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2011

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Articles 1 - 30 of 107

Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies

Hoffman Triangle Neighborhood Condition Analysis, Michelle M. Thompson Dec 2011

Hoffman Triangle Neighborhood Condition Analysis, Michelle M. Thompson

Planning and Urban Studies Reports and Presentations

In the Fall of 2011, University of New Orleans (UNO) students enrolled in the MURP 4081/G ― Information Technology for the Planning Profession – led by Dr. Michelle Thompson, partnered with the Associated Neighborhood Development (AND) to evaluate quality of life indicators within Hoffman Triangle. Hoffman Triangle is a neighborhood located in the Central City of New Orleans, LA. The student teams evaluated the neighborhood parcel by parcel, collected primary and secondary information and analyzed data using basic data and spatial analysis primarily within a geographic information system (GIS). Specifically, primary data collection included a parcel condition survey, a commercial property ...


2011 Global Go To Think Tanks Index Report, James G. Mcgann Dec 2011

2011 Global Go To Think Tanks Index Report, James G. Mcgann

TTCSP Global Go To Think Tank Index Reports

The 2011 Global Go To Think Tank Rankings marks the fifth edition of the annual report. As in previous years, the Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program (TTCSP) at the University of Pennsylvania’s International Relations Program has relied on the indexing criteria and process developed by James G. McGann for ranking think tanks around the world. The Program’s Rankings remain the first and most comprehensive ranking of the world’s top think tanks, and are based on an annual global peer and expert survey of close to 1500 scholars, policymakers, journalists, and regional and subject area experts. Given ...


Mountain Monitor-3rd Quarter 2011, Mark Muro, Kenan Fikri Dec 2011

Mountain Monitor-3rd Quarter 2011, Mark Muro, Kenan Fikri

Mountain Monitor

Economic recovery in the Intermountain West’s major metropolitan areas edged forward in the third quarter of 2011, after idling for much of the year. Nationally, high technology and automotive-oriented metros showed the strongest signs of recovery; in the Intermountain West, manufacturing-intensive and technology-oriented metros had the strongest quarter. Employment and output grew in most metropolitan areas, and the unemployment rate fell throughout the region. At the same time, the housing market freefall came to an end—or at least paused—across most of the region, as home prices ticked upwards for the first time since the Monitor began tracking ...


City Of Redlands Safe Routes To Schools Shadow Mapping, Joseph William Crowley Dec 2011

City Of Redlands Safe Routes To Schools Shadow Mapping, Joseph William Crowley

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

The City of Redlands seeks to improve the tree canopy coverage over key pedestrian zones with the intention of providing more shade to pedestrians in support of the Safe Routes to School Program. An analysis of the current canopy and the shaded sidewalks allowed city planners to distinguish those areas that are both “walkable” and in need of more shade. LIDAR data can generate a detailed and accurate measurement of the city’s canopy index, and was used to determine the total shadow coverage of trees and buildings. Overlaid with priority sidewalks, this map identified pedestrian zones in need of ...


Happiness Around The World: The Paradox Of Happy Peasants And Miserable Millionaires, Carol Graham Nov 2011

Happiness Around The World: The Paradox Of Happy Peasants And Miserable Millionaires, Carol Graham

Lectures/Events (BMW)

For centuries the pursuit of happiness was the preserve of philosophers. More recently there is a burgeoning interest in the study of happiness in the social sciences. Can we really answer the question what makes people happy? Is it grounded in credible methods and data? Is there consistency in the determinants of happiness across countries and cultures? Are happiness levels innate to individuals or can policy and the environment make a difference? How is happiness affected by poverty and by progress? This presentation introduces a line of research which is both an attempt to understand the determinants of happiness and ...


Another Factory Is Possible: How One Apparel Company Is Reinvigorating The Debate Over The Sweatshop-Free Label., Peter Dreier Nov 2011

Another Factory Is Possible: How One Apparel Company Is Reinvigorating The Debate Over The Sweatshop-Free Label., Peter Dreier

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Getting Started In Evaluation Consulting: Questions To Ask And Answer Along The Way, Judah J. Viola, Nov 2011

Getting Started In Evaluation Consulting: Questions To Ask And Answer Along The Way, Judah J. Viola,

Faculty Publications

This PowerPoint presentation includes a four phase approach to considering the main questions you'll need to ask and answer before taking the leap needed to begin working as an independent evaluation consultant.


