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Full-Text Articles in American Politics

That Further Shore: A Memoir Of Irish Roots And American Promise [Table Of Contents], John D. Feerick Apr 2020

That Further Shore: A Memoir Of Irish Roots And American Promise [Table Of Contents], John D. Feerick

Biography

A rare and evocative memoir of a respected constitutional scholar, dedicated public servant, political reformer, and facilitator of peace in the land of his ancestors

John D. Feerick’s life has all the elements of a modern Horatio Alger story: the poor boy who achieves success by dint of his hard work. But Feerick brought other elements to that classical American success story: his deep religious faith, his integrity, and his paramount concern for social justice. In his memoir, The Further Shore, Feerick shares his inspiring story, from its humble beginnings born to immigrant parents in the South Bronx, going ...


The Work Of An Hour, Michael F. Russo Etc. Jan 2020

The Work Of An Hour, Michael F. Russo Etc.

Faculty Publications

This research asks two basic questions: 1) To what extent was the Bush administration’s pro-war propaganda repeated, amplified, and ultimately reported as fact by main stream news agencies? and 2) Is there any correlation between the repetition of the propaganda and popular support for the invasion of Iraq? In other words, can we say news reports helped “sell” the war?


Notoriously Ruthless: The Idolization Of Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Lucille Moran Sep 2019

Notoriously Ruthless: The Idolization Of Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Lucille Moran

Political Science Honors Projects

It is now a fixture of mainstream commentary in the United States that Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg has become a popular idol on the political left. Yet, while Justice Ginsburg’s image and story has reached an unprecedented level of valorization and even commercialization, scholars have yet to give sustained attention to the phenomenon and to contextualize it: why has this idolization emerged within this context, and what is its impact? This paper situates her portrayal in the cultural imagination as the product of two political forces, namely partisanship and identity politics. Considering parallel scholarly discourses of reputation ...


On Environmental, Climate Change & National Security Law, Mark P. Nevitt Sep 2019

On Environmental, Climate Change & National Security Law, Mark P. Nevitt

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This Article offers a new way to think about climate change. Two new climate change assessments — the 2018 Fourth National Climate Assessment (NCA) and the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel’s Special Report on Climate Change — prominently highlight climate change’s multifaceted national security risks. Indeed, not only is climate change a “super wicked” environmental problem, it also accelerates existing national security threats, acting as both a “threat accelerant” and “catalyst for conflict.” Further, climate change increases the intensity and frequency of extreme weather events while threatening nations’ territorial integrity and sovereignty through rising sea levels. It causes both internal displacement ...


Uncivil Agreement: How Politics Became Our Identity Lilliana Mason, Chicago: University Of Chicago Press, 2018, Pp. 192., David A. M. Peterson Sep 2019

Uncivil Agreement: How Politics Became Our Identity Lilliana Mason, Chicago: University Of Chicago Press, 2018, Pp. 192., David A. M. Peterson

David A. M. Peterson

Lilliana Mason's Uncivil Agreement: How Politics Became Our Identity is easily the best book on American politics I have read in years. I mean this in two important ways. First, the book tackles what may be the most pressing question in politics: Why has the American public become increasing polarized? The answer—that the increasing overlap between identities changes the way that citizens see themselves and others—provides a clear understanding of polarization. But this is not only an important book, it is a good book. Mason constructs a careful argument, grounded in social psychology, and each chapter in ...


Uncivil Agreement: How Politics Became Our Identity Lilliana Mason, Chicago: University Of Chicago Press, 2018, Pp. 192., David A. M. Peterson Sep 2019

Uncivil Agreement: How Politics Became Our Identity Lilliana Mason, Chicago: University Of Chicago Press, 2018, Pp. 192., David A. M. Peterson

Political Science Publications

Lilliana Mason's Uncivil Agreement: How Politics Became Our Identity is easily the best book on American politics I have read in years. I mean this in two important ways. First, the book tackles what may be the most pressing question in politics: Why has the American public become increasing polarized? The answer—that the increasing overlap between identities changes the way that citizens see themselves and others—provides a clear understanding of polarization. But this is not only an important book, it is a good book. Mason constructs a careful argument, grounded in social psychology, and each chapter in ...


