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Articles 1 - 25 of 25

Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies

Behavioral Perspectives On Home Energy Audits: The Role Of Auditors, Labels, Reports, And Audit Tools On Homeowner Decision-Making, Aaron Ingle, Mithra Moezzi, Loren Lutzenhiser, Zachary Lawrence Hathaway, Susan Lutzenhiser, Joe Van Clock, Jane Peters, Rebecca Smith, David Heslam, Richard Diamond Jul 2012

Behavioral Perspectives On Home Energy Audits: The Role Of Auditors, Labels, Reports, And Audit Tools On Homeowner Decision-Making, Aaron Ingle, Mithra Moezzi, Loren Lutzenhiser, Zachary Lawrence Hathaway, Susan Lutzenhiser, Joe Van Clock, Jane Peters, Rebecca Smith, David Heslam, Richard Diamond

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

Our study focused on the perspective of homeowner decision-making in response to home energy audits, combined with attention to the quality of the recommendations that homeowners receive, as well as the perspectives of some key industry actors on auditing and home energy labels. Unlike a program evaluation, the research was not designed to answer detailed questions about program effectiveness in terms of costs, savings, or process, nor was it designed to provide direct answers to questions of how to get people to do more audits or more retrofits. Rather it “steps back” toward a better understanding of more basic questions ...


Lifestyles, Buildings And Technologies: What Matters Most?, Loren Lutzenhiser, Huafen Hu, Mithra Moezzi, Anthony Michael Levenda, James Woods Jan 2012

Lifestyles, Buildings And Technologies: What Matters Most?, Loren Lutzenhiser, Huafen Hu, Mithra Moezzi, Anthony Michael Levenda, James Woods

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

There is considerable variation across households in energy use, even within similar climates and housing styles. There is also considerable variation in energy savings following upgrades of housing and appliances. We combine empirical data on household consumption with advanced simulation modeling techniques to investigate just how much behavior matters in determining consumption levels. compared to weather, technology and building characteristics. We explore several new concepts, including the BETA (building, environment, technology, activity) Model of household energy use, a habitation zone approach that can be used to differentiate BETA effects, and a hybrid (simulation/ statistical) end-use consumption analysis approach. For illustrative ...


How Well Do Home Energy Audits Serve The Homeowner?, Aaron Ingle, Mithra Moezzi, Loren Lutzenhiser, Richard Diamond Jan 2012

How Well Do Home Energy Audits Serve The Homeowner?, Aaron Ingle, Mithra Moezzi, Loren Lutzenhiser, Richard Diamond

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

Home energy audits administered by utilities and government typically provide homeowners with lists of technical upgrade recommendations intended to increase the technical energy efficiency of the house. Audits proceed with assessment of physical characteristics, subsequently processed with a computational model and transformed into a report, sometimes customized by the auditor. While the design of an energy audit reflects program and policy points of view – balancing program cost with expected program savings, educating people about the value of energy efficiency, etc. – it is crucial to consider the criteria for a good home energy audit and recommendations from homeowners’ points of view ...


What’S Missing In Theories Of The Residential Energy User, Mithra Moezzi, Loren Lutzenhiser Jan 2010

What’S Missing In Theories Of The Residential Energy User, Mithra Moezzi, Loren Lutzenhiser

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

Residential energy use has been envisioned in varied ways, each highlighting different factors and capturing a partial truth. This paper outlines assumptions of core theories about household energy use. It gives an abbreviated list of major empirical findings framed by these theories. It then identifies a new set of "blind spots" created by overly-simple reliance on models and by data shortcomings that in combination may block development of a more sophisticated understanding of energy use. Policies and program strategies, in turn, can become oriented toward simplistic approaches to change. We point to the need for improved interpretation and elaboration of ...


Sticky Points In Modeling Household Energy Consumption, Loren Lutzenhiser, Mithra Moezzi, David Hungerford, Rafael Friedmann Jan 2010

Sticky Points In Modeling Household Energy Consumption, Loren Lutzenhiser, Mithra Moezzi, David Hungerford, Rafael Friedmann

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

A variety of approaches have been proposed to explaining individual household energy consumption, its variation, and its potential reduction. Some focus on technology, some on costs, and some on a combination of behaviors, attitudes, intentions, and norms. All try to make sense of a problem that, from a modeling perspective, involves hundreds of potentially important factors, yet is supported by highly inadequate or at best selective data. While there is value in "doing the best one can" with the resources at hand, building a defensible science requires a cold hard look at the quality of theory, research and data. This ...


