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2005

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Articles 1 - 30 of 32

Full-Text Articles in Comparative Politics

Exchanging Development For Market Access? Deep Integration And Industrial Policy Under Multilateral And Regional-Bilateral Trade Agreements, Kenneth C. Shadlen Dec 2005

Exchanging Development For Market Access? Deep Integration And Industrial Policy Under Multilateral And Regional-Bilateral Trade Agreements, Kenneth C. Shadlen

Ken Shadlen

This paper analyzes the developmental trade-offs involved in multilateral versus regional-bilateral strategies of integration into the international economy. I contrast the regulations that guide policy in the areas of trade, investment, and intellectual property in the World Trade Organization (WTO) and in regional-bilateral agreements between the US and developing countries. Both strategies of integration feature similar trade-offs, in that developing countries gain increased market access and opportunities for specialization in exchange for diminished space for use of industrial policy instruments to create new productive capacities. However, the trade-offs are intensified in the case of regional-bilateral agreements: countries receive more market ...


Uma História Política Da Transição Brasileira: Da Ditadura Militar À Democracia, Adriano Codato Nov 2005

Uma História Política Da Transição Brasileira: Da Ditadura Militar À Democracia, Adriano Codato

Adriano Codato

This article discusses Brazilian political history, from the military-political coup in 1964 through Fernando Henrique Cardoso´s second presidential term. Written in the form of an explanatory summary, three themes are joined in a narrative on the transition from a military dictatorship to a liberal democratic regime: the military, the political and the bureaucratic. We seek to establish causal inferences linking content, methods and the reasons for and meaning of political change beginning in 1974 with the quality of the democratic regime as it emerged during the 1990s. Our explanation is premised on the need to analyze two different but ...


Levels Of Consciousness, Archetypal Energies, And Earth Lessons: An Emerging Worldview, Carroy U. Ferguson Sep 2005

Levels Of Consciousness, Archetypal Energies, And Earth Lessons: An Emerging Worldview, Carroy U. Ferguson

Carroy U "Cuf" Ferguson, Ph.D.

Worldviews emerge from our individual and collective Levels of Consciousness at given points in time and space and from what we come to “believe” is possible or not. In my own experience, my research on Consciousness, and my study of various cultures, societies, and Consciousness literature, I have identified at least seven Levels of Consciousness, twenty-five Archetypal Energies, and various Earth Lessons, which we seem to commonly experience as human beings, in our own unique personal, societal, and global life spaces.


Pathways To Power: The Role Of Political Parties In Women’S National Political Representation, Sheri L. Kunovich, Pamela Paxton Sep 2005

Pathways To Power: The Role Of Political Parties In Women’S National Political Representation, Sheri L. Kunovich, Pamela Paxton

Sociology Research

The authors extend previous research on women’s participation in politics by examining the role of female elites in political parties in selecting and supporting women as political candidates. They hypothesize that political parties, in their role as gatekeepers, mediate the relationship between country-level factors, such as women’s participation in the labor force, and political outcomes for women. The article focuses on three outcomes for women: the percentage of female political party leaders, the percentage of female candidates in a country, and the percentage of women elected. New cross-national measures of women’s inclusion in political parties are developed ...


Civil-Military Relations In A Civilized State: Panama, Ronald D. Sylvia, Constantine P. Danopoulos Jul 2005

Civil-Military Relations In A Civilized State: Panama, Ronald D. Sylvia, Constantine P. Danopoulos

Faculty Publications

This article traces and analyzes civil-military relations in Panama. After a brief overview of the role of the National Guard in the country politics, the article concentrates on political developments since the 1989 U.S. invasion to overthrow the Noriega regime and the subsequent elimination of the Panamanian military. The study seeks to shed light on political life in an armyless and politically and socially fractionalized country occupying a sensitive strategic location. The concluding part of the study speculates on the possibility that terrorism, domestic security concerns, and regional considerations may prompt Washington and Panamanian leaders to reverse the decision ...


