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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

For The Wild: Ritual And Commitment In Radical Eco-Activism By Sarah M. Pike, Alda Balthrop-Lewis Jun 2019

For The Wild: Ritual And Commitment In Radical Eco-Activism By Sarah M. Pike, Alda Balthrop-Lewis

The Goose

Review of Sarah M. Pike's For the Wild: Ritual and Commitment in Radical Eco-Activism


Ultraconservatives In A Contentious Cusp Between Past And Future: A Review Of Dan Brown’S Novel "Origin", Lucas Miranda Apr 2019

Ultraconservatives In A Contentious Cusp Between Past And Future: A Review Of Dan Brown’S Novel "Origin", Lucas Miranda

Class, Race and Corporate Power

Taking Dan Brown’s latest novel Originas a thought-provoking heuristic device, this essay discusses the many facets of ultraconservatives’ anti-intellectualism (from their stances on evolution and climate change, and also their conspiracy theories). Brown’s novel particularly details the cultural tension between progressives and conservatives, depicting a very real far-right and how they respond to a hopeful and diverse youth (while exploring how political perception, fake news, and public information in the virtual era affect politics). The essay concludes that by raging war at science and deliberately making policies against progress, conservatives are at war against rationality itself, by ...


Enlightenment And Religious Tolerance As A Factor In Ensuring Peace And Stability, Xamutaliyev Ozodbek Payzilloyevich Mar 2019

Enlightenment And Religious Tolerance As A Factor In Ensuring Peace And Stability, Xamutaliyev Ozodbek Payzilloyevich

Oriental studies

The article considers religious tolerance as the basis for ensuring internal stability and integration of the society, keeping them from upheavals, suppressing the split of nations and states. According to Article 31 of the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan, “Freedom of conscience is guaranteed for all. Everyone has the right to profess any religion or not to profess anyone. Forced imposition of religious beliefs is unacceptable”. As noted in Article 61 of the Constitution, “religious organizations and associations are separated from the state and are equal before the law. The state does not interfere in the activities of religious ...


In Pursuit Of ‘Twin Toleration’: Democracy And Church–State Relations In Serbia And Montenegro, Marko Veković Jan 2019

In Pursuit Of ‘Twin Toleration’: Democracy And Church–State Relations In Serbia And Montenegro, Marko Veković

Occasional Papers on Religion in Eastern Europe

This paper explores the relationship between church and state in Serbia and Montenegro by examining the development of ‘twin toleration’. In particular, it aims to explain why there is still no ‘twin toleration’ in these states, and why it is important to impose such institutional arrangement in church–state relations. The ‘Twin toleration’ concept suggests that institutional arrangements between the state and religious communities in a democratic society should be based on mutual autonomy, in which the state should not interfere in the matters of religious communities, and vice versa. However, since the fall of communism and resurgence of religion ...


How Religion Influences Peacemaking, Rebecca A. Glazier Nov 2018

How Religion Influences Peacemaking, Rebecca A. Glazier

Peace and Conflict Studies

Although a large amount of scholarly and popular attention has been devoted to understanding the relationship between religion and violence, comparatively less attention has been paid to the relationship between religion and peace. Yet, there are many reasons to believe that religion can be a powerful force for peacemaking. Qualitative research indicates that religious leaders and religious people are often credible peace brokers who are respected in their communities, have ready access to cultural peace-promoting concepts like reconciliation and forgiveness, and may be motivated by non-partisan factors like fulfilling religious obligations or furthering God’s will. Despite this promising research ...


The Politics Of School Discipline: A Quantitative Analysis Of The Legalization And Use Of Corporal Punishment In The United States, Kaitlin Anderson May 2018

The Politics Of School Discipline: A Quantitative Analysis Of The Legalization And Use Of Corporal Punishment In The United States, Kaitlin Anderson

Journal of Public Management & Social Policy

Corporal punishment in schools has been criticized for many reasons related to lower student achievement, delinquency, and mental health, but is still legal in 19 states. Attitudes towards corporal punishment have been linked to political leanings, fundamentalist religion, socioeconomic status, and rurality. In this study, I test whether political culture and voting patterns are predictive of the legality and frequency of corporal punishment use in schools, utilizing data from the Office for Civil Rights. Independent of median household income, educational attainment, state demographics, and the share of Evangelical Protestants, states with more Republican votes are more likely to legalize school ...


