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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

You've Got A Friend In Me: The Effects Of Lgbtqia+ Legislators On Same-Sex Partnership Rights In Latin America, Danica Genners Jan 2018

You've Got A Friend In Me: The Effects Of Lgbtqia+ Legislators On Same-Sex Partnership Rights In Latin America, Danica Genners

Senior Independent Study Theses

Scholars have debated how descriptive representation might operate as a vehicle for furthering minority rights. Rarely discussed in this literature is the role that the election of LGBTQIA+ politicians can have on overall approval of LGBTQIA+ rights within a country. This study aims to identify the various effects that LGBTQIA+ sexual minority federal representatives in Latin America have on public opinion on pro-LGBTQIA+ policies. Using a multi-year, cross-national survey of eleven Latin American countries my study tests whether the election of a LGBTQIA+ representative is related to more progressive views on same-sex marriage. This study finds that the election of ...


Masculinity (De)Construction And Policing: A Comparative Study Of Representation, Policies, And Legitimacy, Sarah Huffman Jan 2018

Masculinity (De)Construction And Policing: A Comparative Study Of Representation, Policies, And Legitimacy, Sarah Huffman

Senior Independent Study Theses

The culture of policing oftentimes equates police competency with masculinity, valorizing physicality and bravery, but at the expense of other characteristics included in policework such as service and protection. The introduction of more female officers into police services leads the question as to how their increased representation (de)constructs traditional masculinist attitudes and affects gender inclusive policy and actions of a police service, encompassing police response to cases of domestic and sexual violence. This study investigates whether higher gender equity in a police service increases gender inclusive policy and actions by the police and whether this factor, in turn, increases ...


Real Fake News: The Colbert Report And Affective Polarization, Jeffrey J. Skoroda Jan 2018

Real Fake News: The Colbert Report And Affective Polarization, Jeffrey J. Skoroda

Senior Independent Study Theses

This Independent Study examines the relationship between political satire and affective polarization. Affective polarization is a newly growing form of political polarization wherein partisans are polarized based on mutual dislike for opposing partisans rather than ideological disagreements. Political news has been linked to this recent trend in polarization. Over the past two decades, political scientists have taken an interest in investigating the impact of political satire programs like The Daily Show and The Colbert Report through the same lens as traditional political news. These satirical news programs implement satire, a more complex form of comedy that can require more cognitive ...


Inclusion Of Blocking Power For A Complete Voting Power Analysis In The Imf, Shiwani Varal Jan 2018

Inclusion Of Blocking Power For A Complete Voting Power Analysis In The Imf, Shiwani Varal

Senior Independent Study Theses

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) calculates the voting power of a country by dividing the total of one member's votes by the total of all members' votes. This method of calculating the power of a state judges power as voting weight. However, voting weights are the total number of votes a country has in an institution, while voting power is the influence a country has on a policy decision. A better approach to calculate this voting power within an institution is by using voting power indices. However, literature only calculates the winning power, while voting power is defined as ...


Power, Profit, And Political Participation: How Neoliberal Rationality Limits Citizen Influence In A Democracy, Emma Woods Jan 2018

Power, Profit, And Political Participation: How Neoliberal Rationality Limits Citizen Influence In A Democracy, Emma Woods

Senior Independent Study Theses

Democracy’s promise is that citizens hold the ultimate power in government. However, the ascension of neoliberal rationality, an economic rationality that focuses primarily on economic growth with political activity being secondary or merely instrumental to economic growth, acts as a threat to that promise. This paper offers a critical analysis of political participation in a democracy, using two theoretical frameworks, liberalism and neoliberalism. Based in these theoretical frameworks, it provides an analysis of how changes in individual conceptions of self have institutional effects on politics. Laying out the framework of neoliberalism, tracing its ideological roots in liberalism and its ...