Clackamas County - City Of Milwaukie Urban Services Study: Financial Analysis, Emile H. Combe, Gerard C. Mildner, Charles A. Santo Dec 2002

Clackamas County - City Of Milwaukie Urban Services Study: Financial Analysis, Emile H. Combe, Gerard C. Mildner, Charles A. Santo

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

The provision of local government services within the urbanizing area of northwest Clackamas County has posed a difficult challenge for a number of years. This report examines the financial aspects of providing urban services to a study area with the following boundaries: the Clackamas County/Multnomah County line to the north, Interstate 205 to the east, highway 224 to the south, and the City of Milwaukie to the west.


Mandating Density: The Blunt Instrument Of Smart Growth, Kenneth Dueker Sep 2002

Mandating Density: The Blunt Instrument Of Smart Growth, Kenneth Dueker

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

This essay expresses concern that urban growth management places too heavy a reliance on densification, particularly upzoning with minimum density requirements in suburban infill situations. Increasing densities may be appropriate when other aspects of urban development can be controlled through urban design. However, evidence provided here indicates that mandating density reduces land consumption, but does not achieve other objectives of growth management, particularly street connectivity, greater use of alternative modes of transportation, and more housing choices. This analysis finds that upzoning and requiring minimum-densities, when used to regulate suburban residential infill developments, is not effective in producing quality compact development ...


Bend Community Survey: Fall 1999, Deborah A. Howe, William A. Rabiega Mar 2000

Bend Community Survey: Fall 1999, Deborah A. Howe, William A. Rabiega

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

The City of Bend enters the new millennium following an unprecedented decade of development. Population was estimated at 47,635 in May of 1999. The city more than doubled its area with its 1998 annexations. Many public and private projects were built during the past decade, and many are in planning stages or under construction at this time. Given this history, it is prudent for city government to determine how well Bend’s citizens feel public services are performing, how they feel about communication with their government, and what their concerns are about Bend’s future course.

This document reports ...


Effective Transportation Demand Management: The Results Of Combining Parking Pricing, Transit Incentives, And Transportation Management In A Commercial District Of Portland, Oregon, Martha J. Bianco Jan 2000

Effective Transportation Demand Management: The Results Of Combining Parking Pricing, Transit Incentives, And Transportation Management In A Commercial District Of Portland, Oregon, Martha J. Bianco

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

The Lloyd District is a high-density commercial and residential district located a short distance from downtown Portland, Oregon. Parking and transportation problems in the District have been a source of increasing contention for nearly a decade. As a result. in September of 1997. the City of Portland implemented a Lloyd District Partnership Plan, which consists of a number of elements aimed at curbing SOY use for the commute to and from the District. This plan included parking pricing in the form of meters, w'here on-street parking had previously been free: discounted transit passes: and other transportation demand management (TOM ...


An Analysis Of Neighborhood Vitality: The Role Of Local Civic Organizations, Irina V. Sharkova, Thomas W. Sanchez Jul 1999

An Analysis Of Neighborhood Vitality: The Role Of Local Civic Organizations, Irina V. Sharkova, Thomas W. Sanchez

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

This paper addresses the issue of neighborhood vitality from the perspective of social capital building. Numerous studies have shown that social capital - a complex of networks, norms, and social trust that promotes citizens involvement in local affairs - is crucial for the continuous well-being of communities. Among many political, economic, and cultural factors influencing social capital, the spatial dimension is most often overlooked. Yet the accessibility of places promoting social interactions and interpersonal communication between local residents should have a direct effect on the vitality of a neighborhood. Among these civic places are formal institutions - churches and locally oriented membership organizations ...


La Pine North: Two Futures, Deborah A. Howe, William A. Rabiega Jan 1998

La Pine North: Two Futures, Deborah A. Howe, William A. Rabiega

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

This paper provides a vision of how accommodating such high growth may affect one rural residential area of the county, La Pine North. It will first draw a profile of La Pine North as it exists currently. Then, two possible futures for that space and its residents will be depicted. These futures represent the minimal and the most radical responses to the present and intensifying problem of nitrate/nitrogen pollution of ground water in the area. The "Restricted Growth" scenario assumes that the only response to the pollution problem will be the requirement of sand filter septic systems for replacement ...


Impact Of The Urban Growth Boundary On Metropolitan Housing Markets, Gerard C. Mildner, Kenneth Dueker, Anthony M. Rufolo May 1996

Impact Of The Urban Growth Boundary On Metropolitan Housing Markets, Gerard C. Mildner, Kenneth Dueker, Anthony M. Rufolo

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

As required by state law, Metro has conducted an "Urban Growth Report" and a "Housing Needs Analysis" to determine whether the currant Urban Growth Boundary (UGB) surrounding the Portland metropolitan area is sufficient to handle the increase in population and number of households expected over the next 20 years. Mr. Don Morissette commissioned Portland State University's Center for Urban Studies to assess whether the techniques used in theses two studies were appropriate and to assess the impact of the UGB on housing markets in the Portland metropolitan area generally. The focus will be be on the impact of the ...


