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Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

Panel 1 Paper 1.3: Le Paysage Rural Patrimonial, Outil Et Projet Au Service De La Lutte Contre Le Réchauffement Climatique, Régis Ambroise Oct 2019

Panel 1 Paper 1.3: Le Paysage Rural Patrimonial, Outil Et Projet Au Service De La Lutte Contre Le Réchauffement Climatique, Régis Ambroise

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

Cette intervention fait référence au paragraphe de la résolution19GA 2017/30 du Conseil International des Monuments et des Sites indiquant que « la 19° Assemblée générale de l’ICOMOS… salue l’adoption de l’accord de Paris et encourage tous les membres de l’ICOMOS à renforcer leurs efforts pour appuyer sa mise en œuvre et identifier les réponses qui s’appuient sur le patrimoine ou les paysages culturels… ». Elle prend l’exemple de la façon dont les paysages de terrasses ont été abordés ces dernières années dans trois situations différentes : en France, dans le Guizhou en Chine et dans le ...


The Housing Crisis And The Rise Of The Real Estate State, Samuel Stein Oct 2019

The Housing Crisis And The Rise Of The Real Estate State, Samuel Stein

Publications and Research

This article — an excerpt from my book, Capital City, with elaborations on a number of key points — argues that the housing crises endemic to contemporary capitalism must be understood as a result of the concentration of global capital into real estate and the the re-orientation of state planning capacities around the demands of the real estate industry. The first half of the article explains the dimensions of the crisis in the US and the rise of "the real estate state." The second half explores policy alternatives to contemporary urban neoliberalism and the kinds of movements necessary to bring them about.


Unlocking Pre-1850 Instrumental Meteorological Records: A Global Inventory, Stefan Bronnimann, Rob Allan, Linden Ashcroft, Saba Baer, Mariano Barriendos, Rudolf... Williamson Brazdil Oct 2019

Unlocking Pre-1850 Instrumental Meteorological Records: A Global Inventory, Stefan Bronnimann, Rob Allan, Linden Ashcroft, Saba Baer, Mariano Barriendos, Rudolf... Williamson Brazdil

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

A global inventory of early instrumental meteorological measurements is compiled. It comprises thousands of series, many of which have not been digitized, pointing to the potential of weather data rescue.Instrumental meteorological measurements from periods prior to the start of national weather services are designated “early instrumental data”. They have played an important role in climate research as they allow daily-to-decadal variability and changes of temperature, pressure, and precipitation, including extremes, to be addressed. Early instrumental data can also help place 21st century climatic changes into a historical context such as to define pre-industrial climate and its variability. Until recently ...


Las Vegas And Reno, Nevada Renter Migration, Peter Grema, Caitlin Saladino, William E. Brown Aug 2019

Las Vegas And Reno, Nevada Renter Migration, Peter Grema, Caitlin Saladino, William E. Brown

Demography

This Fact Sheet summarizes and expands upon the findings of Apartment List’s Renter Migration Report. The data presented herein focuses on renter search inquiries (both inbound and outbound) regarding Las Vegas and Reno, Nevada.


Supporting Shrinkage: Better Planning And Decision-Making For Legacy Cities, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Justin B. Hollander, Eliza W. Kinsey, George Chichirau, Charla Burnett Aug 2019

Supporting Shrinkage: Better Planning And Decision-Making For Legacy Cities, Michael P. Johnson Jr., Justin B. Hollander, Eliza W. Kinsey, George Chichirau, Charla Burnett

Michael P. Johnson

Planning and policy design for shrinking and distressed regions is challenging. Traditionally, planners use
a variety of tools and incentives to encourage land uses that accommodate changes in populations,
infrastructure and activities to maximize quality of life and social and environmental sustainability.
These are generally designed for growing cities and politically and socially active communities. Since
many regions face significant disparities in social supports, financial resources and quality of life, use of
these tools is thus problematic.

Information technology and the Internet have transformed the production of goods and services. The
‘big data’, ‘smart cities’ and ‘e-government’ movements make it ...


Unraveling The Ethnoterritorial Fix In The Peruvian Amazon: Indigenous Livelihoods And Resource Management After Communal Land Titling (1980s-2016), Ramzi M. Tubbeh, Karl S. Zimmerer Aug 2019

Unraveling The Ethnoterritorial Fix In The Peruvian Amazon: Indigenous Livelihoods And Resource Management After Communal Land Titling (1980s-2016), Ramzi M. Tubbeh, Karl S. Zimmerer

Journal of Latin American Geography

Indigenous rights organizations in Latin America consider territorial control the paramount condition for the reproduction of indigenous peoples’ cultures, the security of their livelihoods, and the pursuit of autonomy. In the past several decades Latin American governments have increasingly recognized indigenous peoples’ rights to cultural difference and channeled their territorial claims by titling their lands as common property. This “territorial turn” is supported by narratives about indigenous peoples as stewards of the environment. The geographic areas associated with indigenous land titling have increased since the late 1980s. This article presents research based on a case study of present-day livelihoods and ...