Infinity Wars: Post 9/11 Superhero Films And American Empire, Peter J. Bruno Sep 2019

Infinity Wars: Post 9/11 Superhero Films And American Empire, Peter J. Bruno

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In the last two decades, superhero films have accounted for some of the most popular and financially lucrative films of all time. This thesis analyzes some of the aesthetic and ideological dimensions of various superhero films following their post 9/11 boom. Beginning with America’s response to the events of 9/11 and a subsequent retreat into a Manichean world of good versus evil, I introduce the term “empirical reality” in order to account for the ways daily American life is shielded from the worst effects of U.S. foreign policy. On screen this manifests by perpetuating the myth ...


Politics, Identity, And Class Certification On The U.S. Courts Of Appeals, Stephen B. Burbank, Sean Farhang Aug 2019

Politics, Identity, And Class Certification On The U.S. Courts Of Appeals, Stephen B. Burbank, Sean Farhang

Sean Farhang

This article draws on novel data and presents the results of the first empirical analysis of how potentially salient characteristics of Court of Appeals judges influence precedential lawmaking on class certification under Rule 23. We find that the partisan composition of the panel (measured by the party of the appointing president) has a very strong association with certification outcomes, with all-Democratic panels having more than double the certification rate of all-Republican panels in precedential cases. We also find that the presence of one African American on a panel, and the presence of two females (but not one), is associated with ...


Stuart E. Eizenstat To Senator James O. Eastland,, Stuart Eizenstat Aug 2019

Stuart E. Eizenstat To Senator James O. Eastland,, Stuart Eizenstat

Eastland Correspondence: Carter Administration

Typed letter signed undated from Stuart E. Eizenstat to Eastland, re: undocumented aliens. Typed memorandum on Eastland Senate letterhead entitled Tentative Plans (Frank Moore), re: presidents trip to Jackson & Yazoo City, Mississippi.


President And Mrs. Richard M. Nixon, Undated, Richard M. (Richard Milhous) Nixon (1913-1994), Pat Nixon (1912-1993) Aug 2019

President And Mrs. Richard M. Nixon, Undated, Richard M. (Richard Milhous) Nixon (1913-1994), Pat Nixon (1912-1993)

Eastland Correspondence: Nixon Administration

Christmas card undated from President and Mrs. Nixon; envelope.


Mrs. Richard M. Nixon To Mrs. James O. Eastland, 13 May 1974, Pat Nixon (1912-1993) Aug 2019

Mrs. Richard M. Nixon To Mrs. James O. Eastland, 13 May 1974, Pat Nixon (1912-1993)

Eastland Correspondence: Nixon Administration

Engraved invitation from Mrs. Nixon to Mrs. Eastland, re: luncheon on 13 May 1974; envelope.


Gretchen Poston To Senator James O. Eastland, [June 1978], Gretchen Poston Aug 2019

Gretchen Poston To Senator James O. Eastland, [June 1978], Gretchen Poston

Eastland Correspondence: Carter Administration

Copy typed memorandum from Eastland, re: status of children. Attached: copy typed letter dated 14 June 1978 from Gretchen Poston, White House Social Secretary, to Eastland, re: information for social function files.


President Jimmy Carter To 'The Congress Of The United States,' [Undated 1979], Jimmy Carter (1924-) Aug 2019

President Jimmy Carter To 'The Congress Of The United States,' [Undated 1979], Jimmy Carter (1924-)

Eastland Correspondence: Carter Administration

Copy typed letter undated from Carter to 'The Congress of the United States,' re: Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1977, State Department, Agency for International Communication; 6 pages. Attached: copy typed manuscript entitled 'Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1977'; 7 pages. Copy printed invitation from President Carter, re: White House Conference on Balanced National Growth and Economic Development on 29 January 2 February 1978; envelope. Original removed to VIP Restricted Access location.


President & Mrs. Jimmy Carter To 'Members Of Congress And Their Immediate Family,' [December 1977], Jimmy Carter (1924-), Rosalynn Carter Aug 2019

President & Mrs. Jimmy Carter To 'Members Of Congress And Their Immediate Family,' [December 1977], Jimmy Carter (1924-), Rosalynn Carter

Eastland Correspondence: Carter Administration

Copy printed invitation from President & Mrs. Carter to Members of Congress and their immediate family, re: White House Christmas Party on 13 December 1977; envelope. Attached: printed card, re: parking. Originals removed to VIP Restricted Access location.


President & Mrs. Jimmy Carter To Senator & Mrs. James O. Eastland, [November 1977]., Jimmy Carter (1924-), Rosalynn Carter Aug 2019

President & Mrs. Jimmy Carter To Senator & Mrs. James O. Eastland, [November 1977]., Jimmy Carter (1924-), Rosalynn Carter

Eastland Correspondence: Carter Administration

Copy printed invitation from President & Mrs. Carter to Senator & Mrs. Eastland, re: White House reception on 17 November 1977 for the 10th anniversary of the American Film Institute. Original removed to VIP Restricted Access location.


