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Articles 1 - 26 of 26

Full-Text Articles in Policy Design, Analysis, and Evaluation

Summary: Designing Successful Carbon Markets, Arthur Van Benthem Sep 2019

Summary: Designing Successful Carbon Markets, Arthur Van Benthem

Wharton PPI B-School for Public Policy Seminar Summaries

There are a lot of developments happening right now in carbon markets in different parts of the world—from New Zealand to Canada and many points in between. As policymakers continue to explore cap-and-trade in the United States, there is much to learn about what does and doesn’t work from these carbon markets already in place.


Summary: The Decline Of U.S. Corporate Investment, Joao F. Gomes Sep 2019

Summary: The Decline Of U.S. Corporate Investment, Joao F. Gomes

Wharton PPI B-School for Public Policy Seminar Summaries

U.S. corporations over the past decade have shied away from making large-scale capital investments. Given their reticence, does it make economic sense for the government to pursue major investments in infrastructure at this time?


Summary: Insuring High Risks Fairly, Protecting Individuals Against Flood Losses, Howard Kunreuther Sep 2019

Summary: Insuring High Risks Fairly, Protecting Individuals Against Flood Losses, Howard Kunreuther

Wharton PPI B-School for Public Policy Seminar Summaries

The National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) encompasses issues of risk transparency and fairness. There is general agreement that floodplain residents need to know their risk-based insurance premium-and with that information, how to make their homes safer and thus make flood insurance more affordable. In this B-School Seminar, Professor Howard Kunreuther focused on the importance of accurate mapping of flood risk, how to encourage investment in cost effective mitigation measures, and ways to deal with fairness and affordability in designing a flood insurance program for the future.


Improving Future Policy Responses To Foreseeable Bank Risk-Taking, Joao F. Gomes, Marco Grotteria, Jessica A. Wachter Sep 2019

Improving Future Policy Responses To Foreseeable Bank Risk-Taking, Joao F. Gomes, Marco Grotteria, Jessica A. Wachter

Wharton Public Policy Initiative Issue Briefs

This brief offers new perspectives on the behavior of banks during the financial crisis of 2007-08 and the limited success of unconventional monetary policies in stimulating bank credit to the private sector during the subsequent economic recovery. The common narrative about the financial crisis is that it was caused by a large credit expansion with overly risky loan-granting behavior by banks. We argue, however, that banks actually made optimal financial decisions in the lead-up to the crisis, based on their calculation of their franchise value. The brief explains the mechanics of franchise value—how it led banks to shift their ...


Evaluating The Impact Of Land Tenure Reform In Present-Day South Africa, Noah Katcher Sep 2018

Evaluating The Impact Of Land Tenure Reform In Present-Day South Africa, Noah Katcher

Social Impact Research Experience (SIRE)

Since the end of apartheid in South Africa, land tenure reform has been discussed ceaselessly as a critical action to restore lasting inequities from the nation’s segregated history. In recent months, South African President Cyril Ramaphosa has introduced a proposal for a constitutional amendment supporting expropriation without compensation, stirring controversy and revolt throughout the country and across the globe. As questions continue to rise regarding the value of land reform and best practices for implementation, this paper identifies the relevant stakeholders in the debate over land reform and details the potential impacts of a redistributive mandate. Broadly speaking, this ...


The Policy Trajectories Of Autonomous Vehicles, John Paul Macduffie May 2018

The Policy Trajectories Of Autonomous Vehicles, John Paul Macduffie

Wharton Public Policy Initiative Issue Briefs

Autonomous Vehicle (AV) technology promises to dramatically reduce deaths and economic losses from crashes caused by human error, increase mobility for those with disabilities, and revolutionize the auto industry. Yet legislation to facilitate oversight of the development and deployment of AVs is stalling in Congress. Professor John Paul MacDuffie offers a primer on AV technology policy, and discusses strategies for addressing safety and other public concerns while still facilitating AV innovation in the private sector.


Thriving Cities: How To Define, Apply, And Measure Well-Being At Scale, Jaclyn Gaffaney Aug 2017

Thriving Cities: How To Define, Apply, And Measure Well-Being At Scale, Jaclyn Gaffaney

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

What is a thriving city? Is it even possible to raise the well-being of an entire city, and why bother? Recent advancements in positive psychology have made it possible to define, measure, and increase well-being on a much larger scale. This provides an unprecedented opportunity for cities to explore well-being. In order to increase the well-being of the city – cities will need to think carefully about what that means, why it is important, and how they will do it. This capstone posits that cities can define what well-being means for themselves inclusive of: the target (the city, individuals, or other ...