Driving The Economy Home: What Matters Most To Northeast Ohio's Economy (Dashboard Of Economic Indicators 2011), Emily Garr, Ziona Austrian, Merissa Piazza Nov 2011

Driving The Economy Home: What Matters Most To Northeast Ohio's Economy (Dashboard Of Economic Indicators 2011), Emily Garr, Ziona Austrian, Merissa Piazza

Urban Publications

This report describes trends which occur between 2007 and 2010, the most recent year for which data are available. The essay distinguishes between those that take place in the “recession period” (from the peak of the economic cycle in 2007 to the start of economic recovery in 2009) and the “recovery period” (from 2009 to 2010).


2010 Transit Oriented Developments Survey, Jennifer Dill Oct 2011

2010 Transit Oriented Developments Survey, Jennifer Dill

TREC Final Reports

This report presents results from surveys of residents at several transit-oriented developments (TODs) in Portland, Gresham, Hillsboro, and Happy Valley. The research complements survey work done in 2005 at sites near three MAX stations in Hillsboro and Beaverton (west of downtown) and the Merrick apartments near the Convention Center in Portland, and in 2007 at 11 sites in the eastside of Portland and Gresham.


Cafeteria Food Fight, Robert Gottlieb Oct 2011

Cafeteria Food Fight, Robert Gottlieb

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Moving In The Labor Laane, Peter Dreier Oct 2011

Moving In The Labor Laane, Peter Dreier

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Dr. Seuss’S Progressive Politics, Peter Dreier Oct 2011

Dr. Seuss’S Progressive Politics, Peter Dreier

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Green And Economic Fleet Replacement Modeling: Part I, David S. Kim, Miguel Figliozzi, J. David Porter Oct 2011

Green And Economic Fleet Replacement Modeling: Part I, David S. Kim, Miguel Figliozzi, J. David Porter

TREC Final Reports

The purpose of this study was to gain a better understanding of how equipment replacement decisions are supported with data collection and quantitative models at state DOTs, and to determine if models found in the research literature offer any better decision support when applied to realistic fleet usage and cost data. This study also addressed the current state of equipment replacement at state DOTs with respect to using measurable “green” criteria in replacement decisions, and the development of new quantitative replacement models utilizing such criteria. The responses from 25 state DOTs indicates that there is little consistency in the criteria ...


Combined Seismic Plus Live Load Analysis Of Highway Bridges, Michael H. Scott, Minjie Zhu Oct 2011

Combined Seismic Plus Live Load Analysis Of Highway Bridges, Michael H. Scott, Minjie Zhu

TREC Final Reports

The combination of seismic and vehicle live loadings on bridges is an important design consideration. There are well-established design provisions for how the individual loadings affect bridge response: structural components that carry vertical live loads are designed to remain well within the linear-elastic range while lateral load carrying components are designed to yield under large seismic excitations. The weight of the bridge superstructure is taken in to account as dead load in structural analysis for seismic loads; however, the effects of additional mass and damping of live loads on the bridge deck are neglected. To improve the design of highway ...


Value Of Travel-Time Reliability: Commuters’ Route-Choice Behavior In The Twin Cities, Carlos Carrion-Madera, David Levinson, Kathleen Harder, Miguel Figliozzi Oct 2011

Value Of Travel-Time Reliability: Commuters’ Route-Choice Behavior In The Twin Cities, Carlos Carrion-Madera, David Levinson, Kathleen Harder, Miguel Figliozzi

TREC Final Reports

Travel-time variability is a noteworthy factor in network performance. It measures the temporal uncertainty experienced by users in their movement between any two nodes in a network. The importance of the time variance depends on the penalties incurred by the users. In road networks, travelers consider the existence of this journey uncertainty in their selection of routes. This choice process takes into account travel-time variability and other characteristics of the travelers and the road network. In this complex behavioral response, a feasible decision is spawned based on not only the amalgamation of attributes, but also on the experience travelers incurred ...


Remix Cleveland- The Cleveland Music Sector And Its Economic Impact - Executive Summary, Iryna Lendel, Sharon Bliss, Candice Clouse, Merissa Piazza, Ziona Austrian, Kathryn W. Hexter, Renee Constantino, Matthew Hrubey Oct 2011

Remix Cleveland- The Cleveland Music Sector And Its Economic Impact - Executive Summary, Iryna Lendel, Sharon Bliss, Candice Clouse, Merissa Piazza, Ziona Austrian, Kathryn W. Hexter, Renee Constantino, Matthew Hrubey

Urban Publications

This study was commissioned by the Community Partnership for Arts and Culture (CPAC)as a starting point for gaining a deeper understanding of the different sectors of the Cleveland arts scene in Cuyahoga county. Its objective is to understand the Cleveland Music Sector, delineate its components, learn its dynamics, and assess the economic impact of music events and venues in Cuyahoga county.