What Is Constitutional Democracy? A Comparative Analysis Between The United States And The European Union, Rebecca Tweed May 2005

What Is Constitutional Democracy? A Comparative Analysis Between The United States And The European Union, Rebecca Tweed

Syracuse University Honors Program Capstone Projects

It is difficult to imagine the concept of constitutionalism without the notion of deliberative democracy. Historically, written constitutions are the capstone of the ages-long struggle to limit arbitrary governmental action. James Madison said, “In framing a government which is to be administered by men over men, the great difficulty lies in this: you must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next place oblige it to control itself. A dependence on the people is, no doubt, the primary control on the government.”

We live in an era of constitution making. There are close to 200 national ...


O 18 Brumário, Política E Pós-Modernismo, Adriano Codato Apr 2005

O 18 Brumário, Política E Pós-Modernismo, Adriano Codato

Adriano Codato

Most contemporary interpretations of Karl Marx's analyses of European politics of the second half of the nineteenth century share both the suppression of all references to the "economy" and its substitution either for the idea of the autonomy of the political (in heterodox views), or for the idea of the performative aspect of language (in post-modern views). This article argues that Marx's Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonapart contains an interpretation of politics that can be reduced, from the theoretical point of view, to two explanatory principles of the materialist conception of history: the primacy of economics, and the ...


Migración De Estudiantes: Un Aspecto Del Comercio Internacional De Servicios De Educación Superior, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez Apr 2005

Migración De Estudiantes: Un Aspecto Del Comercio Internacional De Servicios De Educación Superior, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez

Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez

The present article explores one of the dimensions in the international process of higher education, which concerns to temporal students migration with the professional training and obtaining the degrees.


Modelo E Método De Representação Política Durante O Estado Novo, Adriano Codato Jan 2005

Modelo E Método De Representação Política Durante O Estado Novo, Adriano Codato

Adriano Codato

The article deals with the institution that regulated the political representation of elites during the regime of the Estado Novo in Brazil: the Administrative Department. My theme here is exclusively the Administrative Department of the State of São Paulo (DAESP), an auxiliary organ of government alongside the federal intervenor. The article consists in presenting the composition of DAESP over the nine years that it existed and bureaucratic dynamics resulting from its operation between 1939 and 1947. Reporting the frequency of its meetings and the number of decisions produced.


‘Empowering Europe’S Citizens’? Towards A Charter For Services Of General Interest, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes, Francisco Comín Jan 2005

‘Empowering Europe’S Citizens’? Towards A Charter For Services Of General Interest, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes, Francisco Comín

Judith Clifton

This article analyses the development of the European Union (EU) project of a Charter for Services of General Interest (SGI) from the mid-1990s to the publication of the White Paper on Services of General Interest and the draft European Constitution in 2004. Though service charters are often associated with New Public Management (NPM) reforms related to privatization, they are also an integral part of the process of EU institution building, and need to be understood alongside developments such as the Charter of Fundamental Rights. Using a four-stage model of international NPM convergence analysis four phases of the Charter for SGI ...


Legal Pluralism, Decentralisation And The Roots Of Violence In Indonesia, Robert Cribb Jan 2005

Legal Pluralism, Decentralisation And The Roots Of Violence In Indonesia, Robert Cribb

Robert Cribb

No abstract provided.


Higher Education Policies In Mexico In The 1990s: A Critical Balance, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez, Hugo Casanova-Cardiel Jan 2005

Higher Education Policies In Mexico In The 1990s: A Critical Balance, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez, Hugo Casanova-Cardiel

Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez

This article analyses recent policies in higher education in Mexico. The last two decades provide the starting point, and the interpretation centres around higher education policies drawn up by successive presidential administrations of Salinas de Gortari (1988-1994) and Zedillo Ponce de Leon (1994-2000). The second part sets out an initial systemization of the political agenda launched by the federal government of Vicente Fox for the period 2001-2006.


