Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Public Policy

Discipline
Institution
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type

Articles 1 - 22 of 22

Full-Text Articles in Policy Design, Analysis, and Evaluation

Cuts And Censorship: Challenges In Assessing Substance Use Programs For Men In Canadian Federal Corrections, Rob D. Long Sep 2019

Cuts And Censorship: Challenges In Assessing Substance Use Programs For Men In Canadian Federal Corrections, Rob D. Long

Dialogues: Undergraduate Research in Philosophy, History, and Politics

Approximately three quarters of men in Canadian federal prisons have a substance use problem that played a role in their offenses. Guided by a rehabilitative mandate, the Canadian federal corrections system includes substance use programs as a key component of its service. The Corrections and Conditional Release Act places the responsibility for the design, provision, and evaluation of rehabilitative programs on Correctional Service Canada (CSC), giving CSC considerable freedom in how it constructs and delivers services. This freedom, while increasing flexibility, warrants an investigation into CSC’s design and implementation of substance use services. This paper reviews academic and government ...


Pathways, Not Punishment: An Annotated Snap Employment And Training Advocacy Toolkit For Policy Newbies, Angela Eastlund Aug 2019

Pathways, Not Punishment: An Annotated Snap Employment And Training Advocacy Toolkit For Policy Newbies, Angela Eastlund

Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development to Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development—Student Research

For someone brand new to public policy advocacy, the concept can seem broad and putting it to practice can seem vague. In part, this is because the spectrum of public policy advocacy is broad and contains a vast variety of actions under its umbrella. The Chicago Jobs Council’s policy advocacy strategies around SNAP Employment and Training that are recounted in this toolkit are shared in context with the intent of shedding some light on the why, how, and when particular strategies are utilized. Our hope is that the examples shared here can be used to inform anyone that is ...


Youth Voice And The Promise And Peril Of Affirmative Governmentality: An Analysis Of New York City’S Borough Student Advisory Councils, Hillary R. Donnell May 2019

Youth Voice And The Promise And Peril Of Affirmative Governmentality: An Analysis Of New York City’S Borough Student Advisory Councils, Hillary R. Donnell

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This study addresses civil society and the state’s shifting approach towards the incorporation of youth in governmental decision-making since the 1990s, and the recent ascendance of youth voice councils as a method of civic engagement. It uses the New York City Youth Leadership Council Initiative and the Borough Student Advisory Councils as case studies. Relying on the author’s ethnographic participant observation and youth-voice frameworks, the paper provides an analysis of the individual, organizational and systems level effects of the New York Department of Education’s BSAC program. Further, the paper discusses affirmative governmentality as a lens through which ...


The Predictors Of Juvenile Recidivism: Testimonies Of Adult Students 18 Years And Older Exiting From Alternative Education, La Toshia Palmer Apr 2018

The Predictors Of Juvenile Recidivism: Testimonies Of Adult Students 18 Years And Older Exiting From Alternative Education, La Toshia Palmer

Dissertations

Purpose: The purpose of this descriptive, qualitative study was to identify and describe the importance of the predictors of juvenile recidivism and the effectiveness of efforts to prevent/avoid juvenile recidivism as perceived by previously detained, arrested, convicted, and/or incarcerated adult students 18 years of age and older exiting from alternative education in Northern California. A second purpose was to explore the types of support provided by alternative schools and the perceived importance of the support to avoid recidivism according to adult students 18 years of age and older exiting from alternative education.

Methodology: This qualitative, descriptive research design ...


Examination Of Crowdsourcing As A Tool For Policy Making, Araz Taeihagh Jun 2017

Examination Of Crowdsourcing As A Tool For Policy Making, Araz Taeihagh

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Crowdsourcing is rapidly evolving and applied in situations where ideas, labour, opinion or expertise of large groups of people are used. Crowdsourcing is now used in various policy making initiatives; however, this use has usually been focused on open collaboration platforms and specific stages of the policy process such as agenda- setting and policy evaluations. Moreover, other forms of crowdsourcing have been neglected in policy making with a few exceptions. This article examines crowdsourcing as a tool for policy making and explores the nuances of the technology and its use and implications for different stages of the policy process. The ...


