Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

2004

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 47

Full-Text Articles in Policy Design, Analysis, and Evaluation

United States Antitrust Policy In An Age Of Ip Expansion, Herbert J. Hovenkamp Dec 2004

United States Antitrust Policy In An Age Of Ip Expansion, Herbert J. Hovenkamp

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

The idea that there is a tension between antitrust and the intellectual property laws is readily exaggerated. The tension that exists results mainly from our uncertainty about the optimal amount and scope of IP protection. In general, antitrust draws clearer lines than intellectual property law does, although one should not push the point too far. Antitrust policy as manifested in the courts has achieved a fair amount of consensus today. By contrast, deep uncertainty remains about fundamental questions concerning the socially optimal outcome of IP disputes. In addition, while the antitrust statutes are for the most part public regarding provisions ...


Hiv/Aids Among Women Of Color In Massachusetts, Erika Kates, Helen Levine, Lakay Cornell Dec 2004

Hiv/Aids Among Women Of Color In Massachusetts, Erika Kates, Helen Levine, Lakay Cornell

Publications from the Center for Women in Politics and Public Policy

According to a recent report on the status of women in Massachusetts, the Commonwealth has an “extraordinarily high” incidence of women of color with HIV/AIDS. Over 4,200 women are infected and women of color account for a disproportionately high number of these cases.


Management Style, Organizational Climate, And Organizational Performance In A Public Mental Health Agency: An Integral Model, Pamela Sue Meserve Erbisch Dec 2004

Management Style, Organizational Climate, And Organizational Performance In A Public Mental Health Agency: An Integral Model, Pamela Sue Meserve Erbisch

Dissertations

This dissertation analyzes and estimates the interactions between domestic investment and each type of capital flow under uncertainty and capital market imperfection in 13 oil-producing countries from 1981 to 2003. First, we discuss the recent development in investment theories under uncertainty, irreversibility, and imperfect capital market. Secondly, decomposing uncertainty into permanent and transitory components--based on C-GARCH--we constructuncertainty measures of broad macroeconomic variables in addition to oil price.

Thirdly, a model of four simultaneous equations is developed to capture dynamic interactions. My contribution is twofold. First, not only do we consider the impact of uncertainty and credit market imperfection on investment ...


Evaluating Environmental Policies, Lori Snyder Bennear, Cary Coglianese Nov 2004

Evaluating Environmental Policies, Lori Snyder Bennear, Cary Coglianese

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

For too long, environmental policymaking has relied on trial and error, without adequate or systematic learning from either the trials or the errors. Systematic program evaluation research has been remarkably scarce relative to the overall number of environmental policies adopted in the United States, as well as relative to the amount of evaluation research found in other fields, such as medicine, education, or transportation safety. This paper examines the role that program evaluation should play in environmental policy making, distinguishing such research from other types of analysis, including risk assessment, cost-effectiveness analysis, and cost-benefit analysis. It explains the kinds of ...


The Politic 2004 Fall, The Politic, Inc. Oct 2004

The Politic 2004 Fall, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


The Christian/Jewish Zionist Embrace: Whiteness And Modernity In The Unholy Alliance, Jesse Benjamin Sep 2004

The Christian/Jewish Zionist Embrace: Whiteness And Modernity In The Unholy Alliance, Jesse Benjamin

Jesse Benjamin

No abstract provided.


Industry Clusters And Economic Development: A Learning Resource, Edward J. Feser Sep 2004

Industry Clusters And Economic Development: A Learning Resource, Edward J. Feser

Edward J Feser

One of the most widely discussed issues in community and economic development today is the role of industry clusters as engines of regional growth and development. Many communities are undertaking cluster studies or initiating cluster planning exercises as a way to organize development strategies to promote key local economic strengths or to shore up identified weaknesses. A large consulting industry has emerged to serve governments’ interest in clusters and the research literature on the topic is growing rapidly. At the same time, some analysts have likened clusters to another economic development fad that will eventually be supplanted by the next ...


Performance Measurement And Performance Budgeting In The United States In The 1950s And 1960s, Dan Williams Sep 2004

Performance Measurement And Performance Budgeting In The United States In The 1950s And 1960s, Dan Williams

Publications and Research

The period of the 1950s and 1960s reflects the rise of performance budgeting. It also reflects the rise of the post-war generation of academic social scientists, which is roughly the second generation of statistical social scientists within the United States. This is the period of expanding program evaluation and the rise of policy analysis. While policy analysis is fairly distinct, program evaluation is largely the same thing as performance measurement, but as practiced by social scientists with a different skill set than public administrators. This paper examines the continued evolution of performance measurement practices and other closely related practices including ...


