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Full-Text Articles in Urban Studies

Historic Preservation And Progress In Atlanta: Opportunity Knocks, Ian Michael Rogers Jun 2018

Historic Preservation And Progress In Atlanta: Opportunity Knocks, Ian Michael Rogers

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

This paper explores where Atlanta’s historic preservation ethos stands in 2017. Further, this paper examines and analyzes how historic preservation can be more fully supported in Atlanta through strategic tools and policies.


Natura 2000 - The European Union Mechanism For Nature Conservation. Some Legal Issues., Maria Kenig-Witkowska Jun 2018

Natura 2000 - The European Union Mechanism For Nature Conservation. Some Legal Issues., Maria Kenig-Witkowska

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

No abstract provided.


Water Shortage And Water Law: The Impending Crisis In Semi-Arid Climates, Bonnie Persons Jun 2018

Water Shortage And Water Law: The Impending Crisis In Semi-Arid Climates, Bonnie Persons

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

Water is a business driver and a substantial source of both wealth and risk. Water is also under increasing statutory and legislative pressure as jurisdictions strive to manage water resources more holistically by addressing both surface and groundwater together, but on a more decentralized and sustainable basis. The potential collapse of the municipal water system in Cape Town, South Africa serves as a stark alarm for cities in arid and semi-arid, Mediterranean-like environments. This risk is especially true of cities like Marseilles, France and regions like California. By comparing the impacts of the water law in these different jurisdictions, this ...


Three Cases In Point: A Comparison Of Legal Access To Housing For Low-Income And Homeless Populations In Cape Town, Marseille And Miami, Leila Lawlor Jun 2018

Three Cases In Point: A Comparison Of Legal Access To Housing For Low-Income And Homeless Populations In Cape Town, Marseille And Miami, Leila Lawlor

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

Miami, Cape Town, and Marseille have taken dissimilar approaches in their attempts to legislate and supply affordable housing to those in need. One of these cities has no justiciable right whatsoever, one has a right set out in its national constitution, and one has a right set out in its national law. These cities have had different degrees of success in aiding those in need of adequate housing; however, each of these cities continues to suffer from both a lack of affordable housing and a widening income gap. Examining the frameworks and the efforts of these three port cities establishes ...


Ten Years Of The French Dalo And The Catalan Right To Housing Act: European Innovation In The Fields Of Land Use Planning And Housing, Camille Mialot, Juli Ponce Jun 2018

Ten Years Of The French Dalo And The Catalan Right To Housing Act: European Innovation In The Fields Of Land Use Planning And Housing, Camille Mialot, Juli Ponce

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

The main objective of this article is to give an overview for an international audience of the results of two acts which were passed the same year, 2007 - the French Enforceable right to housing (Droit au logement opposable, later referred as DALO) Act, and the Catalan Right to Housing Act (Llei catalana del dret a l´habitatge, CRHA). Both acts are good examples of legal innovations regarding land use and housing at the beginning of the 21st Century. The first one established an enforceable right to housing in France for the first time in French history. The second one is ...


Social Dimensions And Social Function Born In Latin America: Property Limits In The U.S. And The European Union Legal Systems, Wellington Migliari Jun 2018

Social Dimensions And Social Function Born In Latin America: Property Limits In The U.S. And The European Union Legal Systems, Wellington Migliari

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

This article is a comparative analysis of property systems and their social dimensions between the United States (U.S.) and the European Union (EU). Throughout the article, we show how the fees and development taxes applied in the U.S. refer to an ex ante rationale assumed by private owners to compensate communities for land transformation or environmental impacts, while inside the EU, the political consensus is responsible for the imposition of limits in ex post abuses of ownership. Either in public administrations, or in the Council of Ministers of the EU, the social function of property is better understood ...


Regional Public/Private Partnerships As Entrepreneurial Bricolage, John F. Mcardle Jun 2018

Regional Public/Private Partnerships As Entrepreneurial Bricolage, John F. Mcardle

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

Entrepreneurial development of contaminated or blighted land, commonly referred to as “brownfield,” carries significant enterprise risk. When considering competing opportunities, capital tends to flow in an adverse direction from higher-risk activity where outcomes are less certain. In addition, a complicated regulatory landscape can increase transaction costs which further limit the desirability of these projects. Often, that leaves the remediation of environmentally compromised property in the hands of the public sector. Yet, in industrialized nations with significant brownfield presence, government is often unable to solely cure defects due to limited fiscal resources and competing policy imperatives. One solution to the problem ...


The Emergence Of Metropolitan Areas As A New Form Of Interfederative Governance: A Comparative Study Of Aix-Marseille-Provence And The Metropolitan Region Of Rio De Janeiro, Aricia Fernandes Correia, Romulo S.R. Sampaio Jun 2018

The Emergence Of Metropolitan Areas As A New Form Of Interfederative Governance: A Comparative Study Of Aix-Marseille-Provence And The Metropolitan Region Of Rio De Janeiro, Aricia Fernandes Correia, Romulo S.R. Sampaio

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

The exponential demographic increase of the last century and the transformation of the cities, from industrial to service providers, added to the phenomenon of conurbation. In addition, the new social, environmental, economic, political and cultural dynamics of close cities, challenged the traditional municipal power and required a collaborative new management framework. Global cities became metropolitan areas. Issues of local urban interest are now of regional preoccupation. Governmental institutional frameworks and urban planning were not designed to match this new socioeconomic and environmental metropolitan order. This paper deals with the legal challenges of creating metropolitan governance structures comparing France and Brazil ...


