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2008

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Articles 1 - 30 of 85

Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies

The Growing Inter-Ethnic Conflicts In Contemporary Nigeria: Is Ethnic Security Dilemma A Root Cause?, Ali Simon Yusufu Bagaji Dec 2008

The Growing Inter-Ethnic Conflicts In Contemporary Nigeria: Is Ethnic Security Dilemma A Root Cause?, Ali Simon Yusufu Bagaji

Ali Simon Yusufu Bagaji

Nigeria is ethnically a diverse nation-state. Its ethnic diversity, like that of the United State of America ideally is a source of strength. However on the contrary, analysis of post independence inter-ethnic relations in Nigeria indicates surge from ‘ethnic accommodation to ethnic agitation’. Consequently, due to frequent inter-ethnic conflict, the task ‘to keep Nigeria one’ is therefore more than ever becoming an uphill task. This article explores the root causes of the growing inter-ethnic conflicts in contemporary Nigeria from the perspective of the ethnic security dilemma prism and concludes that it is a relevant explanatory tool for understanding it.


Social Policy, Imperiled Communities, And Hiv/Aids Transmission In Prisons: A Call For Zero Tolerance, Louis F. Graham, Henrie Treadwell, Kisha Braithwaite Nov 2008

Social Policy, Imperiled Communities, And Hiv/Aids Transmission In Prisons: A Call For Zero Tolerance, Louis F. Graham, Henrie Treadwell, Kisha Braithwaite

Louis F Graham

HIV/AIDS and African-American male imprisonment contribute to the destruction of African-American communities. African-American men and HIV/AIDS are disproportionately represented throughout all sectors of the criminal justice industry, including the juvenile justice system. The criminal justice system contributes to unacceptably high African-American male imprisonment rates and HIV prevalence directly via the ‘war on drugs’ and lax enforcement of institutional policy among other things, and indirectly through perpetuation of economic hardship which further exacerbates imprisonment rates, thus closing the loop of a vicious cycle of revolving prison doors and HIV contraction. This article briefly introduces surrounding socio-political issues that contextualizes ...


The Role Of Northeast Ohio Central Cities In The Regional Economy, 2000-2007, Ziona Austrian, Candice Clouse, Eric J. Mundy, Frank Akpadock, Thomas Jr. Finnerty, John R. Bralich Nov 2008

The Role Of Northeast Ohio Central Cities In The Regional Economy, 2000-2007, Ziona Austrian, Candice Clouse, Eric J. Mundy, Frank Akpadock, Thomas Jr. Finnerty, John R. Bralich

Urban Publications

This report examines the four central cities in Northeast Ohio – Akron, Canton, Cleveland, and Youngstown — in the context of their metropolitan areas. A central city is the largest or most important city of a metropolitan area. A metropolitan area combines a large city with adjacent urbanized areas and peripheral areas that are closely bound to the center with strong ties to commuting, commerce, and a common labor market.


Road Ecology Course And Seminar Series, Mark D. Sytsma Nov 2008

Road Ecology Course And Seminar Series, Mark D. Sytsma

TREC Final Reports

The American road network is a major economic investment that is a major organizing force for human activity. The road system has profoundly altered ecological processes and, as a result, it is also an important organizing force for ecosystems. Understanding the ecological consequences of road system design and use is critical to effective engineering and management of road systems to minimize impacts. I propose a new course within Environmental Science and Resources at PSU that will expose upper division undergraduate and graduate students to the fundamental concepts of road ecology through discussion, guest speakers, and field trips. I propose a ...


City Club Report On Ballot Measure 63; City Club Report On Ballot Measure 65, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.) Oct 2008

City Club Report On Ballot Measure 63; City Club Report On Ballot Measure 65, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.)

City Club of Portland

No abstract provided.


City Club Report On Ballot Measures 61 & 57, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.) Oct 2008

City Club Report On Ballot Measures 61 & 57, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.)

City Club of Portland

No abstract provided.


Resolution In Opposition To Ballot Measure 60, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.) Oct 2008

Resolution In Opposition To Ballot Measure 60, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.)

City Club of Portland

No abstract provided.


Foreclosing On The Free Market, John Atlas, Peter Dreier, Gregory D. Squires Oct 2008

Foreclosing On The Free Market, John Atlas, Peter Dreier, Gregory D. Squires

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Out Of Service: The Impact Of Transit Cuts On Access To Jobs In Metropolitan Milwaukee, Center For Economic Development Oct 2008

Out Of Service: The Impact Of Transit Cuts On Access To Jobs In Metropolitan Milwaukee, Center For Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Publications

No abstract provided.