Insurance Against Extreme Events: Pairing Short-Term Incentives With Long-Term Strategies, Howard Kunreuther Oct 2016

Insurance Against Extreme Events: Pairing Short-Term Incentives With Long-Term Strategies, Howard Kunreuther

Wharton Public Policy Initiative Issue Briefs

Consumers tend to purchase too little insurance or purchase it too late. Consequently, taxpayers wind up bearing substantial burdens for paying reconstruction costs from extreme events. The 2005 and 2012 hurricane seasons alone cost taxpayers nearly $150 billion. There is much that can be done to better facilitate the role that insurance can play in addressing losses from extreme events, both natural and man-made.


A Constitutional Political Economy Perspective On The Colonization Of Mars, Shashank Sirivolu Apr 2016

A Constitutional Political Economy Perspective On The Colonization Of Mars, Shashank Sirivolu

Honors Theses (PPE)

NASA has released an account of the agency's plans for a mission to Mars. Private organizations, like SpaceX, too have expressed a goal to visit or, in some cases, even establish settlements on Mars. Yet the prospect of establishing settlements, that is, colonizing - as opposed to simply exploring - raises a number of issues. The focus of this study is on the emergence of institutions and organizations on an extraterrestrial planet like Mars. Specifically, the thesis will explore the conscious design of organizations and institutions of collective action, from the Constitutional Political Economy perspective.


Network Neutrality Regulation Across South Asia: A Policy Brief Towards An Evidence Based Research Agenda, Center For Global Communication Studies At The Annenberg School For Communication Feb 2016

Network Neutrality Regulation Across South Asia: A Policy Brief Towards An Evidence Based Research Agenda, Center For Global Communication Studies At The Annenberg School For Communication

Internet Policy Observatory

This policy brief examines key themes highlighted during a series of roundtable discussions exploring South Asian Perspectives on Net Neutrality, hosted by the Centre for Internet and Society in association with the Annenberg School for Communication, University of Pennsylvania, Observer Research Foundation and IT for Change and provides recommendations for future research agendas on net neutrality towards the development of evidence based policy and regulatory solutions.

The first roundtable “South Asian Perspectives on Net Neutrality” was held in New Delhi on 12th December, 2015, where the potential market effects of net neutrality regulation and zero-rated platforms were discussed, and the ...


Improving Intelligence Analysis With Decision Science, Mandeep K. Dhami, David R. Mandel, Barbara A. Mellers, Philip E. Tetlock Nov 2015

Improving Intelligence Analysis With Decision Science, Mandeep K. Dhami, David R. Mandel, Barbara A. Mellers, Philip E. Tetlock

Marketing Papers

Intelligence analysis plays a vital role in policy decision making. Key functions of intelligence analysis include accurately forecasting significant events, appropriately characterizing the uncertainties inherent in such forecasts, and effectively communicating those probabilistic forecasts to stakeholders. We review decision research on probabilistic forecasting and uncertainty communication, drawing attention to findings that could be used to reform intelligence processes and contribute to more effective intelligence oversight. We recommend that the intelligence community (IC) regularly and quantitatively monitor its forecasting accuracy to better understand how well it is achieving its functions. We also recommend that the IC use decision science to improve ...


How To Fix Japan's Labor Market, Julia Joo Kyeong Shin Apr 2015

How To Fix Japan's Labor Market, Julia Joo Kyeong Shin

Honors Theses (PPE)

In the decades that followed World War II, the Japanese economy grew at a surprising rate, placing the nation among the ranks of the most developed in the world. Nonetheless, women – particularly married women – were largely confined to positions outside of the labor market due to traditional gender norms and subsequent lack of opportunities. While the absence of half of the Japanese population was negligible in eras of high growth, it is no longer a healthy option for an aging Japanese economy that has been struggling with deflation for fifteen years. Structural reform is needed, and more women must be ...


Slowing Entropy: Instructional Policy Design In New York City, 2011-12, Jonathan A. Supovitz Oct 2014

Slowing Entropy: Instructional Policy Design In New York City, 2011-12, Jonathan A. Supovitz

CPRE Policy Briefs

How do policymakers craft policies, particularly centered on the Common Core State Standards, to be more resilient and less likely to disintegrate during enactment? Researcher Jonathan Supovitz in Slowing Entropy: Instructional Policy Design in New York City, 2011-12 examines the design of a New York City Department of Education policy intended to engage teachers and principals across NYC with the instructional challenges of Common Core State Standards (CCSS). This summary provides an instructive backstory to some of the thought processes of the policy architects and provides insight into the way that careful policymaking can be more resilient to decay as ...