Urban (Un)Planning And Social Vulnerability In The Context Of Rapid Urbanization And Data Constraints: A Quantitative Study Of Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania., Sheliza Bhanjee Aug 2019

Urban (Un)Planning And Social Vulnerability In The Context Of Rapid Urbanization And Data Constraints: A Quantitative Study Of Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania., Sheliza Bhanjee

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation explores intersections between vulnerability and urban planning in Sub-Saharan Africa, where distinct forms of urbanization are occurring and where there are significant data constraints limiting local studies and urban assessments in the region. The three studies which make up this dissertation offer methodological and theoretical pathways toward examining and measuring the influence of urbanization and planning factors on vulnerability of urban populations in the region. The first study is a literature review and examines existing literature for vulnerability conceptualization in urban environments, the notion of ‘urban vulnerability’, and roles of urban planning and related factors in relation to ...


Lidar-Based Sinkhole Detection And Mapping In Knox County, Tennessee, J Clint Shannon, David Moore, Yingkui Li, Cathy Olsen Jul 2019

Lidar-Based Sinkhole Detection And Mapping In Knox County, Tennessee, J Clint Shannon, David Moore, Yingkui Li, Cathy Olsen

Pursuit - The Journal of Undergraduate Research at the University of Tennessee

Sinkholes are one of the major causes of damage to roads, buildings, and other infrastructure throughout the US. Sinkholes near or on roads are especially costly and occasionally deadly. Knox County and much of East Tennessee are located within karst areas (comprised of porous and soluble limestone and dolomite), deeming it at risk for sinkholes. Currently, Knox County uses contour maps to manually identify sinkholes. Supported by a geographic information system (GIS), we developed a streamlined model to identify the locations and extents of potential sinkholes using 1.3-ft resolution LiDAR (Light Detection and Ranging) data and applied it to ...


A New Long Island: Demographic, Economic, And Social Transformations In New York City's Historic Suburbs, 1990 - 2016 (Revised), Lawrence Cappello Jun 2019

A New Long Island: Demographic, Economic, And Social Transformations In New York City's Historic Suburbs, 1990 - 2016 (Revised), Lawrence Cappello

Center for Latin American, Caribbean, and Latino Studies

Introduction: This report examines key socioeconomic and demographic trends in New York City and Long Island from 1990 to 2016.

Methods: The findings reported here are based on data collected by the Census Bureau IPUMS (Integrated Public Use Microdata Series), available at http://www.usa.ipums.org for the corresponding years and the US Census Bureau’s American Community Survey.

Results: The Long Island suburbs have grown significantly more diverse in the early twenty-first century. The total number of non-Hispanic Whites in both Nassau and Suffolk Counties is in steady decline, as is their share of Long Island’s total ...


Gentrification In Upper Manhattan? Demographic And Socioeconomic Transformations In Washington Heights/Inwood, 1990 - 2015, Lawrence Cappello Jun 2019

Gentrification In Upper Manhattan? Demographic And Socioeconomic Transformations In Washington Heights/Inwood, 1990 - 2015, Lawrence Cappello

Center for Latin American, Caribbean, and Latino Studies

Introduction: This report examines the impact and extent of gentrification in the Washington Heights/Inwood area – traditionally one of Manhattan’s most quintessential Latino neighborhoods.

Methods: This report uses the American Community Survey PUMS (Public Use Microdata Series) data for all years released by the Census Bureau and reorganized for public use by the Minnesota Population Center, University of Minnesota, IPUMSusa, (https://usa.ipums.org/usa/index.shtml).

Results: The Latino community of Washington Heights/Inwood is not being displaced in any meaningful way. While there has certainly been an increase in the number of wealthy non-Hispanic Whites over the ...