A Mission Of Divine Calling: A Chosen Nation's Crusade Against Evil, Ashley Harrington Oct 2017

A Mission Of Divine Calling: A Chosen Nation's Crusade Against Evil, Ashley Harrington

The Eastern Illinois University Political Science Review

For decades, political scientists have and continue to theorize about influences on presidential decision-making and policy implementation. Faith and religious analysis however, remain relatively new to the study of presidential politics. This particular research examines two Republican presidents, both Ronald Reagan and George W. Bush, that had vastly different ideas about how to combat nations whose policies limited freedom and liberty.


Piracy And Religion: Navigating Their Connections During The Golden Age, Sarah Wampler Jul 2017

Piracy And Religion: Navigating Their Connections During The Golden Age, Sarah Wampler

Oglethorpe Journal of Undergraduate Research

The Golden Age of Piracy saw piracy and institutionalized religion attempt to create order within the vast new sea of challenges presented in the wake of the Reformation and the discovery of the New World. Piracy and religion both served as tools of the state used to assert policy and control over an ever-expanding world. At the same time each existed outside of the state and were yet directly linked to it. Like Kidd and his buried bible, these two concepts often seen as opposites, one moral and ordered the other chaotic and corrupt, became two sides of the same ...


Ethnicity, Religion And Violence In Bosnia-Herzegovina, Jusuf Salih Apr 2017

Ethnicity, Religion And Violence In Bosnia-Herzegovina, Jusuf Salih

Journal of Global Initiatives: Policy, Pedagogy, Perspective

The violence that erupted in the Balkans at the end of the second millennium made fierce enemies of people who had lived together in peace as neighbors, friends, classmates, and married couples. Nationalism, chauvinism, and religious fanaticism quickly grew stronger, leading to the disappearance of centuries-long harmony among its inhabitants. Among the reasons for the conflict were the experienced communist leaders who skillfully used religious slogans to advance their campaigns; also, religious leaders became close associates to political leaders with hopes that they would attain the religious rights denied and limited during the old governance. As a result, nationalism and ...


Addressing Socio-Economic Challenges To Curb Youth Participation In Terrorism In Africa, Tendaishe Tlou Oct 2016

Addressing Socio-Economic Challenges To Curb Youth Participation In Terrorism In Africa, Tendaishe Tlou

Young African Leaders Journal of Development

The scourge of terrorism has become an international crisis after the 9/11 attacks in America. Terrorism has deeply encroached its claws in Africa on the premise of socio-economic challenges along the clash of civilizations. In countries such as Nigeria, Somalia, Central African Republic, Kenya and the Maghreb region, terrorism is a threat to peace and security, compounded by spiraling youth unemployment rates, the youth bulge, porous borders, poverty, arms proliferation, weak governments, economic problems among other challenges. It is yet to be seen how Africans will unite to deal with this threat to security on the continent given the ...


Religion And Class, Joerg Rieger May 2016

Religion And Class, Joerg Rieger

Class, Race and Corporate Power

While analyses of gender, ethnicity, and race have become widely accepted and are put to use in religious and theological studies, this is not the case with the notion of class. Despite the fact that race, gender, and class are often mentioned together, there is very little sustained reflection on class. Reflections on race and gender in religious and theological studies, while addressing issues of power, rarely include reflections on class. In the rare cases when class is addressed, especially in the United States, it is connected to notions of poverty, social stratification, or income differentials, which are insufficient at ...


Religious Perspectives Being Marginalized In Canada, John Milloy Nov 2015

Religious Perspectives Being Marginalized In Canada, John Milloy

Consensus

This article was a lecture delivered at Waterloo Lutheran Seminary, Waterloo, Ontario Canada, April 8, 2015 at a reception welcoming John Milloy as Co-Director of the Centre for Public Ethics and Assistant Professor of Public Ethics at Waterloo Lutheran Seminary as well as the inaugural Practitioner in Residence in the Department of Political Science at Wilfrid Laurier University.


The Cold War And Heated Divides: Religious Proliferation, Maxwell Bevilacqua Dec 2012

The Cold War And Heated Divides: Religious Proliferation, Maxwell Bevilacqua

The Undergraduate Journal of Social Studies

Whereas religion, in its most general sense, is typically understood to be a secondary, tertiary, or even a non-factor in the realm of international relations, this piece explores the potential primacy of it’s impact in the Cold War. Specifically, America’s fanatical and concerted efforts to rally the world against the fanaticism of communism underscore not only the universal appeal of ”spiritual forces”, but also the historical reframing of American soft power. Further, this piece investigates how we may have come to understood the Cold War as a battle of “good” against “evil” in pursuit of peace and yet ...


