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Political Science

2015

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Articles 1 - 29 of 29

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Joining “Us”; Creating And Maintaining A Discipline-Based Learning Community, Kelly Mchugh Phd, R. Bruce Anderson Phd Nov 2015

Joining “Us”; Creating And Maintaining A Discipline-Based Learning Community, Kelly Mchugh Phd, R. Bruce Anderson Phd

Learning Communities Research and Practice

The article describes the development of a disciplinary living/learning community in political science; the authors, two faculty members, started the community in the fall of 2012. The faculty leaders describe the various practices used to integrate political science courses in two subfields: American politics and international politics. In particular, the authors consider how, over the past five semesters, they have adapted their teaching practices to provide members of the LLC with a more holistic understanding of political processes, methods, and outcomes. They argue that their model would be applicable to a wide array of disciplines.


The Right Of Return: International Representation Of Palestinian Refugee Rights, Ariella Hohl Oct 2015

The Right Of Return: International Representation Of Palestinian Refugee Rights, Ariella Hohl

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

This study focuses on Palestinian identity in refugee camps and their international representation of rights by the PLO. The goal of this research is to understand how the meaning of the Right of Return has developed through generations of Palestinian refugees residing in camps, in contrast with the international community discourse presented by the PLO on this topic.

After almost two decades since the PLO’s leadership renewal, a gap is visible between Palestinian political representation and the sentiments of Palestinians on the ground. There are growing perceptions dissatisfaction with the current leadership, especially from the perspective of refugees. More ...


Is Suspension A Political Question, Amanda L. Tyler May 2015

Is Suspension A Political Question, Amanda L. Tyler

Amanda L Tyler

The article focuses on the Suspension Clause of the U.S. Constitution being a political issue. It says that once suspension is viewed as a nonjusticiable political question, it would turn as a subject on which most of the restraints imposed by the Constitution would not be subjected to judicial enforcement. It is claimed that such thought should be denied because it is at odds of writ of habeas corpus heritage and would only complicate the separation of powers and the institution of judicial reviews.


All Work And No Pay: How Labor Force Demographics Explain Regional Variation In The Arab Spring Uprisings, Elana M. Stern May 2015

All Work And No Pay: How Labor Force Demographics Explain Regional Variation In The Arab Spring Uprisings, Elana M. Stern

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Despite scholarly and popular hopes and predictions that the 2011 Arab Spring would mean the end of authoritarianism and the onset of democracy across the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, anti-regime uprisings only occurred in a small subset of MENA nations. This thesis aims to address the puzzle of the Arab Spring’s partial contagion; the main interest of this work is to explore why the six Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries in particular escaped the Arab Spring virtually unscathed. The hypothesis offered here argues that the regional variation in the Arab Spring uprisings can be explained by ...


The Wages Of Ambivalence: On The Context And Prospects Of New York's Death Penalty, Franklin E. Zimring May 2015

The Wages Of Ambivalence: On The Context And Prospects Of New York's Death Penalty, Franklin E. Zimring

Franklin E. Zimring

No abstract provided.


Convincing The Reluctant Superpower: Political Communications, Influence, And Public Diplomacy, Samuel H. Ruddy May 2015

Convincing The Reluctant Superpower: Political Communications, Influence, And Public Diplomacy, Samuel H. Ruddy

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This paper seeks to understand the real influence that public diplomacy may have over American foreign policy vis-à-vis its effect on public opinion. In order to examine that influence, the paper uses the case of American intervention against the Islamic State in Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS, ISIL, or Dash) to examine how different kinds of elites influence American public opinion through political communication. It tests RM Entman’s Cascading Activation model of elite influence as a framework to understand public diplomacy, replicating his qualitative study of press coverage with specific focus on foreign sources. It also expands the model by ...