An Evaluation Of The Impact Of Leading Pedestrian Interval Signals In Nyc, Jeremy J. Sze May 2019

An Evaluation Of The Impact Of Leading Pedestrian Interval Signals In Nyc, Jeremy J. Sze

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

I evaluated the impact of the phased introduction of Leading Pedestrian Interval Signals (LPIs) on collision and injury outcomes at 12,987 signalized traffic intersections in New York City over the course of 25 quarters from 2012 to 2018. An intersection is treated when a LPIs is installed to give pedestrians lead time to cross the street before vehicles are allowed to move. Outcomes from NYPD’s Motor Vehicle Collisions data were matched to signalized intersections. I hypothesize that LPIs would reduce collisions and reduce injuries for pedestrians at intersections. A difference in difference fixed effects panel regression was used ...


A Smartphone App Survey To Encourage Sustainable And Healthy Travel Mode Choices, Paul Rivers May 2019

A Smartphone App Survey To Encourage Sustainable And Healthy Travel Mode Choices, Paul Rivers

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

Can access to carbon footprint and health [calorie and fat burn] information influence transportation behavior? Survey methods are used in conjunction with a smartphone GPS mobile app to measure transportation tendencies in weekdays – weekends, and willingness to undertake modal shift based on app experience over one week.


Repurposed Spaces In Berlin And Johannesburg, Rebecca Kukla May 2019

Repurposed Spaces In Berlin And Johannesburg, Rebecca Kukla

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

Berlin and Johannesburg are repurposed cities, which were spatially designed to enforce a defunct social order, and which now must be used in new ways by new residents. Through a reading of several sites in each city, I examine how repurposed urban spaces and their inhabitants shape one another.


On The Nature Of Transportation, Ofir J. Klein May 2019

On The Nature Of Transportation, Ofir J. Klein

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

Just as cities have changes, so too have the conversations regarding them. To understand complex phenomena, often one breaks them down into elemental parts. The city is no different. By taking note of these buildings blocks, one is then led into higher order concerns. As the literature shows, these higher order, first order, concerns are denominated by the categorical "labor concerns," and even "housing concerns." In order for scholars to highlight and further their dialogue within their discipline, they draw upon different methods, methodologies, and studies more generally to make a case for the first order concern. This expands the ...


The Image From The Road: Towards Mapping The Phenomenological, Rachel Anna Smith Loerts May 2019

The Image From The Road: Towards Mapping The Phenomenological, Rachel Anna Smith Loerts

Theses and Dissertations

An area of focus, used in early and contemporary forms of cognitive geography research, is the ‘cognitive map’, a concept that suggests “that people hold a map-like database in their minds to which they can add and use to tackle geographical tasks”. Kevin Lynch, an urban planner in the 1960s, was an early adopter of the cognitive map approach to reveal spatial cognition, what or how people see their environment, specifically cognition of the urban environment. Lynch’s research aimed to develop empirical methods, to identify how people make spatial relationships. Contemporary tools like machine learning are now considered relevant ...


The Value Of Farmland: Mapping Assessor Data To Understand Land Use Change, Lyndi Perry May 2019

The Value Of Farmland: Mapping Assessor Data To Understand Land Use Change, Lyndi Perry

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Ideas developed by regional economists have potential applications within the urban planning field. One potential application is toward conserving farmland, and within this thesis this topic is examined for the study area of Utah County, Utah. Using assessor data, a land value map is created and further used to develop a regional economic model and spatial models that were analyzed for patterns of land use change.

Findings show that representing land value as continuous surface maps is a useful approach. The maps reveal that Utah County has densified as its population increased while farmland loss still occurred in agriculturally-important areas ...


Demographic Trends Of Walkable Cities In The United States, Christine Leonhardt Apr 2019

Demographic Trends Of Walkable Cities In The United States, Christine Leonhardt

Sigma Xi Student Research Symposium

Walkable cities have become attractive places to live in recent years as they benefit resident’s well-being. Walkable cities have a positive correlation with a population that is young, educated, safe, and healthy. In cities with high-walkability, residents are encouraged to walk more, rather than use a car for each outing, which counters obesity and a sedentary lifestyle, a grim atmosphere, and unsafe surroundings. Most research on walkability and demographics is limited to case studies comparing city neighborhoods, whereas this research encompasses 108 United States cities with a population over 200,000 people. This research goes beyond a city’s ...


Jlag International Editorial Board 2019-2021 Apr 2019

Jlag International Editorial Board 2019-2021

Journal of Latin American Geography

No abstract provided.


Letter From The Editor, Johnny Finn Apr 2019

Letter From The Editor, Johnny Finn

Journal of Latin American Geography

No abstract provided.