Religion And Politics In Romania: From Public Affairs To Church-State Relations, Lavinia Stan, Lucian Turescu Apr 2012

Religion And Politics In Romania: From Public Affairs To Church-State Relations, Lavinia Stan, Lucian Turescu

Journal of Global Initiatives: Policy, Pedagogy, Perspective

In November 2010, Romanian legislator Liviu Campanu, representing the governing coalition, proposed Daniel Ciobotea as Prime Minister of a cabinet of "national union." The suggestion was surprising because Ciobotea is leader of the Orthodox Church, accounting for 86.8% of the country's population (International Religious Freedom Report, 2009). It would not be the first time when the Orthodox Patriarch assumed such a political role - Miron Cristea headed the government from 1938 to 1939. While Ciobotea quietly ignored it, the proposal reflected not only deep dissatisfaction with the government, but also the respect the Orthodox Church enjoys among Romanians. The ...


American Graffiti: Musings On The Ground Zero Mosque, Editor Sep 2010

American Graffiti: Musings On The Ground Zero Mosque, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses reactions and parallels to a mosque proposed near the site of the 9/11 attacks on the World Trade Center in public discourse.


The Link Between Poverty And Violent Conflict, J. Brian Atwood Sep 2003

The Link Between Poverty And Violent Conflict, J. Brian Atwood

New England Journal of Public Policy

The threat to the international system from the many forms of violent conflict, terrorism being the most prominent among them, is greater today than it was at the end of the twentieth century. This escalation of global conflict has been attributed to the breakup of the Soviet State, increasing ethnic tensions, weak governance at both the nation-state and international levels, and the rise of religious extremism. Each of these factors contributes to instability and the social tensions that lead to violence. It will be posited here that there is also a significant link between poverty and violent conflict, one that ...


Sacred Politics: Is Heaven Closed To The Wretched Of The Earth?, Editor Jul 2000

Sacred Politics: Is Heaven Closed To The Wretched Of The Earth?, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article explores the political and religious implications of a decision by the leaders of a religious institution for many of its followers and the appeal of the religion itself.


Trends. United States Foreign Policy, Iran, And Mirror Imaging, Editor Apr 2000

Trends. United States Foreign Policy, Iran, And Mirror Imaging, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article discusses the tension between the rule of law and democracy vs. religious authority in the context of international relations between the United States and Iran.


Religion As Opium, Religion As Vitamin: Comments On Pope John Paul Ii's Papacy And Political Power Jan 1999

Religion As Opium, Religion As Vitamin: Comments On Pope John Paul Ii's Papacy And Political Power

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article considers the interface between institutionalized and organized religion on the one hand and formally constituted and secular governmental authority on the other, in the context of Pope John Paul II's papacy.


Representative Democracy And The Non-Democratic Force Of Religion: Turkey, Israel, Algeria, India, And The United States, Editor Jan 1999

Representative Democracy And The Non-Democratic Force Of Religion: Turkey, Israel, Algeria, India, And The United States, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article identifies and provides examples of a destructive, non-democratic force that is intrinsic to a democracy. This force impinges on democracy from outside and from within.


Trends. Religious Killing: Going By The Book, Editor Jan 1999

Trends. Religious Killing: Going By The Book, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses the unfortunate social phenomena in India of religion-based killing and desecrating.


Cuba: The Massacre Of The Tugboat And The Message In Fatima, Lael Varella Jul 1998

Cuba: The Massacre Of The Tugboat And The Message In Fatima, Lael Varella

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article was written by Lael Varella. Mr. Varella is a third-term federal delegate to the Brazilian Congress and a member of the present government's parliamentary coalition. He is one of the most active and energetic of Brazilian congressmen and is especially known for his speeches about international politics, education, and the social and psychological problems of youth. As well, he is an ardent defender of private property, advocate of individual free


The Pope Defeats The Dictator: Religion And Communism In Cuba, Editor Jul 1998

The Pope Defeats The Dictator: Religion And Communism In Cuba, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article was written by Ismael Sambra Haber. Sambra has published poetry, short stories, literary criticism, and essays in both Cuban and international magazines and journals. He also has worked as a stage actor and as a consultant, screenwriter, actor, and director of Tele Turquino. Sambra has published Para Ti Mujer (For You, Woman), Coleccion Plegables, 1978; Las Cinco Plumas y la Luz del Sol (The Five Feathers and the Sun Light), Editorial Oriente, 1987; Para No Ser Leido en Recital (Not to be Read at a Poetry Reading or Recital), Editorial Oriente, 1991; and Remolino de Luz (Whirl of ...