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2007

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Articles 1 - 30 of 76

Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies

Public And Private Sources Of Assistance For Low-Income Households, Chi-Fang Wu, Mary Keegan Eamon Dec 2007

Public And Private Sources Of Assistance For Low-Income Households, Chi-Fang Wu, Mary Keegan Eamon

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This study examined the types and combinations of public and private assistance received by three types of low-income households, including those with children, without children, and elderly without children. Using data from the 1996 and 2001 panels of the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), the results indicate that a large percentage of low-income households rely on public assistance, and receipt of private assistance is much less common. Approximately 7% of the sample use both types of assistance. The findings highlight differences in combinations of public and private assistance used by different household types. Wealsofound some significant differences in ...


The High-Tech Sector In Northeast Ohio: 2007 Update, Ziona Austrian, Jill S. Taylor Dec 2007

The High-Tech Sector In Northeast Ohio: 2007 Update, Ziona Austrian, Jill S. Taylor

Urban Publications

This report describes trends in the high-tech sector in Northeast Ohio, focusing on the 2004-2006 time period. It is the first update to a baseline report released in February 2007 that analyzed trends between 2000 and 2005. This study follows the baseline report in that it examines the high-tech sector in Northeast Ohio from three perspectives — high-tech industries, high-tech occupations, and research and development activity. It assesses the strengths and weaknesses of high-tech industries in terms of employment, average wage, gross regional product (output), and productivity. High-tech occupations are analyzed in terms of employment levels. Research and development activity is ...


The Bus Stops Here For First Transit Contact, Peter Dreier Nov 2007

The Bus Stops Here For First Transit Contact, Peter Dreier

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Farm-Raisers, Vanessa Zajfen Nov 2007

Farm-Raisers, Vanessa Zajfen

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Filling In 'Food Deserts', Amanda Shaffer, Robert Gottlieb Nov 2007

Filling In 'Food Deserts', Amanda Shaffer, Robert Gottlieb

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Permanently Failing Organizations? Small Business Recovery After September 11, 2001, Leigh Graham Nov 2007

Permanently Failing Organizations? Small Business Recovery After September 11, 2001, Leigh Graham

Publications and Research

Small businesses in Lower Manhattan after September 11, 2001, paint a telling portrait of vulnerability after disasters. This qualitative analysis of recovery for small retail and service firms with 50 or fewer employees is based on ethnographic fieldwork, interviews, and documentary research from September 2001 through 2005. A postdisaster emphasis on place-based assistance to firms conflicted with macro-level redevelopment plans for Lower Manhattan. Small business recovery was impeded as aid programs responded to a new sense of urgency, attachment to place, and prestorm conceptions of the neighborhood at the expense of addressing community-wide economic changes accelerated by the disaster. Ingredients ...


Northeast Ohio Manufacturing Brief, Afia Yamoah Nov 2007

Northeast Ohio Manufacturing Brief, Afia Yamoah

Urban Publications

This brief continues a series of publications on trends in Northeast Ohio manufacturing industries. It aims to provide a quick, current, and informative report on trends in employment, wages, and output for major manufacturing industries.


Concurrent Panel Session 1: Sustainability In Community Development And Architecture In Las Vegas, Alfredo Fernandez-Gonzalez, Craig Galati, Mary Kay Peck, Jeff Roberts, Suzanne Sanders, Richard Serfas Oct 2007

Concurrent Panel Session 1: Sustainability In Community Development And Architecture In Las Vegas, Alfredo Fernandez-Gonzalez, Craig Galati, Mary Kay Peck, Jeff Roberts, Suzanne Sanders, Richard Serfas

Shaping the Future of Southern Nevada: Economic, Environmental, and Social Sustainability

Moderator: David Frommer, AIA, UNLV Planning & Construction Scribe: Michael Spurr, UNLV Department of History Conference white paper & Full summary of panel session, 5 pages


City Club Report On Ballot Measure 50, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.) Oct 2007

City Club Report On Ballot Measure 50, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.)

City Club of Portland

No abstract provided.