Department Of History And Political Science Registration Newsletter Fall 2017, Department Of History And Political Science, University Of Southern Maine Oct 2017

Department Of History And Political Science Registration Newsletter Fall 2017, Department Of History And Political Science, University Of Southern Maine

Department of History and Political Science Registration Newsletter

In this issue:

  • New Faculty: Lacey Sparks
  • Exhibition: "Letters Home: Harriet Sweetser and the Gorham Normal School at the Turn-of-the-Century"
  • Student appreciation
  • USM Special Collections
  • Exhibition: "The Forgotten Heroines of the Easter Rising by Irish Sculptor Betty Newman-Maguire"
  • HTY/POS Courses Offered Fall 2017
  • HTY/POS Internships Offered Fall 2017
  • HTY/POS Courses Offered Summer 2017


Cohen Looks At The Influence Of Politics On Art, Aldemaro Romero Jr. Jul 2017

Cohen Looks At The Influence Of Politics On Art, Aldemaro Romero Jr.

Publications and Research

“I’m a professor of politics and I’ve been politically concerned since I was a teenager, and music has always been of great interest to me, along with the tensions between what is created artistically and what political ideas are embedded or may be embedded— sometimes consciously, sometimes not so consciously—in various types of artworks.”

This opening statement may surprise many, but it shows how professors like Dr. Mitchell Cohen cross disciplinary boundaries to explain how the world works.


Ignorance Is Bliss: The Impacts Of International Travel And Education On Political Beliefs, Kyle Decker Jul 2017

Ignorance Is Bliss: The Impacts Of International Travel And Education On Political Beliefs, Kyle Decker

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

This ISP examines the link between international travel and selected political beliefs. While the literature on the political effects of international travel are almost non-existent, many works exist that link increased education to higher political skepticism. In this study, we test the theory that international travel can be interpreted as education, and thus can have the same effect of engendering political skepticism.

This theory is tested using a survey which was distributed at various locations in Amman, Jordan. The survey first asked about the respondent’s basic demographical information, education level and international travel history. The political questions focused on ...


Mcmanus Studies, Teaches International Conflicts., Aldemaro Romero Jr. May 2017

Mcmanus Studies, Teaches International Conflicts., Aldemaro Romero Jr.

Publications and Research

Sometimes people in academia get their inspiration from unsuspected sources. That is the case with political scientists such as Dr. Roseanne McManus. “While in middle school I started reading novels by Tom Clancy and Clive Cussler. Reading about the strategic interaction of countries in these books made me interested to learn more both about the former Soviet Union and about how countries interact with each other and how they choose their strategies to get what they want,” she says.

This native of Towson, Maryland, went on to obtain a master’s degree in government and politics at the University of ...


Too Much Democracy?: Trends In American Public Opinion Of Israel, Alexander Thomas May 2017

Too Much Democracy?: Trends In American Public Opinion Of Israel, Alexander Thomas

Student Scholar Symposium Abstracts and Posters

This paper analyzes the factors that influence the American electorate’s support of Israel using data gleaned from the 2016 American National Election Study. Americans have formally recognized the state of Israel since 1948, starting 11 minutes after it declared its independence. Since then, American foreign policy has consistently endeavored to create and maintain a strong Israeli state in the Middle East. However, there is general agreement among foreign policy experts that such one-sided support for Israel has been both economically as well as strategically costly. According to experts, such support has at times contradicted the broader foreign policy goals ...


Donald J. Trump: A Voter Case Study, Amanda Mark May 2017

Donald J. Trump: A Voter Case Study, Amanda Mark

Honors Theses

The purpose of this research is to determine whether the recent literature on the Trump phenomena explains the motivation behind college student Trump supporters. Ten college students were interviewed between October 2016 and January 2017. The information gleaned from these interviews show overlaps that further support the scholarly and journalistic conclusions of why people voted for Trump, but as these interviews were conducted after Trump had secured the nomination, it adds new information to help determine the driving force behind a subsection of Trump voters.


Jones Studies The Condition Of American Politics., Aldemaro Romero Jr. Apr 2017

Jones Studies The Condition Of American Politics., Aldemaro Romero Jr.

Publications and Research

There are many reasons why people decide upon a career. Some follow family tradition, others seek careers with the potential for a big paycheck, still others are inspired by a particular professor in college. But in certain cases, something more mundane explains how a person arrives at such a momentous decision.

“I grew up in a family where, every morning as I was eating my cereal before going to school, the radio was on with the news,” says Dr. David Jones, a professor and Chair of the Department of Political Science at the Weissman School of Arts and Sciences in ...