Neighborhood Livability In Northwest Portland: A Case Study Of Portland's Northwest District, Martha J. Bianco, Judy S. Davis, Vicky Lovell Nov 1994

Neighborhood Livability In Northwest Portland: A Case Study Of Portland's Northwest District, Martha J. Bianco, Judy S. Davis, Vicky Lovell

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

Portland's Northwest Neighborhood District ("the District") has a unique character, reflecting its special role in Portland's economic history and its geographical location relative to the downtown area, the Willamette River and the West Hills. Current tensions between the District's function as a close-in, high density residential area and its commercial activities are the most recent iteration of tensions that have existed from the time the area was first settled.

This study examines the impacts of retail and residential land use in the District and how this mixture of residential/retail affects the residential livability.


Neighborhood Livability In Northwest Portland: A Case Study Of Portland's Northwest District Executive Summary, Martha J. Bianco, Judy S. Davis, Vicky Lovell Nov 1994

Neighborhood Livability In Northwest Portland: A Case Study Of Portland's Northwest District Executive Summary, Martha J. Bianco, Judy S. Davis, Vicky Lovell

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

Portland's Northwest Neighborhood District ("the District") has a unique character, reflecting its special role in Portland's economic history and its geographical location relative to the downtown area, the Willamette River and the West Hills. Current tensions between the District's function as a close-in, high density residential area and its commercial activities are the most recent iteration of tensions that have existed from the time the area was first settled.

This is an executive summary of the report which examines the impacts of retail and residential land use in the District and how this mixture of residential/retail ...


Collected Working Papers, Phase 2, Portland Police Bureau/National Institute Of Justice Community Policing Assessment Project, Brian Stipak, Annette I. Jolin, Maria Clavadetscher, Susan Immer, James Marshall Sep 1993

Collected Working Papers, Phase 2, Portland Police Bureau/National Institute Of Justice Community Policing Assessment Project, Brian Stipak, Annette I. Jolin, Maria Clavadetscher, Susan Immer, James Marshall

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

Portland State University is one of three agencies, along with the Portland Police Bureau and the University of Oregon, working on a project funded by a grant from the National Institute of Justice, United States Department of Justice. The purpose of the grant is to develop and implement methods of measuring the performance of community policing. As the recipient of the grant, the Police Bureau has contracted with Portland State University, and also with the University of Oregon, to do some of the work for the grant. This PSU report of collected working papers was produced wider the contract between ...


Demographic, Housing & Socioeconomic Profile Of The City Of Portland Neighborhoods, Portland State University. Center For Urban Studies, Portland State University. School Of Urban And Public Affairs, Steve R. Johnson Oct 1992

Demographic, Housing & Socioeconomic Profile Of The City Of Portland Neighborhoods, Portland State University. Center For Urban Studies, Portland State University. School Of Urban And Public Affairs, Steve R. Johnson

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

We are pleased to present the eighth edition of the Neighborhood Information Profiles. The Profiles were last published by the City of Portland's Office of Finance and Administration in 1986. This edition is based on the 1990 Census data.

This demographic report includes Census data compiled according to the boundaries of each of the 90 recognized neighborhood associations in Portland. The information about boundaries was gathered from neighborhood by-laws and interviews with neighborhood leaders. The boundaries are current as of August 31, 1992.

This report can be used for allocating needed resources and services, measure changes in conditions and ...


Ethnic Minorities In Portland: A 1990 Census Profile, Carl Abbott Sep 1991

Ethnic Minorities In Portland: A 1990 Census Profile, Carl Abbott

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

In the last two years, Portlanders of all backgrounds have begun to pay serious attention to the problems and opportunities created by the increasing racial and ethnic diversity of their metropolitan area. The Oregonian and the broadcast media have focused a number of stories and reports on racial relations and racial tensions. The broad-based strategic planning efforts of the Civic Index project (1989-90) and the Portland Future Focus planning program (1990-91) have pinpointed racial and ethnic relations as one of the central issues that will determine the quality of life in the growing metropolis. The City Club of Portland is ...


Oregon 2100: Urban Form And Settlement Patterns, Nohad A. Toulan Sep 1991

Oregon 2100: Urban Form And Settlement Patterns, Nohad A. Toulan

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

In 1987 New York City adopted the report of its "Commission on the Year 2000." A year later Los Angeles followed the same course and approved a report prepared by its "Los Angeles 2000 Committee." In Oregon we have been equally active in the development of alternative scenarios and strategic plans for the year 2000. The Oregon Progress Board and its Benchmarks is just one example. Others include Portland's Civic Index process and Future Focus, METRO's Goals and Objectives study and LCDC's Growth Management Study. These studies and numerous others across the country reflect a the desire ...