Northeast Ohio Entrepreneurship Confidence Survey: Second-Year Findings, David O. Kasdan, Jill S. Taylor Oct 2007

Northeast Ohio Entrepreneurship Confidence Survey: Second-Year Findings, David O. Kasdan, Jill S. Taylor

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


City Club Resolution On Ballot Measure 49, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.) Sep 2007

City Club Resolution On Ballot Measure 49, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.)

City Club of Portland

No abstract provided.


A Historical Overview Of Poverty Among Blacks In Boston, 1950-1990, Robert C. Hayden Sep 2007

A Historical Overview Of Poverty Among Blacks In Boston, 1950-1990, Robert C. Hayden

Trotter Review

Like most nineteenth-century residents of Boston, blacks worked hard to maintain their homes and families. Even before the Civil War, both enslaved and free blacks in "freedom's birthplace" worked long and arduous hours. Those who migrated to Boston from the South in the 1800s had come to secure higher wages, mobility, and opportunity for themselves and their families. Boston's black population grew from 2,000 in 1850 to 8,125 in 1890, and to 11,591 by 1900. In 1900, 39 percent of black Bostonians were northern-born (New England, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania), and 53 percent ...


Pastor Brunson's Shofar, Richard Tenorio Sep 2007

Pastor Brunson's Shofar, Richard Tenorio

Trotter Review

A short story by Richard Tenorio of sibling love and sacrificed ambition, which is set in Roxbury, traditionally the twentieth-century home territory for blacks in Boston. Today, Roxbury is poised on the lip of gentrification, and blacks in Boston are on the move again, seeking home and security and belonging.


Separate And Unequal, Peter Dreier Sep 2007

Separate And Unequal, Peter Dreier

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Transformation Of Japan’S Civil Society Landscape, Mary Alice Haddad Sep 2007

Transformation Of Japan’S Civil Society Landscape, Mary Alice Haddad

Division II Faculty Publications

Japan’s civil society is being transformed as more people volunteer for advocacy and professional nonprofit organizations. In the American context, this trend has been accompanied by a decline in participation in traditional organizations. Does the rise in new types of nonprofit groups herald a decline of traditional volunteering in Japan? This article argues that while changes in civil rights, political opportunity structure, and technology have also taken place in Japan, they have contributed to the rise of new groups without causing traditional organizations to decline, because Japanese attitudes about civic responsibility have continued to support traditional volunteering.


The Nasa Glenn Research Center: An Economic Impact Study, Fiscal Year 2006, Jill S. Taylor Sep 2007

The Nasa Glenn Research Center: An Economic Impact Study, Fiscal Year 2006, Jill S. Taylor

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Transformation Of Japan’S Civil Society Landscape, Mary Alice Haddad Aug 2007

Transformation Of Japan’S Civil Society Landscape, Mary Alice Haddad

Mary Alice Haddad

Japan’s civil society is being transformed as more people volunteer for advocacy and professional nonprofit organizations. In the American context, this trend has been accompanied by a decline in participation in traditional organizations. Does the rise in new types of nonprofit groups herald a decline of traditional volunteering in Japan? This article argues that while changes in civil rights, political opportunity structure, and technology have also taken place in Japan, they have contributed to the rise of new groups without causing traditional organizations to decline, because Japanese attitudes about civic responsibility have continued to support traditional volunteering.


A Growing Movement: A Decade Of Farm To School In California, Anupama Joshi, Moira Beery Aug 2007

A Growing Movement: A Decade Of Farm To School In California, Anupama Joshi, Moira Beery

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Farm To Hospital: Supporting Local Agriculture And Improving Health Care, Moira Beery, Kristen Markeley Aug 2007

Farm To Hospital: Supporting Local Agriculture And Improving Health Care, Moira Beery, Kristen Markeley

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


An Update Of The Regional Growth Model For Large And Mid-Size U.S. Metropolitan Areas: Northeast Ohio Dashboard Indicators, Ziona Austrian, Iryna Lendel, Afia Yamoah Aug 2007

An Update Of The Regional Growth Model For Large And Mid-Size U.S. Metropolitan Areas: Northeast Ohio Dashboard Indicators, Ziona Austrian, Iryna Lendel, Afia Yamoah