The Political Glass Cliff: Potential Causes Of Female Underrepresentation In The U.S. House Of Representatives, Erica Browning Apr 2017

The Political Glass Cliff: Potential Causes Of Female Underrepresentation In The U.S. House Of Representatives, Erica Browning

Scholar Week 2016 - present

The "glass cliff’ effect has been studied widely within the business sphere, but there is limited research in how the effect applies to political bodies. This effect suggests that women are elected into positions of leadership during times of crisis or upheaval. This research will be an archival study of the 2006, 2008, and 2010 congressional elections, and to determine if female candidates are disproportionately represented in hard to win districts by their parties. Results show that while the underrepresentation of women can be partially mediated by winnability as determined by the parties previous success, there is still a significant ...


Are Means Determinative: An Examination Of The Influence Of Relative Economic And Military Strength On Grand Strategy Choice, Raymond W. Deppen Apr 2017

Are Means Determinative: An Examination Of The Influence Of Relative Economic And Military Strength On Grand Strategy Choice, Raymond W. Deppen

Dissertations

This study will use three types of multivariate regression analysis to examine the relationship between Grand Strategy Choice and Relative Military and Economic Power. Understanding the effects of the relative distribution of available means on a nation’s choice of grand strategy is important, because if they are significant, it may be possible to predict the behavior of great powers, based on an examination of their available means.

The first model uses a robust logit analysis to look at the effect of a series of lagged independent variables on whether a great power adopts a Pro or Anti Status Quo ...


Department Of History And Political Science Registration Newsletter Spring 2017, Department Of History And Political Science, University Of Southern Maine Apr 2017

Department Of History And Political Science Registration Newsletter Spring 2017, Department Of History And Political Science, University Of Southern Maine

Department of History and Political Science Registration Newsletter

In this issue:

  • Maine Model United Nations Conference
  • The Arctic: Challenges and Opportunities Program
  • W.E.B. Du Bois: Becoming an American Program
  • Registration information
  • Ron Schmidt's column in Maine Beacon
  • HTY/POS Courses Offered Spring 2017
  • HTY/POS Internships Spring 2017
  • Abraham Peck received a DLitt (Doctor of letters) degree from the University of East Anglia in Norwich, England
  • USM History on Instagram: @usmhistory
  • HTY spring trip to New York City
  • Libby Bischof's class visit to Abbe Museum
  • "Judeo-Christian and Islamic Values" an opinion article written by Abraham Peck


Leviathan Lost: The Impact Of State Capacity On The Duration And Intensity Of Civil Wars, Sarah Simon Apr 2017

Leviathan Lost: The Impact Of State Capacity On The Duration And Intensity Of Civil Wars, Sarah Simon

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

While wars between nations have declined over the past twenty years, intrastate conflicts are on the rise. Scholars are now examining the conditions under which civil war is likely to break out, to last longer, and to intensify, and the strength of the local government has emerged as a critical factor that could potentially mitigate the harms posed by civil wars. This thesis addresses two research questions: what is the impact of state strength on (1) conflict duration and (2) conflict intensity? To answer these research questions, I conduct several quantitative analyses of all internal conflicts occurring in the years ...


Jordanian Public University Student Voter Participation In Parliamentary Elections, Sean Hyland Apr 2017

Jordanian Public University Student Voter Participation In Parliamentary Elections, Sean Hyland

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Many researchers have studied the association between Jordanian parliamentary elections participation and influential factors such as national origin, and tribe. Although scholars have identified the clear relationship between tribal heritage and voter decision making, such a distinction has not been studied amongst university students specifically. The purpose of this study is to identify and quantify the correlations between various factors of student life and the decision to participate in Jordanian parliamentary elections. Specifically, this research focuses on the potential influences of national origin, tribal affiliation, and current living environment (including school environment). Data was collected at six Jordanian public universities ...


The Writing On The Walls: Street Art As A Site Of Participation In Discourse And A Platform For Voice In The Moroccan Public Sphere, Natalie Johnson Apr 2017

The Writing On The Walls: Street Art As A Site Of Participation In Discourse And A Platform For Voice In The Moroccan Public Sphere, Natalie Johnson

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Street art is a form of mass communication and a platform for public discourse (Chaffee, 1993, p. 4). Public discourse in the Moroccan context is undergoing a process of limited liberalization, characterized by the hybrid regime’s allowance of a greater plurality of voices to legitimately participate in public discourse while still maintaining surveillance and control over who participates and how they participate (Desrues, 2013). Through qualitative research methods, this study analyzes how individual actors and the Moroccan hybrid regime use street art in the Rabat-Casablanca urban space to participate in public discourse and how street art is related to ...


