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Articles 31 - 60 of 426

Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies and Planning

Northeast Ohio’S Waterways: Lakefront Planning Issue Forums Summary Report Port Activities, Kathryn Hexter Dec 2015

Northeast Ohio’S Waterways: Lakefront Planning Issue Forums Summary Report Port Activities, Kathryn Hexter

Kathryn W. Hexter

No abstract provided.


Facing The Foreclosure Crisis In Greater Cleveland: What Happened And How Communities Are Responding, Claudia Coulton, Kathryn Hexter, April Hirsh, Anne O’Shaughnessy, Francisca Richter, Michael Schramm Dec 2015

Facing The Foreclosure Crisis In Greater Cleveland: What Happened And How Communities Are Responding, Claudia Coulton, Kathryn Hexter, April Hirsh, Anne O’Shaughnessy, Francisca Richter, Michael Schramm

Kathryn W. Hexter

No abstract provided.


2008 Northeast Ohio Barometer Of Economic Attitudes, Kathryn Hexter, Molly Schnoke, John Brennan Dec 2015

2008 Northeast Ohio Barometer Of Economic Attitudes, Kathryn Hexter, Molly Schnoke, John Brennan

Kathryn W. Hexter

The primary goal of the Northeast Ohio Barometer of Economic Attitudes (NEO Barometer) is to provide meaningful information about what the public knows and perceives about the region. The Barometer is designed to provide a reliable and objective opinion-gauge of the people in Northeast Ohio. Since 2004, it has been tracking the public’s perception of the region’s general economic development progress, as well as opinions on regionalism and economic development initiatives. The 2008 survey added a new section that begins to track public perceptions about the importance of education, to inform strategies for addressing the persistently low levels ...


Connecting Cleveland To Its Natural Edge: Civic Engagement And The Cleveland Lakefront Plan The Natural City Symposium, Kathryn Hexter, Wendy Kellogg Dec 2015

Connecting Cleveland To Its Natural Edge: Civic Engagement And The Cleveland Lakefront Plan The Natural City Symposium, Kathryn Hexter, Wendy Kellogg

Kathryn W. Hexter

No abstract provided.


Jewish Cleveland 2004, Mark Rosentraub, Kathryn Hexter Dec 2015

Jewish Cleveland 2004, Mark Rosentraub, Kathryn Hexter

Kathryn W. Hexter

No abstract provided.


Housing First: Documenting The Need For Permanent Supportive Housing, Susan Burkholder, Kathryn Hexter Dec 2015

Housing First: Documenting The Need For Permanent Supportive Housing, Susan Burkholder, Kathryn Hexter

Kathryn W. Hexter

Five years ago, very few people would have believed that it was possible to end homelessness for the most marginalized Americans. Today, the idea that we can end the cycle of homelessness and institutionalization for vulnerable Americans is so mainstream that the Bush administration declared in its 2003 budget proposal that it considers “ending chronic homelessness in the next decade a top objective.” The key to this turnaround in thinking is supportive housing, an approach that is both smart and compassionate” according to a recent editorial in the New York Times. It is a concept that is proving to be ...


Northeast Indiana Entrepreneurial Opportunity Survey Analysis, Ziona Austrian, Merissa Piazza, Eli Auerbach, Sunjoo Park, Joan Chase Dec 2015

Northeast Indiana Entrepreneurial Opportunity Survey Analysis, Ziona Austrian, Merissa Piazza, Eli Auerbach, Sunjoo Park, Joan Chase

Ziona Austrian

This survey report is associated with "Northeast Indiana Regional Analysis: Demographics, Economy, entrepreneurship and Innovation"


Northeast Indiana Entrepreneurial Opportunity Survey Analysis, Ziona Austrian, Merissa Piazza, Eli Auerbach, Sunjoo Park, Joan Chase Dec 2015

Northeast Indiana Entrepreneurial Opportunity Survey Analysis, Ziona Austrian, Merissa Piazza, Eli Auerbach, Sunjoo Park, Joan Chase

Ziona Austrian

This survey report is associated with "Northeast Indiana Regional Analysis: Demographics, Economy, entrepreneurship and Innovation"


Tax Incentives And Housing Investment In Low-Income Neighborhoods, Matthew Freedman Sep 2015

Tax Incentives And Housing Investment In Low-Income Neighborhoods, Matthew Freedman

Matthew Freedman

This paper examines how tax incentives to promote housing investment affect communities by exploiting the lottery structure of Missouri’s Neighborhood Preservation Act (NPA). The NPA offers tax credits to homeowners and developers that improve or expand the owner-occupied housing stock in low-income areas. Taking advantage of the random assignment of NPA tax credits and detailed property-level data, I find that the program increases construction activity modestly. There are positive but highly localized spillovers on neighbors’ investment behavior. Spillovers on property values are larger in geographic scope, implying important roles for both neighbor interactions and amenity effects in local housing ...


