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Articles 1 - 23 of 23

Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies

The U.S. Needs A National Vision For Housing Policy, Vincent Reina Jun 2019

The U.S. Needs A National Vision For Housing Policy, Vincent Reina

Wharton Public Policy Initiative Issue Briefs

Recent demographic changes—the sharp increase in single-person households, especially among single individuals over the age of 65, as well as racial disparities in homeownership and the increasing cost burden of home rentals—are underscoring the need for a new vision with respect to U.S. housing policy. This Issue Brief

lays out several policy prescriptions for improving housing affordability and fairness, both for renters and owners: modifying the federal Housing Choice Voucher program as well as local and state land-use regulations; investing in the maintenance of existing affordable housing stock; making good on HUD’s Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing ...


Tapping Into Your Inner Superhero: Positive Interventions For At-Risk Youth Organizations, Chung H. Cheuk, Alexandra Bono, Henry Ritchie, Devon O'Malley May 2019

Tapping Into Your Inner Superhero: Positive Interventions For At-Risk Youth Organizations, Chung H. Cheuk, Alexandra Bono, Henry Ritchie, Devon O'Malley

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Service Learning Projects

Childhood poverty has been linked with gaps in physical, emotional, and cognitive outcomes. Previous research sheds light on potential interventions for helping at-risk youth. We combine these findings with proven positive psychology interventions to create a curriculum for an organization serving at-risk youth in Trenton, New Jersey. The workshops are geared towards teaching components that enable lasting well-being using existing positive psychology frameworks, such as Martin Seligman’s PERMA. We also adapt lessons using VIA Character Strengths and resiliency factors for an adolescent population, and leverage behavioral modeling, self-agency, and environmental mastery to create sustainable programming. If successful, these interventions ...


The Policy Trajectories Of Autonomous Vehicles, John Paul Macduffie May 2018

The Policy Trajectories Of Autonomous Vehicles, John Paul Macduffie

Wharton Public Policy Initiative Issue Briefs

Autonomous Vehicle (AV) technology promises to dramatically reduce deaths and economic losses from crashes caused by human error, increase mobility for those with disabilities, and revolutionize the auto industry. Yet legislation to facilitate oversight of the development and deployment of AVs is stalling in Congress. Professor John Paul MacDuffie offers a primer on AV technology policy, and discusses strategies for addressing safety and other public concerns while still facilitating AV innovation in the private sector.


21st Century Chinese Art Market Boom, Ayca Deniz Ergin Jan 2018

21st Century Chinese Art Market Boom, Ayca Deniz Ergin

Summer Program for Undergraduate Research (SPUR)

This research paper provides a detailed analysis of how China has become the fastest growing art market around the world. How did the economic development in China led the country to the top in recent years, in contrast to its Western competitors? What is China’s role in the global art market scene? What changes have been made, in a socialist system, to accommodate foreign investors and what future changes should be made to sustain its growth?

Through focusing on the correlation between economic growth and art market expansions, this research develops the relationship through referencing various quantitative and qualitative ...


Thriving Cities: How To Define, Apply, And Measure Well-Being At Scale, Jaclyn Gaffaney Aug 2017

Thriving Cities: How To Define, Apply, And Measure Well-Being At Scale, Jaclyn Gaffaney

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

What is a thriving city? Is it even possible to raise the well-being of an entire city, and why bother? Recent advancements in positive psychology have made it possible to define, measure, and increase well-being on a much larger scale. This provides an unprecedented opportunity for cities to explore well-being. In order to increase the well-being of the city – cities will need to think carefully about what that means, why it is important, and how they will do it. This capstone posits that cities can define what well-being means for themselves inclusive of: the target (the city, individuals, or other ...