More Harm Than Good In "Failing" Schools: The Rise Of The Standards-Based And Market-Driven Education Reform Models And Their Adverse Implications In A High-Poverty Urban District, Rachel Simon Mar 2017

More Harm Than Good In "Failing" Schools: The Rise Of The Standards-Based And Market-Driven Education Reform Models And Their Adverse Implications In A High-Poverty Urban District, Rachel Simon

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

The national dialogue surrounding education policy has long been centered around two core strategies: the standards-based and market-driven reform models. Both approaches were firmly entrenched in federal law through the passage of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB), and have since continued to act as guiding forces of reform in urban districts nationwide. This thesis examines the academic and political debates that have shaped the standards-based and market-driven reform models, and explores their implications within high-poverty schools. Since 2001, the School District of Philadelphia has rigorously implemented these reform strategies in an effort to boost the achievement ...


Let's Talk About Sex: Why The Topic Of Sexual Violence Prevention Should Be Prioritized In K-12 Sex Education, Abbie Starker Mar 2017

Let's Talk About Sex: Why The Topic Of Sexual Violence Prevention Should Be Prioritized In K-12 Sex Education, Abbie Starker

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

While campus sexual assault has recently garnered a lot of attention in the United States, there has been less recognition of individuals who experience sexual and gender-based violence outside of the university/college system. Many people who experience sexual violence have never attended a post-secondary institution, or they experienced sexual violence before they were college-aged. Because of this reality, it is important that there are resources and education about sexual violence for people at a younger age. Through an analysis of public policy, interviews with experts in the field, and a survey that I administered, this thesis examines both formal ...


Greg Shaw, March 8, 2017, Charlie Schlenker Mar 2017

Greg Shaw, March 8, 2017, Charlie Schlenker

Interviews for WGLT

Illinois Wesleyan University Professor of Political Science Greg Shaw speaks with Charlie Schlenker, WGLT Radio, about the attempt to repeal American Health Care Act established by President Obama’s administration. Professor Shaw’s book, "The Dysfunctional Politics of the ACA", will be released by Praeger Publishing in May 2017.


Criminalizing The Lgbt Community And The Long Arm Of The Religious State, Victor Asal Feb 2017

Criminalizing The Lgbt Community And The Long Arm Of The Religious State, Victor Asal

Campus Conversations in Standish

In this presentation, Associate Professor Victor Asal explains his exploration of the factors that make states around the world more likely to legally discriminate against the LGBT community and why some countries are more likely to put people to death for consensual same sex relations.


The Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment, Colleen Arthur Jan 2017

The Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment, Colleen Arthur

Undergraduate Research Posters

The aim of this paper is to look into the human rights violations committed by the United States against the black men during the Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment as well as touch on the broader concept of racial medicine. In addition, my goal is to dismantle the pretense society may hold about the United States and the moral high ground it claims to stand on. In order to accomplish this goal, I will make parallels about atrocities committed by the United States on the African-American population to those committed by the Nazis on the Jewish population in Germany. I will first ...


Explaining The Empty Booth: An Experiment In Candidate Traits And Their Predictive Power On Youth Voter Turnout, Sophia Elliot Jan 2017

Explaining The Empty Booth: An Experiment In Candidate Traits And Their Predictive Power On Youth Voter Turnout, Sophia Elliot

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This paper is motivated by the overall trend of decreasing youth voter turnout since the 1960s in the U.S, which has been accompanied by large fluctuations in turnout between election cycles. By contrast, older age groups vote at higher rates with less variation in turnout between elections over time. This paper aims to identify some independent variables that affect youth voter turnout rate and its’ fluctuation over time. Using American National Election Survey data, a correlation is observed between certain candidate character traits and youth voter turnout. This study focuses on a candidate’s morality and intelligence by studying ...