Patricia Wald To Senator James O. Eastland, Undated, Patricia M. Wald Aug 2019

Patricia Wald To Senator James O. Eastland, Undated, Patricia M. Wald

Eastland Correspondence: Carter Administration

Handwritten memorandum undated from Patricia Wald to Eastland, re: Eastland's message to attorney general. Envelope from Mondale's office.


President And Mrs. Richard M. Nixon To Senator James O. Eastland, 5 January 1973, Richard M. (Richard Milhous) Nixon (1913-1994), Pat Nixon (1912-1993) Aug 2019

President And Mrs. Richard M. Nixon To Senator James O. Eastland, 5 January 1973, Richard M. (Richard Milhous) Nixon (1913-1994), Pat Nixon (1912-1993)

Eastland Correspondence: Nixon Administration

Engraved invitation from President and Mrs. Nixon to White House reception on 5 January 1973; envelope.


Ralph Bunche Awards Program, 2 July [1974], Gerald R. Ford (1913-2006), Betty Ford (1918-2011) Aug 2019

Ralph Bunche Awards Program, 2 July [1974], Gerald R. Ford (1913-2006), Betty Ford (1918-2011)

Eastland Correspondence: Nixon Administration

Copy printed invitation of Vice-President & Mrs. Ford to Ralph Bunche Awards Program of Community Relations Service on 2 July [1974]. Attached: copy printed program of event with handwritten notations; 2 pages.


Darrell M. Trent Memorandum, Circa June 1973, Darrell Melvin Trent (1938-) Aug 2019

Darrell M. Trent Memorandum, Circa June 1973, Darrell Melvin Trent (1938-)

Eastland Correspondence: Nixon Administration

Copy typed signed memorandum from Darrell M. Trent, re: abolishment of Office of Emergency Preparedness on 1 July 1973 according to Reorganization Plant No. 1 of 1973.


President Gerald R. Ford To Senator & Mrs. James O. Eastland, 3 October 1974, Gerald R. Ford (1913-2006) Aug 2019

President Gerald R. Ford To Senator & Mrs. James O. Eastland, 3 October 1974, Gerald R. Ford (1913-2006)

Eastland Correspondence: Ford Administration

Copy printed invitation from President & Mrs. Ford to Senator & Mrs. Eastland, re: White House dinner on 3 October 1974; Black Tie card and regrets card. Originals removed to VIP Restricted Access location.


President And Mrs. Johnson To Senator And Mrs. James O. Eastland, 7 October 1965, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines) Johnson (1908-1973) Aug 2019

President And Mrs. Johnson To Senator And Mrs. James O. Eastland, 7 October 1965, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines) Johnson (1908-1973)

Eastland Correspondence: Johnson Administration

Copy printed invitation from President & Mrs. Johnson to Senator & Mrs. Eastland, re: White House reception A Salute to Congress on 7 October 1965; envelope; 2 printed tickets and RSVP cards. Original removed to VIP Restricted Access location.


President & Mrs. Dwight D. Eisenhower To Senator & Mrs. James O. Eastland, [March 1957], Dwight D. (Dwight David) Eisenhower (1890-1969), Mamie Doud Eisenhower (1896-1979) Aug 2019

President & Mrs. Dwight D. Eisenhower To Senator & Mrs. James O. Eastland, [March 1957], Dwight D. (Dwight David) Eisenhower (1890-1969), Mamie Doud Eisenhower (1896-1979)

Eastland Correspondence: Eisenhower Administration

Copy printed invitation from President & Mrs. Eisenhower to Senator and Mrs. Eastland, re: White House reception on 5 March 1957. Envelope. Original removed to VIP Restricted Access location.


President & Mrs. Dwight D. Eisenhower To Senator & Mrs. James O. Eastland, [January 1955], Dwight D. (Dwight David) Eisenhower (1890-1969), Mamie Doud Eisenhower (1896-1979) Aug 2019

President & Mrs. Dwight D. Eisenhower To Senator & Mrs. James O. Eastland, [January 1955], Dwight D. (Dwight David) Eisenhower (1890-1969), Mamie Doud Eisenhower (1896-1979)

Eastland Correspondence: Eisenhower Administration

Copy printed invitation from President and Mrs. Eisenhower to Senator and Mrs. Eastland, re: White House reception on 14 January 1955. Envelope. Original removed to VIP Restricted Access location.


