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Full-Text Articles in Policy Design, Analysis, and Evaluation

Assessing Governance: The Importance Of Evaluating Policy Outcomes In National Mission Areas, Craig Boardman Dec 2013

Assessing Governance: The Importance Of Evaluating Policy Outcomes In National Mission Areas, Craig Boardman

Craig Boardman

This commentary responds to Fukuyama’s (2013) rejection of “final outputs” as measures of government quality. It argues that public administration research should address policy outcomes in “national mission areas.” But public administration scholars should not simply become policy analysts. Rather, they should become policy analysts for policy areas that can benefit from expertise in organizations and management.


The Cooperative Mission Of Defense R&D In The U.S.: Detecting Consistency And Change In The Roles Of The Federal Laboratories, Craig Boardman, Branco Ponomariov Dec 2011

The Cooperative Mission Of Defense R&D In The U.S.: Detecting Consistency And Change In The Roles Of The Federal Laboratories, Craig Boardman, Branco Ponomariov

Craig Boardman

No abstract provided.


Organizational Capital In Boundary-Spanning Collaborations: Internal And External Approaches To Organizational Structure And Personnel Authority, Craig Boardman Dec 2010

Organizational Capital In Boundary-Spanning Collaborations: Internal And External Approaches To Organizational Structure And Personnel Authority, Craig Boardman

Craig Boardman

Despite a large body of scholarship elucidating mechanisms for aligning participant behaviors with public service goals in boundary-spanning collaborations, the most challenging of these collaborations – those with potential for lacking both common goals and common resources – have received relatively little attention from public management scholars. This study investigates approaches to structure and authority by managers of this sort of collaboration, specifically by the managers of cooperative research centers involving government, industry, and university actors. The findings suggest external approaches to structure and authority when such controls are perceived by managers as valuable for eliciting participant contributions yet difficult to develop ...


Searching For Contracting Patterns Over Time: Do Prime Contractor And Subcontractor Relations Follow Similar Patterns For Professional Services Provision?, Branco Ponomariov, Gordon Kingsley, Craig Boardman Dec 2010

Searching For Contracting Patterns Over Time: Do Prime Contractor And Subcontractor Relations Follow Similar Patterns For Professional Services Provision?, Branco Ponomariov, Gordon Kingsley, Craig Boardman

Craig Boardman

This paper compares over a 12-year period (1) patterns of contracting between a state transportation agency and its prime contractors providing engineering design services with (2) patterns between these prime contractors and their subcontractors. We find evidence of different contracting patterns at each level that emerge over time and coexist in the same contracting context. While patterns at the agency–prime level are characterized by repeated contracts, patterns at the prime–sub level indicate fewer repeats and more contractor turnover. Implications for outsourcing practice and theory are discussed.


A Preliminary Assessment Of The Potential For 'Team Science' In Doe Energy Innovation Hubs And Energy Frontier Research Centers, Craig Boardman, Branco Ponomariov Dec 2010

A Preliminary Assessment Of The Potential For 'Team Science' In Doe Energy Innovation Hubs And Energy Frontier Research Centers, Craig Boardman, Branco Ponomariov

Craig Boardman

President Obama has called for the development of new energy technologies to address our national energy needs and restore US economic competitiveness. In response, the Department of Energy has established new R&D modalities for energy research and development designed to facilitate collaboration across disciplinary, institutional, and sectoral boundaries. In this research note, we provide a preliminary assessment of the potential for essential mechanisms for coordinated problem solving among diverse actors within two new modalities at the DOE: Energy Innovation Hubs and Energy Frontier Research Centers.


Industry Involvement In University Patents: Before And After The Invention, Branco Ponomariov, Craig Boardman Nov 2010

Industry Involvement In University Patents: Before And After The Invention, Branco Ponomariov, Craig Boardman

Craig Boardman

No abstract provided.


Influencing Scientists’ Collaboration And Productivity Patterns Through New Institutions: University Research Centers And Scientific And Technical Human Capital, Branco Ponomariov, Craig Boardman Dec 2009

Influencing Scientists’ Collaboration And Productivity Patterns Through New Institutions: University Research Centers And Scientific And Technical Human Capital, Branco Ponomariov, Craig Boardman

Craig Boardman

This paper analyzes the effect of university research centers on the productivity and collaboration patterns of university faculty. University research centers are an important subject for policy analysis insofar that they have become the predominant policy response to scientific and technical demands that have not been met by extant institutions, including academic departments, private firms, and government laboratories. Specifically, these centers aim to organize researchers from across the disciplines and sectors which, collectively as a research unit, possess the scientific and technical capacity relevant to scientific and technical goals of the sponsoring agencies. In this paper, we measure the productivity ...