Sector Inmobiliario Y Debilidad De La Zona Euro, Jaime Luque Sep 2015

Sector Inmobiliario Y Debilidad De La Zona Euro, Jaime Luque

Jaime P. Luque

No abstract provided.


An Evaluation Of Competitive Industrial Structure And Regional Manufacturing Employment Change., Joshua Drucker Aug 2015

An Evaluation Of Competitive Industrial Structure And Regional Manufacturing Employment Change., Joshua Drucker

Joshua Drucker

This paper examines the relationships between several aspects of regional industrial structure and employment change in the United States manufacturing sector and 19 subsectors from 1987 to 1997. Economic diversity, industrial specialization, and competitive structure are considered together in a non-causal regression framework in order to assess their relative associations with economic performance. The innovative features of the research are considering together multiple distinct facets of industrial structure at the regional scale, emphasizing the less commonly studied characteristic of industrial competitive structure, and exploiting confidential microdata to construct and evaluate detailed metrics across broad geographic and industrial ranges. The findings ...


Who Benefits From Environmental Regulation? Evidence From The Clean Air Act Amendments, Antonio Bento, Matthew Freedman, Corey Lang Jul 2015

Who Benefits From Environmental Regulation? Evidence From The Clean Air Act Amendments, Antonio Bento, Matthew Freedman, Corey Lang

Matthew Freedman

Using geographically disaggregated data and exploiting an instrumental variable strategy, we show that, contrary to conventional wisdom, the benefits of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) were progressive. The CAAA created incentives for local regulators to target the initially dirtiest areas for cleanup, creating heterogeneity in the incidence of air quality improvements that favored lower-income households. Based on house price appreciation, households in the lowest quintile of the income distribution received annual benefits from the program equal to 0.3% of their income on average during the 1990s, over twice as much as those in the highest quintile.

Earlier ...


Place-Based Programs And The Geographic Dispersion Of Employment, Matthew Freedman Jun 2015

Place-Based Programs And The Geographic Dispersion Of Employment, Matthew Freedman

Matthew Freedman

Government efforts to improve local economic conditions by encouraging private investment in targeted communities could affect the broader geographic distribution of employment in a region, especially to the extent that subsidized businesses face few constraints on whom they hire. This paper examines the labor market impacts of investment subsidized by the U.S. federal government’s New Markets Tax Credit (NMTC) program, which provides tax incentives to promote business investment in low-income neighborhoods. To identify the program’s effects, I exploit a discontinuity in the rule determining the eligibility of census tracts for NMTC-subsidized investment. Using rich administrative data on ...


Key Findings From The Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station Study, Jonathan G. Cooper May 2015

Key Findings From The Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station Study, Jonathan G. Cooper

Jonathan G. Cooper

Presentation of key findings from the Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station Study, given at the 48th Annual Meeting of the Old Colony Planning Council in 2015.


April 2015 - Urban Sprawl In Kane, Kendall, Will And Mchenry Counties, Illinois, 1987 And 2007, Elisa Addlesperger Apr 2015

April 2015 - Urban Sprawl In Kane, Kendall, Will And Mchenry Counties, Illinois, 1987 And 2007, Elisa Addlesperger

Elisa E. Addlesperger

Elisa Addlesperger’s map, created as part of a final project for GEO 243 Remote Sensing, shows the impact of development on availability of farmland in four collar counties in northeastern Illinois: Kane, Kendall, Will and McHenry. Landsat 5 multi-band spectral images from 1987 and 2007 were processed to create classes showing development density in each respective year. Open or agricultural land is indicated with a bright green. Based on this visual analysis, substantial amounts of arable land have been lost to development in Chicago’s collar counties. According to the state Department of Agriculture, Illinois has lost over 3 ...