Remix Cleveland: The Cleveland Music Sector And Its Economic Impact - Full Report, Iryna Lendel, Sharon Bliss, Candice Clouse, Merissa Piazza, Ziona Austrian, Kathryn W. Hexter, Renee Constantino, Matthew Hrubey Oct 2011

Remix Cleveland: The Cleveland Music Sector And Its Economic Impact - Full Report, Iryna Lendel, Sharon Bliss, Candice Clouse, Merissa Piazza, Ziona Austrian, Kathryn W. Hexter, Renee Constantino, Matthew Hrubey

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


The Next Swing Region: Reapportionment And Redistricting In The Intermountain West, David F. Damore Sep 2011

The Next Swing Region: Reapportionment And Redistricting In The Intermountain West, David F. Damore

Lectures/Events (BMW)

During the first decade of the 21st century no region in the nation experienced the political and demographic changes that occurred in the Intermountain West region, including the states of Arizona, Colorado, Idaho, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah. These states grew at unprecedented levels and are now demographically more diverse and increasingly urbanized. This presentation will explore the status of redistricting and reapportionment efforts, and the implications for state and national politics.


Expanding Access, Participation, And Success In International Baccalaureate Programmes (Ib Access Project): Evaluation Report Year Two, Gail Gerry, Thomas B. Corcoran Sep 2011

Expanding Access, Participation, And Success In International Baccalaureate Programmes (Ib Access Project): Evaluation Report Year Two, Gail Gerry, Thomas B. Corcoran

CPRE Research Reports

In the fall of 2009, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation funded a three-year project proposed by the International Baccalaureate (IB) to demonstrate the feasibility of increasing the participation of minority students and students in poverty in its Middle Years Programme (MYP) and Diploma Programme (DP) in selected school districts in the United States. “Expanding Access, Participation and Success in IB Programmes” or the IB Access Project, as it has come to be known, is utilizing a multi-faceted technical assistance and materials development strategy to strengthen IB programs and broaden access for students previously excluded in the Anne Arundel County ...


Mountain Monitor-2nd Quarter 2011, Mark Muro, Kenan Fikri Sep 2011

Mountain Monitor-2nd Quarter 2011, Mark Muro, Kenan Fikri

Mountain Monitor

Data through the second quarter of 2011 raise new questions about the pace and certainty of recovery in the Intermountain West. Even places like Denver, Colorado Springs, and Ogden—which only suffered mild setbacks in the early quarters of the recession—have stagnated in the wake of the nation’s worst economic slump since the Great Depression. Output and employment increased hesitantly in eight of the 10 major metros of the Intermountain West in the second quarter while the housing market slumped to new lows everywhere.


Northeast Ohio Manufacturing Brief, Matthew Hrubey Sep 2011

Northeast Ohio Manufacturing Brief, Matthew Hrubey

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Economic Impact Of Jumpstart Inc. Portfolio And Client Companies, 2010, Ziona Austrian, Candice Clouse Sep 2011

Economic Impact Of Jumpstart Inc. Portfolio And Client Companies, 2010, Ziona Austrian, Candice Clouse

Urban Publications

2010 economic impact of JumpStart Inc. Portfolio and Client Companies


Building Sustainable, Just Food Systems In Detroit: Reflections From Seed Wayne, A Campus-Community Collaborative, Kameshwari Pothukuchi Aug 2011

Building Sustainable, Just Food Systems In Detroit: Reflections From Seed Wayne, A Campus-Community Collaborative, Kameshwari Pothukuchi

Urban Studies and Planning Faculty Research Publications

This article describes a campus-community collaborative, SEED Wayne, which was developed to build sustainable food systems on Wayne State University’s campus and in Detroit neighborhoods. The discussion traces the nature of SEED Wayne’s partnerships and reflects on the program’s past three years of existence, including experiences within the university, practical challenges associated with defining sustainability uniformly across diverse campus and community activities, gaining consistent student involvement, and the mutual benefits of the university-community partnership.


Do-It‐Yourself Urban Design: Making Local Improvements Through Unauthorized Alterations Of Urban Space, Gordon Douglas Aug 2011

Do-It‐Yourself Urban Design: Making Local Improvements Through Unauthorized Alterations Of Urban Space, Gordon Douglas

Faculty Publications, Urban and Regional Planning

This study examines “spatial interventions”: street art, guerrilla gardening, public space invasions, and other unauthorized practices of place-based, site-specific art or activism that challenge the normative uses or meanings of particular urban spaces. In recent years, a growing number of individuals have taken up these forms of site-specific direct action. Some argue that they represent new strategies of political expression, even “resistance”; others, that it is little more than vandalism or pointless juvenile acting out. Yet my research suggests that many of these actions are rather connected by something more subtle, a simple willingness to reimagine the built environment on ...


