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Full-Text Articles in Other Public Affairs, Public Policy and Public Administration

Institutionalizing Rights: The Rise And Fall Of The Human Rights Paradigm In Managing Migration, Todd Scribner Oct 2019

Institutionalizing Rights: The Rise And Fall Of The Human Rights Paradigm In Managing Migration, Todd Scribner

Conference: The Social Practice of Human Rights

In a December 2018 message to a gathering in Rome, Pope Francis challenged attendees to place “human rights at the centre of all policies,” even if it meant going against the grain of popular opinion. The occasion for his message was the 70th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights which, at least rhetorically, placed human rights at the center of the international order. Three years after its proclamation, the United Nations used the Universal Declaration as a key pillar on which it built its Convention Related to the Status of Refugees, thus making human rights a key ...


Caste, Economic Inequality, And Climate Justice In India, Dadasaheb Tandale Oct 2019

Caste, Economic Inequality, And Climate Justice In India, Dadasaheb Tandale

Conference: The Social Practice of Human Rights

This paper examines the deepening of economic inequities in India as a result of caste and climate change. Caste as a structure of disadvantage and discrimination determines social, economic, and political status in India. Access to the non-agricultural labor market, financial resources like banking and microfinance resources, and rural cooperatives is shaped by one’s position in the caste hierarchy. Further, the social mobility of the rural poor, migration trajectories, and navigation of the urban labor market are shaped by caste networks in India. In recent years, climate change has also adversely affected various caste groups in India. The change ...


Politics, Identity, And Class Certification On The U.S. Courts Of Appeals, Stephen B. Burbank, Sean Farhang Aug 2019

Politics, Identity, And Class Certification On The U.S. Courts Of Appeals, Stephen B. Burbank, Sean Farhang

Sean Farhang

This article draws on novel data and presents the results of the first empirical analysis of how potentially salient characteristics of Court of Appeals judges influence precedential lawmaking on class certification under Rule 23. We find that the partisan composition of the panel (measured by the party of the appointing president) has a very strong association with certification outcomes, with all-Democratic panels having more than double the certification rate of all-Republican panels in precedential cases. We also find that the presence of one African American on a panel, and the presence of two females (but not one), is associated with ...


How To Attract Young Adults To Americorps Service, Rachel Goldstein Aug 2019

How To Attract Young Adults To Americorps Service, Rachel Goldstein

Capstone Collection

AmeriCorps offers a variety of options for US citizens to serve their country in a non-military fashion while providing an opportunity for skill development, career exploration, community service, and self-growth. In exchange for service, AmeriCorps provides a minimal living allowance and an education award. Even with these benefits geared towards young adults, few young adults choose to enter AmeriCorps service upon the completion of their undergraduate studies. This research sought to understand motivations for and against service in an attempt to inform and improve AmeriCorps current recruitment practices. To understand how AmeriCorps can attract more young adults, a qualitative research ...


Politics, Identity, And Class Certification On The U.S. Courts Of Appeals, Stephen B. Burbank, Sean Farhang Aug 2019

Politics, Identity, And Class Certification On The U.S. Courts Of Appeals, Stephen B. Burbank, Sean Farhang

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This article draws on novel data and presents the results of the first empirical analysis of how potentially salient characteristics of Court of Appeals judges influence precedential lawmaking on class certification under Rule 23. We find that the partisan composition of the panel (measured by the party of the appointing president) has a very strong association with certification outcomes, with all-Democratic panels having more than double the certification rate of all-Republican panels in precedential cases. We also find that the presence of one African American on a panel, and the presence of two females (but not one), is associated with ...


No Easy Answer: Representative Bureaucracy And Police Use Of Force, Jacob Herrera Aug 2019

No Easy Answer: Representative Bureaucracy And Police Use Of Force, Jacob Herrera

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

The theory of Representative Bureaucracy is a well-studied concept in Public Administration, positing that more representative government agencies will lead to greater equity for underserved groups. This paper is review of empirical applications of the theory to the use of force by police and it will show that the work does not support the idea that more representative police departments correlate with lower rates of use of force against minority groups. Implications for future studies are addressed at the end of the article.