Dynamics Of The Suburban Activity Center, Rodney Jennings Jun 1989

Dynamics Of The Suburban Activity Center, Rodney Jennings

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

Suburban congestion is a much-discussed phenomenon, although its nature and dimensions are poorly understood. During the Winter term of 1989, several students in the Transportation and Land Use class in the Department of Urban Studies and Planning, Portland State University, examined in term papers transportation issues related to suburban activity centers, particularly the Washington Square center area of suburban Portland.

This report is a synthesis of work derived from the student's term papers. Four of the students continued their research in a collaborative way and presented their joint finding at a workshop at the University of Washington sponsored by ...


Land Information System: Strategies For Local Governments In Oregon, Oregon. State Map Advisory Council Jan 1989

Land Information System: Strategies For Local Governments In Oregon, Oregon. State Map Advisory Council

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

The purpose of this report is to disseminate the findings and recommendations from the deliberations of the Oregon Land Records Committee (OLRC) of the State Map Advisory Council (SMAC). The OLRC consists of state and local government officials and professionals, and representation from utilities and private sector firms involved in the maintenance and use of land records and geographic information systems (GIS) for the analysis of data about land. These individuals have given freely of their time and experience in furtherance of the mission and goals of the OLRC.

This report is directed to professionals and public officials in local ...


The Market For Convention Facilities, Philipp Degens, M. Hossein Haeri, James G. Strathman Dec 1988

The Market For Convention Facilities, Philipp Degens, M. Hossein Haeri, James G. Strathman

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

Conventions, trade shows and meetings represent an industry of considerable size in the United States. In a 1984 survey, the International Association of Convention and Visitors Bureaus estimated a total of 20.5 billion dollars of annual expenditure generated by 54.3 million delegates nationwide. Despite its economic importance, the industry has received little analytical attention in the literature on tourism. In this paper we develop and estimate a model of demand for metropolitan convention facilities. Our results suggest that metropolitan convention activity is sensitive to both cost and attraction-related factors.


Evaluation Of Vertical Equity In Residential Property Assessments In The Lake Oswego And West Linn Areas, James G. Strathman, Dirce Toulan Feb 1988

Evaluation Of Vertical Equity In Residential Property Assessments In The Lake Oswego And West Linn Areas, James G. Strathman, Dirce Toulan

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

This report presents a statistical evaluation of vertical equity in the pattern of residential property assessments in the Lake Oswego, West Linn and nearby unincorporated areas based on an application of the Paglin-Fogarty method to a sample of recent sales. A vertically regressive pattern of inequity in assessments, which is characterized by systemmatic under-assessment of higher-valued properties and overassessment of lower-valued properties, was found. Based on the entire sample, it was estimated that a typical $75,000 property was overassessed by about $4,700, and a typical $175,000 property was underassessed by $8,800.


Modeling Location For Cadastral Maps Using An Object-Oriented Computer Language, Daniel Kjerne Jan 1986

Modeling Location For Cadastral Maps Using An Object-Oriented Computer Language, Daniel Kjerne

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

The challenge to designers of multipurpose computer-aided land information systems is to capture enough of the "deep structure" of the problem domain to enable a system to answer user questions and requests in a satisfactory way. Criteria defining "satisfactory" in each case must include considerations of accuracy, completeness, timeliness, and cost. These considerations, when applied to the location in space of parcel boundaries and property corners, present unusual difficulties. This is in large measure due to the fact that important elements of the field measurement process, and the determination of location based on what are essentially logical {legal) abstractions, are ...


Expenditures For Urban Services In Tigard: An Update, Larry Conrad, Sheldon Edner Oct 1984

Expenditures For Urban Services In Tigard: An Update, Larry Conrad, Sheldon Edner

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

This Study analyzes Tigard's expenditures for FY 82-83, FY 83-84, and FY 84-85 in a manner comparable with that produced as part of the Washington County Urban Service Study (Phase I).

Total City expenditures for urban services increased by $98.42 per capita (Cur rent Year $) during the study period. A large portion, $75. 84 per capita (Current Year $), of this increase is attributable to Capital and Debt Service expenditures associated with LID 1 s and the Civic Center project. The increase in operational expenditures accounted for only $22.58 per capita (Current Year $). This increase is the result ...


Research And Development Effects On Economic Growth: Implications For The Portland Smsa, James G. Strathman Mar 1983

Research And Development Effects On Economic Growth: Implications For The Portland Smsa, James G. Strathman

Center for Urban Studies Publications and Reports

Promoting a high- technology economic base has been widely adopted as a regional development "policy for the 80's." To this point, however, it appears that little consideration has been paid to questions regarding the feasibility of this policy as it relates to structural and locational characteristics of the regional economy. This paper will discuss those attributes of the regional economy that typically contribute to the expansion of high- technology activities, with particular attention paid to expansion potential in the Portland SMSA. High-technology activities are defined according to product cycle theory, and the attributes of the regional economy are examined ...