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


An Update Of The Regional Growth Model For Large And Mid-Size U.S. Metropolitan Areas: Northeast Ohio Dashboard Indicators: Executive Summary, Ziona Austrian, Iryna Lendel, Jill S. Taylor Aug 2007

An Update Of The Regional Growth Model For Large And Mid-Size U.S. Metropolitan Areas: Northeast Ohio Dashboard Indicators: Executive Summary, Ziona Austrian, Iryna Lendel, Jill S. Taylor

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Affordable Housing And Civic Participation: Two Sides Of The Same Coin, Goutam U. Jois Jul 2007

Affordable Housing And Civic Participation: Two Sides Of The Same Coin, Goutam U. Jois

Brigham Young University Journal of Public Law

No abstract provided.


John Carroll University: Economic Impact On Northeast Ohio, Jill S. Taylor, Ziona Austrian, Afia Yamoah Jul 2007

John Carroll University: Economic Impact On Northeast Ohio, Jill S. Taylor, Ziona Austrian, Afia Yamoah

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Northeast Ohio Economic Brief, Afia Yamoah Jul 2007

Northeast Ohio Economic Brief, Afia Yamoah

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


Food Access In Central And South Los Angeles: Mapping Injustice, Agenda For Action, Andrea Azuma May 2007

Food Access In Central And South Los Angeles: Mapping Injustice, Agenda For Action, Andrea Azuma

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Cultural Icons And Urban Development In Asia: Economic Imperative, National Identity, And Global City Status, Lily Kong May 2007

Cultural Icons And Urban Development In Asia: Economic Imperative, National Identity, And Global City Status, Lily Kong

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Global cities are characterized by the multiplicity of flows that they are implicated in - flows of people, goods, services, ideas, and images. Yet, global cities do not derive their status only on the basis that they are networked nodes. They also require particular forms of cultural capital. Cities with global aspirations have thus increasingly recognized the need to accumulate cultural capital, for which one means is to create new urban spaces, in particular, new cultural urban spaces (e.g. grand theatres, museums, libraries). These often monumental structures are intended to support a vibrant cultural life, in order to attract and ...


International Business In Northeast Ohio, Patricia Cirillo, Jill S. Taylor, Ziona Austrian May 2007

International Business In Northeast Ohio, Patricia Cirillo, Jill S. Taylor, Ziona Austrian

Urban Publications

No abstract provided.


City Club Report On Ballot Measures 26-91 & 26-92, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.) Apr 2007

City Club Report On Ballot Measures 26-91 & 26-92, City Club Of Portland (Portland, Or.)

City Club of Portland

No abstract provided.


Along The River Soumsoum: Urban Agriculture In Ngaoundéré, Winnie Fay Bell Apr 2007

Along The River Soumsoum: Urban Agriculture In Ngaoundéré, Winnie Fay Bell

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

With increasing urbanization large amounts of poverty is shifting from rural to urban centres, posing problems of unemployment and access to food. Due to this dynamic, urban poor all over the world have begun cultivating food in open areas in cities as a means of survival and in an attempt of securing food. With this in mind, this paper seeks to establish the place that urban agriculture holds in the small but rapidly expanding city of Ngaoundéré, in the Adamaoua Province of Cameroon. This is done through exploring the form, function and benefits of urban agriculture for those that partake ...


Evaluation Of The Oregon Dmv Driver Improvement Program, James G. Strathman, Thomas J. Kimpel, Paul Roland Leistner Apr 2007

Evaluation Of The Oregon Dmv Driver Improvement Program, James G. Strathman, Thomas J. Kimpel, Paul Roland Leistner

Urban Studies and Planning Faculty Publications and Presentations

This report provides an evaluation of the Oregon Department of Transportation-Driver and Motor Vehicle (DMV) Services Driver Improvement Program (DIP), which was substantially changed in 2002. Prior to 2002, the DIP was organized around four progressive steps involving advisory letters, warning letters, probation, and suspension. The current program is organized around two steps: restriction and suspension. The timeline to the steps in the current program have also been shortened. To evaluate the current program, driver records of persons suspended between January and July of 2004 were examined in relation to a sample of Oregon’s driving population. The incidence of ...