Actores De La Política De Calidad En La Educación Superior Costarricense, Eugenia Gallardo-Allen Aug 2019

Actores De La Política De Calidad En La Educación Superior Costarricense, Eugenia Gallardo-Allen

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

En el presente artículo se analiza, desde la corriente neoinstitucionalista, el proceso de formulación y adopción de la acreditación de carreras, como un componente de la política de calidad en educación superior costarricense. Para ello, se utilizan los elementos planteados por el modelo de Scharpf (1997). También, se identifican las universidades estatales como actores, promotores y directivos; las universidades privadas, como actores aliados; y algunos organismos internacionales y el gobierno, como actores claves en el proceso de formulación y adopción del Sistema Nacional de Acreditación de la Educación Superior (Sinaes), en Costa Rica. Se evidencia la creencia y la percepción ...


Guanajuato: Retos En Materia De Seguridad Pública, Estela García Patlán Aug 2019

Guanajuato: Retos En Materia De Seguridad Pública, Estela García Patlán

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

La seguridad pública ha tomado relevancia en el marco de políticas públicas que buscan trastocar la causalidad de un fenómeno, por ejemplo, las orientadas a prevenir conductas delictivas. Estudiar las causas de un fenómeno, observarlo en una dimensión amplia y analizar lo cualitativo de lo cuantitativo puede contribuir a elaborar políticas públicas que trabajen desde la raíz del problema y no desde lo reactivo. Con esta base, el principal objetivo de esta investigación, la cual se encuentra en primera etapa, es analizar las causas estructurales que podrían estar relacionadas con el alza de las tasas delictivas en el Estado mexicano ...


Gobernanza De Recursos Privados Para Destinación Pública, Diana Fernández, Adolfo Eslava, Camilo Arango Aug 2019

Gobernanza De Recursos Privados Para Destinación Pública, Diana Fernández, Adolfo Eslava, Camilo Arango

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

Este artículo estudia el papel de las organizaciones privadas en la gobernanza, con el fin de avanzar en la comprensión de los procesos de toma de decisiones respecto a la asignación de recursos privados en asuntos públicos. En particular, desde una mirada institucionalista y de la mano de la categoría analítica gobernanza policéntrica, aquí se aborda la decisión de algunas organizaciones privadas de asignar recursos a la educación pública en el departamento de Antioquia. El análisis cualitativo permite afirmar que, en efecto, existen múltiples centros de toma de decisiones que adolecen de falta de articulación pero que, al mismo tiempo ...


Capacidades Institucionales Para La Implementación Local Del Acuerdo De Paz Con Las Farc: El Punto Sobre Participación Política En El Municipio De Ituango, Colombia, Xamara Mesa Betancur Aug 2019

Capacidades Institucionales Para La Implementación Local Del Acuerdo De Paz Con Las Farc: El Punto Sobre Participación Política En El Municipio De Ituango, Colombia, Xamara Mesa Betancur

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

El propósito de este trabajo es analizar la implementación local del Acuerdo de Paz con las FARC-EP, concretamente, a partir de la dimensión institucional del Concejo Municipal de Ituango, Antioquia (capacidades institucionales), así como la dimensión actitudinal (percepciones, posiciones) de sus concejales. Lo anterior resulta significativo, toda vez que el punto a analizar es el referido a la participación política y la apertura democrática, lo cual posibilita ahondar en dos elementos neurálgicos en el funcionamiento de este cuerpo colegiado, a saber, el relacionamiento entre la institucionalidad y la sociedad civil para la tramitación de problemas públicos y el fortalecimiento de ...


