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Full-Text Articles in Policy Design, Analysis, and Evaluation

Variations Of Institutional Design For Empowered Deliberation, Carolina Johnson, John Gastil May 2015

Variations Of Institutional Design For Empowered Deliberation, Carolina Johnson, John Gastil

Journal of Public Deliberation

This paper lays out the practical and theoretical characteristics of formally empowered deliberation as a distinctive subset of deliberative processes. As part of a recent broad shift toward a more deliberative conception of democratic politics, participatory deliberative processes increasingly have been formally empowered as part of democratic governance. Governments have moved to delegate authority and deliberative responsibility from elite bodies to lay publics more quickly than scholars have been able to fully identify the implications of this institutionalization for the quality of both deliberation and democracy. This paper describes the emerging characteristics of formally empowered deliberation as a distinctive subset ...


Stakeholder And Citizen Roles In Public Deliberation, David Kahane, Kristjana Loptson, Jade Herriman, Max Hardy Oct 2013

Stakeholder And Citizen Roles In Public Deliberation, David Kahane, Kristjana Loptson, Jade Herriman, Max Hardy

Journal of Public Deliberation

This paper explores theoretical and practical distinctions between individual citizens (‘citizens’) and organized groups ('stakeholder representatives' or ‘stakeholders’ for short) in public participation processes convened by government as part of policy development. Distinctions between ‘citizen’ and ‘stakeholder’ involvement are commonplace in government discourse and practice; public involvement practitioners also sometimes rely on this distinction in designing processes and recruiting for them. Recognizing the complexity of the distinction, we examine both normative and practical reasons why practitioners may lean toward—or away from—recruiting citizens, stakeholders, or both to take part in deliberations, and how citizen and stakeholder roles can be ...


By The People, For The People: Participatory Budgeting From The Bottom Up In North America, Josh Lerner, Donata Secondo Dec 2012

By The People, For The People: Participatory Budgeting From The Bottom Up In North America, Josh Lerner, Donata Secondo

Journal of Public Deliberation

In the pilot year of Participatory Budgeting in New York City, around 8,000 people decided how to spend almost $6 million across four city districts. After years advocating for participatory budgeting (PB) in the US, our organization - The Participatory Budgeting Project (PBP) - served as lead technical assistance partner. In this article, we share some of the lessons learned from our work in New York and other North American cities. Two main concerns have haunted PB in the US (and elsewhere) - that it will only attract the “usual suspects” and that it will merely be a token effort. We argue ...