk-reducing effects and discusses their role in the development of policies and projects to increase resilience. It shows that coping should not automatically ...


Swedish Research On Climate Change Governance And Planning [Svensk Forskning Om Klimatanpassning Inom Styrning Och Planering], M Hjerpe, Christine Wamsler Jan 2014

Swedish Research On Climate Change Governance And Planning [Svensk Forskning Om Klimatanpassning Inom Styrning Och Planering], M Hjerpe, Christine Wamsler

Christine Wamsler

No abstract provided.


Integrating Climate Change Adaptation, Disaster Risk Reduction And Urban Planning: A Review Of Nicaraguan Policies And Regulations, Claudia Rivera, Christine Wamsler Jan 2014

Integrating Climate Change Adaptation, Disaster Risk Reduction And Urban Planning: A Review Of Nicaraguan Policies And Regulations, Claudia Rivera, Christine Wamsler

Christine Wamsler

The integration of risk reduction and climate change adaptation has become an urgent task in addressing increasing urban risk more effectively and efficiently. This paper analyses the extent to which climate change adaptation is integrated into the policies and regulatory frameworks that guide urban risk reduction in Nicaragua, and discusses related progress. The results reveal significant progress in integrating climate change adaptation into the policy and regulatory frameworks of the three relatively new fields of (a) disaster risk reduction, (b) environmental management and (c) urban planning. They show that differences in the degree of integration relate to the development and ...


Urban Focus In Climate Change Adaptation And Risk Reduction, Christine Wamsler Jan 2014

Urban Focus In Climate Change Adaptation And Risk Reduction, Christine Wamsler

Christine Wamsler

No abstract provided.


Water And Risk: Developing Sustainable And Resilient Communities, Å Jojanessen, Christine Wamsler Jan 2014

Water And Risk: Developing Sustainable And Resilient Communities, Å Jojanessen, Christine Wamsler

Christine Wamsler

No abstract provided.


Planning For Resilience To Climatic Extremes And Variability: A Review Of Swedish Municipalities’ Adaptation Responses, Christine Wamsler, Ebba Brink Jan 2014

Planning For Resilience To Climatic Extremes And Variability: A Review Of Swedish Municipalities’ Adaptation Responses, Christine Wamsler, Ebba Brink

Christine Wamsler

Climate change poses a serious challenge to sustainable urban development worldwide. In Sweden, climate change work at the city level emerged in 1996 and has long had a focus on mitigating greenhouse gas emissions. City planners’ “adaptation turn” is recent and still ongoing. This paper presents a meta-evaluation of Swedish municipal adaptation approaches, and how they relate to institutional structures at different levels. The results show that although increasing efforts are being put into the identification of barriers to adaptation planning, in contrast, there is little assessment or systematization of the actual adaptation measures and mainstreaming strategies taken. On this ...


Cities, Disaster Risk And Adaptation, Christine Wamsler Jan 2014

Cities, Disaster Risk And Adaptation, Christine Wamsler

Christine Wamsler

Worldwide, disasters and climate change pose a serious risk to sustainable urban development, resulting in escalating human and economic costs. Consequently, city authorities and other urban actors face the challenge of integrating risk reduction and adaptation strategies into their work, although related knowledge and expertise are still scarce.

Cities, Disaster Risk and Adaptation explores ways in which resilient cities can be ‘built’ and sustainable urban transformations achieved. The book provides a comprehensive understanding of urban risk reduction and adaptation planning, exploring key theoretical concepts and analyzing the complex interrelation between cities, disasters and climate change. It further provides an overview ...