The Crisis Continues: Black Male Joblessness In Milwaukee 2007, Mark V. Levine Oct 2008

The Crisis Continues: Black Male Joblessness In Milwaukee 2007, Mark V. Levine

Center for Economic Development Publications

No abstract provided.


Npdes Storm Water Training: Program: Closing Activity Report, Daila Shimek Oct 2008

Npdes Storm Water Training: Program: Closing Activity Report, Daila Shimek

Urban Publications

This report discusses the outcome and evaluation of the training program conducted by the GLEFC and funded by the Ohio EPA’s Office of Environmental Education.


Assessment And Refinement Of Real-Time Travel Time Algorithms For Use In Practice, Kristin A. Tufte, Sirisha Murthy Kothuri Oct 2008

Assessment And Refinement Of Real-Time Travel Time Algorithms For Use In Practice, Kristin A. Tufte, Sirisha Murthy Kothuri

TREC Final Reports

The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) has set a high priority on the use of existing dynamic message signs (DMS) to provide travel time estimates to the public. The Oregon Department of Transportation (ODOT) currently has three DMS in the Portland metropolitan area configured to display travel time information. In the near future, ODOT would like to make travel time estimates available on additional DMS, over the Internet on tripcheck.com and via 511. Travel time estimates are valuable to the traveling public; however, the estimates must be accurate to be useful. The FHWA indicates that 90% accuracy is ideal and ...


Regional Dashboard Of Economic Indicators 2008: Comparative Performance Of Midwest And Northeast Ohio Metropolitan Areas, Ziona Austrian, Afia Yamoah, Iryna Lendel Sep 2008

Regional Dashboard Of Economic Indicators 2008: Comparative Performance Of Midwest And Northeast Ohio Metropolitan Areas, Ziona Austrian, Afia Yamoah, Iryna Lendel

Urban Publications

This report describes the findings from the third study of Dashboard indicators using the framework that was developed in the previous two studies. The framework resulted in a set of indicators that explains the dynamics of regional economic growth for large and mid-sized metropolitan areas in the United States. The objective of this study is to continue monitoring the performance of Northeast Ohio metropolitan areas over time and in comparison to other metropolitan areas across the United States.


The Nasa Glenn Research Center: An Economic Impact Study Fiscal Year 2007, Iryna Lendel Sep 2008

The Nasa Glenn Research Center: An Economic Impact Study Fiscal Year 2007, Iryna Lendel

Urban Publications

This report describes the economic impact of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) Glenn Research Center (Glenn) on the eight-county Northeast Ohio region and the state of Ohio during FY 2007.1 The report also provides some background information related to NASA Glenn’s R&D activities and an overview of Glenn. The analysis was conducted by the Center for Economic Development at Cleveland State University’s Maxine Goodman Levin College of Urban Affairs.


Northeast Ohio Entrepreneurship Confidence Survey: Third-Year Findings, Survey Analysis, David O. Kasdan Sep 2008

Northeast Ohio Entrepreneurship Confidence Survey: Third-Year Findings, Survey Analysis, David O. Kasdan

Urban Publications

The objective of the entrepreneurship Confidence Survey is to assess the entrepreneurial climate and entrepreneurs’ confidence in their ability to start and sustain a business in Northeast Ohio. This is the third year that the survey has been conducted, and the intention is to continue conducting the survey annually for the next several years to identify trends that might emerge. The survey has been constructed to measure respondents’ perceptions regarding several issues, including access to capital, workforce supply, information provided by educational institutions and business support organizations, networking opportunities, government responsiveness, attitudes toward entrepreneurs, adequacy of infrastructure, quality of life ...


Tutoring Down The Rabbit Hole: The Inner-City Classroom, And What I Found There, Manda Lynne Kindle Aug 2008

Tutoring Down The Rabbit Hole: The Inner-City Classroom, And What I Found There, Manda Lynne Kindle

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

When it comes to educating inner-city students, we, as teachers, are obligated to consider their lives holistically. Urban students should feel empowered by the knowledge presented in the classroom, rather than intimidated by its inaccessibility to their own personal experiences. In order to provide a fair education that reflects our students, and yet equips them with the knowledge they will require to succeed beyond the streets, we need to accept and embrace their unique urban culture and integrate it into the classroom by creating a sense of validation and community. This study follows one teacher's experience in an inner-city ...