The New Science And Engineering Management: Cooperative Research Centers As Government Policies, Industry Strategies, And Organizations, Craig Boardman, Denis Gray Dec 2009

The New Science And Engineering Management: Cooperative Research Centers As Government Policies, Industry Strategies, And Organizations, Craig Boardman, Denis Gray

Craig Boardman

Cooperative research centers (CRCs) are key mechanisms for national and subnational governments and private industry for achieving social and economic outcomes with science and technology. Despite growing policy and scholarly interest in the management and productivity of CRCs, their complex and variegated nature has led to limited and inconsistent understanding of CRCs. In this introduction to this Special Issue of The Journal of Technology Transfer, we discuss the impetuses for and embodiment of CRCs as government policies, industry strategies, and organizations and thus address a number of unexplored aspects of CRCs that are important to decision making for both policy ...


Organizational Pathology Compared To What? The Impacts Of Job Characteristics And Career Trajectory On Perceptions Of Organizational Red Tape, Branco Ponomariov, Craig Boardman Dec 2009

Organizational Pathology Compared To What? The Impacts Of Job Characteristics And Career Trajectory On Perceptions Of Organizational Red Tape, Branco Ponomariov, Craig Boardman

Craig Boardman

The original studies of organizational red tape (Waldo 1946, Kaufmann 1977) emphasize that worker perceptions of organizational rules and procedures are dependent on workers’ frames of reference. However, most subsequent study has not accounted sufficiently for how these reference points vary across workers, even if they work in the same or similar organizational context. While the effects of contemporaneous worker attitudes on perceptions of red tape have been considered in numerous studies, unexamined is how perceptions of organizational rules and procedures as red tape are related to workers’ prior work experiences. This seems an important omission, since variable norms and ...


Broad Impacts And Narrow Perspectives: Passing The Buck On Science And Social Impacts, Barry Bozeman, Craig Boardman Dec 2008

Broad Impacts And Narrow Perspectives: Passing The Buck On Science And Social Impacts, Barry Bozeman, Craig Boardman

Craig Boardman

We provide a critical assessment of the National Science Foundation's (NSF) “broader impacts criterion” for peer review, which has met with resistance from the scientific community and been characterized as unlikely to have much positive effect due to poor implementation and adherence to the linear model heuristic for innovation. In our view, the weakness of NSF's approach owes less to these issues than to the misguided assumption that the peer review process can be used to leverage more societal value from research. This idea, although undoubtedly well-meaning, is fundamentally flawed. Retooling or refining the Broader Impacts Criterion does ...


Government Centrality To University-Industry Interactions, Craig Boardman Dec 2008

Government Centrality To University-Industry Interactions, Craig Boardman

Craig Boardman

This paper uses data from a national survey of academic researchers in the US to detect how different types of university research centers affect individual-level university–industry interactions. The results suggest that while affiliation with an industry-related center correlates positively with the likelihood of an academic researcher having had any research-related interactions with private companies, affiliation with centers sponsored by government centers programs correlates positively with the level of industry involvement, no matter whether these centers additionally have ties to private companies. The analysis takes the “scientific and technical human capital” approach, which draws from theories of social capital and ...


Catching Up With The New Public Service In Theory And Practice: Understanding Workers And Worker Motivation, Craig Boardman, Branco Ponomariov Dec 2007

Catching Up With The New Public Service In Theory And Practice: Understanding Workers And Worker Motivation, Craig Boardman, Branco Ponomariov

Craig Boardman

No abstract provided.


Role Strain In University Research Centers, Craig Boardman, Barry Bozeman Dec 2006

Role Strain In University Research Centers, Craig Boardman, Barry Bozeman

Craig Boardman

We examine interview data from 21 science and engineering faculty affiliated with both academic departments and university research centers. Our results indicate that such scientists experience "role strain" but that resources provided by the centers provide sufficient inducement for affiliation. An important faculty development issue is whether the increments in resources are sufficient to offset the fragmentation of activities likely associated with role strain.