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2003

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Articles 1 - 30 of 35

Full-Text Articles in Policy Design, Analysis, and Evaluation

Fisheries In Sundarbans: Problems And Prospects, Ganesh Chandra, R L. Sagar Dec 2003

Fisheries In Sundarbans: Problems And Prospects, Ganesh Chandra, R L. Sagar

Ganesh Chandra

Sundarbans, the largest delta on the planet earth is famous for its marine and estuarine fish resources. A large population is dependent on fishery activity and capture fisheries is treated as the backbone of Sundarban economy. Sundarban boast around 172 species of fishes, 20 species of prawn and 44 species of crabs including two edible crabs. But fisheries in Sundarbans faces some difficult problems which have an impact on the biodiversity, sustainability and livelihood of fish resources and fisher folk viz. shrinking tiger prawn population, indiscriminate fish seed collection, lack of post harvest and other infrastructures, natural calamities such as ...


The Politic 2003 Fall, The Politic, Inc. Oct 2003

The Politic 2003 Fall, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


Evaluation Of The Hud Elder Cottage Housing Opportunity (Echo) Program, C Theodore Koebel, Julia Beamish, Karen A. Danielsen, Virginia Polytechnic Institute And State University Oct 2003

Evaluation Of The Hud Elder Cottage Housing Opportunity (Echo) Program, C Theodore Koebel, Julia Beamish, Karen A. Danielsen, Virginia Polytechnic Institute And State University

Public Policy and Leadership Faculty Publications

ECHO housing was introduced in the United States in the 1980s based on a program started in Australia in 1975. An ECHO unit is a small house in which an elderly person resides and which is placed near the home of a host (either relatives or close friends of the elderly person). The purpose of this arrangement is to make it convenient and efficient for the occupants of the host family dwelling to provide assistance to the elderly person residing in the smaller ECHO house.

Although ECHO housing provides a means for keeping an elderly resident close to family and ...


Building Sector-Based Consensus: A Review Of The Epa's Common Sense Initiative, Cary Coglianese, Laurie K. Allen Sep 2003

Building Sector-Based Consensus: A Review Of The Epa's Common Sense Initiative, Cary Coglianese, Laurie K. Allen

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

In the late 1990s, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) conducted what the agency considered to be a "bold experiment" in regulatory reinvention, bringing representatives from six industrial sectors together with government officials and NGO representatives to forge a consensus on innovations in public policy and business practices. This paper assesses the impact of the agency's "experiment" - called the Common Sense Initiative (CSI) - in terms of the agency's goals of improving regulatory performance and technological innovation. Based on a review of CSI projects across all six sectors, the paper shows how EPA achieved, at best, quite modest ...


From Theory To Practice: Developing And Implementing An Asset-Building Program For Milwaukee Public Housing Residents, Stephanie Montgomery Jul 2003

From Theory To Practice: Developing And Implementing An Asset-Building Program For Milwaukee Public Housing Residents, Stephanie Montgomery

Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development to Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development—Student Research

Beginning in August 2002, I had the opportunity to complete my Professional Practice in Community Development at the Housing Authority of the City of Milwaukee (HACM), a mid-sized public housing authority, which provides affordable housing to low-income individuals in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, through public housing, rent assistance and homeownership programs. In recent years HACM has shifted its focus away from bricks and mortar (constructing and managing low income housing) towards a more comprehensive strategy, designed to not only provide low income families and individuals with affordable housing, but also assist to residents in achieving long-term economic self-sufficiency and in escaping poverty ...


A Case For Choice In Education, Edward Tyndall May 2003

A Case For Choice In Education, Edward Tyndall

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

This is an advocacy that paper outlines a history of the battle for school choice, key court decisions concerning school choice, arguments for and against school choice, alternative measures such as charter schools, and attempts to answer the question of “Should Nevada consider vouchers as a means to improve education?”