Is The Corporate Elite Fractured, Or Is There Continuing Corporate Dominance? Two Contrasting Views, G. William Domhoff May 2015

Is The Corporate Elite Fractured, Or Is There Continuing Corporate Dominance? Two Contrasting Views, G. William Domhoff

Class, Race and Corporate Power

This article compares two recent analyses of continuity and change in the American power structure since 1900, with a main focus on the years after World War II. The first analysis asserts that the “corporate elite” has fractured and fragmented in recent decades and no longer has the unity to have a collective impact on public policy. The second analysis claims that corporate leaders remain united, albeit with moderate-conservative and ultra-conservative differences on several issues, and continue to have a dominant collective impact on public policies that involve their major goals. After comparing the two perspectives on key issues from ...


The Rise And Fall Of The World War Machine, Justin Jacob Brown May 2015

The Rise And Fall Of The World War Machine, Justin Jacob Brown

Political Science Theses

Noting internment’s nearly ubiquitous connection with the World War Machine, The Rise and Fall of the World War Machine examines implications for political community. A postmodern interpretive analysis approach seeks to overcome the constraints of axiomatic designs to ensure that the often hidden movement of internment comes to light. Giles Deleuze and Felix Guattari demonstrate the rise of the World War Machine, a global collection of state war machines that use war as a means to propagate confinement through internment. Giorgio Agamben observes that a hidden manifestations of interment encroach into contemporary political life. Examining Michel Foucault’s account ...


Competitive Mega-Regional Trade Agreements: Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (Rcep) Vs. Trans-Pacific Partnership (Tpp), Yifei Xiao Apr 2015

Competitive Mega-Regional Trade Agreements: Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (Rcep) Vs. Trans-Pacific Partnership (Tpp), Yifei Xiao

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

The Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) and the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP) are both mega-regional trade initiatives in the Asia-Pacific that began in the late 2000s. Both are currently still under negotiation, and once concluded, will potentially shape the future of economic integration in the region. This paper seeks to explain why two overlapping yet diverging mega-regional trade deals emerged in the same region at around the same time. The paper posits that there is a direct relationship between the development of the TPP and that of the RCEP. Hence, it seeks to find a theory that best explains the interactive ...


Political Science Spring 2014, Susan Miller Apr 2015

Political Science Spring 2014, Susan Miller

Political Science Newsletter Spring 2014

No abstract provided.


Neither Here Nor There: Education, Citizenship, And The Failed Integration Of North Korean Defectors In South Korea, Joyce J. Kim Mar 2015

Neither Here Nor There: Education, Citizenship, And The Failed Integration Of North Korean Defectors In South Korea, Joyce J. Kim

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Despite sharing a cultural and historical background with South Koreans, North Korean defectors have difficulty integrating within South Korean society. This paper seeks to address the factors in South Korean society that make integration difficult for defectors. Specifically, what is the relationship between education and the formation of values and attitudes of South Koreans towards North Korean defectors?

This study argues that North Korean defectors cannot successfully integrate into South Korean society because 1) South Korean cultural attitudes embrace the hanminjok ideology that makes it difficult for defectors to acquire cultural citizenship and 2) the South Korean social- efficiency education ...


The Impact Of The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act Of 2010 On National School Meal Participation Rates, Irene Hong Feb 2015

The Impact Of The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act Of 2010 On National School Meal Participation Rates, Irene Hong

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

The Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act (HHFKA) of 2010 is the most recent child nutrition reauthorization bill. It authorizes $4.5 billion in new funding for the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA)’s core child nutrition programs, including the National School Lunch Program and School Breakfast Program. Public focus and attention with regard to the HHFKA has chiefly been focused on the dramatic changes implemented in nutritional requirements for all food served in schools, including new restrictions on the amount of calories, sugar, fat and sodium in school meals. Nutrition advocates have lauded these efforts to address rising rates of ...


Cosmetics Use And Self-Image Among Contemporary American Women, Alexis A. George Jan 2015

Cosmetics Use And Self-Image Among Contemporary American Women, Alexis A. George

Undergraduate Research Posters

People have been using cosmetics for thousands of years. In fact, certain forms of makeup such as kohl eyeliner which can still be found and used today, were even once used by the ancient Egyptians. Even today, cosmetics use is extremely widespread, perhaps even more so now than before. After conducting extensive research, I decided to argue that the use of cosmetics has negatively influenced the self-image of modern American women in a research project. I chose to argue this because doing makeup has been an interesting hobby to me for about 4 years now and I thought that arguing ...


