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Full-Text Articles in Policy Design, Analysis, and Evaluation

A Political Theory Of Kulturkampf: Evidence From Imperial Prussia & Republican Turkey, Ioannis N. Grigoriadis, Theocharis Grigoriadis Jan 2018

A Political Theory Of Kulturkampf: Evidence From Imperial Prussia & Republican Turkey, Ioannis N. Grigoriadis, Theocharis Grigoriadis

Theocharis Grigoriadis

No abstract provided.


Religious Origins Of Democracy & Dictatorship, Theocharis Grigoriadis Jan 2016

Religious Origins Of Democracy & Dictatorship, Theocharis Grigoriadis

Theocharis Grigoriadis

Weber considered the Protestant work ethic the foundation of modern capitalism. I extend Weber’s theory by arguing that states with predominantly Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Muslim populations have had a stronger inclination toward underdevelopment and dictatorship than states with Protestant or Jewish majorities. This is the case because their respective religious collectives (monastery, tariqa) promote the hierarchical provision of common goods at the expense of market incentives. I define the aforementioned three religions as collectivist, in contrast to Protestantism and Judaism, which I define as individualist. I provide a historical overview that designates the Jewish kibbutz as the ...


Management Regimes And Its Impact On The Wetland Fisheries Management In Assam, Ganesh Chandra Aug 2014

Management Regimes And Its Impact On The Wetland Fisheries Management In Assam, Ganesh Chandra

Ganesh Chandra

Assam is endowed with copious aquatic wealth in the form of beels, swamps, ponds and rivers. The floodplain wetlands (beels) extending over one lakh hectare, constitute the most important fishery resource of the state. The beels are considered as one of the most productive ecosystems owing to their characteristic interactions between land and water system. These wetlands are the common property resource and under different management regimes. These wetlands are under various management regimes, i.e., private management (individuals and groups), fishermen cooperative management, Community-based fisheries management (decentralized management, Government works as facilitator) and open access. Most of the unregistered ...


Constraints In Adoption Of Moongbean Production Technology In Sundarban, West Bengal, Ganesh Chandra Dec 2012

Constraints In Adoption Of Moongbean Production Technology In Sundarban, West Bengal, Ganesh Chandra

Ganesh Chandra

The new agricultural technologies are considered to be the prime mover to the process of agricultural development in India. Understanding farmers’ perceptions of a given technology is crucial in the generation and diffusion of new technologies and farm household information dissemination. Pulses in India have long been considered as the poor man’s only source of protein. Moongbean (green gram) is one of the important pulse crop in India, plays a major role in augmenting the income of small and marginal farmers of Sundarban. Constraints are the circumstances or causes, which prohibit farmer to adopt improved farm technology. This constraint ...


Linking Development And Innovation: What Does Technological Change Bring To The Society?, Evgeny A. Klochikhin Jan 2012

Linking Development And Innovation: What Does Technological Change Bring To The Society?, Evgeny A. Klochikhin

Evgeny A. Klochikhin

Recently, there has been a popular trend in academic research for paying more attention to ‘pro-poor’ policies and theoretical studies. This tradition has emerged from a broader understanding of development that includes not only economic but also social and political dimensions. Meanwhile, innovation researchers are still considering development as mere economic growth without much focus on the social impacts of technological change. This article recognizes that, despite these fundamental differences, the concepts of innovation and development have much in common and are, in fact, positively connected and mutually beneficial. This assumption has some important implications for the innovation and development ...


Public Policy Instruments In (Re)Building National Innovation Capabilities: Cases Of Nanotechnology Development In China, Russia And Brazil, Evgeny A. Klochikhin Sep 2011

Public Policy Instruments In (Re)Building National Innovation Capabilities: Cases Of Nanotechnology Development In China, Russia And Brazil, Evgeny A. Klochikhin

Evgeny A. Klochikhin

In 2001 Goldman Sachs named Brazil, Russia, India and China (BRICs) the most rapidly-growing countries in the world capable of surpassing the United States, Japan and Europe as leading economies by 2050.

Nevertheless, for the last decade we have learned relatively little about the mechanisms of success and failure in these countries. All of them have huge territory and population as well as fast-growing economies that sometimes show two-digit rates of GDP growth per year and surprise the world by their increasing budgets and public spending. In the meantime, most of these countries are believed to be desperately struggling against ...