The French Metropole: How It Gained Legal Status As A Metropolis, Janice Griffith Jun 2018

The French Metropole: How It Gained Legal Status As A Metropolis, Janice Griffith

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

France’s long history of centralized governance has generated debates as to what powers should remain with the State and what powers should devolve to sub-national governments. To ameliorate the fragmentation resulting from the small size of France’s 36,000 plus municipalities, called communes, the State authorized the creation of general-purpose, inter-communal public institutions to perform municipal functions on behalf of the communes on a greater economy of scale. The article examines the trajectory that led to the creation in 2010 of the métropole, or metropolis, the most recent of these inter-communal bodies that is designed to undertake public ...


The Future Of French Metropolis, Anne-Claire Mialot Jun 2018

The Future Of French Metropolis, Anne-Claire Mialot

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

No abstract provided.


Introduction, Julian Conrad Juergensmeyer, Karen Johnston Jun 2018

Introduction, Julian Conrad Juergensmeyer, Karen Johnston

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

No abstract provided.


The Road To Yamoussoukro, Vivica Brown May 2017

The Road To Yamoussoukro, Vivica Brown

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

Air transportation plays an important role in any country’s evolution because it accelerates the convergence of goods and people. Creating a cooperative air transport system could unlock the potential for a long awaited, remarkable economic growth in Africa. “The African aviation market is perhaps one that has the most potential for growth out of the global regions, due to it being a comparatively young industry and servicing a large and rapidly developing population.” Africa is home to 15.96% of the world’s population, over 1.1 billion people, but it still accounts for less than 4% of the ...


Some Rough Historical Parallels Between South Africa And The United States, Denis Binder May 2017

Some Rough Historical Parallels Between South Africa And The United States, Denis Binder

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

No abstract provided.


The Democratic Street, Sudarshan Tiwari May 2017

The Democratic Street, Sudarshan Tiwari

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

No abstract provided.


Anti-Money Laundering Initiatives For The South African Real Estate Market, Jeffrey R. Boles May 2017

Anti-Money Laundering Initiatives For The South African Real Estate Market, Jeffrey R. Boles

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

No abstract provided.


Financial Inclusion In South Africa: An Integrated Framework For Financial Inclusion Of Vulnerable Communities In South Africa's Regulatory System Reform, Lydie Louis, Frederic Chartier May 2017

Financial Inclusion In South Africa: An Integrated Framework For Financial Inclusion Of Vulnerable Communities In South Africa's Regulatory System Reform, Lydie Louis, Frederic Chartier

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

Vulnerable communities in developing countries like the poor in South Africa are not included in their country’s formal economy because the poor have little or no access to financial services. As such, the poor struggle to survive, and to capture the interests of the banking industry to provide them with access to affordable financial services. Public-private financial inclusion initiatives have been insignificant or proven unsustainable to include the poor into the financial fabric of their domestic country. This is because financial inclusion initiatives have primarily been defined, and designed as a “social responsibility” by the government and the banking ...


Armed Response: An Unfortunate Legacy Of Apartheid, Leila Lawlor May 2017

Armed Response: An Unfortunate Legacy Of Apartheid, Leila Lawlor

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

After apartheid was repealed in South Africa, the country’s system of forced segregation officially ended. Vestiges of racial discrimination remain, however, including spatial segregation in housing, income inequality, and huge disparities in the government’s provisioning of basic services. The poorest of South Africa’s citizens live in peripheral communities, far from city centers and employment hubs. The poorest communities often lack safe streets and safe toilets. Whereas wealthier South Africans are able to pay private policing companies to provide armed security, those in the poorest of communities must live with regular fear of violent crime. The problem is ...


Citizen's Co-Production Of Public Safety As A Symptom Of State Failure: The Case Of South African Vigilantism, Dawid Szescilo May 2017

Citizen's Co-Production Of Public Safety As A Symptom Of State Failure: The Case Of South African Vigilantism, Dawid Szescilo

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

The growing interest in co-production of public services reflects the need to liberate from the dichotomy between state and market provision. Whereas the concept of co-production is not new, it gained broader recognition among public administration scholars in recent years. What is characteristic for the academic discourse on this idea, is a strong focus on the benefits of co-production such as effectiveness, efficiency, responsiveness and quality of public services. This article provides more critical insight into co-production of public security by exploring the phenomenon of vigilantism in South Africa. The major aim of this article is to examine the major ...


Gendered Lived Experiences In Urban Cape Town: Urban Infrastructure As Equal Opportunity, Social Justice, And Crime Prevention, Becky Jacobs May 2017

Gendered Lived Experiences In Urban Cape Town: Urban Infrastructure As Equal Opportunity, Social Justice, And Crime Prevention, Becky Jacobs

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

No abstract provided.