The Process Of Problem Definition In A Group Model Building Project For Sustainable Urban Planning In Las Vegas, Nevada, Krystyna Anne Stave, Michael Dwyer Jul 2004

The Process Of Problem Definition In A Group Model Building Project For Sustainable Urban Planning In Las Vegas, Nevada, Krystyna Anne Stave, Michael Dwyer

Public Policy and Leadership Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Politic 2004 Summer, The Politic, Inc. Jul 2004

The Politic 2004 Summer, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


सुन्दरबंस की मात्स्यिकी- समस्याएं और प्रत्याशाएं. (Sundaraban Ki Matasyaki- Samasyayen Evam Pratyashyen), Ganesh Chandra, R L. Sagar Jun 2004

सुन्दरबंस की मात्स्यिकी- समस्याएं और प्रत्याशाएं. (Sundaraban Ki Matasyaki- Samasyayen Evam Pratyashyen), Ganesh Chandra, R L. Sagar

Ganesh Chandra

This paper gives an insight into the fisheries of Sundarban delta region of west Bengal India.


Community Acceptance Of Affordable Housing, C. Theodore Koebel, Robert E. Lang, Karen A. Danielsen Jun 2004

Community Acceptance Of Affordable Housing, C. Theodore Koebel, Robert E. Lang, Karen A. Danielsen

Public Policy and Leadership Faculty Publications

Despite historically low interest rates, organizations across the nation have become increasingly concerned about the impacts of regulatory constraints and anti-growth sentiments on the availability and cost of housing. This concern is by no means limited to a few “high cost” areas like Boston and San Francisco. It can also be found in Iowa City, where new single-family houses were recently selling from $150,000 to $375,000 (prices readily considered affordable in many larger metropolitan areas) and even in rural areas where spill-over growth and “drive to qualify” solve the commuter’s affordability problem while creating unforeseen affordability problems ...


Livelihoods Of Former Deportees In Ukraine, Greta Uehling May 2004

Livelihoods Of Former Deportees In Ukraine, Greta Uehling

Greta Uehling

No abstract provided.


Frontline Demonstration On Sesame In West Bengal, Ganesh Chandra, R L. Sagar Apr 2004

Frontline Demonstration On Sesame In West Bengal, Ganesh Chandra, R L. Sagar

Ganesh Chandra

Sesame is one of the important oilseeds crop in India, which plays a major role in supplementing the income of small and marginal farmers of Sunderbans. One of the major constraints of traditional Sesame farming is low productivity of local varieties. To replace this anomaly, Krishi Vigyan Kendra of CIFRI has conducted frontline demonstration at adopted farmers’ field in four development blocks viz. Kakdwip, Namkhana, Patharpratima and Kulpi of Sunderbans, West Bengal. Cultivation of high yielding varieties of Sesame viz. Rama (Improved Selection-5) and Tilottma (B-67) shows percentage increase of 46.58 and 35.86 respectively over local check. The ...


Public Libraries: Is Independence Better?, Gayle Hornaday Apr 2004

Public Libraries: Is Independence Better?, Gayle Hornaday

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

Since the origin of public libraries in the United States during the nineteenth century, they have been primarily supported by public taxation, due to their intended purpose of benefiting all of society, and especially the economically disadvantaged. Public libraries are provided in much the same spirit as public education, to uphold the American value that knowledge and information should be equally available to all, without regard to individual ability to pay. The dilemma of how to pay for library services has involved considerable debate in the library community about the implementation of user fees to supplement revenue, as an alternative ...


The Politic 2004 Spring, The Politic, Inc. Apr 2004

The Politic 2004 Spring, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


A Comparative Study Of Factors Related To Adoption, Management, And Impact Of Police Consolidation And Amalgamation In Norfolk, County, England, And Kent And Ottawa Counties, Michigan, United States, Terry Lee Fisk Apr 2004

A Comparative Study Of Factors Related To Adoption, Management, And Impact Of Police Consolidation And Amalgamation In Norfolk, County, England, And Kent And Ottawa Counties, Michigan, United States, Terry Lee Fisk

Dissertations

The evolution of law enforcement in the United States has created a circumstance where thousands of smaller communities are served by a police agency, some of which may not have the capability or resources to provide adequate police service. Many of these are agencies operate within a geographical area where they are joined by common boundaries, yet each operates as an autonomous police force. One possible solution to this quandary is to consolidate those existing agencies experiencing difficulties in the provision of police services into single, larger departments with combined resources.