The Role Of The University In Urban Regeneration: Reframing The Analytical Approach, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas, Hugo Pinto Aug 2011

The Role Of The University In Urban Regeneration: Reframing The Analytical Approach, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas, Hugo Pinto

Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

This paper sets out a conceptual framework for the analysis of the role played by higher education establishments in urban-renewal initiatives. It is based on an integrated analysis of the uses of the university both as promoters of business innovation and in terms of their civic and social outcomes. This is combined with the dimensions habitually considered in urban regeneration strategies. The paper is organised so as to consider the possible effects of universities’ resources along four axes: physical infrastructure, human resources, governance and social intervention, and economic development. The concluding section discusses options for integrating universities’ capabilities as an ...


El Papel De Las Universidades En Las Estrategias De Regeneración Urbana: Una Reconsideración Del Marco Conceptual, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas May 2011

El Papel De Las Universidades En Las Estrategias De Regeneración Urbana: Una Reconsideración Del Marco Conceptual, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

Este artículo ofrece un marco conceptual sobre el rol que juegan las organizaciones de educación superior en las iniciativas de regeneración de entornos urbanos. Para ello se realiza un análisis integrado de los usos de la universidad tanto en su vertiente de promoción de la innovación empresarial como en su vertiente cívica y social. Ello se combina con las dimensiones consideradas habitualmente en las estrategias de regeneración urbana. La organización del artículo considera los efectos que pueden tener los recursos disponibles en las universidades en cuatro dimensiones: infraestructuras físicas, recursos humanos, gobernanza e intervención social y desarrollo económico. Las conclusiones ...


Disentangling University-Industry Relationships: Evidence From Firms In A Catch-Up Region, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas, Carmen Merchán-Hernández, Elena Espiniosa-De-Los-Monteros Mar 2011

Disentangling University-Industry Relationships: Evidence From Firms In A Catch-Up Region, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas, Carmen Merchán-Hernández, Elena Espiniosa-De-Los-Monteros

Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

This article examines the complexity of the links between industry and universities in a peripheral region from the perspective of the firms. It focuses specifically on the diversity of situations in which these university-industry interactions occur. A survey of 737 firms in Andalusia is used for the analysis, reflecting a variety of innovative profiles. The analysis identifies the importance of a wide range of relationships, determines how they are structured and draws a profile of firms according to their links with universities. The results show the multiple channels by which a university system can contribute to firm innovation. They also ...


Collective Choice, Justin Schwartz Jan 2011

Collective Choice, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

This short nontechnical article reviews the Arrow Impossibility Theorem and its implications for rational democratic decisionmaking. In the 1950s, economist Kenneth J. Arrow proved that no method for producing a unique social choice involving at least three choices and three actors could satisfy four seemingly obvious constraints that are practically constitutive of democratic decisionmaking. Any such method must violate such a constraint and risks leading to disturbingly irrational results such and Condorcet cycling. I explain the theorem in plain, nonmathematical language, and discuss the history, range, and prospects of avoiding what seems like a fundamental theoretical challenge to the possibility ...


Capture In Financial Regulation" Can We Channel It Toward The Common Good?, Lawrence G. Baxter Jan 2011

Capture In Financial Regulation" Can We Channel It Toward The Common Good?, Lawrence G. Baxter

Lawrence G. Baxter

“Regulatory capture” is central to regulatory analysis yet is a troublesome concept. It is difficult to prove and sometimes seems refuted by outcomes unfavorable to powerful interests. Nevertheless, the process of bank regulation and supervision fosters a closeness between regulator and regulated that would seem to be conducive to “capture” or at least to fostering undue sympathy by regulators for the companies they oversee. The influence of very large financial institutions has also become so great that financial regulation appears to have become excessively distorted in favor of these entities and to the detriment of many other legitimate interests, including ...


Judging Women, Stephen J. Choi, G. Mitu Gulati, Mirya R. Holman, Eric A. Posner Jan 2011

Judging Women, Stephen J. Choi, G. Mitu Gulati, Mirya R. Holman, Eric A. Posner

Mirya R Holman

Judge Sonia Sotomayor’s assertion that female judges might be better than male judges has generated accusations of sexism and potential bias. An equally controversial claim is that male judges are better than female judges because the latter have benefited from affirmative action. These claims are susceptible to empirical analysis. Primarily using a dataset of all the state high court judges in 1998-2000, we estimate three measures of judicial output: opinion production, outside state citations, and co-partisan disagreements. For many of our tests, we fail to find significant gender effects on judicial performance. Where we do find significant gender effects ...


