Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2004

Series

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication

Articles 1 - 25 of 25

Full-Text Articles in Policy Design, Analysis, and Evaluation

United States Antitrust Policy In An Age Of Ip Expansion, Herbert J. Hovenkamp Dec 2004

United States Antitrust Policy In An Age Of Ip Expansion, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

The idea that there is a tension between antitrust and the intellectual property laws is readily exaggerated. The tension that exists results mainly from our uncertainty about the optimal amount and scope of IP protection. In general, antitrust draws clearer lines than intellectual property law does, although one should not push the point too far. Antitrust policy as manifested in the courts has achieved a fair amount of consensus today. By contrast, deep uncertainty remains about fundamental questions concerning the socially optimal outcome of IP disputes. In addition, while the antitrust statutes are for the most part public regarding provisions ...


Hiv/Aids Among Women Of Color In Massachusetts, Erika Kates, Helen Levine, Lakay Cornell Dec 2004

Hiv/Aids Among Women Of Color In Massachusetts, Erika Kates, Helen Levine, Lakay Cornell

Publications from the Center for Women in Politics and Public Policy

According to a recent report on the status of women in Massachusetts, the Commonwealth has an “extraordinarily high” incidence of women of color with HIV/AIDS. Over 4,200 women are infected and women of color account for a disproportionately high number of these cases.


Evaluating Environmental Policies, Lori Snyder Bennear, Cary Coglianese Nov 2004

Evaluating Environmental Policies, Lori Snyder Bennear, Cary Coglianese

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

For too long, environmental policymaking has relied on trial and error, without adequate or systematic learning from either the trials or the errors. Systematic program evaluation research has been remarkably scarce relative to the overall number of environmental policies adopted in the United States, as well as relative to the amount of evaluation research found in other fields, such as medicine, education, or transportation safety. This paper examines the role that program evaluation should play in environmental policy making, distinguishing such research from other types of analysis, including risk assessment, cost-effectiveness analysis, and cost-benefit analysis. It explains the kinds of ...


The Politic 2004 Fall, The Politic, Inc. Oct 2004

The Politic 2004 Fall, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


Performance Measurement And Performance Budgeting In The United States In The 1950s And 1960s, Dan Williams Sep 2004

Performance Measurement And Performance Budgeting In The United States In The 1950s And 1960s, Dan Williams

Publications and Research

The period of the 1950s and 1960s reflects the rise of performance budgeting. It also reflects the rise of the post-war generation of academic social scientists, which is roughly the second generation of statistical social scientists within the United States. This is the period of expanding program evaluation and the rise of policy analysis. While policy analysis is fairly distinct, program evaluation is largely the same thing as performance measurement, but as practiced by social scientists with a different skill set than public administrators. This paper examines the continued evolution of performance measurement practices and other closely related practices including ...


The Politic 2004 Summer, The Politic, Inc. Jul 2004

The Politic 2004 Summer, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


The Process Of Problem Definition In A Group Model Building Project For Sustainable Urban Planning In Las Vegas, Nevada, Krystyna Anne Stave, Michael Dwyer Jul 2004

The Process Of Problem Definition In A Group Model Building Project For Sustainable Urban Planning In Las Vegas, Nevada, Krystyna Anne Stave, Michael Dwyer

Public Policy and Leadership Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Community Acceptance Of Affordable Housing, C. Theodore Koebel, Robert E. Lang, Karen A. Danielsen Jun 2004

Community Acceptance Of Affordable Housing, C. Theodore Koebel, Robert E. Lang, Karen A. Danielsen

Public Policy and Leadership Faculty Publications

Despite historically low interest rates, organizations across the nation have become increasingly concerned about the impacts of regulatory constraints and anti-growth sentiments on the availability and cost of housing. This concern is by no means limited to a few “high cost” areas like Boston and San Francisco. It can also be found in Iowa City, where new single-family houses were recently selling from $150,000 to $375,000 (prices readily considered affordable in many larger metropolitan areas) and even in rural areas where spill-over growth and “drive to qualify” solve the commuter’s affordability problem while creating unforeseen affordability problems ...


The Politic 2004 Spring, The Politic, Inc. Apr 2004

The Politic 2004 Spring, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


Enhancement Of Casualty Data Collection & Management, Cisr Jan 2004

Enhancement Of Casualty Data Collection & Management, Cisr

CISR Studies and Reports

The MAIC built upon research conducted in earlier phases of the project (2001-2002) to investigate the following unresolved questions regarding the development of an effective landmine casualty data system.

1. What kind of data about landmine victims is being collected and is it adequate to the needs of victim assistance service providers?

2. If it is not adequate, what additional data should be collected and how should it be managed?

3. What can be done to improve the dissemination of landmine casualty data?

These questions were addressed by investigating developments in landmine casualty data collection and management since 2002 and ...


Decision Tools Manual Humanitarian Mine Action Projects, Cisr Jan 2004

Decision Tools Manual Humanitarian Mine Action Projects, Cisr

CISR Studies and Reports

No abstract provided.