Formación Universitaria En Administración Pública Y Capacidades Burocráticas En Argentina (1990-2017), Sergio Agoff, Gabriela Mansilla Aug 2019

Formación Universitaria En Administración Pública Y Capacidades Burocráticas En Argentina (1990-2017), Sergio Agoff, Gabriela Mansilla

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

Este trabajo tiene como objetivo reflexionar acerca del vínculo entre las capacidades burocráticas probablemente involucradas en la gestión de Estados que se reconocen en dos corrientes: neoliberal y neodesarrollista y el desarrollo de la oferta de formación en Administración y Gestión Pública en Argentina durante los últimos veintisiete años, a partir de interrogarnos: ¿cuáles serían esas capacidades en cada caso? y ¿qué ofertas formativas alimentarían esas capacidades? El trabajo postula que este campo de formación se define por las promesas en torno a sus perfiles de egreso y los alcances para ellos diseñados, al mismo tiempo que se constituye como ...


La Formación Y Capacitación De Cuadros Políticos Para La Gestión Del Estado En Argentina, Melina Guardamagna Aug 2019

La Formación Y Capacitación De Cuadros Políticos Para La Gestión Del Estado En Argentina, Melina Guardamagna

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

El problema de la formación y capacitación de cuadros políticos para la gestión del Estado constituye una preocupación que atraviesa tanto la teoría como la práctica política, y es necesario abordarla desde ambas ópticas, por las complejidades y desafíos que surgen a la hora de pensar los programas académicos: ¿qué competencias requieren los cuadros políticos para la gestión del Estado? ¿Dónde se tienen que desarrollar estas instancias de formación y capacitación? ¿Cómo lograr su concreción e institucionalización? Considerando tales cuestionamientos, este trabajo pretende realizar un aporte al análisis de las políticas estatales orientadas a la formación y capacitación de cuadros ...


Editorial, Nadia Rubaii, Santiago Leyva-Botero Aug 2019

Editorial, Nadia Rubaii, Santiago Leyva-Botero

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

No abstract provided.


Table Of Content, . . Aug 2019

Table Of Content, . .

Gobernar: The Journal of Latin American Public Policy and Governance

No abstract provided.


Pathways, Not Punishment: An Annotated Snap Employment And Training Advocacy Toolkit For Policy Newbies, Angela Eastlund Aug 2019

Pathways, Not Punishment: An Annotated Snap Employment And Training Advocacy Toolkit For Policy Newbies, Angela Eastlund

Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development to Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development—Student Research

For someone brand new to public policy advocacy, the concept can seem broad and putting it to practice can seem vague. In part, this is because the spectrum of public policy advocacy is broad and contains a vast variety of actions under its umbrella. The Chicago Jobs Council’s policy advocacy strategies around SNAP Employment and Training that are recounted in this toolkit are shared in context with the intent of shedding some light on the why, how, and when particular strategies are utilized. Our hope is that the examples shared here can be used to inform anyone that is ...


The Fiduciary Obligations Of Public Officials, Vincent R. Johnson Aug 2019

The Fiduciary Obligations Of Public Officials, Vincent R. Johnson

St. Mary's Journal on Legal Malpractice & Ethics

At various levels of government, the conduct of public officials is often regulated by ethical standards laid down by legislative enactments, such as federal or state statutes or municipal ordinances. These rules of government ethics are important landmarks in the field of law that defines the legal and ethical obligations of public officials. Such provisions can form the basis for the kinds of government ethics training that helps to minimize wrongful conduct by public servants and reduces the risk that the performance of official duties will be clouded by appearances of impropriety. Codified government ethics rules also frequently provide mechanisms ...


Endnotes Jul 2019

Endnotes

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

No abstract provided.


Practical Notes On The Application Of Thermite Systems In Mine Action, Robert Syfret, Chris Cooper Jul 2019

Practical Notes On The Application Of Thermite Systems In Mine Action, Robert Syfret, Chris Cooper

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

There are numerous documents available online relating to the use of thermite systems for explosive ordnance disposal (EOD). However, most of the documents are either scientifically focused or address specific technical questions. This article provides broader practical information for mine action operators at the field and program levels. Although previously employed on a relatively small scale over the last five years, use of thermite as opposed to explosives for the destruction of landmines and explosive remnants of war (ERW) has increased. This has been driven by greater engagement across the sector in countries with unstable security situations, and places with ...