Gender And Regime Politics In U.S. Cities, Mirya R. Holman Jan 2011

Gender And Regime Politics In U.S. Cities, Mirya R. Holman

Mirya R Holman

The scholarship on urban politics often focuses on the political economy provided by regimes, or long-term coalitions between local politicians and private actors like the business community. Notably absent from the regime scholarship is any substantial investigation of the role that urban regimes play in the promotion of the interests of women living in urban areas. A comparison of the priorities of urban regimes with the interests of women in politics suggests substantial conflicts. The implications for women serving in urban governance are explored, as are the consequences for urban politics, women in politics, and democracy.


Evaluating Political And Environmental Behavior In The Face Of A Green Crisis: An Experimental Analysis, Mirya R. Holman, Travis G. Coan Jan 2011

Evaluating Political And Environmental Behavior In The Face Of A Green Crisis: An Experimental Analysis, Mirya R. Holman, Travis G. Coan

Mirya R Holman

Incidents such as the Japanese Nuclear Meltdowns and the British Petroleum oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico remind us that environmental issues can be central to activating political activity and influencing political opinions. While the literature suggesting a relationship between environmental risk and action is extensive, few scholars directly examine the relationship between perceived environmental threat and political behavior, and even fewer adopt research designs appropriate for making causal inferences. Building on a growing literature in political psychology that examines the effects of crises and emotions on political opinions, we examine the relationship between environmental threat and political behavior ...


Gender And Power In American Cities: Investigations Of The Effect Of Mayoral Gender On Deliberation, Representation, And Policymaking In U.S. Cities, Mirya R. Holman Jan 2011

Gender And Power In American Cities: Investigations Of The Effect Of Mayoral Gender On Deliberation, Representation, And Policymaking In U.S. Cities, Mirya R. Holman

Mirya R Holman

The representation of historically marginalized groups in the democratic policy process serves many purposes, including introducing new and differing perspectives to the policymaking process, opening the policymaking process up to disenfranchised groups, and changing the deliberative process of urban policymaking. In this paper, I investigate the effect of gender on policy priorities and policy outcomes of mayors in U.S. cities. Using a combination of interview data and coded city council minutes, I examine the effect of mayoral gender on the discussion of issues of importance to female constituents, the nature of deliberation in city councils, and the engagement of ...


Key Knowledge Providers As Sources Of Business Innovation, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas, Carmen Merchán-Hernández, Irene Ramos-Vielba, Cristina Martínez-Fernández Jun 2010

Key Knowledge Providers As Sources Of Business Innovation, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas, Carmen Merchán-Hernández, Irene Ramos-Vielba, Cristina Martínez-Fernández

Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

Studies of innovation are giving increasing attention to the relationships that businesses maintain with different participants in the innovation process. It is generally assumed that interaction with other businesses, universities and government organizations can generate knowledge that will improve the ability to innovate. However, there is little evidence of the specific roles that businesses assign to partners with regard to the provision of knowledge for innovation activities. This paper presents results from research on the dynamics of Triple Helix networks, where such networks provide the basis for building innovation capacity for businesses in catch-up geographical regions. The principal assumption is ...


Issues And Tools For Social Science Research In Inland Fisheries, P K. Katiha, K K. Vass, A P. Sharma, U Bhaumik, Ganesh Chandra Apr 2010

Issues And Tools For Social Science Research In Inland Fisheries, P K. Katiha, K K. Vass, A P. Sharma, U Bhaumik, Ganesh Chandra

Ganesh Chandra

No abstract provided.


Participatory Rural Appraisal, Ganesh Chandra Apr 2010

Participatory Rural Appraisal, Ganesh Chandra

Ganesh Chandra

Participation, empowerment and inclusion have become the new development buzzword. There has been a range of interpretations of the meaning of participation in development. Participatory development starts from the premise that it is important to identify and build upon strengths already present in communities. Perhaps the most widespread appearance of participation in mainstream development has been seen in the form of participatory methodologies of research, intended to gather a wide range of information from local people at their livelihoods, needs, and strengths, at the same time as 'empowering' them through a process of collaborative analysis and learning. PRA is a ...


Dissemination Of Communication And Information In Inland Fisheries, Ganesh Chandra Apr 2010

Dissemination Of Communication And Information In Inland Fisheries, Ganesh Chandra

Ganesh Chandra

Flow of communication and information from the research station to the end user is sine qua non for the sustainable production as well as productivity enhancement in inland fisheries and the development of fishers as a whole. The resource poor who are often more in need than others of information on sustainable and low external input technologies is least likely to gain access to the information required. This has been seen particularly in the fisheries sector where the channels of information accessible to the resource poor delivered information on new practices and recommendations as well as the new culture technologies ...