The Politic 2004 Winter, The Politic, Inc. Jan 2004

The Politic 2004 Winter, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


Kansas Politics In The Bigger Picture: A Review Essay Of What’S The Matter With Kansas?, Brian J. Glenn Jan 2004

Kansas Politics In The Bigger Picture: A Review Essay Of What’S The Matter With Kansas?, Brian J. Glenn

Division II Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Two Schools Of American Political Development, Brian J. Glenn Jan 2004

The Two Schools Of American Political Development, Brian J. Glenn

Division II Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Recently Revised Marriage Law Of China: The Promise And The Reality, Charles J. Ogletree Jr., Rangita De Silva De Alwis Jan 2004

The Recently Revised Marriage Law Of China: The Promise And The Reality, Charles J. Ogletree Jr., Rangita De Silva De Alwis

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

In April 2001, the Standing Committee of the Ninth National People's Congress (NPC), China's highest legislative body, passed the long-debated and much awaited amendments to the Marriage Law on the closing day of its twenty-first session. As stated by one PRC commentator, "In the 50 years since the founding of the New China, there has not been any law that has caused such a widespread concern for ordinary people."'

Even though the recent revisions to the marriage laws have been hailed as some of the most significant and positive changes in family law in China, thus far no ...


Risk Regulation, Endogenous Public Concerns, And The Hormones Dispute: Nothing To Fear But Fear Itself?, Howard F. Chang Jan 2004

Risk Regulation, Endogenous Public Concerns, And The Hormones Dispute: Nothing To Fear But Fear Itself?, Howard F. Chang

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

The dispute between the United States and the European Union (EU) regarding the EU ban on meat imports treated with hormones raises the question: How should regulators respond to public fears that are disproportionate to the risks as evaluated by experts in risk assessment? If regulators cannot eliminate public fears through education, then there is some social benefit from regulations that reduce the feared risks and thereby reduce public anxiety and distortions in behavior flowing from that anxiety. These considerations imply that we cannot simply ignore public fears that technocrats would deem "irrational." On the other hand, there is the ...


Bankruptcy's Home Economics, David A. Skeel Jr. Jan 2004

Bankruptcy's Home Economics, David A. Skeel Jr.

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This essay began its life as a commentary on Elizabeth Warren’s article “The New Economics of the American Family” at the American Bankruptcy Institute's 25th Anniversary Symposium of the Bankruptcy Code in 2003. (Both the Warren article and my commentary were published in the symposium in the American Bankruptcy Institute Law Review.) “The New Economics of the American Family” was drawn in many respects from then-Professor Warren’s co-authored book, The Two Income Trap. The essay refers to both, though it puts particular emphasis on the article. The essay begins by briefly describing the basic thesis of the ...


Congestion Control And Vehicle Ownership Restriction: The Choice Of An Optimal Quota Policy, Winston T. H. Koh Jan 2004

Congestion Control And Vehicle Ownership Restriction: The Choice Of An Optimal Quota Policy, Winston T. H. Koh

Research Collection School Of Economics

Singapore introduced a vehicle quota system (VQS) in 1990 as part of its overall policy to control urban congestion. While the VQS has reduced the annual growth rate of the vehicle population to about 3 per cent, it has created uncertainty in the cost of vehicle ownership due to the fluctuations in licence prices. This paper discusses three issues relating to the optimal design of a VQS: licence transferability, sub-categorisation, and the choice of an auction format. The analysis shows that licence transferability is not unambiguously desirable, sub-categorisation is highly regressive, and an open auction format results in less aggressive ...


Would Mandating Network Neutrality Help Or Hurt Broadband Competition? A Comment On The End-To-End Debate, Christopher S. Yoo Jan 2004

Would Mandating Network Neutrality Help Or Hurt Broadband Competition? A Comment On The End-To-End Debate, Christopher S. Yoo

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Copyright And Product Differentiation, Christopher S. Yoo Jan 2004

Copyright And Product Differentiation, Christopher S. Yoo

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Fear Assessment: Cost-Benefit Analysis And The Pricing Of Fear And Anxiety, Matthew D. Adler Jan 2004

Fear Assessment: Cost-Benefit Analysis And The Pricing Of Fear And Anxiety, Matthew D. Adler

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

Risk assessment is now a common feature of regulatory practice, but fear assessment is not. In particular, environmental, health and safety agencies such as EPA, FDA, OSHA, NHTSA, and CPSC, commonly count death, illness and injury as costs for purposes of cost-benefit analysis, but almost never incorporate fear, anxiety or other welfare-reducing mental states into the analysis. This is puzzling, since fear and anxiety are welfare setbacks, and since the very hazards regulated by these agencies - air or water pollutants, toxic waste dumps, food additives and contaminants, workplace toxins and safety threats, automobiles, dangerous consumer products, radiation, and so on ...


The Social And Moral Cost Of Mass Incarceration In African American Communities, Dorothy E. Roberts Jan 2004

The Social And Moral Cost Of Mass Incarceration In African American Communities, Dorothy E. Roberts

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Welfare Reform And Economic Freedom: Low-Income Mothers' Decisions About Work At Home And In The Market, Dorothy E. Roberts Jan 2004

Welfare Reform And Economic Freedom: Low-Income Mothers' Decisions About Work At Home And In The Market, Dorothy E. Roberts

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Inside The Black Box: How Should A Sovereign Bankruptcy Regime Be Structured?, Patrick Bolton, David A. Skeel Jr. Jan 2004

Inside The Black Box: How Should A Sovereign Bankruptcy Regime Be Structured?, Patrick Bolton, David A. Skeel Jr.

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


The Role Of Politics And Policy In Television Regulation, Christopher S. Yoo Jan 2004

The Role Of Politics And Policy In Television Regulation, Christopher S. Yoo

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.