Homeownership And Nontraditional And Subprime Mortgages, Arthur Acolin, Xudong An, Raphael W. Bostic, Susan Wachter Jan 2017

Homeownership And Nontraditional And Subprime Mortgages, Arthur Acolin, Xudong An, Raphael W. Bostic, Susan Wachter

Finance Papers

This article documents the growth and geographic distribution of nontraditional mortgages (NTMs) and subprime mortgages during 2000-2006, and examines the association between these products and homeownership at the county level between 2000 and 2012. It finds a significant relationship between the origination of NTM and subprime mortgages during the boom and changes in the number of homeowners (positive during the 2000-2006 period and negative during the 2006-2012 period) but no significant relationship with the change in the homeownership rate. Looking at specific categories of the population, the results indicate a positive relationship between the presence of NTMs and subprime mortgages ...


The Rationed City: The Politics Of Water, Housing And Land Use In Drought-Parched São Paulo, Daniel Aldana Cohen Jan 2016

The Rationed City: The Politics Of Water, Housing And Land Use In Drought-Parched São Paulo, Daniel Aldana Cohen

Departmental Papers (Sociology)

Specters of rationing haunt metro São Paulo. Water supplies have plunged to historic, dangerous lows. The idea of rationing has become a flash-point. The state’s center-right governor has insisted that rationing be avoided at all costs and the state’s profit-driven water utility has followed suit, even as dwindling water supplies are being opaquely and unequally distributed. To make sense of the situation, I propose, through an exploration of the crisis’s origins and recent developments that builds on over one year of ethnographic fieldwork, a new approach to ecological scarcity. It revitalizes, in a socioecological and crisis-sensitive form ...


Evaluation Of The Effects Of Bottom-Up Management In Preserving Values Of Historic Hutong Neighborhood In Beijing: A Case Study Of Community-Based Organization (Cbo) - Shijia Hutong Historic Preservation Society, Haoyu Wang Jan 2016

Evaluation Of The Effects Of Bottom-Up Management In Preserving Values Of Historic Hutong Neighborhood In Beijing: A Case Study Of Community-Based Organization (Cbo) - Shijia Hutong Historic Preservation Society, Haoyu Wang

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Preservation of traditional urban neighborhoods in China has long been a government-oriented process. In particular, since the “Old and Dilapidated Housing Renewal Program” implementation in the late 1990s, the Beijing Hutong neighborhood renewal has become an important trigger for the municipal governments to engage with the real estate market. Yet over the years, the official forces have been facing increasing challenges in the development of politics, socio-culture, and economy. As a complement to the current top-down management, the bottom-up approach could improve the recognition of a holistic spectrum of site values in the fast changing environments. However, the lack of ...


Philly, Delhi And Beyond: What Is A Social Science Studio?, Kushanava Choudhury May 2015

Philly, Delhi And Beyond: What Is A Social Science Studio?, Kushanava Choudhury

Reports (Social Science Studio)

In Spring 2014, six students and one professor took part in a course offered by Urban Studies at U Penn, titled "Social Science Studio: Immigrants Make the City". By focusing on the Italian Market neighborhood, in South Philadelphia, students explored how immigration transforms urban spaces in large American cities. They researched how immigrants are remaking the city economically, politically, socially, and culturally. We approached the field with multiple sets of disciplinary tools to describe what exists on the ground, in order to accommodate multiple ways of seeing.

The "Social Science Studio" concept is simple: Use the design studio format to ...


Immigrant Communities Of Philadelphia: Spatial Patterns And Revitalization, Jake Riley Jan 2015

Immigrant Communities Of Philadelphia: Spatial Patterns And Revitalization, Jake Riley

Reports (Social Science Studio)

No abstract provided.


A Digital Revitalization: Immigration And The Italian Market, Sean Lynch Jan 2015

A Digital Revitalization: Immigration And The Italian Market, Sean Lynch

Reports (Social Science Studio)

Existing theories of public spaces are outdated because they largely ignore the advent of digital socialization. The revitalization of public spaces such as parks, sidewalks in the new urbanist mold is premised on ideas of public space from the 1950s, before suburban sprawl. However, technology, such as smart phones and social media, have fundamentally changed the way in which all groups now interface with space. This is especially true of immigrants, who exist in multiple spaces, at home and in the new city, at once and maintain these myriad linkages through digital space.