Evaluation Of Frontline Demonstration Of Greengram (Vigna Radiata L.) In Sundarbans, West Bengal, Ganesh Chandra Jan 2010

Evaluation Of Frontline Demonstration Of Greengram (Vigna Radiata L.) In Sundarbans, West Bengal, Ganesh Chandra

Ganesh Chandra

Green gram (mungbean) is one of the important pulse crop in India, which plays a major role in augmenting the income of small and marginal farmers of Sundarban. The prevalent farming situation in Sundarban areas being characterised by kharif season with paddy cultivation in rain-fed condition and water requirement for growing rabi and summer crops are met only through residual soil moisture and/or stored rain-water. The low production of traditional varieties of greengram was a cause of concern for the farmers at large. To overcome this problem of low yield, Krishi Vigyan Kendra of CIFRI has conducted frontline demonstration ...


Most Claims Settle: Implications For Alternative Dispute Resolution From A Profile Of Medical Malpractice Claims In Florida, Mirya R. Holman, Neil Vidmar Jan 2010

Most Claims Settle: Implications For Alternative Dispute Resolution From A Profile Of Medical Malpractice Claims In Florida, Mirya R. Holman, Neil Vidmar

Mirya R Holman

The public image of medical malpractice cases is one of a courtroom, with an injured plaintiff, lawyers, and a judge. However, the reality of malpractice claims is very different. Approaching the study of alternative dispute resolution methods for medical malpractice claims with an eye towards identifying those contexts by which the claims are resolved, this article focuses on the institutional and informal processes of resolving disputes. These processes include both statutory procedural requirements and informal settlements, many of which occur prior to the filing of a lawsuit. A profile of medical malpractice claims in Florida from 1990 through 2008, indicates ...


Fisher Management Regimes And Fisheries Governance In Floodplain Wetland Of Assam, Ganesh Chandra Feb 2009

Fisher Management Regimes And Fisheries Governance In Floodplain Wetland Of Assam, Ganesh Chandra

Ganesh Chandra

Assam is endowed with copious aquatic wealth in the form of beels, swamps, ponds and rivers. The floodplain wetlands (beels) extending over one lakh hectare, constitute the most important fishery resource of the state. The beels are considered as one of the most productive ecosystems owing to their characteristic interactions between land and water system. These wetlands are the common property resource and under different management regimes. Livelihood of fishers’ family from time immemorial is dependent upon fishing in floodplain wetlands. Fishers include the actual fishermen belonging to the Schedule castes and the Maimal community of the district of Cachar ...


Introducción: Monográfico "Perspectivas Teóricas Sobre Ciencia, Tecnología E Innovación", Manuel Fernández-Esquinas Jan 2009

Introducción: Monográfico "Perspectivas Teóricas Sobre Ciencia, Tecnología E Innovación", Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

Instrucción al monográfico especial de la Revista Arbor. Comprende 11 artículos que realizan análisis críticos de los principales enfoques teóricos sobre la I+D y la innovación procedentes de la sociología, la economía y la ciencia política.


Scientists In Charge: The Side Effects Of Hybrid Careers Between Research And Science Policy, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas, Javier López-Facal, Irene Ramos-Vielba Jan 2009

Scientists In Charge: The Side Effects Of Hybrid Careers Between Research And Science Policy, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas, Javier López-Facal, Irene Ramos-Vielba

Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

What are the implications of the fact that the most important positions in science policy are held by credentialed and experienced researchers? We propose that appointing scientists to high-level responsibilities in R&D systems have some side effects for both policy making and for the organizational arrangements in S&T organizations that rely on public funding. Stratification mechanisms in the governance of science create a kind of hybrid career between research and science policy. People needed for managing public bodies and research organizations are researchers with expertise in the special arrangements of science. At the same time, distinguished scientists are ...


La Ciencia Como Institución Social: Clásicos Y Modernos Institucionalismos En La Sociología De La Ciencia, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas, Cristóbal Torres-Albero Jan 2009

La Ciencia Como Institución Social: Clásicos Y Modernos Institucionalismos En La Sociología De La Ciencia, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas, Cristóbal Torres-Albero

Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

El artículo se refiere a los estudios sociales que han tratado a la ciencia como institución social. Para ello recurre a los marcos de análisis de la sociología institucional, tanto en su versión clásica como en el llamado nuevo institucionalismo sociológico. Con este bagaje se pasa revista a la discusión que en la sociología de la ciencia se ha producido sobre el conjunto de reglas, valores, pautas de comportamiento y rasgos organizativos que caracterizan a la ciencia como actividad social. En el análisis de la perspectiva clásica se establecen los límites del esquema normativo de los CUDEOS establecido por Robert ...