Contemporary State Policies Toward Anti-Semitism In Germany And Poland, Thomas Just Apr 2017

Contemporary State Policies Toward Anti-Semitism In Germany And Poland, Thomas Just

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Broadly speaking, this research is intended to shed light on how post-genocide societies attempt to address a traumatic history and reconcile the problems of ethnic and religious hatred. Germany and Poland are especially ripe cases for such research given their historical memories of the Holocaust and unique legal and diplomatic efforts to counter anti-Semitism. However, since many of the policies on this issue have only been implemented in the past ten to fifteen years, there has not yet been a comprehensive study that has evaluated their effectiveness. This dissertation will attempt to fill this gap in the literature and provide ...


American Obesity: Rooted In Uncertainty, Institutions And Public Policy, James Woodward Jan 2016

American Obesity: Rooted In Uncertainty, Institutions And Public Policy, James Woodward

Theses and Dissertations--Public Policy and Administration

Despite the efforts of policymakers, medical professionals, and other stakeholders, obesity and related health problems show no signs of receding from their record-high rates. Public policy has largely taken the form of consumer advice, (e.g., USDA’s Dietary Guidelines). Since consumers bear most of the costs associated with their obesity, the goal of obesity prevention appears to be incentive-compatible, prima facie. That is, there is no a priori case for much further policy intervention unless existing advice is deficient or consumers’ exhibit systematically poor decision-making.

My review of the literature shows that scholars have long conveyed a consistent narrative ...


Media Impact On Disaster Public Policy, John R. Fisher Dec 2013

Media Impact On Disaster Public Policy, John R. Fisher

Dr. John R. Fisher

Decades of research suggest the media play a secondary role in the development of public policy. This appears to be equally true in media coverage of disasters. While the media may heighten awareness of an issue, individual public opinion leaders, particularly the wealthy and influential, have greater impact on the formation of public policy.


Open Government Partnership En México Y Brasil: La Transparencia Como Responsabilidad Compartida, Juan Jaime Mesina Nov 2013

Open Government Partnership En México Y Brasil: La Transparencia Como Responsabilidad Compartida, Juan Jaime Mesina

Juan Jaime Mesina

Con base en el enfoque del nuevo institucionalismo histórico, el autor se propone elaborar un análisis comparado de México y Brasil. La lógica detrás de esta selección de casos reside en sus condiciones sociales, políticas y económicas similares, las cuales permite el control de variables clave en el estudio. Específicamente, se analizan las instituciones encargadas de la transparencia en ambos países: el Instituto Federal de Acceso a la Información Pública y Protección de Datos (IFAI) en México y la Controladoria-Geral da União (CGU) en Brasil. La investigación realiza una evaluación de la influencia que ejercieron las instituciones, los actores políticos ...


Public Policy Frameworks In Environmental Settings: An Argument For New Policy Frameworks To Support New Policy Directions, Chad J. Mcguire Apr 2012

Public Policy Frameworks In Environmental Settings: An Argument For New Policy Frameworks To Support New Policy Directions, Chad J. Mcguire

Chad J McGuire

Environmental policy is about solving problems, not creating them. Policy frameworks are meant to be supportive of policy initiatives. Most environmental initiatives are impacted by new information, and as such, policy frameworks should be responsive to new information. Often existing policy frameworks limit the ability of information that suggests a change in policy direction. This article discusses some of the causes for this phenomenon and suggests that new policy frameworks should be considered in supporting new policy directions, rather than relying on the manipulation of existing policy frameworks.


The Oecd And Phases In The International Political Economy, 1961-2011, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes Dec 2011

The Oecd And Phases In The International Political Economy, 1961-2011, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes

Judith Clifton

In 2011, the OECD turned fifty. To provide a broad foundation for further thinking on this organization, we analyse its evolution over half a century from two perspectives: phases in the international political economy and the literature on IPE. By so doing, we uncover two paradoxes. Firstly, we find that the organization’s evolution closely mirrored major phases in the postwar international political economy until recently. However, the OECD’s long-term dependence on theWest has now become an obstacle to its efforts to adapt to the latest phase, characterised by the rise of non-Western powers. Secondly, we show that, during ...