"If You Want To Test A Man's Character Give Him Power" Abraham Lincoln's Character And Use Of Strategic Action: An Analysis Of Presidential Decision-Making, Hannah Sharfman Jan 2015

"If You Want To Test A Man's Character Give Him Power" Abraham Lincoln's Character And Use Of Strategic Action: An Analysis Of Presidential Decision-Making, Hannah Sharfman

Senior Independent Study Theses

The examination of President Abraham Lincoln’s performance in office through multiple political theories can help political scientists better understand the decision making process which led to both successful and unsuccessful decisions taken by arguably the most illustrious president in United States history. My research examines three of Lincoln’s major decisions while in office, using the cases of the Emancipation Proclamation (successful decision), the management of General McClellan (failed decision), and his suspension of habeas corpus (mixed decision). My aim is to discover can these theories focusing on presidential character or on the use of strategic action help to ...


The Effectiveness Of The Strategies Interest Groups Use To Influence Health Care Reform In The United States: A Case Study Analysis Of President Clinton, Bush, And Obama's Health Care Reforms, Jacquelyn E. Hannan Jan 2015

The Effectiveness Of The Strategies Interest Groups Use To Influence Health Care Reform In The United States: A Case Study Analysis Of President Clinton, Bush, And Obama's Health Care Reforms, Jacquelyn E. Hannan

Senior Independent Study Theses

This independent study explores the effectiveness of the strategies interest groups use to influence health care reform in the United States. This is done through testing three hypotheses The hypotheses are: 1) With all other things being equal, interest groups who are more active with the reform movement are more likely to be successful in their goals than those who are less active, 2) With all other things being equal, interest groups who are aligned with presidential health care reform initiatives are more likely to be successful in their goals than those who are not aligned, and 3) With all ...


Violence Without Verdicts: A Comparative Analysis Of Social Movements And Race Relations In The United States And South Africa, Madison Swoy Jan 2015

Violence Without Verdicts: A Comparative Analysis Of Social Movements And Race Relations In The United States And South Africa, Madison Swoy

Senior Independent Study Theses

This paper explores the role that social movements play in weakening the racial hierarchies that continue to persist in contemporary United States and South Africa. A theoretical analysis of the function of social movements is followed by an historical survey of the racial hierarchies within these two countries, with particular attention paid to the countries’ respective eras of institutionalized racism characterized by the Jim Crow and Apartheid periods. After which, police brutality and service delivery are used to exemplify the structural racism that endures in each of these societies. These two issues also serve as the most galvanizing issues for ...


Armed With An Easel: Understanding Artistic Political Praxis Through The Works Of Theodor Adorno And Chantal Mouffe, Evelyn Yu Yu Swe Jan 2015

Armed With An Easel: Understanding Artistic Political Praxis Through The Works Of Theodor Adorno And Chantal Mouffe, Evelyn Yu Yu Swe

Senior Independent Study Theses

This Independent Study is divided into four chapters. The first chapter examines the role of capitalism in the formation of our culture. The argument presented here is that culture plays an important role in reinforcing modern neoliberal capitalism and that neoliberal capitalism has massive control over the dissemination of culture and the arts. The chapter concludes that it is necessary to utilize socio-cultural means in combating the influence of capitalism, and there does indeed exist emancipatory potential in artistic political praxis.

The second chapter focuses on Theodor Adorno’s aesthetic theory in articulating his conception of the emancipatory potential of ...