Complexity, Efficiency, And Fairness Of Multi-Product Monopoly Pricing, Eugenio J. Miravete, Katja Seim, Jeff Thurk Feb 2014

Complexity, Efficiency, And Fairness Of Multi-Product Monopoly Pricing, Eugenio J. Miravete, Katja Seim, Jeff Thurk

Marketing Papers

The Pennsylvania Liquor Control Board administers the purchase and sale of wine and spirits and is mandated to charge a uniform 30% markup on all products. We use an estimated discrete choice model of demand for spirits, together with information on wholesale prices, to assess the implications of this policy. We find that failure to account for the correlation between demographics and consumption patterns leads to lower prices than those charged by a profit-maximizing, multi-product monopolist. Using product-specific markups leads to higher prices on average, less quantity consumed, an 11% increase in total profits, and greater welfare. The current one-size-fits-all ...


Preferences, Structure, And Influence: The Engineering Of Consent, Witold J. Henisz Nov 2013

Preferences, Structure, And Influence: The Engineering Of Consent, Witold J. Henisz

Management Papers

I present a decision process framework that informs the design and implementation of stakeholder influence strategy. This process combines insights from agent‐based dynamic utility and dynamic network processes. Stakeholders strategically seek an outcome as close as possible to their preferred point but also wish to be on the winning side and not to pursue positions divergent from stakeholders with whom they have strong affective ties. Simulation analysis highlights important effects from embedding stakeholders within such an interdependent policymaking network. The resulting decision process framework can be used by firms to assess the likely dynamics within such a stakeholder network ...


Public Monopoly And Economic Efficiency: Evidence From The Pennsylvania Liquor Control Board's Entry Decisions, Katja Seim, Joel Waldfogel Apr 2013

Public Monopoly And Economic Efficiency: Evidence From The Pennsylvania Liquor Control Board's Entry Decisions, Katja Seim, Joel Waldfogel

Marketing Papers

We estimate a spatial model of liquor demand to analyze the impact of government-controlled retailing on entry patterns. In the absence of the Pennsylvania Liquor Control Board, the state would have roughly 2.5 times the current number of stores, higher consumer surplus, and lower payments to liquor store employees. With just over half the number of stores that would maximize welfare, the government system is instead best rationalized as profit maximization with profit sharing. Government operation mitigates, but does not eliminate, free entry's bias against rural consumers. We find only limited evidence of political influence on entry.


Evidence-Based Forecasting For Climate Change, Kesten C. Green, Willie Soon, J. Scott Armstrong Feb 2013

Evidence-Based Forecasting For Climate Change, Kesten C. Green, Willie Soon, J. Scott Armstrong

Marketing Papers

Following Green, Armstrong and Soon’s (IJF 2009) (GAS) naïve extrapolation, Fildes and Kourentzes (IJF 2011) (F&K) found that each of six more-sophisticated, but inexpensive, extrapolation models provided forecasts of global mean temperature for the 20 years to 2007 that were more accurate than the “business as usual” projections provided by the complex and expensive “General Circulation Models” used by the U.N.’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). Their average trend forecast was .007°C per year, and diminishing; less than a quarter of the IPCC’s .030°C projection. F&K extended previous research by combining forecasts from evidence-based short-term forecasting methods. To further extend this work, we suggest researchers: (1) reconsider causal forces; (2) validate with more and longer-term forecasts; (3) adjust validation data for known biases and use alternative data; and (4) damp forecasted trends to compensate for the complexity and uncertainty of the situation. We have made a start in following these suggestions and found that: (1) uncertainty about causal forces is such that they should be avoided in climate forecasting models; (2) long term forecasts should be validated using all available ...


2013 European Think Tank Summit Report: Think Tanks In A Time Of Crisis And Paralysis: On The Sidelines Or Catalysts For Ideas And Action?, Sydney Baloue, Cécile Moore, James G. Mcgann Jan 2013

2013 European Think Tank Summit Report: Think Tanks In A Time Of Crisis And Paralysis: On The Sidelines Or Catalysts For Ideas And Action?, Sydney Baloue, Cécile Moore, James G. Mcgann

TTCSP Global and Regional Think Tank Summit Reports

No abstract provided.


The State Of Teacher Evaluation Reform, Patrick Mcguinn Nov 2012

The State Of Teacher Evaluation Reform, Patrick Mcguinn

CPRE Research Reports

As highlighted in recent news reports, many states are struggling to implement their new teacher-evaluation systems and most of the Race to the Top winners have asked to extend their timetables for completing this work. This paper, written by CPRE’s Patrick McGuinn for the Center for American Progress, offers an assessment of how early adopter states’ departments of education have understaken the preparation and implementation of new evaluation systems. It also identifies challenges and lessons that can be used to guide future reform efforts in this area.


Bangkok Recycling Program: An Empirical Study Of An Incentive-Based Recycling Program, Pitchayanin Sukholthaman Jan 2012

Bangkok Recycling Program: An Empirical Study Of An Incentive-Based Recycling Program, Pitchayanin Sukholthaman

Master of Environmental Studies Capstone Projects

Environmental impacts have been considered by many as the world’s most serious issues. The world is running out of many of its natural resources. One of the best ways to extend the lives of natural resources is recycling. Recycling is a highly effective strategy. Not only does it reduce the amount of virgin materials in the production process, but it also reduces waste generation, health risks, and pollution. Increased waste generation is a serious concern in developing countries. Environmental and economic opportunities for recyclables in waste management that have not been captured are substantial. Bangkok, the fastest growing city ...