A Framework For Analyzing Information Flows In Public Policy Decision-Making: A Move Towards Building Sustainable Policy Instruments, Chad J. Mcguire Aug 2011

A Framework For Analyzing Information Flows In Public Policy Decision-Making: A Move Towards Building Sustainable Policy Instruments, Chad J. Mcguire

Chad J McGuire

The purpose of this paper is to explain a framework that focuses on information flows as a means of understanding public policy decision-making, with a specific emphasis on information relating to sustainable development. The goal of this framework is to further aid in identifying and explaining the extent to which sustainability goals are being implemented in public policy decisions. The suggestion is that by focusing on the information flows directly related to sustainable information, instances can be isolated where specific pieces of information are not making their way to final decision-making processes, or alternatively, where new information interferes with sustainable ...


Regulating And Deregulating The Public Utilities 1830–2010, Judith Clifton Dr. Aug 2011

Regulating And Deregulating The Public Utilities 1830–2010, Judith Clifton Dr.

Judith Clifton

History can provide invaluable insights into important issues of the economic and social regulation of utilities, and offer lessons towards future debates. But the history of utility regulation – which speaks of changing, diverse and complex experiences around the world – was, unfortunately, sidelined or marginalised when economists and policymakers enthusiastically embraced the question of how to reform the utilities from the 1970s. This paper provides an overview of the three, overarching, `waves' of utility regulation from the nineteenth century to the present, documenting how, when and why the ways in which the roles of the state, the market and firms altered ...


From National Monopoly To Multinational Corporation: How Regulation Shaped The Road Towards Telecommunications Internationalisation, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes, Francisco Comín Aug 2011

From National Monopoly To Multinational Corporation: How Regulation Shaped The Road Towards Telecommunications Internationalisation, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes, Francisco Comín

Judith Clifton

One of the consequences of major regulatory reform of the telecommunications sector from the end of the 1970s – particularly, privatisation, liberalisation and deregulation – was the establishment of a new business environment which permitted former national telecommunications monopolies to expand abroad. From the 1990s, a number of these firms, particularly those based in Europe, joined the rankings of the world's leading multinational corporations. Their internationalisation was uneven, however: while some firms internationalised strongly, others ventured abroad much slower. This article explores how the regulatory framework within which telecommunications incumbents evolved over the long-term shaped their subsequent, uneven, paths to internationalisation ...


Hacia La Construcción De Políticas Públicas Globales: Retos Para El Estado Nación De Cara A La Globalización, Mario A. Pinzón Mapc Jul 2011

Hacia La Construcción De Políticas Públicas Globales: Retos Para El Estado Nación De Cara A La Globalización, Mario A. Pinzón Mapc

Mario A Pinzón Camargo

Este artículo analiza los efectos en la idea de Estado nación bajo la lógica de la globalización. Examina los retos para el Estado en la construcción de políticas públicas globales, la definición de una nueva agenda global y un nuevo sistema institucional desarrollado bajo la lógica de la gobernanza global.


Construyendo Políticas Públicas Globales: Una Aproximación Al Marco Teórico De Estudio. Working Paper N. 5, Mario A. Pinzón Mapc May 2011

Construyendo Políticas Públicas Globales: Una Aproximación Al Marco Teórico De Estudio. Working Paper N. 5, Mario A. Pinzón Mapc

Mario A Pinzón Camargo

El objetivo de este artículo es proporcionar un marco teórico a partir del cual sea posible hablar de las políticas públicas globales, como categoría de análisis de la gobernanza global. Se presenta una aproximación teórica basada en la teoría de la elección racional.