Manufacturing Discrimination: A Quantitative Analysis Of Felon Disenfranchisement Laws, Andrew Chiang Jan 2017

Manufacturing Discrimination: A Quantitative Analysis Of Felon Disenfranchisement Laws, Andrew Chiang

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Felon disenfranchisement laws pose a unique threat to the fundamental ideal of our democracy that every individual deserves equal representation in government. Drawing from the literature on felon disenfranchisement, these laws have racially discriminatory effects by disproportionately depriving black and other minority voters of their voting rights. This paper analyzes the claims made by the academic community through the use of statistical techniques to assess their overall effectiveness at predicting both patterns of felon disenfranchisement laws across states today and the changing strictness of felon disenfranchisement laws since the turn of the century. Ultimately, this paper finds the claims made ...


Policy Dissemination: Public Administration Theory And International Organizations | A Case Study On The Convention On The Rights Of Persons With Disabilities In The Kingdom Of Morocco, Rachelle Ann Wilson Dec 2016

Policy Dissemination: Public Administration Theory And International Organizations | A Case Study On The Convention On The Rights Of Persons With Disabilities In The Kingdom Of Morocco, Rachelle Ann Wilson

Capstone Projects – Politics and Government

With the advent of international organizations comes international law. Unprecedented at such a global and influential level, there is no theoretical framework within public administration explicitly focused on administrative structure and strategies for the implementation of international law. Consequently, the current administrative literature and theoretical framework must be looked to and transposed, as much as possible, to the international stage. This paper explores public administration theory and how it would manifest if applied to international policy implementation. By taking a closer look into the United Nations’ Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and its implementation strategy within the ...


Angler And Voter Perceptions Of Grey Seals On Nantucket, Brandi Brook Dec 2016

Angler And Voter Perceptions Of Grey Seals On Nantucket, Brandi Brook

Honors Theses

Grey seals came close to extinction prior to enactment of the 1972 Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA). Since the MMPA, seal populations have greatly recovered, especially around Cape Cod and Islands, which has caused controversy between fishing interests and the seals. This article offers insight into the beliefs of Nantucket voters and anglers about seals and their attitudes towards the MMPA. Surveys were mailed to Nantucket voters and administered to anglers on-site. While previous research suggested that anglers would be more anthropocentric and voters more ecocentric, differences were not statistically significant because of the high number of voters who were ...


Department Of History And Political Science Registration Newsletter Fall 2016, Department Of History And Political Science, University Of Southern Maine Oct 2016

Department Of History And Political Science Registration Newsletter Fall 2016, Department Of History And Political Science, University Of Southern Maine

Department of History and Political Science Registration Newsletter

In this issue:

  • New Race and Ethnic Studies Minor
  • Ron Schmidt in the news
  • Robert Klotz and Dmitry Bam lecture
  • Maine Model United Nations Conference
  • HTY/POS Courses Offered Fall 2016
  • HTY/POS Internships Offered Fall 2016
  • HTY/POS Courses Offered Summer 2016
  • Student appreciation
  • Libby Bischof presenting at the Third Annual Historians forum at the Maine Historical Society
  • Eileen Eagan at the annual national Council on Public History conference in Baltimore, Maryland


Analyzing The Success Of Social Movements: Social Movement Theories Applied To Occupy Wall Street And The Tea Party, Gaetano Mortillaro Aug 2016

Analyzing The Success Of Social Movements: Social Movement Theories Applied To Occupy Wall Street And The Tea Party, Gaetano Mortillaro

Honors Theses

Two significant social movements, Occupy Wall Street and the Tea Party have entered onto the political scene within the last decade, both having significantly different impacts upon the political discourse and political establishment within the United States. The question remains, however, which elements of each movement is ascribed to its corresponding success or failure? Three social movement theories: Resource Mobilization Theory, Political Process Theory, and Collective Identity Theory, better help explain the results of these movements. While none of the individual theories fully explores all the necessary elements required to explain the results of these movements, and each aids the ...


Self Sufficiency In Refugees, Sarah Zayed Jul 2016

Self Sufficiency In Refugees, Sarah Zayed

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

The Syrian refugee crisis has taken the world by storm as it is not only a Jordanian issue or a Middle Eastern issue but rather it is a humanitarian crisis. The intent of this research is to study Syrian refugees living in Jordan whom are living outside of refugee camps and their level of self-sufficiency. A few ideas the researcher has kept in mind throughout this study are: Are refugees working in the same fields as they did in Syria? Does Jordan really invest in these workers? What is the Syrian point of view? What is the Jordanian government point ...