Confronting Fiscal Stress In Municipal Governments: Support By Michigan Residents For Eight Common Strategies, Jered Carr Aug 2008

Confronting Fiscal Stress In Municipal Governments: Support By Michigan Residents For Eight Common Strategies, Jered Carr

Working Group on Interlocal Services Cooperation

This report discusses findings from a survey of 660 randomly selected Michigan residents in winter 2007. The survey examined attitudes of Michigan residents toward eight strategies to resolving situations where current revenues are inadequate to support local services at past levels. The strategies examined fall into two broad categories. The first set (tax increases, state and federal aid) seeks to increase local revenues available to support services at previously existing levels and quality. The second set of strategies focus on reducing the costs of providing services with the objective of maintaining previous levels at a lower cost. This set includes ...


Enhancing Portland’S Business Environment: A Public — Private Enterprise, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.) Jun 2008

Enhancing Portland’S Business Environment: A Public — Private Enterprise, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.)

City Club of Portland

No abstract provided.


2007 Portland Metropolitan Region Transportation System Performance Report, Robert Bertini Jun 2008

2007 Portland Metropolitan Region Transportation System Performance Report, Robert Bertini

Civil and Environmental Engineering Faculty Publications and Presentations

Our transportation system is a key ingredient in the economy, quality of life and urban fabric of the Portland metropolitan area. It has been stated in the past that it is not possible to manage our transportation system tomorrow unless we understand how it is performing today. In this spirit, the Portland State University Center for Transportation Studies has been working with regional and statewide partners to develop new capabilities to measure, monitor and track the performance of the transportation system in real time and using archived data sources. We believe that it is possible to leverage these disparate data ...


Initiative For Bicycle And Pedestrian Innovation, Jennifer Dill, Lynn Weigand Jun 2008

Initiative For Bicycle And Pedestrian Innovation, Jennifer Dill, Lynn Weigand

Urban Studies and Planning Faculty Publications and Presentations

The Initiative for Bicycle and Pedestrian Innovation aims to advance the field of bicycle and pedestrian transportation through four primary mechanisms: (1) developing and pursuing a collaborative research agenda that more directly informs practice and and involves students through dissertation research and fellowships; (2) translating relevant research into a format and language that is more useful to practitioners, and making that research available through technology transfer; (3) developing more holistic approaches to the education and training of planners and engineers; and (4) supporting community-based outreach and education, to promote awareness of bicycle and pedestrian issues statewide and nationally. This proposal ...


Techniques For Assessing The Socio-Economic Effects Of Vehicle Mileage Fees, B. Starr Mcmullen, Kyle Nakahara, Smita Biswas, Lei Zhang, Divya Valluri Jun 2008

Techniques For Assessing The Socio-Economic Effects Of Vehicle Mileage Fees, B. Starr Mcmullen, Kyle Nakahara, Smita Biswas, Lei Zhang, Divya Valluri

TREC Final Reports

This project considers the socio-economic impacts of the new highway user fee structure made possible by advanced technology. The fee structure also has implications for land use and healthy communities ( urban/rural, income distributional, and environmental impacts). The 2001 Oregon Legislature created the Road User Fee Task Force (RUFTF) to make recommendations regarding a potential replacement for the gasoline tax. A vehicle mile tax has subsequently been proposed as the replacement. Preliminary work has been devoted to exploring technical and institutional options for implementation of such a charge. OSU researchers have developed the technology and there is a pilot project ...


Connections & Edges: 2040 Lincoln District Vision Plan, Andrew Bean, Luke Bonham, Krista Carpenter, Pete Collins, Daniel Costantino, Early Ewing, Kent Gentry, Mark Gilbert, Yuki Hayashi, Amy Hesse, Kaleen Hyde, Zeljka Carol Kekez, Daniel Lyvers, Briana Meier, Terra Wilcoxson Jun 2008

Connections & Edges: 2040 Lincoln District Vision Plan, Andrew Bean, Luke Bonham, Krista Carpenter, Pete Collins, Daniel Costantino, Early Ewing, Kent Gentry, Mark Gilbert, Yuki Hayashi, Amy Hesse, Kaleen Hyde, Zeljka Carol Kekez, Daniel Lyvers, Briana Meier, Terra Wilcoxson

Urban Design Workshop

The Lincoln Vision Plan presents a concept for the evolution of Portland’s south downtown into a place where state-of-the-art resource management practices, unique systems of public open spaces, and a variety of transit options will support a vibrant, dynamic, high density, ecologically-friendly neighborhood. It is our hope that this Plan, created by Portland State University’s spring 2008 Urban Design Workshop, can serve as a foundation for further discussion and action to bring to life the immense potential underlying this district.

This project was conducted under the supervision of Donald J. Stastny and Edward Starkie.