Familiarity, Religiosity, And Authoritarianism: The Acceptability Of Gay Rights And Same-Sex Marriage, Kirstin Eddings Sullivan Jan 2015

Familiarity, Religiosity, And Authoritarianism: The Acceptability Of Gay Rights And Same-Sex Marriage, Kirstin Eddings Sullivan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The acceptability of gay rights (specifically same-sex marriage) at the individual level is constantly changing and this is revealed in the changing attitudes among states that have legalized same-sex marriage (37 states and the District of Columbia as of February14, 2015). Current research shows that familiarity plays a part in increased acceptability of gay rights and same-sex marriage and also shows evangelical religiosity and authoritarianism as deterrents to acceptance. This thesis shows that familiarity is the strongest of the three variables and that religiosity and authoritarianism do affect acceptability, but only when familiarity is low. Using questions from the 2012 ...


The Dogs That Did Bark: White-Collar Unions And Protests In Moscow In The Eastern European Post-Communist Context, Igor Bazay Jan 2015

The Dogs That Did Bark: White-Collar Unions And Protests In Moscow In The Eastern European Post-Communist Context, Igor Bazay

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This study will examine whether Russian labor is truly “quiescent” by examining general activity in Moscow from 2000 to 2014 and then focusing on white-collar union activity. The results indicate that over this period, the unions representing healthcare workers, teachers, and academics were very active and often achieved concessions from the government such as higher wages or changes to proposed reforms. These findings are important in the context of other post-communist states (Poland, Hungary, and the Czech Republic) as they indicate that institutional differences like method of unionization and unions’ political involvement led to different results for white-collar unions in ...


Economic Sanctions’ Effectiveness In A World With Interdependent Networks And Powerful Mncs: The Role Of Governance In The Target State, Pia Figuerola Jan 2015

Economic Sanctions’ Effectiveness In A World With Interdependent Networks And Powerful Mncs: The Role Of Governance In The Target State, Pia Figuerola

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Economic sanctions are increasingly becoming the instrument of choice for countries to exert pressure on others, due to their non-violent nature. However, sanctions effectiveness has often been a source of concern. There is a large body of literature analyzing what factors influence economic sanctions effectiveness, including political variables such as international cooperation, prior relations between sender and target states, etc., as well as economic variables such as the average cost of sanctions, trade linkages, etc. This thesis attempts to make a contribution by exploring the role of multinational corporations (MNCs) in sanctions regimes, as they have become the main actor ...


Tackling The Question Of Legitimacy In Transitional Justice: Steve Biko And The Post-Apartheid Reconciliation Process In South Africa, Kaley L. Martin Jan 2015

Tackling The Question Of Legitimacy In Transitional Justice: Steve Biko And The Post-Apartheid Reconciliation Process In South Africa, Kaley L. Martin

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This thesis seeks to determine and understand the impact of the Steve Biko case on the effectiveness of the post-apartheid reconciliation process in South Africa. The Biko case in an example of a highly visible challenge to the South African government’s chosen method of post-apartheid reconciliation, as Biko’s own family did not believe in the process and fought elements of it from its inception.

Steve Biko was a noted anti-apartheid activist who founded the Black Consciousness movement, which advocated for black South Africans to be proud of their blackness. Biko died mysteriously and suddenly in police custody in ...


Peace Talks And Two-Level Games, Iman Hasan Jan 2015

Peace Talks And Two-Level Games, Iman Hasan

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This paper analyses the peace negotiations between Israel and Palestine that lasted over the period of nine-months (29 July 2013 – 29 April 2014), under the theoretical framework of Robert Putnam’s two-level games model. The model does not offer a solution to the decades-old conflict, however it draws our attention to different actors that influenced the negotiations. Thus, the model identifies the factors that possibly caused failure to the peace-process.


Hybridization And Kazakh Ethnic Identity Formation, Aslihan Yeniceri Jan 2015

Hybridization And Kazakh Ethnic Identity Formation, Aslihan Yeniceri

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The immigrant integration process became popular in literature, while hybridization studies have gained little space. The primary goal is to determine the characteristics that are important in the formation of Kazakh identity in Turkey, with an emphasis on conclusions from findings of survey study with a sample of 93 (N=93) participants. The participants served as subjects in a study designed to investigate how hybrid identities are constructed. The results revealed that Kazakhs attached a new kind of hybrid identity with more emphasize on Turkic roots and they reconstructed their ethnic identity which is not a product of assimilated fragile ...