“The Harder They Fall”: Hybrid Careers Between Research And Science Policy, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas Jan 2009

“The Harder They Fall”: Hybrid Careers Between Research And Science Policy, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

This article studies professional careers between research and positions of responsibility in the governance of science. The process by which researchers are recruited in science policy organizations is studied as well as the conditioning social mechanisms which intervene in the subsequent development of their careers. 65 professional life stories of researchers that have held management, policy making and political positions in the Spanish R&D system between 1975 and 2007 have been employed. The study identifies organizational, cognitive and institutional social mechanisms that affect the researchers’ careers depending on the scientific specialties of origin, the positions held and the length ...


Anillos De Crecimiento En El Árbol De La Ciencia. La Evolución Institucional Del Consejo Superior De Investigaciones Científicas, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas, Jesús Sebastián, Javier López-Facal, Enrique Tortosa-Martorell Jan 2009

Anillos De Crecimiento En El Árbol De La Ciencia. La Evolución Institucional Del Consejo Superior De Investigaciones Científicas, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas, Jesús Sebastián, Javier López-Facal, Enrique Tortosa-Martorell

Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

¿Cuáles son los factores que influyen en los modelos organizativos de los grandes centros públicos de investigación de ámbito nacional? ¿Cómo afectan los cambios a la naturaleza de la actividad científica que realizan? Este artículo utiliza el caso del CSIC para estudiar un proceso de cambio organizativo teniendo en cuenta la tensión entre la dependencia del Estado de estos centros y el alto nivel de autonomía de sus comunidades científicas. El principal propósito es explicar cómo la transformación de la estructura de autoridad, junto a la dependencia de agencias de financiación y evaluación, da lugar a la emergencia de las ...


Measuring University–Industry Collaboration In A Regional Innovation System, Irene Ramos-Vielba, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas, Elena Espinosa-De-Los-Monteros Jan 2009

Measuring University–Industry Collaboration In A Regional Innovation System, Irene Ramos-Vielba, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas, Elena Espinosa-De-Los-Monteros

Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

Studies of university–industry collaboration remain subject to important limitations due to the shortage of empirical data and a lack of consistency in that obtained to date. This article puts into practice a set of universities Third Mission indicators in a regional innovation system. Selected indicators previously compiled from literature were reorganized and pre-tested. We have undertaken two face-to-face surveys of 737 firms and 765 heads of research teams, respectively. The results test the validation of indicators and provide a complex map of university–industry linkages as well as some observations on the flexibility needed to address this issue.


La Gobernanza De La Política Científica Y Tecnológica En España, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas, Ignacio Fernández-De-Lucio, Emilio Muñoz, Jesús Sebastián, Javier López-Facal, Arturo García-Arroyo Jan 2008

La Gobernanza De La Política Científica Y Tecnológica En España, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas, Ignacio Fernández-De-Lucio, Emilio Muñoz, Jesús Sebastián, Javier López-Facal, Arturo García-Arroyo

Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

Esta ponencia ha sido elaborada por un grupo de trabajo de la Red CTI/CSIC1 y es fruto de los trabajos y debates internos en la Red en los últimos dos años. Su presentación en el Encuentro de Cáceres pretende abrir el debate con los diferentes actores de los procesos de investigación, de su difusión y gestión, tanto política como operativa. Como resultado de este debate se pretende aportar reflexiones y propuestas que puedan ser útiles en el diseño y ejecución de las políticas científicas y tecnológicas en España. La ponencia se estructura en cuatro partes: las dos primeras plantean ...


Knowledge Intensive Service Activities That Matter For Industry Innovation: Evidences From A Peripheral Region, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas, Cristina Martínez-Fernández, Irene Ramos-Vielba, Carmen Merchán-Hernández Jan 2008

Knowledge Intensive Service Activities That Matter For Industry Innovation: Evidences From A Peripheral Region, Manuel Fernández-Esquinas, Cristina Martínez-Fernández, Irene Ramos-Vielba, Carmen Merchán-Hernández

Manuel Fernández-Esquinas

The innovation systems literature has long considered the role of different actors and institutions in the promotion and diffusion of innovation, both in industry systems and in regional systems. An area of increasing attention but where less evidence is found is how open innovation occurs in enterprises located in peripheral regions; specifically which knowledge intensive service activities (KISA) are core for their innovation efforts and how are they co-produced through internal and external sources. This paper discusses innovation related knowledge intensive service activities in enterprises of a region of Southern Spain (Andalucia) and how these activities constitute a system of ...