Living Cities: The Integration Initiative In Cleveland, Ohio- Greater University Circle Community Wealth Building Initiative: Evaluation Executive Summary Year 3, Ziona Austrian, Kathryn W. Hexter, Candi Clouse, Serineh Baboomian Apr 2015

Living Cities: The Integration Initiative In Cleveland, Ohio- Greater University Circle Community Wealth Building Initiative: Evaluation Executive Summary Year 3, Ziona Austrian, Kathryn W. Hexter, Candi Clouse, Serineh Baboomian

Ziona Austrian

The Living Cities Integration Initiative (TII) began in 2011 as a three-year program to accelerate local initiatives promoting greater economic inclusion in five cities across the country. In Cleveland, Ohio, the TII was known as the Greater University Circle (GUC) Community Wealth Building Initiative and was part of the more comprehensive Greater University Circle Initiative (GUCI) between 2011 and 2013. The GUCI began in 2005 and will continue beyond TII. This report will refer to the three-year Living Cities program as the GUCI/TII. This executive summary combines findings from two evaluation reports. The first is a formative and system ...


The Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station Study: A Socio-Economic Analysis And Closure Transition Guide Book, Jonathan Cooper Mar 2015

The Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station Study: A Socio-Economic Analysis And Closure Transition Guide Book, Jonathan Cooper

Jonathan G. Cooper

This Guide Book estimates the socioeconomic impacts of the Pilgrim Nuclear Power Station (“Pilgrim Station”) on the Town of Plymouth, the Old Colony Planning Council (OCPC), and neighboring cities and towns. It does not endorse any perspective for or against nuclear power, focusing only on the impacts of Pilgrim Station’s operations and the impacts of decommissioning should it occur. The plant’s direct impacts are identified first, followed by estimates of secondary impacts that come from the business and household spending caused by Pilgrim Station’s expenditures. The Guide Book then estimates the impacts Pilgrim Station’s closure would ...


Superstar Cities, Inequality And Housing Policy, S Y Phang Mar 2015

Superstar Cities, Inequality And Housing Policy, S Y Phang

PHANG Sock Yong

Income and wealth inequality have been constantly debated, especially in recent years. Most studies, such as the recent work by Thomas Piketty, compare inequality across countries and over time. National inequality measures, however, mask considerable variations across cities within the same country. A country’s biggest and most economically dynamic cities also tend to have the largest inequality gaps. These cities – what Joseph Gyourko calls “Superstar Cities” – are also distinguished by their high housing prices. Migration in and out of cities limits the extent to which Superstar Cities can use local redistributive policies (including housing policies) to reduce inequality. As ...


A Review Of Alternative Economic Base Study Methods For Community Economic Development, Jordan Yin Mar 2015

A Review Of Alternative Economic Base Study Methods For Community Economic Development, Jordan Yin

Jordan S. Yin

No abstract provided.


The Community Development Industry System: A Case Study Of Politics And Institutions In Cleveland, Jordan Yin Mar 2015

The Community Development Industry System: A Case Study Of Politics And Institutions In Cleveland, Jordan Yin

Jordan S. Yin

No abstract provided.


The Community Option In Urban Policy, Jordan Yin, J. Pitt, P Clavel Mar 2015

The Community Option In Urban Policy, Jordan Yin, J. Pitt, P Clavel

Jordan S. Yin

No abstract provided.


Asean Public Private Partnership Guidelines, Fauziah Zen, Michael Regan Mar 2015

Asean Public Private Partnership Guidelines, Fauziah Zen, Michael Regan

Michael Regan

The ASEAN PPP Guidelines are designed for ASEAN nations and provide a common set of policy principles for member countries. The Guidelines offer a broad framework based on best practice standards that will help government departments to manage the processes and procedures that need to be taken when implementing PPP projects. In this respect, common policy principles provide consistency, confidence and certainty to foreign private investors and help facilitate cross-border PPP projects and enhance greater connectivity through harmonisation of member’s regulatory requirements. ASEAN nations will already have in place PPP laws and policies, and many international agencies provide financial ...


Small Cities Blues: Looking For Growth Factors In Small And Medium-Sized Cities, George A. Erickcek, Hannah J. Mckinney Feb 2015

Small Cities Blues: Looking For Growth Factors In Small And Medium-Sized Cities, George A. Erickcek, Hannah J. Mckinney

George A. Erickcek

The purpose of this exploratory study is to attempt to identify particular public policies which have the potential to increase the economic viability of smaller metropolitan areas and cities. We identify characteristics associated with smaller metro areas that performed better-than-expected (winners) and worse-than-expected (losers) during the 1990s, given their resources, industrial mix, and location as of 1990. Once these characteristics have been identified, we look for evidence that public policy choices may have promoted and enhanced a metro area's ability to succeed and to regain control of its own economic destiny. Methodologically, we construct a regression model which identifies ...