Key Performance Indicators And Hma: Time To Standardize?, Roly Evans, David Hewitson Jul 2019

Key Performance Indicators And Hma: Time To Standardize?, Roly Evans, David Hewitson

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Measuring performance is the norm across a range of human activities. But is it a norm in humanitarian mine action (HMA)? Some might suggest that it is. However, if we measure our performance, it is unclear whether we do so in a standardized way so that meaningful comparisons can be made. HMA lacks standardized indicators, whether it is for items of explosive ordnance (EO) found and destroyed, m2 of land released, or more general outcomes such as internally displaced persons returning to an area once cleared. Indicators can of course be ignored, misused, misreported, or misunderstood and some fear ...


More Bang For Their Buck: Enhancing The Sustainability Of Surplus Ammunition Destruction Programs, Joe Farha, Matthias Krotz, Einas Osman Abdalla Mohammed Jul 2019

More Bang For Their Buck: Enhancing The Sustainability Of Surplus Ammunition Destruction Programs, Joe Farha, Matthias Krotz, Einas Osman Abdalla Mohammed

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Dealing with stockpiles of surplus ammunition remains a key challenge for many African countries. In the last 10 years, at least 38 ammunition sites across Africa reportedly experienced unplanned explosions, causing injury and loss of life as well as significant damage to infrastructure and the environment. Numerous reasons such as overstocking, inadequate storage facilities due to insufficient resources, inadequate capabilities of storage sites, or simply unstable ammunition may be the cause of these unplanned detonations. These factors are often exacerbated by personnel having a limited knowledge and awareness, or insufficient training on relevant subjects such as explosive compatibility groups or ...


Ammunition Stockpile Management: A Global Challenge Requiring Global Responses, Nora Allgaier, Samuel Paunila Jul 2019

Ammunition Stockpile Management: A Global Challenge Requiring Global Responses, Nora Allgaier, Samuel Paunila

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Ageing, unstable, and excess conventional ammunition stockpiles pose the dual risk of accidental explosion at munition sites and diversion to illicit markets, thereby constituting a significant danger to public safety and security. More than half of the world’s countries have experienced an ammunition storage area explosion over the past decades, resulting in severe humanitarian and socioeconomic consequences.1 Thousands of people have been killed, injured, and displaced, and the livelihoods of entire communities have been disrupted. The humanitarian impact of unintended explosions is amplified when they occur in urban areas, as illustrated by ammunition depot explosions in a crowded ...


Iraq: A Photo Essay, Sean Sutton Jul 2019

Iraq: A Photo Essay, Sean Sutton

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

MAG, Mines Advisory Group, has worked in Iraq since 1992 to make land safe for populations affected by decades of conflict. Landmines, cluster munitions, other unexploded bombs, as well as new contamination from the recent conflict with ISIS, have left a deadly legacy that prevents communities from using their land, and displaced populations from returning home safely.


The Impact Of Landmines And Explosive Remnants Of War On Food Security: The Lebanese Case, Henrique Garbino Jul 2019

The Impact Of Landmines And Explosive Remnants Of War On Food Security: The Lebanese Case, Henrique Garbino

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

The year 2017 was the third in a row of an exceptionally high number of mine victims. According to the Landmine and Cluster Munition Monitor, in 2017 alone, 7,239 people became casualties of landmines or explosive remnants of war (ERW), of which at least 2,793 were killed.1,2 Apart from their direct physical effects, landmines and ERW also restrict access to basic resources such as food and water, limit the use of key infrastructure, and both force and restrict migration.2 This article focuses on the impact of landmines and ERW on food security, with an emphasis ...


Ieds And Urban Clearance Variables In Mosul: Defining Complex Environments, Mark Wilkinson Ph.D. Jul 2019

Ieds And Urban Clearance Variables In Mosul: Defining Complex Environments, Mark Wilkinson Ph.D.