Modernización Incierta. Un Balance De Las Políticas De Educación Superior En México, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez, Hugo Casanova-Cardiel Jan 2005

Modernización Incierta. Un Balance De Las Políticas De Educación Superior En México, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez, Hugo Casanova-Cardiel

Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez

El texto ofrece una descripción y análisis de las políticas recientes en el campo educativo superior de México. Se toma como punto de partida el contexto del periodo 1985 a 2005, centrando la interpretación en las políticas de los periodos presidenciales de Carlos Salinas de Gortari y Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de León. Se propone una interpretación acerca de las tendencias a futuro.


Consolidación O Simplemente Persistencia Democrática? Un Análisis De Las Percepciones De Las Élites Políticas De Nicaragua, El Salvador Y Guatemala., Salvador Marti I Puig Jan 2005

Consolidación O Simplemente Persistencia Democrática? Un Análisis De Las Percepciones De Las Élites Políticas De Nicaragua, El Salvador Y Guatemala., Salvador Marti I Puig

Salvador Marti i Puig

Retornando el estudio de las élites políticas como elemento de análisis para el examen de la democratización en América Latina, este artículo se interroga sobre el alcance del proceso de convergencia intraelitaria, que siguió a la recuperación o instauración reciente de la democracia, en tres países centroamericanos (Nicaragua, El Salvador y Guatemala). El análisis desarrollado, centrado en las opiniones y actitudes que los principales grupos parlamentarios de estos tres países tienen con respecto a la democracia y sus instituciones, así como también en relación con el vínculo Estado-mercado, subraya las características básicas de un consenso elitista aún débil, dada la ...


Unidos Por La Historia: Desempeño Electoral Y Perspectivas De Colorados Y Blancos Como Bloque Político, Daniel Chasquetti, Adolfo Garcé Jan 2005

Unidos Por La Historia: Desempeño Electoral Y Perspectivas De Colorados Y Blancos Como Bloque Político, Daniel Chasquetti, Adolfo Garcé

Daniel Chasquetti

No abstract provided.


The Constitutional Adjudication Mosaic Of Latin America, Julio Antonio Rios-Figueroa, Patricio Navia Jan 2005

The Constitutional Adjudication Mosaic Of Latin America, Julio Antonio Rios-Figueroa, Patricio Navia

Julio Ríos-Figueroa

This article maps current constitutional adjudication systems in 17 Latin American democracies. Using recent theoretical literature, the authors classify systems by type (concrete or abstract), timing (a priori or a posteriori), and jurisdiction (centralized or decentralized). This approach captures the richness and diversity of constitutional adjudication in Latin America, where most countries concurrently have two or more mechanisms. Four models of constitutional adjudication are currently in use. In the past, weak democratic institutions and the prevalence of inter par- tes, as opposed to erga omnes, effects of judicial decisions, prevented the development of constitutional adjudication. Today, democratic consolidation has strengthened ...


Racial And Ethnic Attitudes And Individual Relatedness Among Greek-Americans, Constantine P. Danopoulos, Anna Karpathakis Jan 2005

Racial And Ethnic Attitudes And Individual Relatedness Among Greek-Americans, Constantine P. Danopoulos, Anna Karpathakis

Faculty Publications

The article looks at the self-identity of Greek immigrants in the U.S. and incorporation of American racial ideologies into their racial repertoires. It recognizes Greek Americans for creating a national and racial framework that blends elements of both home and host society institutions and ideologies. It recalls the arrival of thousands of Greek immigrants in the U.S. in the 20th century. The increasing inter-marriage rates between Greek immigrants and Greek Americans are also noted.