Evaluation Of Safe Routes To School Programs: Qualitative And Quantitative Analysis Of Parental Decision-Making, Lynn Weigand, Noreen Mcdonald Aug 2011

Evaluation Of Safe Routes To School Programs: Qualitative And Quantitative Analysis Of Parental Decision-Making, Lynn Weigand, Noreen Mcdonald

TREC Final Reports

In the United States, walking to school declined from 42% of 5-18 year olds in 1969 to 16% in 20011. The US Department of Transportation has responded to this dramatic decrease by funding the Safe Routes to School program for $612 million in SAFETEA-LU. The program’s funding emphasize infrastructure improvements such as completing sidewalks and adding crosswalks by requiring between 70% and 90% of funding be allocated toward infrastructure. However, recent research shows that 2 of 3 children who currently are driven to school, but live close enough to walk, do so because it is more convenient for parents ...


Rethinking The Rural-Urban Divide In China’S New Stratification Order, Qian Forrest Zhang Aug 2011

Rethinking The Rural-Urban Divide In China’S New Stratification Order, Qian Forrest Zhang

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

I use a Marxist framework centred on the mode of production to conceptually analyze the changing stratification structure in today’s China with a focus on the changing nature of rural-urban inequality. As the state-managed tributary mode of production, once dominant under socialism, is being gradually eclipsed by the reviving petty-commodity mode of production and the newly emerged capitalist mode of production, both of which are market-based and enable the transfer of surplus from labour to capital, a new set of mechanisms are creating and sustaining rural-urban inequality in China. Rural-urban inequality – although still significant in its magnitude – is no ...


Decision Models For Housing And Community Development, Michael P. Johnson Jr. Jul 2011

Decision Models For Housing And Community Development, Michael P. Johnson Jr.

Public Policy and Public Affairs Faculty Publication Series

Decision science provides tools and methods to support strategy design and operations in housing and community development by generating guidance regarding the number, type, location and development process of housing units in order to balance objectives such as social benefits and costs, tenure mix and equity. These decision models address the needs of multiple stakeholders, reflect the public and private nature of housing, and incorporate best-available evidence regarding markets, policies and impacts of housing and community development. This chapter reviews applications over the past 30 years and describe current applications in decision support for housing and community development, including: affordable ...


Periodic Atlas Of The Metroscape: Seeing The Past In The Present - A Snapshot Of The Relationship Between Urban Growth And Transportation, Meg Merrick Jul 2011

Periodic Atlas Of The Metroscape: Seeing The Past In The Present - A Snapshot Of The Relationship Between Urban Growth And Transportation, Meg Merrick

Metroscape

With this edition of the periodic atlas, we explore the waves of growth and changes in urban form that have occurred over the last century in Metro's tri-county region using historic maps and the year-built information provided by Metro's Regional Land Information System (RLIS) for tax lots.


Transportation Planning Through Mobile Mapping Technology, Marc Schlossberg, Nico Larco, Ken Kato, Dana Maher, Cody Evers, Christo Brehm Jul 2011

Transportation Planning Through Mobile Mapping Technology, Marc Schlossberg, Nico Larco, Ken Kato, Dana Maher, Cody Evers, Christo Brehm

TREC Final Reports

This report describes the development and testing of the Fix This Tool, a spatial, participatory, active transportation and built environment assessment tool created on an iPhone platform. The goal of this tool development was to create an instrument that could be widely distributed to communities across the country to develop a spatially based assessment of the micro-scaled elements of their local active transportation environment such that public officials and community members could focus energy in making appropriate improvements. The development of this tool emerged out of previous work with such tools built on a GIS platform and a workshop-based format ...


Evaluation Of Transportation Microenvironments Through Assessment Of Cyclysts' Exposure To Traffic-Related Particulate Matter, Linda A. George, Miguel A. Figliozzi, Christopher M. Monsere, Christine M. Kendrick, Alexander Y. Bigazzi, Adam Moore Jul 2011

Evaluation Of Transportation Microenvironments Through Assessment Of Cyclysts' Exposure To Traffic-Related Particulate Matter, Linda A. George, Miguel A. Figliozzi, Christopher M. Monsere, Christine M. Kendrick, Alexander Y. Bigazzi, Adam Moore

TREC Final Reports

It is well established that vehicles powered by carbon-based fuels (e.g. gasoline, diesel) have a negative impact on air quality, especially in urban centers. Traditionally, air quality conformity studies analyze the macroenvironmental impact of transportation corridors, as they relate to regional air quality management concerns. Urban residents spend a considerable amount of outdoor time in transportation microenvironments as pedestrians, bicycle commuters, people waiting to use public transport, residents and workers situated along roadways, and commuters within vehicles. An emerging area of research has shown that human health impacts within transport microenvironments can be considerable, but have not been well-characterized ...