Puntos De Encuentro Y Apoyo De La Nueva Economía Institucional En El Análisis De Las Políticas Públicas. Working Paper N. 2, Mario A. Pinzón Mapc Oct 2010

Puntos De Encuentro Y Apoyo De La Nueva Economía Institucional En El Análisis De Las Políticas Públicas. Working Paper N. 2, Mario A. Pinzón Mapc

Mario A Pinzón Camargo

Este artículo tiene como propósito analizar el grado de utilidad de una de las vertientes del Análisis Económico del Derecho, la Nueva Economía Institucional, en el Análisis de Políticas Públicas.


Reseña De "Bringing In The Future: Strategies For Farsightedness And Sustainability In Developing Countries" De William Ascher, Javier Martín Reyes Jan 2010

Reseña De "Bringing In The Future: Strategies For Farsightedness And Sustainability In Developing Countries" De William Ascher, Javier Martín Reyes

Javier Martín Reyes

Review of Ascher, William "Bringing in the Future: Strategies for Farsightedness and Sustainability in Developing Countries" Chicago, Chicago University Press, 2009, 328 pages.


The Political Economy Of Telecoms And Electricity Internationalization In The Single Market, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes, Revuelta Julio Jan 2010

The Political Economy Of Telecoms And Electricity Internationalization In The Single Market, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes, Revuelta Julio

Judith Clifton

As a consequence of liberalization policies in the European Union (EU), a number of formerly inward-looking incumbents in telecommunications and electricity transformed themselves into some of the world’s leading Multinationals. The relationship between liberalization and incumbent internationalization, however, is contested. Three political economy arguments on this relationship are tested. The first claims that incumbents most exposed to domestic liberalization would internationalise most. The second asserts that incumbents operating where liberalization was restricted could exploit monopolistic rents to finance internationalisation. The third argument claims that a diversity of paths will be adopted by countries and incumbents vis-à-vis liberalization and internationalization ...


Resultados De La Encuesta De Percepción Entre Ciudadanos Estadounidenses Y Canadienses Residentes En México, Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu Apr 2008

Resultados De La Encuesta De Percepción Entre Ciudadanos Estadounidenses Y Canadienses Residentes En México, Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu

Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu

Esta presentación resume los principales resultados de una encuesta de percepción entre ciudadanos estadounidenses y canadienses residentes en México levantada a través de Internet por la Unidad de Seguros, Pensiones y Seguridad Social de la Secretaría de Hacienda y Crédito Público de México en 2008. El objetivo de la encuesta fue ayudar en el diseño de una estrategia que permita la atracción a Mexico de un mayor número de ciudadanos extranjeros para efectos de migración durante el retiro y de turismo médico.


Exclusionary Bundled Discounts And The Antitrust Modernization Commission, Erik Hovenkamp, Herbert J. Hovenkamp Jan 2008

Exclusionary Bundled Discounts And The Antitrust Modernization Commission, Erik Hovenkamp, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

A bundled discount occurs when a seller charges less for a bundle of goods than for its components when sold separately. A characteristic of such discounting is that a rival who makes only one of the products in the bundle may have to give a larger per item discount in order to compensate the buyer for the foregone discount on goods that the rival does not sell. For example, if I sell A and B and offer a 20% discount only to customers who purchase one A and one B together, a rival in the B market might be able ...


Privatizing Public Enterprises In The European Union 1960-2002: Ideological, Pragmatic, Inevitable?, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes, Francisco Comín Jan 2006

Privatizing Public Enterprises In The European Union 1960-2002: Ideological, Pragmatic, Inevitable?, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes, Francisco Comín

Judith Clifton

Privatization, recognized as one of the most important economic policy reforms from the 1970s, has attracted significant attention from scholars, and the literature on the topic is now vast. Yet there is little agreement on the reasons why governments privatized. Three dominant paradigms explaining European Union (EU) privatization put forward distinct motivations. The ‘British paradigm’ assumed that market-friendly ideology played a significant role in a path towards a global programme inspired by the UK experience. The ‘multiple logics’ approach observed that the UK was an anomaly, not a leader, and that EU privatization was so diverse that there were few ...