'Wild Capitalism’ And ‘Ecocolonialism’: A Tale Of Two Rivers, Krista Harper Jan 2005

'Wild Capitalism’ And ‘Ecocolonialism’: A Tale Of Two Rivers, Krista Harper

Krista M. Harper

The development and pollution of two rivers, the Danube and Tisza, have been the site and subject of environmental protests and projects in Hungary since the late 1980s. Protests against the damming of the Danube rallied opposition to the state socialist government, drawing on discourses of national sovereignty and international environmentalism. The Tisza suffered a major environmental disaster in 2000, when a globally financed gold mine in Romania spilled thousands of tons of cyanide and other heavy metals into the river, sending a plume of pollution downriver into neighboring countries. In this article, I examine the symbolic ecologies that emerged ...


Civil-Military Relations In A Civilized State: Panama, Ronald D. Sylvia, Constantine P. Danopoulos Jan 2005

Civil-Military Relations In A Civilized State: Panama, Ronald D. Sylvia, Constantine P. Danopoulos

Constantine P. Danopoulos

This article traces and analyzes civil-military relations in Panama. After a brief overview of the role of the National Guard in the country politics, the article concentrates on political developments since the 1989 U.S. invasion to overthrow the Noriega regime and the subsequent elimination of the Panamanian military. The study seeks to shed light on political life in an armyless and politically and socially fractionalized country occupying a sensitive strategic location. The concluding part of the study speculates on the possibility that terrorism, domestic security concerns, and regional considerations may prompt Washington and Panamanian leaders to reverse the decision ...


Racial And Ethnic Attitudes And Individual Relatedness Among Greek-Americans, Constantine P. Danopoulos, Anna Karpathakis Jan 2005

Racial And Ethnic Attitudes And Individual Relatedness Among Greek-Americans, Constantine P. Danopoulos, Anna Karpathakis

Constantine P. Danopoulos

The article looks at the self-identity of Greek immigrants in the U.S. and incorporation of American racial ideologies into their racial repertoires. It recognizes Greek Americans for creating a national and racial framework that blends elements of both home and host society institutions and ideologies. It recalls the arrival of thousands of Greek immigrants in the U.S. in the 20th century. The increasing inter-marriage rates between Greek immigrants and Greek Americans are also noted.


'Wild Capitalism’ And ‘Ecocolonialism’: A Tale Of Two Rivers, Krista Harper Jan 2005

'Wild Capitalism’ And ‘Ecocolonialism’: A Tale Of Two Rivers, Krista Harper

Anthropology Department Faculty Publication Series

The development and pollution of two rivers, the Danube and Tisza, have been the site and subject of environmental protests and projects in Hungary since the late 1980s. Protests against the damming of the Danube rallied opposition to the state socialist government, drawing on discourses of national sovereignty and international environmentalism. The Tisza suffered a major environmental disaster in 2000, when a globally financed gold mine in Romania spilled thousands of tons of cyanide and other heavy metals into the river, sending a plume of pollution downriver into neighboring countries. In this article, I examine the symbolic ecologies that emerged ...


The Religion-State Relationship And The Right To Freedom Of Religion Or Belief: A Comparative Textual Analysis Of The Constitutions Of Predominantly Muslim Countries, Tad Stahnke, Robert Blitt Dec 2004

The Religion-State Relationship And The Right To Freedom Of Religion Or Belief: A Comparative Textual Analysis Of The Constitutions Of Predominantly Muslim Countries, Tad Stahnke, Robert Blitt

Robert C. Blitt

This study analyzes the constitutional provisions in 44 predominantly Muslim countries addressing the relationship between religion and the state, freedom of religion or belief, and other related human rights as measured against recognized international human rights standards. The geographic diversity of the Muslim world mirrors a central finding of the study, that predominantly Muslim countries encompass a variety of constitutional arrangements - ranging from Islamic republics with Islam as the official state religion, to secular states with strict separation of religion and state. Key findings of the survey include: More than half of the world's Muslim population (estimated at over ...