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

More than any other post-conflict environment in Iraq, the complexity of west Mosul and its improvised explosive device (IED) threat challenges our fundamental perceptions and definitions of mine action. From here, 400 km (248.5 mi) north of Baghdad in the al-Maedan District on the west side of the Tigris River, ISIS ran its caliphate and made its ill-fated last stand against attacking Iraqi Security Forces (ISF).


Ied Threat Consistency And Predictability In Fallujah: A 'Simple' Model For Clearance, Mark Wilkinson Ph.D. Jul 2019

Ied Threat Consistency And Predictability In Fallujah: A 'Simple' Model For Clearance, Mark Wilkinson Ph.D.

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

When in control of the area of Iraq north of Baghdad, including the city of Fallujah, ISIS prepared to defend its position from inevitable government counterattack through the widespread use of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) laid as defensive obstacles in patterns similar to conventional minefields.1 The subsequent destruction of bridges over the Tigris River further strengthened the ability of ISIS to defend the city and prevent the civilians trapped within from escaping.


The Challenge Of Managing Mine Action In Jordan, Hrh Prince Mired R.Z. Al-Hussein Jul 2019

The Challenge Of Managing Mine Action In Jordan, Hrh Prince Mired R.Z. Al-Hussein

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Over the course of two decades, the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan worked diligently to rid itself of landmines despite monumental challenges. In comparison to other mine-affected countries, the difficulties that Jordan faced may have been miniscule, but for a developing country with minimal natural resources in a very volatile region of the world, the task was enormous. The initial estimate of landmines buried in Jordanian territory was over 300,000, the vast majority of which were laid by the Jordanian military along the kingdom’s western border after the 1967 Arab– Israeli War and along its northern border after the ...


From The Director, Ken Rutherford Dr. Jul 2019

From The Director, Ken Rutherford Dr.

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Having just returned from an educational leave for these past five months, I return energized and even more passionate about the work we have ahead of us in the humanitarian mine action (HMA) field. During this time, I had an opportunity to study the terror that landmine use caused civilians during the 1943-1944 Italian campaign and how many of those mines were cleared. They are stories not dissimilar from today’s conflicts, including in Yemen. On 13 June, the Embassy of the Republic of Yemen held a landmine briefing on Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C., during which I presented ...


The Journal Of Conventional Weapons Destruction, Cisr Journal Jul 2019

The Journal Of Conventional Weapons Destruction, Cisr Journal

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

No abstract provided.


Factors In Refugee Resilience Building During Humanitarian Response, Rachel Starner Jul 2019

Factors In Refugee Resilience Building During Humanitarian Response, Rachel Starner

Capstone Collection

If countries hosting refugees want to build resiliency and reduce dependency on foreign relief, humanitarian response and local development need to be addressed simultaneously, and collaboration at all levels of stakeholders needs to take place in planning and decision making. Additionally, innovation and strong leadership are strong factors in creating and leading new ideas as funding and world leadership dynamics change, especially with traditional leaders such as the US and the UN losing influence. Observations made at the Mahama Refugee Camp in Rwanda as well as existing document analysis reflect these traits by active efforts of camp administrators and humanitarian ...


Media Discourses That Normalize Colonial Relations: A Critical Discourse Analysis Of (Im)Migrants And Refugees, Meng Zhao, Jorge Rodriguez, Lilia D. Monzó Jun 2019

Media Discourses That Normalize Colonial Relations: A Critical Discourse Analysis Of (Im)Migrants And Refugees, Meng Zhao, Jorge Rodriguez, Lilia D. Monzó

Education Faculty Articles and Research

The im(migration) and refugee crisis that are being exacerbated under the Trump administration, is a manifestation of empire-building and the long history of colonization of the Global South. A Marxist-humanist perspective recognizes these as consistent aspects of a clearly racist global capitalism that functions in the interest of multibillion dollar U.S.–based corporations and increasingly transnational corporations. Trade agreements, international economic policy, political intervention, invasion or the threat of these, often secure corporate interests in specific countries and regions. The authors use critical discourse analysis to examine the discourses around Mexican, Central American, and Syrian im(migrants) and ...