Third Stage E-Government And County Employees: A Case Study Of The Clark County Business License Department, Benjamin B. Bond Iii May 2003

Third Stage E-Government And County Employees: A Case Study Of The Clark County Business License Department, Benjamin B. Bond Iii

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

This study presents the results of research designed to evaluate attitudes of county-level employees who are working within government departments that have undertaken electronic government (e-government) initiatives. Specifically, the guiding question addressed throughout this study has been: “How do county employees perceive third stage e-government initiatives?” Additionally, this paper will examine multiple factors that have been identified as key components of slowing the implementation process such as: resistance to technology, insufficient participation of employees in e-government development initiatives and management/ employee interaction in regard to e-government implementation. This paper is based on research gathered using a self-administered survey of thirty ...


The Politic 2003 Spring, The Politic, Inc. Apr 2003

The Politic 2003 Spring, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


Drug Courts: A Study Of Retention And Suspension In The Kalamazoo County Drug Court Program, James H. Houston Apr 2003

Drug Courts: A Study Of Retention And Suspension In The Kalamazoo County Drug Court Program, James H. Houston

Dissertations

This is a study of the Kalamazoo County Drug Treatment Court Programs. Participants in the court programs are men and women who reside in the county and are charged with drug-related non-violent felonies. These participants, along with judges and administrators of the program, were interviewed for the study. The interviews were held in face-to-face meetings: participants on neutral ground and court functionaries in their offices.

The study sought to determine what factors contributed to the success or failure of drug court participants. It asked to what extent program requirements are perceived by the participants to be coercive, and how this ...


Telecommunications Reform In Southern Africa: The Role Of The Southern African Development Community, Patricia K. Mccormick Mar 2003

Telecommunications Reform In Southern Africa: The Role Of The Southern African Development Community, Patricia K. Mccormick

Communication Faculty Research Publications

This article examines telecommunications reform and related infrastructure and service developments in Southern African states. In focusing on this region, the article analyses the role of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) and the different associations and commissions it has created to develop the telecommunications sector and facilitate reform, which is essential to promote network efficiencies and extend the infrastructure to rural areas. As a regional organisation, SADC is poised to promote restructuring of the telecommunications sector in its 14 member states, as it seeks to achieve complementary national and regional programs and promote sustainable development and economic growth through ...


Criterios De Calidad En La Investigación Social: La Producción De Datos Sociales, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas Jan 2003

Criterios De Calidad En La Investigación Social: La Producción De Datos Sociales, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

Cuando se pone en marcha una investigación empírica en el ámbito de la sociología la literatura especializada suele remitir a las fases consistentes en el establecimiento del objeto de estudio, la formulación del problema y el diseño de la investigación, así como a los criterios técnicos para su ejecución. Sin embargo, otros elementos fundamentales que determinan la calidad de los datos que se obtienen tienen que ver con el proceso de trabajo en la generación de dichos datos, que reúne características similares a las de un proceso de producción industrial. En este trabajo se exponen los fundamentos a tener en ...


Las Razones De Los Jóvenes, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas, Jorge Ruiz Ruiz Jan 2003

Las Razones De Los Jóvenes, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas, Jorge Ruiz Ruiz

Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

Se describen las necesidades, intereses, problemas, expectativas etc. de la juventud andaluza desde sus propios discursos (con sus palabras). El trabajo está basado en nueve grupos de discusión dirigidos y analizados por personal investigador del Instituto de Estudios Sociales de Andalucía del CSIC.


La Situación Social De Los Jóvenes En Andalucía, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas, Maria Ángelez Escrivá Chordá, Sara Robles Rodríguez Jan 2003

La Situación Social De Los Jóvenes En Andalucía, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas, Maria Ángelez Escrivá Chordá, Sara Robles Rodríguez

Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

Informe social de la juventud andaluza que aborda en profundidad y con datos estadísticos y cualitativos multitud de factores de la heterogenea población juvenil que vive en Andalucía. Es fruto de una investigación que contempló varios instrumentos de recogida de información: una encuesta a 3200 jovenes, nueve grupos de discusión, entrevistas a profesionales de la juventud y un sondeo a 1200 adultos acerca de como ven ellos a los y las jóvenes.