Responding To Foreclosures In Cuyahoga County: A Pilot Initiative, Interim Report, Alan C. Weinstein, Kathryn W. Hexter, Molly Schnoke May 2008

Responding To Foreclosures In Cuyahoga County: A Pilot Initiative, Interim Report, Alan C. Weinstein, Kathryn W. Hexter, Molly Schnoke

Law Faculty Reports and Comments

The Center for Civic Education and the Cleveland-Marshall College of Law released their report, on May 12, 2008. The report, prepared for the Cuyahoga County Board of Commissioners, is an assessment of the County's comprehensive approach to addressing foreclosures on two levels: 1) Making foreclosure proceedings faster and fairer and 2) Creating an early intervention program to help residents prevent foreclosure.


The Fall 2008 Unl Bike Survey: Examining The Status Of Bicycle Transportation At The Univeristy Of Nebraska-Lincoln, Brent Schmoker May 2008

The Fall 2008 Unl Bike Survey: Examining The Status Of Bicycle Transportation At The Univeristy Of Nebraska-Lincoln, Brent Schmoker

Environmental Studies Undergraduate Student Theses

This study evaluates the state of bicycle use by University of Nebraska-Lincoln (UNL) students during the fall semester of 2008. An online survey was administered to a random sample of graduate and undergraduate students to determine the factors that encourage and inhibit students from using bikes for transportation to campus. The results suggest that a significant portion of the student population uses bikes for transportation to campus but several factors combine to keep the overall number of bicycle commuters low. The paper concludes with suggestions for increasing bike commuting to UNL and predictions about the future of transportation in the ...


Portland Me: Affordable Housing V. Open Space, Patrick Wright, Brett Richardson, Richard Barringer May 2008

Portland Me: Affordable Housing V. Open Space, Patrick Wright, Brett Richardson, Richard Barringer

Planning

Amid an acknowledged “affordable housing crisis”, a first-time developer approaches the City to release part of a tax-acquired property, promising a smart-growth development that would provide sorely needed starter homes for working families. The case highlights the complications of balancing competing interests in Portland ME. It shows where rational planning fails in the presence of strong neighborhood opposition, a disjointed city staff structure, and the absence of political will among City Councilors. It highlights the need for champions within local government when a project evokes competing interests. It demonstrates the extent to which “words matter” to policy outcomes, and who ...


Northeast Ohio Manufacturing Brief, Jill S. Taylor May 2008

Northeast Ohio Manufacturing Brief, Jill S. Taylor

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Patenting By Cleveland's Inventors: Critical Areas And Knowledge Flows, Iryna Lendel, Songpyo Kim May 2008

Patenting By Cleveland's Inventors: Critical Areas And Knowledge Flows, Iryna Lendel, Songpyo Kim

Urban Publications

Regional competitive advantages can be created by deploying processes, product innovations, and/or improving the performance of companies. The concept of increasing returns to scale due to technology advances and the modern growth theory suggest that knowledge spillovers are passed through networks of people. Dense co-location of companies different from industries in large urban areas creates an environment for deploying new knowledge and increasing productivity of companies. Although the presence of mature industries is more often considered to be a burden than a resource of regional growth, a fair judgment about their true influence on economic development can be made ...


Northwest Ohio Manufacturing Brief, Jill S. Taylor May 2008

Northwest Ohio Manufacturing Brief, Jill S. Taylor

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Linking Experiential Learning To Community Transportation Planning, Robert Parker, Bethany Johnson May 2008

Linking Experiential Learning To Community Transportation Planning, Robert Parker, Bethany Johnson

TREC Final Reports

This OTREC education proposal will link experiential education with local transportation planning through a collaborative partnership between the University of Oregon and the City of Eugene. Educators have long worked to find pedagogical approaches that yield the best educational results. This is particularly true in the planning disciplines where there is an ongoing dialog among academics and practitioners about how to most effectively train aspiring professionals.1 To provide a mix of academic and practical experience, most planning programs include a mixture of theoretical and applied curriculum. The American Planning Association (APA) recognizes this need and as a result, APA ...


Housing Needs Study For The Portland Metropolitan Area Final Report, George C. Hough Jr., Sheila A. Martin, Gerard C. Mildner, Risa Proehl May 2008

Housing Needs Study For The Portland Metropolitan Area Final Report, George C. Hough Jr., Sheila A. Martin, Gerard C. Mildner, Risa Proehl

Institute of Portland Metropolitan Studies Publications

The purpose of this report is to respond to the recommendations of the Regional Housing Choice Task Force by providing information to guide housing choice policy for the Metro Council. In particular, the objectives of this project were to: Estimate current and future affordable housing need for the Metro region; Describe the distribution of households by income, age, and size across the metro region; Describe the tenure of these households and the type of housing they will choose; Identify and describe those household types that are most likely to struggle to meet the cost of housing based on their income ...