1789 Tax List Of Philadelphia's 11 Wards, Billy G. Smith Jan 2019

1789 Tax List Of Philadelphia's 11 Wards, Billy G. Smith

The Magazine of Early American Datasets (MEAD)

1789 TAX LIST OF PHILADELPHIA'S 11 WARDS, (an 80% random sample).

Note: the suburbs of N. Liberties and Southwark are not included. Poorer people tended to live disproportionately in those suburbs.

NOTE: After data was entered, I entered separately all the rental unit values, added these values to that of the owners and subtracted them from that of the renter.. See the further explanation in Codebook

Source: Philadelphia City Archives


Understanding Governance Structures In Shaping Greenway Implementation In City-Regions: A Case Study In Central Zhejiang Province, China, Jun Xian Chen, Sun Sheng Han, Si Qing Chen Jan 2019

Understanding Governance Structures In Shaping Greenway Implementation In City-Regions: A Case Study In Central Zhejiang Province, China, Jun Xian Chen, Sun Sheng Han, Si Qing Chen

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Greenway implementation in city-regions is a collective action involving a complex range of relations between regional and local agencies, between government departments at the same administrative level, and between adjacent jurisdictions. This paper explores how greenway implementation governance is structured, and why different governance structures result in different greenway implementation processes and outcomes in a city-region. We use a case study approach to a greenway project in central Zhejiang Province (CCCZ), where data are collected through field reconnaissance, in-depth interviews, and document analysis. Preliminary findings reveal that the central Zhejiang Greenway Project has experienced a development from ‘territorially-specialized governance’ to ...


Rethinking Urban Nature: The Rise And Value Of Nature-Based Solutions (Nbs) In Europe, Ian C. Mell, Sarah Clement Jan 2019

Rethinking Urban Nature: The Rise And Value Of Nature-Based Solutions (Nbs) In Europe, Ian C. Mell, Sarah Clement

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Nature-Based Solutions (NBS) have been proposed by the European Union as the most contemporary approach to delivering resilient cities in Europe. Through official guidance and funded projects, the Horizon 2020 programme, the EU has positioned nature at the centre of landscape and urban planning debates. However, there remains a scepticism regarding whether the support of NBS as an alternative to green infrastructure (GI) planning is meaningful and appropriate or damaging to existing practices. Furthermore, the framing of NBS does not, to date, extend the conceptual, practical or political parameters of ‘green space’ planning beyond terminological changes. Its most significant contribution ...


Selling Nature: Aligning Green Infrastructure Principles With The Funding Of Urban Landscapes, Ian C. Mell Jan 2019

Selling Nature: Aligning Green Infrastructure Principles With The Funding Of Urban Landscapes, Ian C. Mell

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

As the allocation of funding for urban greening continues to diminish planners, landscape professionals and environmental advocates are increasingly turning to the 'valuing of nature' as a mechanism to address these shortfalls. Whilst consensus exists that urban nature holds a critical role in promoting ecological sustainability and liveability, there is a less established understanding of how we translate these ideas into funding. Such variation in landscape valuation practices leading to significant disparity between how cities support their natural environment. In turn this has led to a growing reflection on how we can valorise the environment to ensure it is attributed ...


Study On Greenway Plant Landscape Based On Bird Habitat Conservation - A Case Study Of Wenyu River - North Canal Greenway In Beijing, Mengyuan, Zhang,, Yilun Li, Shuxin Fan, Peiyao Hao, Li Dong Jan 2019

Study On Greenway Plant Landscape Based On Bird Habitat Conservation - A Case Study Of Wenyu River - North Canal Greenway In Beijing, Mengyuan, Zhang,, Yilun Li, Shuxin Fan, Peiyao Hao, Li Dong

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

In recent years, rapid urbanization is leading to a sharp decrease of bird diversity in city. The plant landscape in the greenway plays an important role in habitat conservation. This paper aims to explore the effects of plant landscape planning for the bird habitat conservation in urban greenway, and to study the design methods of greenway plant landscapes based on bird habitats conservation.

Wenyu River - North Canal, a river located in the east of Beijing with uninterrupted green spaces along the coast, has the potential to become the migration channel for migratory birds. Dongjiao Wetland Park is an important node ...


Boom And Decline: When Greenways Link Low And High Ses Neighborhoods, Margaret Bryant Jan 2019

Boom And Decline: When Greenways Link Low And High Ses Neighborhoods, Margaret Bryant

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Social and economic inequalities in American cities mean that “booming cities” all have neighborhoods that are not thriving, and “declining cities” are likely to have some areas that are booming. Disadvantaged urban neighborhoods with high numbers of people living in poverty exist in all cities, but they are more pervasive in declining cities. Greenways, linear features in the urban landscape, cut across neighborhoods with varying levels of socioeconomic status (SES), depending on their design and place-specific characteristics. Where greenways link wealth to poverty, interesting concerns, issues, and opportunities arise. This paper reviews existing research on phenomena associated with this particular ...