New Forms Of Inequality In Cape Town: A Comparative Economic And Legal Study To Defend The Right To Housing, Wellington Migliari May 2017

New Forms Of Inequality In Cape Town: A Comparative Economic And Legal Study To Defend The Right To Housing, Wellington Migliari

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

Inequality has been a topic in the core of many studies about urban development. Different theories contributed enormously to innovative reflections on the 2008 global financial crisis. However, the perverse economic practices on city construction and the housing issues remain. The aim of the present article is to show how far the right to housing in Cape Town has been affected by risky real estate investments. Unemployment rates, public money being involved in the property market and mortgage system for speculative purposes are some of the dependent variables that can shed light on these new urban forms of inequality in ...


Affordable Housing, Zoning And The International Covenant On Economic, Social And Cultural Rights: Some Lessons From The Spanish And South African Experiences, Juli Ponce May 2017

Affordable Housing, Zoning And The International Covenant On Economic, Social And Cultural Rights: Some Lessons From The Spanish And South African Experiences, Juli Ponce

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

No abstract provided.


Density, Affordable Housing And Social Inclusion: A Modest Proposal For Cape Town, Colin Crawford May 2017

Density, Affordable Housing And Social Inclusion: A Modest Proposal For Cape Town, Colin Crawford

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

No abstract provided.


The Concept Of Sustainable Development In The European Union Policy And Law, Maria Kenig-Witkowska May 2017

The Concept Of Sustainable Development In The European Union Policy And Law, Maria Kenig-Witkowska

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

No abstract provided.


Equitable Access To Public Transport: Corridor Plans For Transit-Oriented Development In Soweto, South Africa And Boston, Massachusetts Compared, Janice Griffith May 2017

Equitable Access To Public Transport: Corridor Plans For Transit-Oriented Development In Soweto, South Africa And Boston, Massachusetts Compared, Janice Griffith

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

The article argues that municipalities should play a major role in ensuring equitable access to public transportation and in planning for transit-oriented development. It presents two case studies that illustrate the importance of these undertakings. In South Africa, apartheid spatial and racial segregation resulted in the exclusion of non-white residents from the urban core where the economy was centered. These residents, who were forced to live in a city’s outlying areas, experienced considerable difficulty in commuting to the workplace. To address the lack of transportation equity, the City of Johannesburg, with support from the national and provincial governments, embarked ...


A Comparative Consideration Of Development Charges In Cape Town, Colin Crawford, Julian Conrad Juergensmeyer May 2017

A Comparative Consideration Of Development Charges In Cape Town, Colin Crawford, Julian Conrad Juergensmeyer

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

No abstract provided.


Reflections On Study Space Cape Town, Matthew Glasser May 2017

Reflections On Study Space Cape Town, Matthew Glasser

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

No abstract provided.


Introduction, Gordon Pirie May 2017

Introduction, Gordon Pirie

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

No abstract provided.


Introduction To The Journal Of Comparative Urban Law And Policy, Julian Conrad Juergensmeyer, Karen Johnston May 2017

Introduction To The Journal Of Comparative Urban Law And Policy, Julian Conrad Juergensmeyer, Karen Johnston

Journal of Comparative Urban Law and Policy

No abstract provided.


Rating The Cities: Constructing A City Resilience Index For Assessing The Effect Of State And Local Laws On Long-Term Recovery From Crisis And Disaster, John Travis Marshall Nov 2015

Rating The Cities: Constructing A City Resilience Index For Assessing The Effect Of State And Local Laws On Long-Term Recovery From Crisis And Disaster, John Travis Marshall

Faculty Publications By Year

Superstorm Sandy, the 2008 Iowa floods, and Hurricanes Katrina and Rita all supply recent reminders that U.S. cities can no longer adopt an ad hoc approach to threats presented by climate change and natural hazards. The stories detailing long-term recovery from these disasters underscore that federal, state, and local governments are struggling to appreciate the legal tools and institutions necessary to implement the large-scale infrastructure, housing, and community development programs that climate change and more frequent natural disasters demand. This Article calls for development of a tool allowing succinct evaluation of the range of community capacities that will figure ...


Affordable Housing For Sustainable Cities: A North American Perspective, Detroit Metropolitan Area And Montreal (Quebec), Courtney Lauren Anderson, Maryse Grandbois Apr 2015

Affordable Housing For Sustainable Cities: A North American Perspective, Detroit Metropolitan Area And Montreal (Quebec), Courtney Lauren Anderson, Maryse Grandbois

Faculty Publications By Year

Housing is an integral part to elevating and maintaining a quality of life to ensure a healthy and productive citizenship. The overwhelming number of citizens in Montreal and the United States who are unable to find housing that is less than 33% of their income stifles that economic progression of individuals and the society in which these individuals live. The ability for cities to dictate their own plans for creating and maintaining affordable housing without mandates from the federal vacillates among the various levels of government with each level having certain positive and negative elements. Although city autonomy can provide ...