Learning From Science And Technology Policy Evaluation: Experiences From The United States And Europe, Philip Shapira, Stefan Kuhlmann Jan 2003

Learning From Science And Technology Policy Evaluation: Experiences From The United States And Europe, Philip Shapira, Stefan Kuhlmann

Philip Shapira

Learning from Science and Technology Policy Evaluation, edited by Philip Shapira and Stefan Kuhlmann, presents US and European experiences and insights on the evaluation of policies and programs to foster research, innovation, and technology (RIT). In recent years, policymakers have promoted RIT policies to accelerate scientific and technological development in emerging fields, encourage new patterns of research collaboration and commercialization and enhance national and regional economic competitiveness. At the same time, budgetary pressures and new public management approaches have strengthened demands for RIT performance measurement and evaluation. The contributors, leading experts in science and technology policy and evaluation, analyze and ...


Innovation Und Intellektuelles Eigentum: Wer Nutzt Und Wem Nützen Softwarepatente?, Michael Friedewald, Knut Blind, Jakob Edler Jan 2003

Innovation Und Intellektuelles Eigentum: Wer Nutzt Und Wem Nützen Softwarepatente?, Michael Friedewald, Knut Blind, Jakob Edler

Michael Friedewald

Im Oktober 2000 hat die Europäische Kommission eine Sondierung zur Patentier-barkeit software-bezogener Erfindungen eingeleitet. Gegenwärtig beraten die Mit-gliedstaaten des Europäischen Patentübereinkommens beim Europäischen Patent-amt darüber, ob die diesbezüglichen Einschränkung für die Patentierung aus dem Patentübereinkommen gestrichen werden soll. Hintergrund dieser Diskussionen ist die Befürchtung, dass das Fehlen EU-weit einheitlicher Rechtsvorschriften die Wettbewerbsfähigkeit und das Wirtschaftswachstum der Europäischen Union hemmen könnte [4, 5]. Auch der im Frühjahr 2002 vorgelegte Richtlinienvorschlag der Europäischen Kommission wird kontrovers debattiert; eine Lösung die den In-teressen aller betroffenen Akteure berücksichtigt scheint auch heute noch in weiter Ferne zu sein [8].


The Impact Of Information And Communication Technologies On The Electricity Consumption In Germany, Clemens Cremer, Barbara Schlomann, Michael Friedewald Jan 2003

The Impact Of Information And Communication Technologies On The Electricity Consumption In Germany, Clemens Cremer, Barbara Schlomann, Michael Friedewald

Michael Friedewald

The importance of information and communication technologies in everyday life is increasing strongly. The growing penetration of PCs in households and offices and the almost ubiquitous use of mobile communication devices are vivid examples for this development.

The key drivers influencing the penetration, usage patterns and specific energy consumption of IC-equipment were examined and a bottom-up analysis of the direct energy consumption of ICT-equipment in households and offices was made for 2001 resulting an energy demand of 38 TWh. In addition, projections for the years 2005 and 2010 were developed based on the base year consumption and the key driving ...


Peirce's "Diagrammatic Reasoning" As A Solution Of The Learning Paradox, Michael H.G. Hoffmann Jan 2003

Peirce's "Diagrammatic Reasoning" As A Solution Of The Learning Paradox, Michael H.G. Hoffmann

Michael H.G. Hoffmann

How can we reach “new” levels of knowledge if “new” means that there is something “evolved” that cannot be generated simply by deduction or by induction from what has been given before. The paper’s first goal is to show that two paradigmatic attempts at solving this so-called “learning paradox,” Plato’s apriorism and Aristotle’s inductivism, form two horns of a dilemma: While the inductivist cannot justify any representation of data without assuming a priori given hypotheses, the apriorist cannot justify why a certain application of given ideas is correct without being caught in an infinite regress. The second ...


Lernende Lernen Abduktiv: Eine Methodologie Kreativen Denkens, Michael H.G. Hoffmann Jan 2003

Lernende Lernen Abduktiv: Eine Methodologie Kreativen Denkens, Michael H.G. Hoffmann

Michael H.G. Hoffmann

No abstract provided.


Scottish Devolution: Identity And Impact And The Case Of Community Care For The Elderly, Gordon Marnoch Jan 2003

Scottish Devolution: Identity And Impact And The Case Of Community Care For The Elderly, Gordon Marnoch

Gordon Marnoch

This article examines the emergent identity and impact of devolution in Scotland. Using the case of community care for the elderly, a model is set out for capturing the different interpretive perspectives evident in relation to a particular policy area in 1999–2001. The political story of the ‘free personal care’ issue, in which the Scottish Executive were unexpectedly forced into adopting a markedly different policy from the rest of the UK, is examined in some detail. Setting the episode in a broader context, four discursive thematics are identified in relation to the policy case. A model is demonstrated for ...