East Coast Greenway 2050: Harford County, David N. Myers Jan 2019

East Coast Greenway 2050: Harford County, David N. Myers

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

This paper documents both the process and product of a university studio project that explores the role of the East Coast Greenway (ECG) in the overall 2050 Harford County biking and greenway system plans. Harford County, MD occupies an important geographic area in which the ECG is aligned in the Mid-Atlantic region. The presentation also documents initiatives in the more urbanized counties of the State of Maryland and the District of Columbia. Numerous initiatives that characterize urban jurisdictions are reviewed for their relevance to a more a rural environment, but also a county that is experiencing population growth. The specific ...


Cuyahoga Greenways: A Community-Driven, Data-Enriched Initiative To Implement A Regional Greenway Vision, Michael R. Mears, Oliver D. Kiley, Neal J. Billetdeaux Jan 2019

Cuyahoga Greenways: A Community-Driven, Data-Enriched Initiative To Implement A Regional Greenway Vision, Michael R. Mears, Oliver D. Kiley, Neal J. Billetdeaux

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Cleveland and surrounding Cuyahoga County is undergoing a gradual transformation. A highly urbanized region in America’s rust belt, it has experienced decades of declining population and sprawling development. Presently however, the region has shown signs of economic and social improvement as it recovers from years of stagnation and disinvestment. Accompanying this rebound is an increased awareness to the region’s fluctuating socioeconomic conditions and residual challenges to improving mobility. Moreover, there is a desire to ensure that change is sustainable and leads to equitable outcomes for all segments of the community.

Greenways, most notably the county-wide Emerald Necklace, have ...


Sustainable Green Infrastructure Planning In Greece: Proposal For An Urban Greenway Network In The Greater Athens Metropolitan Area, Alexander Kantartzis, Spiro Pollalis Jan 2019

Sustainable Green Infrastructure Planning In Greece: Proposal For An Urban Greenway Network In The Greater Athens Metropolitan Area, Alexander Kantartzis, Spiro Pollalis

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Athens, the capital of Greece, epitomizes the opportunities and constraints of modern urbanization, sustainable mobility, green infrastructure, greenway planning, and the associated quality of contemporary Greek civic life. Though the country’s economy has been suffering tremendously for the past consecutive eight years with harsh austerity measures holding back any developmental commotion, signs of recovery and appropriate funding are lately emerging.

Physically, Athens has overcome its natural containing barriers, the Pikilo and Hemmitos Mountains on east and west borders, the southern waterfront expanding over to the Thriasio and Mesogeia Fields and the island of Aegina respectively. Culturally, contemporary Athens is ...


Transformations Of Urban Green Spaces (Ugs) In Sub-Cities: A Case Of New Town Of Kolkata And Gurgaon Of Delhi, Uttam Roy Jan 2019

Transformations Of Urban Green Spaces (Ugs) In Sub-Cities: A Case Of New Town Of Kolkata And Gurgaon Of Delhi, Uttam Roy

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Sub-cities offer affordable houses and often better living quality when compared to a mother city. One of the major causes of such better living quality is a greater share of land earmarked as urban green spaces in the prevailing master plan. The mega cities in India like Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai and their sub-cities accommodate a larger share of the total urban population compared to the other million population cities and fewer than million cities. For example, under national capital region (NCR) planning, Delhi, several such sub-cities are planned around the city of Delhi, such as Gurgaon, Noida, Dwarka, Rohini & Greater ...


Sensitive Study Of The City/Nature Relationship Associated To The Montevido Waterfront, Ana Vallarino Katzenstein Jan 2019

Sensitive Study Of The City/Nature Relationship Associated To The Montevido Waterfront, Ana Vallarino Katzenstein

Proceedings of the Fábos Conference on Landscape and Greenway Planning

Montevideo is located on the banks of the River Plate. The coastline makes evident the evolution of ideas and meanings associated with the city/nature relationship. Given its accessibility, its extension, and its intensive use, the waterfront is a paradigmatic public space of the Uruguayan capital. For this reason, for its heritage value and its status as city/nature frontier, it was the object of some projects and work tool for others. It allowed the development of a theory for the study of the landscape. In turn, this theory also enabled the development of other projects that generated thematic, theoretical ...