The Role Of Small Business: A Tale Of Two Cities, George A. Erickcek Feb 2015

The Role Of Small Business: A Tale Of Two Cities, George A. Erickcek

George A. Erickcek

No abstract provided.


What Should The Federal Government Be Doing About Urban Economic Development?, Timothy J. Bartik Jan 2015

What Should The Federal Government Be Doing About Urban Economic Development?, Timothy J. Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

The federal government should focus its policies towards economic development on areas in which the federal government has some unique advantages. Federal policy should: (1) discourage financial subsidies to specific large firms by state and local governments; (2) expand the federal role in economic development services in which national action has some special advantages, such as developing information on foreign markets, encouraging large national banks to be more involved in economic development, supporting the development of the "Information Superhighway," and encouraging new technology development; (3) provide modest support for state and local efforts to increase business productivity through technology extension ...


The Revitalization Of Older Industrial Cities: A Review Essay Of Retooling For Growth, Timothy Bartik Jan 2015

The Revitalization Of Older Industrial Cities: A Review Essay Of Retooling For Growth, Timothy Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

No abstract provided.


Solving The Many Problems With Inner City Jobs, Timothy J. Bartik Jan 2015

Solving The Many Problems With Inner City Jobs, Timothy J. Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

Inner-city business development is often proposed as a solution to inner-city poverty. However, research evidence suggests that creating new jobs in the inner city is unlikely by itself to significantly increase the employment or earnings of the inner city poor. Public subsidies for inner city business development may be justified by greater environmental, congestion, and fiscal benefits of inner city vs. suburban business location decisions. The research evidence suggests that some boost in inner city business development may be provided by a combination of economic development incentives with enhanced public services. A different set of policies must be used to ...


The Revitalization Of Older Industrial Cities: A Review Essay Of Retooling For Growth, Timothy J. Bartik Jan 2015

The Revitalization Of Older Industrial Cities: A Review Essay Of Retooling For Growth, Timothy J. Bartik

Timothy J. Bartik

This review essay debates the policy issues raised by the book Retooling for Growth: Building a 21st Century Economy in America's Older Industrial Areas, edited by Richard M. McGahey and Jennifer S. Vey (Brookings Institution Press, 2008). I argue that the main rationale for adopting policies to revitalize older industrial cities is to improve the per capita earnings of urban residents. Therefore, urban economic development policy should be seen as urban labor market policy. Increasing city residents' earnings requires progress on two fronts: increasing metropolitan labor demand; increasing the quantity and quality of the effective labor supply of city ...


Urban Labor Markets, Randall W. Eberts Jan 2015

Urban Labor Markets, Randall W. Eberts

Randall W. Eberts

Urban labor markets are characterized by the spatial proximity of households and businesses, which offers firms and workers advantages that lead to more efficient markets, enhanced productivity, and greater economic success. Nevertheless, the nation's city, while generating a large proportion of the nation's wealth, houses much of the nation's economic disadvantaged workers. This paper describes the current conditions of urban labor markets and outlines a national urban policy agenda that addresses these concerns by taking into account cities' spatial dimension. The paper argues that a national urban labor policy should emphasize the effects of physical and informational ...


Residential Segregation, Housing Submarkets, And Spatial Analysis: St. Louis And Cincinnati As A Case Study, Sungsoon Hwang Dec 2014

Residential Segregation, Housing Submarkets, And Spatial Analysis: St. Louis And Cincinnati As A Case Study, Sungsoon Hwang

Sungsoon Hwang

This paper considers how spatial analysis of housing submarkets can advance research into residential segregation. While an emphasis on housing submarkets has been proposed as a new construct for modeling housing prices, its use in analyzing residential segregation has been limited. Recent advances in spatial analysis and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) present new opportunities for researchers to exploit the potential of housing submarkets as constructs that offer a more precise way to examine residential segregation. The paper synthesizes literature related to residential segregation and housing submarkets, and demonstrates how to delineate housing submarkets using publicly available data. It examines the ...