The purpose of this research was to determine what ...


From ‘Apprenticeship’ To ‘Training’: An Empirical Enquiry Into, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas Jan 2004

From ‘Apprenticeship’ To ‘Training’: An Empirical Enquiry Into, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

When a person embarks upon a professional scientific career, what features define their training process? How is this process related to scientific practice and, in general, its development within the organisational setting of the R&D system? The changes affecting contemporary science since the late 20th century mirror several characteristic features of the scientific profession, namely the working conditions of scientists, how professional careers are organised, the way in which scientific work is assessed and how scientists are trained in the academic world. Researchers in academic science today are faced with far-reaching reforms which are currently taking place in universities and official research centres; changes which respond to the growing complexity in the organisation of scientific work and the pressures of science and university policy. Insofar as traditional researchers were considered academic workers, scientists in the public sector must now satisfy the organisational requirements of disciplines and institutions alike. This changing situation has affected the way in which new scientists are recruited and trained and the rôle played by ...


Evaluación Del Plan Andaluz De Investigación, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas, Manuel Pérez-Yruela, Javier López-Facal Jan 2004

Evaluación Del Plan Andaluz De Investigación, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas, Manuel Pérez-Yruela, Javier López-Facal

Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

Este documento presenta las conclusiones del ejercicio de evaluación del Plan Andaluz de Investigación llevado a cabo por el IESA-CSIC. El procedimiento de evaluación se ha basado en paneles de expertos, análisis de datos estadísticos y revisión de documentación.


Impact Study On Introduction Of Green Gram (Vigna Radiata) Cultivation In Sundarbans, West Bengal, Ganesh Chandra, R L. Sagar Jan 2004

Impact Study On Introduction Of Green Gram (Vigna Radiata) Cultivation In Sundarbans, West Bengal, Ganesh Chandra, R L. Sagar

Ganesh Chandra

Impact study on introduction of Moong (Vigna radiata) cultivation in rice fallow cropping system of Sundarbans has been done to know the socio -economic impact of Summer Moong cultivation over the populace of Sundarbans after 10 years of start of FLD on Moong in this area. The study covered randomly selected 60 farmer beneficiaries under FLD of three blocks using Before-After analysis through PRA, formal household survey and focused group discussion. The triangulation of data has been done through using all three methods. The result of this study shows that the number of farmers having net income above Rs. 1000-2000 ...


Evaluation Of Frontline Demonstration On Mustard In Sunderbans, West Bengal, Ganesh Chandra, R L. Sagar Jan 2004

Evaluation Of Frontline Demonstration On Mustard In Sunderbans, West Bengal, Ganesh Chandra, R L. Sagar

Ganesh Chandra

Mustard is one of the most important oi lseeds crop in West Bengal, which plays a major role in supplementing the income of small and marginal farmers of Sunderbans. One of the major constraints of traditional mustard farming is low productivity of local varieties. To replace this anomaly, Krishi Vigyan Kendra of CIFRI has conducted frontline demonstration at adopted farmers’ field in four development blocks viz. Kakdwip, Namkhana, Patharpratima and Kulpi of Sunderbans, West Bengal. Cultivation of high yielding varieties of mustard viz. Bhagirathi (RW-351), Sanjukta asech (4C-6-3/II), Jhumka (NC-1), Seeta (B-85) and Binoy (B-9) shows percentage increase of ...


Future Impact Of Digital Tv Services And Broadband Internet Connections On Residential Energy Consumption, Clemens Cremer, Michael Friedewald, Barbara Schlomann, Alois Huser Jan 2004

Future Impact Of Digital Tv Services And Broadband Internet Connections On Residential Energy Consumption, Clemens Cremer, Michael Friedewald, Barbara Schlomann, Alois Huser

Michael Friedewald

No abstract provided.


How To Get It. Diagrammatic Reasoning As A Tool Of Knowledge Development And Its Pragmatic Dimension, Michael H.G. Hoffmann Jan 2004

How To Get It. Diagrammatic Reasoning As A Tool Of Knowledge Development And Its Pragmatic Dimension, Michael H.G. Hoffmann

Michael H.G. Hoffmann

Discussions concerning belief revision, theory development, and "creativity" in philosophy and AI, reveal a growing interest in Peirce's concept of abduction. Peirce introduced abduction in an attempt to provide theoretical dignity and clarification to the difficult problem of knowledge generation. He wrote that "An Abduction is Originary in respect to being the only kind of argument which starts a new idea." These discussions, however, have led to considerable debates about the precise way in which Peirce's abduction can be used to explain knowledge generation. The crucial question is that of understanding how we can get the new elements ...