Of Property And Anti-Property, Abraham Bell, Gideon Parchomovsky Jan 2003

Of Property And Anti-Property, Abraham Bell, Gideon Parchomovsky

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Mill Redevelopment In Rural Massachusetts Why There? And Not Here?, Center For Economic Development Jan 2003

Mill Redevelopment In Rural Massachusetts Why There? And Not Here?, Center For Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

The purpose of this work is to identify both the obstacles and successful strategies of mill redevelopment in rural Massachusetts. While redevelopment has occurred in the historic industrial corridors of the Blackstone and Merrimac rivers, it has been largely absent in rural areas of Massachusetts. Therefore, the goal of this paper is to explain the forces that have acted as a catalyst for mill redevelopment in these areas, and examine why that has not occurred in rural New England. Our research has found that there are several obstacles that exist in rural areas that make mill redevelopment particularly challenging. However ...


The Film Industry Cluster Development Recommendations For Western Massachusetts, Center For Economic Development Jan 2003

The Film Industry Cluster Development Recommendations For Western Massachusetts, Center For Economic Development

Center for Economic Development Technical Reports

California is home to the world's largest movie clusters. It grew out of the need to extend beyond New York's confined environment. The opportunities that lay ahead were carefully planned and exploited. For Western Massachusetts to learn from this example it will have to discover a niche that can be marketed as truly worthy of attracting businesses away from established clusters. This will require a top-down approach from government bodies to ensure that a successful cluster fits wit the New England lifestyle. Current opportunities exist within factory towns that have available old mill buildings and infrastructure. Unfortunately the ...


Perspectives On Economic Analyses For High Level Waste Disposal, Helen R. Neill, Robert H. Neill Jan 2003

Perspectives On Economic Analyses For High Level Waste Disposal, Helen R. Neill, Robert H. Neill

Public Policy and Leadership Faculty Publications

There are both internal and external pressures on the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) to reduce costs of disposal and still maintain radiation protection to both present and future generations. The question arises whether both of these goals are attainable.


New Models Of Regulation And Interagency Governance, Christopher S. Yoo Jan 2003

New Models Of Regulation And Interagency Governance, Christopher S. Yoo

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Anticompetitive Settlement Of Intellectual Property Disputes, Herbert J. Hovenkamp, Mark D. Janis, Mark A. Lemley Jan 2003

Anticompetitive Settlement Of Intellectual Property Disputes, Herbert J. Hovenkamp, Mark D. Janis, Mark A. Lemley

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

The overwhelming majority of intellectual property lawsuits settle before trial. These settlements involve agreements between the patentee and the accused infringer, parties who are often competitors before the lawsuit. Because these competitors may agree to stop competing, to regulate the price each charges, and to exchange information about products and prices, settlements of intellectual property disputes naturally raise antitrust concerns. In this paper, we suggest a way to reconcile the interests of intellectual property law and antitrust law in evaluating intellectual property settlements. In Part I, we provide background on the issue. Part II argues that in most cases courts ...


Rethinking The Commitment To Free, Local Television, Christopher S. Yoo Jan 2003

Rethinking The Commitment To Free, Local Television, Christopher S. Yoo

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Access To Networks: Economic And Constitutional Connections, Daniel F. Spulber, Christopher S. Yoo Jan 2003

Access To Networks: Economic And Constitutional Connections, Daniel F. Spulber, Christopher S. Yoo

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Something For Nothing: Liberal Justice And Welfare Work Requirements, Amy L. Wax Jan 2003

Something For Nothing: Liberal Justice And Welfare Work Requirements, Amy L. Wax

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


The Bush Administration's Response To The International Criminal Court, Jean Galbraith Jan 2003

The Bush Administration's Response To The International Criminal Court, Jean Galbraith

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


"The Amish" "Roger Williams" "Shakers", Brian Glenn Dec 2002

"The Amish" "Roger Williams" "Shakers", Brian Glenn

Brian J. Glenn

No abstract provided.