Sovereignty, Democracy, And Global Civil Society, Elisabeth Friedman, Kathryn Hochstetler, Ann Marie Clark Dec 2004

Sovereignty, Democracy, And Global Civil Society, Elisabeth Friedman, Kathryn Hochstetler, Ann Marie Clark

Ann Marie Clark

Sovereignty, Democracy, and Global Civil Society explores the growing power of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) by analyzing a microcosm of contemporary global state-society relations at UN World Conferences. The intense interactions between states and NGOs at conferences on the environment, human rights, women's issues, and other topics confirm the emergence of a new transnational democratic sphere of activity. Employing both regional and global case studies, the book charts noticeable growth in the ability of NGOs to build networks among themselves and effect change within UN processes. Using a multidimensional understanding of state sovereignty, the authors find that states use sovereignty ...


Book Review Essay: Canada's Constitutional Cul De Sac, Richard Kay Dec 2004

Book Review Essay: Canada's Constitutional Cul De Sac, Richard Kay

Richard Kay

Book reivew of 'Constitutional Odyssey: Can Canadians Become a Sovereign People?', by Peter H. Russell (Toronto, University of Toronto Press, 2004).


"Formation And The Custodians Of Death", Michael Budde Dec 2004

"Formation And The Custodians Of Death", Michael Budde

Michael Budde

No abstract provided.


Barriers To Canadian Municipal Response To Climate Change, Pamela J. Robinson, Christopher D. Gore Dec 2004

Barriers To Canadian Municipal Response To Climate Change, Pamela J. Robinson, Christopher D. Gore

Christopher D Gore

No abstract provided.


Shared Culture, Individual Strategy And Collective Action: Explaining Slobodan Milošević’S Charismatic Rise To Power, Takis S. Pappas Dec 2004

Shared Culture, Individual Strategy And Collective Action: Explaining Slobodan Milošević’S Charismatic Rise To Power, Takis S. Pappas

Takis S Pappas

Slobodan Milosevic was the central actor in the recent Yugoslav drama that began with the rise of nationalism and ended with the dissolution of Yugoslavia. How did he emerge as a charismatic leader, and why did the Serbian people follow him to national disaster. It is argued that Milosevic owed his charismatic authority to the sense of widespread social discontent he helped be forged by strategically manipulating key cultural symbols of the Serbian nation. The claim that charismatic leadership, far from being an effect of existing real crises, may also become a major cause of prospective ones suggests new ways ...


Racist Extremism In Central And Eastern Europe, Cas Mudde Dec 2004

Racist Extremism In Central And Eastern Europe, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

Based in part on the results of a unique, comparative research project, the aim of this article is threefold: (1) to provide a comparative summary of racist extremism in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE); (2) to compare the situation of racist extremism in CEE to that inWestern Europe; and (3) to come to some further insights about racist extremism in the region. It concludes, in contrast to many of the alarming statements on the topic, that CEE is neither a hotbed of racist extremism nor a safe haven for racist extremists. In fact, if one compares the state of racist ...


What’S Left Of The Radical Left? The European Radical Left Since 1989: Decline And Mutation, Cas Mudde, Luke March Dec 2004

What’S Left Of The Radical Left? The European Radical Left Since 1989: Decline And Mutation, Cas Mudde, Luke March

Cas Mudde

We make a three-fold contribution to research on the European radical left. First, we will offer a clear and comprehensive definition of the term ‘radical left’. Second, we will look at the main developments within the European radical left as a whole, and not just at one sub-set of political parties. Third, we will take a pan-European perspective, focusing on both Eastern and Western Europe. The radical left in Europe post-1989 is both in decline and in mutation. Decline is evident in both the marginalization and moderation of Communist organizations (notably parties), a direct result of the fall of the ...


Democracia De Masas Y Democracia Constitucional En El Perú Contemporáneo, Jose Luis Sardon Dec 2004

Democracia De Masas Y Democracia Constitucional En El Perú Contemporáneo, Jose Luis Sardon

Jose Luis Sardon

No abstract provided.