Ilo Wallace To Mrs. James O. Eastland, Undated, Ilo Wallace Aug 2019

Ilo Wallace To Mrs. James O. Eastland, Undated, Ilo Wallace

Eastland Correspondence: Roosevelt Administration

Handwritten letter undated from Ilo Wallace to Mrs. Eastland, re: joining the Ladies of the Senate in their Red Cross work; envelope. Original removed to VIP Restricted Access location.


Politics, Identity, And Class Certification On The U.S. Courts Of Appeals, Stephen B. Burbank, Sean Farhang Aug 2019

Politics, Identity, And Class Certification On The U.S. Courts Of Appeals, Stephen B. Burbank, Sean Farhang

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

This article draws on novel data and presents the results of the first empirical analysis of how potentially salient characteristics of Court of Appeals judges influence precedential lawmaking on class certification under Rule 23. We find that the partisan composition of the panel (measured by the party of the appointing president) has a very strong association with certification outcomes, with all-Democratic panels having more than double the certification rate of all-Republican panels in precedential cases. We also find that the presence of one African American on a panel, and the presence of two females (but not one), is associated with ...


Agenda-Setting In The Regulatory State: Theory And Evidence, Cary Coglianese, Daniel E. Walters Aug 2019

Agenda-Setting In The Regulatory State: Theory And Evidence, Cary Coglianese, Daniel E. Walters

Daniel Walters

Government officials who run administrative agencies must make countless decisions every day about what issues and work to prioritize. These agenda-setting decisions hold enormous implications for the shape of law and public policy, but they have received remarkably little attention by either administrative law scholars or social scientists who study the bureaucracy. Existing research offers few insights about the institutions, norms, and inputs that shape and constrain agency discretion over their agendas or about the strategies that officials employ in choosing to elevate certain issues while putting others on the back burner. In this article, we advance the study of ...


Capturing Regulatory Agendas?: An Empirical Study Of Industry Use Of Rulemaking Petitions, Daniel E. Walters Aug 2019

Capturing Regulatory Agendas?: An Empirical Study Of Industry Use Of Rulemaking Petitions, Daniel E. Walters

Daniel Walters

A great deal of skepticism toward administrative agencies stems from the widespread perception that they excessively or even exclusively cater to business interests. From the political right comes the accusation that business interests use regulation to erect barriers to entry that protect profits and stifle competition. From the political left comes the claim that business interests use secretive interactions with agencies to erode and negate beneficial regulatory programs. Regulatory “capture” theory elevates many of these claims to the status of economic law. Despite growing skepticism about capture theory in academic circles, empirical studies of business influence and capture return ambiguous ...


The Judicial Role In Constraining Presidential Nonenforcement Discretion: The Virtues Of An Apa Approach, Daniel E. Walters Aug 2019

The Judicial Role In Constraining Presidential Nonenforcement Discretion: The Virtues Of An Apa Approach, Daniel E. Walters

Daniel Walters

Scholars, lawyers, and, indeed, the public at large increasingly worry about what purposive presidential inaction in enforcing statutory programs means for the rule of law and how such discretionary inaction can fit within a constitutional structure that compels Presidents to “take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed." Yet those who have recognized the problem have been hesitant to assign a role for the court in policing the constitutional limits they articulate, mostly because of the strain on judicial capacity that any formulation of Take Care Clause review would cause. In this Article, I argue that courts still can and ...


Good For The Military - Bad For The Nation?, George Fust Aug 2019

Good For The Military - Bad For The Nation?, George Fust

West Point Research Papers

Has an overreliance on the military as a one-size-fits-all solution become so engrained that we no longer consider alternatives? Are domestic politics so intertwined with foreign affairs that the citizenry has no choice but to accept veterans to fill the ranks of the executive branch? Is there hope for the future? Can we rebalance the general orientation of our government? The outcome to all these questions can be arrived at in a favorable way if our military continues to embrace the Huntingtonian notion of objective control. If professionalism continues to guide the actions of our military’s senior leaders and ...


Multi-Domain Operations, Bad For Civil-Military Relations?, George Fust Aug 2019

Multi-Domain Operations, Bad For Civil-Military Relations?, George Fust

West Point Research Papers

Is it possible that the U.S. military’s newest warfighting concept is bad for civil-military relations? The current lexicon for this new concept is multi-domain operations, or simply MDO.