This project presents a critique of proposed ...


Urban Food Initiative: An Innovation In Recovering Food And Feeding The Poor, Doug Rauch Dec 2014

Urban Food Initiative: An Innovation In Recovering Food And Feeding The Poor, Doug Rauch

The Last Food Mile Conference

No abstract provided.


Racial Bias And Interstate Highway Planning: A Mixed Methods Approach, Bradford P. Sherman Jan 2014

Racial Bias And Interstate Highway Planning: A Mixed Methods Approach, Bradford P. Sherman

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This paper is an analysis of highway alignments based on the census tracts that surround them. First, I perform a quantitative analysis of the tracts with highways and the percentage of non-white and African-Americans in these tracts as opposed to in the state and region in general. In areas where the T-Tests noted a significant difference, a case study approach was employed to conjecture as to the reasoning for these suspect alignments.


Presentation At Penn Urban Studies Colloquium: Delhi, The Invisible City, Kushanava Choudhury, Durba Chattaraj, Moulshri Joshi Oct 2013

Presentation At Penn Urban Studies Colloquium: Delhi, The Invisible City, Kushanava Choudhury, Durba Chattaraj, Moulshri Joshi

Presentations (Social Science Studio)

New Delhi is the capital of India, and a master-planned metropolis. Its unplanned spaces such as Urban Villages, Unauthorized Colonies and Jhuggi Jhopri Clusters tend to be seen as the margins of the planned city. Yet a majority of citizens live and work in these unplanned areas of the city.

For millions of Delhi-ites, the non-planned areas are sources of affordable rental housing as well as employment, as locations for thousands of small businesses and workshops. These spaces and the economies and communities they contain, are connected to the planned city through complex political and economic arrangements. These spaces and ...


The Wellbeing Index: A Landscape Of Worldwide Measures And The Potential For Large-Scale Change, Karen Smith Warner Aug 2013

The Wellbeing Index: A Landscape Of Worldwide Measures And The Potential For Large-Scale Change, Karen Smith Warner

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Around the world, across a spectrum of disciplines and by many different pathways, measures of wellbeing are emerging as a means for institutions and individuals to join forces in their efforts to balance material growth and development with the rights of humans to preserve, protect, and pursue those interests that lead to wellbeing, for both individuals and for society. Wellbeing indices are an important and innovative addition to the global conversation about the economics of happiness. Their rising viability with nations, communities, Nobel laureates, ordinary citizens, academics, economists, and policymakers, speaks to a growing questioning of the validity and adequacy ...


2011 Global Go To Think Tanks Index Report, James G. Mcgann Dec 2011

2011 Global Go To Think Tanks Index Report, James G. Mcgann

TTCSP Global Go To Think Tank Index Reports

The 2011 Global Go To Think Tank Rankings marks the fifth edition of the annual report. As in previous years, the Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program (TTCSP) at the University of Pennsylvania’s International Relations Program has relied on the indexing criteria and process developed by James G. McGann for ranking think tanks around the world. The Program’s Rankings remain the first and most comprehensive ranking of the world’s top think tanks, and are based on an annual global peer and expert survey of close to 1500 scholars, policymakers, journalists, and regional and subject area experts. Given ...


Expanding Access, Participation, And Success In International Baccalaureate Programmes (Ib Access Project): Evaluation Report Year Two, Gail Gerry, Thomas B. Corcoran Sep 2011

Expanding Access, Participation, And Success In International Baccalaureate Programmes (Ib Access Project): Evaluation Report Year Two, Gail Gerry, Thomas B. Corcoran

CPRE Research Reports

In the fall of 2009, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation funded a three-year project proposed by the International Baccalaureate (IB) to demonstrate the feasibility of increasing the participation of minority students and students in poverty in its Middle Years Programme (MYP) and Diploma Programme (DP) in selected school districts in the United States. “Expanding Access, Participation and Success in IB Programmes” or the IB Access Project, as it has come to be known, is utilizing a multi-faceted technical assistance and materials development strategy to strengthen IB programs and broaden access for students previously excluded in the Anne Arundel County ...