2011 Global Go To Think Tanks Index Report, James G. Mcgann Dec 2011

2011 Global Go To Think Tanks Index Report, James G. Mcgann

TTCSP Global Go To Think Tank Index Reports

The 2011 Global Go To Think Tank Rankings marks the fifth edition of the annual report. As in previous years, the Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program (TTCSP) at the University of Pennsylvania’s International Relations Program has relied on the indexing criteria and process developed by James G. McGann for ranking think tanks around the world. The Program’s Rankings remain the first and most comprehensive ranking of the world’s top think tanks, and are based on an annual global peer and expert survey of close to 1500 scholars, policymakers, journalists, and regional and subject area experts. Given ...


Bid Preference Programs And Participation In Highway Procurement Auctions, Elena Krasnokutskaya, Katja Seim Oct 2011

Bid Preference Programs And Participation In Highway Procurement Auctions, Elena Krasnokutskaya, Katja Seim

Marketing Papers

We use data from highway procurement auction subject to California's Small Business Preference program to study the effect of bid preferences on auction outcomes. Our analysis is based on an estimated model of firms' bidding and participation decisions, which allows us to evaluate the effects of current and alternative policy designs. We show that incorporating participation responses siginificantly alters the assessment of preferential treatment policies.


The Effects Of Language And Geography-Defined Groups On Health Insurance Choice, Fredric E. Blavin Aug 2011

The Effects Of Language And Geography-Defined Groups On Health Insurance Choice, Fredric E. Blavin

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The objective of this study is to measure how language and geography-defined groups influence participation in public health insurance programs. The theoretical model in this paper shows how better information on insurance states, gleaned through language group contacts in one’s local area, can help individuals decide whether or not to take up a public benefit or remain uninsured. This study focuses on Medicaid-eligible adults and Medicaid/CHIP-eligible children who speak a non-English language at home, and uses pooled cross-sections of the 2008-2009 American Community Survey (ACS). Adapting an empirical method developed by Bertrand, Luttmer, and Mullainathan (2000), I define ...


Can Nervous Nelly Negotiate? How Anxiety Causes Negotiators To Make Low First Offers, Exit Early, And Earn Less Profit, Alison Wood Brooks, Maurice E Schweitzer May 2011

Can Nervous Nelly Negotiate? How Anxiety Causes Negotiators To Make Low First Offers, Exit Early, And Earn Less Profit, Alison Wood Brooks, Maurice E Schweitzer

Operations, Information and Decisions Papers

Negotiations trigger anxiety. Across four studies, we demonstrate that anxiety is harmful to negotiator performance. In our experiments, we induced either anxiety or neutral feelings and studied behavior in negotiation and continuous shrinking-pie tasks. Compared to negotiators experiencing neutral feelings, negotiators who feel anxious expect lower outcomes, make lower first offers, respond more quickly to offers, exit bargaining situations earlier, and ultimately obtain worse outcomes. The relationship between anxiety and negotiator behavior is moderated by negotiator self-efficacy; high self-efficacy mitigates the harmful effects of anxiety.


On Educational Outcomes In An Urban School District, Michael A. Gottfried May 2010

On Educational Outcomes In An Urban School District, Michael A. Gottfried

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Urban school districts face an enormous challenge. They are confronted with high levels of poverty and minority students who at high-risk for educational failure. To compound this, financial resources are lacking in improving these dire conditions. Thus, in a situation where increased budgetary support is no longer accessible, one question remains: What will make a difference?

Chapter 1 suggests a first strategy. If district administrators or school principals could shift classroom composition to increase student achievement, then perhaps this managerial approach could improve urban education under extremely strict financial constraints. Using the framework of the education production function and two ...


Today, All Children: Can Teach For America Bridge The Achievement Gap?, Sonia (Pascal) Steinway Jan 2008

Today, All Children: Can Teach For America Bridge The Achievement Gap?, Sonia (Pascal) Steinway

Honors Theses (PPE)

Since Teach for America's founding in 1989, it has weathered a number of criticisms: could young, well-intentioned corps members unknowingly harm children by virtue of a lack of experience in teaching and unfamiliarity with poverty-stricken, primarily Black and Latino communities? Would a two year time commitment destabilize the already unpredictable lives of poor children? Can a program recruit good teachers, even if it does not require rigorous training or experience with children? And will more educational advocates solve the seemingly intractable problems of low-income schools, if those that already exist have failed thus far? I aim to examine TFA ...