Learning By Developing Knowledge Networks. A Semiotic Approach Within A Dialectical Framework, Michael H.G. Hoffmann, Wolf-Michael Roth Jan 2004

Learning By Developing Knowledge Networks. A Semiotic Approach Within A Dialectical Framework, Michael H.G. Hoffmann, Wolf-Michael Roth

Michael H.G. Hoffmann

A central challenge for research on how we should prepare students to manage crossing boundaries between different knowledge settings in life long learning processes is to identify those forms of knowledge that are particularly relevant here. In this paper, we develop by philosophical means the concept of a dialectical system as a general framework to describe the development of knowledge networks that mark the starting point for learning processes, and we use semiotics to discuss (a) the epistemological thesis that any cognitive access to our world of objects is mediated by signs and (b) diagrammatic reasoning and abduction as those ...


Enhancement Of Casualty Data Collection & Management, Cisr Jan 2004

Enhancement Of Casualty Data Collection & Management, Cisr

CISR Studies and Reports

The MAIC built upon research conducted in earlier phases of the project (2001-2002) to investigate the following unresolved questions regarding the development of an effective landmine casualty data system.

1. What kind of data about landmine victims is being collected and is it adequate to the needs of victim assistance service providers?

2. If it is not adequate, what additional data should be collected and how should it be managed?

3. What can be done to improve the dissemination of landmine casualty data?

These questions were addressed by investigating developments in landmine casualty data collection and management since 2002 and ...


Decision Tools Manual Humanitarian Mine Action Projects, Cisr Jan 2004

Decision Tools Manual Humanitarian Mine Action Projects, Cisr

CISR Studies and Reports

No abstract provided.


Welfare Reform And Economic Freedom: Low-Income Mothers' Decisions About Work At Home And In The Market, Dorothy E. Roberts Jan 2004

Welfare Reform And Economic Freedom: Low-Income Mothers' Decisions About Work At Home And In The Market, Dorothy E. Roberts

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


The Recently Revised Marriage Law Of China: The Promise And The Reality, Charles J. Ogletree Jr., Rangita De Silva De Alwis Jan 2004

The Recently Revised Marriage Law Of China: The Promise And The Reality, Charles J. Ogletree Jr., Rangita De Silva De Alwis

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

In April 2001, the Standing Committee of the Ninth National People's Congress (NPC), China's highest legislative body, passed the long-debated and much awaited amendments to the Marriage Law on the closing day of its twenty-first session. As stated by one PRC commentator, "In the 50 years since the founding of the New China, there has not been any law that has caused such a widespread concern for ordinary people."'

Even though the recent revisions to the marriage laws have been hailed as some of the most significant and positive changes in family law in China, thus far no ...


When The Safety Net Fails: An Analysis Of Alternative Long-Term Care Services In Kentucky, Suzanne Dale Jan 2004

When The Safety Net Fails: An Analysis Of Alternative Long-Term Care Services In Kentucky, Suzanne Dale

MPA/MPP Capstone Projects

The Problem

In early 2003, the Kentucky Cabinet for Health Services, faced with a $450 million Medicaid shortfall, implemented several cost-cutting measures to the Medicaid program. The most visible measure included new stricter medical eligibility requirements for long-term care programs. As a result of these new requirements, approximately 2,813 elderly and disabled Kentuckians were denied services in Kentucky’s Aged/Disabled Home and Community-Based Waiver Program, a Medicaid program that provides long-term care services in people’s homes and in community-settings. The Cabinet for Health Services claimed that those who lost home and community-based Medicaid services could receive care ...


Contracting With Nonprofit Organizations: A Model For Local Governments, Renee Jackson Jan 2004

Contracting With Nonprofit Organizations: A Model For Local Governments, Renee Jackson

MPA/MPP Capstone Projects

A number of factors have contributed to the rise in nonprofit organizations during the last three decades. No matter the reasons one significant consequence has been an intensification of competition for available funding. With the increasing competition for funding there is growing concern that there may not be an equitable and efficient method in place for many funders to base their allocation decisions on. These concerns arise from the issues that occur during funding processes such as: how open and competitive is the request for proposal process; is there duplication of the same service; can the organization adequately provide the ...