Book Review: How To House The Homeless. Edited By Ingrid Gould Ellen And Brendan O'Flaherty. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2010, Dennis P. Culhane Jun 2011

Book Review: How To House The Homeless. Edited By Ingrid Gould Ellen And Brendan O'Flaherty. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 2010, Dennis P. Culhane

Departmental Papers (SPP)

No abstract provided.


Terrorism In Pakistan: Incident Patterns, Terrorists’ Characteristics, And The Impact Of Terrorist Arrests On Terrorism, Syed Ejaz Hussain May 2010

Terrorism In Pakistan: Incident Patterns, Terrorists’ Characteristics, And The Impact Of Terrorist Arrests On Terrorism, Syed Ejaz Hussain

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation, in a 3-paper format, uses three data sets to study three aspects of terrorism in Pakistan. In the first paper, using data from the GTD, I describe empirically the temporal and spatial patterns of terrorism incidents in Pakistan from 1974 to 2007. In addition, I also describe the patterns in target types, weapon types and terrorist types and the patterns prior to and following the U.S.-led invasions of Afghanistan and Iraq. Analysis methods include the univariate time series, descriptive statistics and the GIS. The study offers new insights on the measurement of terrorism, the cyclical nature ...


On Educational Outcomes In An Urban School District, Michael A. Gottfried May 2010

On Educational Outcomes In An Urban School District, Michael A. Gottfried

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Urban school districts face an enormous challenge. They are confronted with high levels of poverty and minority students who at high-risk for educational failure. To compound this, financial resources are lacking in improving these dire conditions. Thus, in a situation where increased budgetary support is no longer accessible, one question remains: What will make a difference?

Chapter 1 suggests a first strategy. If district administrators or school principals could shift classroom composition to increase student achievement, then perhaps this managerial approach could improve urban education under extremely strict financial constraints. Using the framework of the education production function and two ...


The Return Of The Nativist? Why Did Anti-Migrant Parties Emerge And Succeed In Mumbai, Fail In Bangalore, And Not Even Emerge In Delhi?, Rahul Reddy Mar 2009

The Return Of The Nativist? Why Did Anti-Migrant Parties Emerge And Succeed In Mumbai, Fail In Bangalore, And Not Even Emerge In Delhi?, Rahul Reddy

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Migration as well as group conflict has occurred throughout history. This thesis examined why in response to internal migration to Mumbai, Bangalore, and Delhi there are varying levels of nativism. The level of nativism was found to be high in Mumbai, medium in Delhi, and low in Bangalore. Anti-migrant sentiment was explained by political competition in Mumbai, class prejudice in Delhi, and an overlaying of class and ethnic conflict in Bangalore. I conclude that mobilization against migrants is easiest when they are largely of a specific regional or ethnic background, that there is a tipping point beyond which opposing migrants ...


The Social Ecology Of Child Endangerment, Mark F. Testa, Frank F. Furstenberg Jan 2002

The Social Ecology Of Child Endangerment, Mark F. Testa, Frank F. Furstenberg

Departmental Papers (Sociology)

For over a century, the city of Chicago has provided a natural laboratory for research on juvenile delinquency and child neglect and abuse. In an era of increasing globalization, it is easy to overlook the importance of local community context as a major focus of social reform and scientific investigation. A century ago, it was the city rather than the nation-state that was the key site of social agitation, political mobilization, and governmental action (Rodgers 1998). Chicago, in particular, became a symbol of the destiny of modern society. It was at "ground zero" when the forces of industrialization and immigration ...


Re-Presenting The City: Arts, Culture, And Diversity In Philadelphia, Mark J. Stern, Susan C. Seifert Jan 2000

Re-Presenting The City: Arts, Culture, And Diversity In Philadelphia, Mark J. Stern, Susan C. Seifert

Departmental Papers (SPP)

No abstract provided.