On The Determinants Of Internal Armed Conflict, Nicholas James Hasty Jan 2015

On The Determinants Of Internal Armed Conflict, Nicholas James Hasty

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study expands upon literature on the cross-national causes of civil war and terrorism by combining the two concepts into an aggregate variable called internal armed conflict. It applies relative deprivation theory to politically excluded ethnic groups and also separates those two entities to examine socioeconomic desperation and ethnic exclusion respectively. From a review of the literature I identify eight variables that were found to be statistically significant predictors of either civil war or terrorism in previous studies and I use them as control variables in my models. I find that countries with excluded ethnic groups are somewhat more likely ...


Conservatism, Burke, And Durable Independence, Cory Cramer Jan 2015

Conservatism, Burke, And Durable Independence, Cory Cramer

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The use of the category “conservative” is common and widespread both for political scientists and for the general public. Yet, there doesn’t appear to be a scholarly consensus, nor a consensus among the general public with regard to what the primary value of conservatism is. There does seem to be a consensus that the best historical archetypal conservative was Edmund Burke. This paper examines the politics of Burke and comes to the conclusion that the primary value that Burke promoted throughout his career was the value of “durable independence”. The paper also makes the case that there is some ...


Comparative State Community College Return On Investment: State Funding, Local Funding, Tuition And Graduation Rates For Community Colleges, Christopher Neary Jan 2015

Comparative State Community College Return On Investment: State Funding, Local Funding, Tuition And Graduation Rates For Community Colleges, Christopher Neary

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

America’s community colleges have recently been thrust into the national spotlight as people look to retrain or find economic alternatives to higher education. This substantial increase in accountability is met with the constraints of financial resources and other limiting factors structured into community college systems. In this paper I examine community college return on investment by states, which govern the responsibility of educating America’s workforce through their diverse community college systems. To improve America’s postsecondary education competency is to optimize collective action of U.S. state community college systems. While colleges and universities contribute to national education ...


Citizen Competence And Its Effect On Citizen Satisfaction With Normative Ideals In American Democracy, Brett M. Daley Jan 2015

Citizen Competence And Its Effect On Citizen Satisfaction With Normative Ideals In American Democracy, Brett M. Daley

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Citizen competence--though not always referred to in those exact words--is a common and important topic in political science. This thesis proposes a definition of citizen competence that is heavily, though not entirely, contingent on a person's effort in gathering political information. Using data from the 2012 ANES pre-election survey, an empirical analysis is also conducted. Forty hypotheses are tested using one-way ANOVAs to look at the correlation between citizen competence and citizen satisfaction with common normative ideals held regarding American democracy. Results indicate that there is strong support for the theory that citizen competence is correlated with citizen satisfaction ...


El Estudio Científico De La Política, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte Dec 2014

El Estudio Científico De La Política, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Ubicar a la ciencia política en el contexto de otras ciencias y disciplinas, sobre todo porque el desconocimiento de los fundamentos de la misma hacen aparecer “politólogos” por doquier, cuando en realidad son “opinólogos”, no fundan sus afirmaciones sobre la política bajo preceptos científicos sino del sentido común y el saber cotidiano. La política, su acción, el saber de la misma y la opinión sobre ésta no es exclusivo de ciencia política. Pero el saber científico de la política si es propio de la ciencia política. Para hacer política no es necesario ni indispensable estudiar ciencia política, aunque evidentemente se ...


Crecimiento E Institucionalización De La Ciencia Política En México, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte Dec 2014

Crecimiento E Institucionalización De La Ciencia Política En México, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

El balance de la ciencia política en México en los primeros tres lustros del siglo XXI muestra una ciencia institucionalizada, con solo observar el número de programas de grado y posgrado, publicaciones, asociaciones e investigadores dedicados a cultivarla. Al mismo tiempo se mantiene su fragmentación interna, propia de la disciplina desde sus orígenes. Todavía no se asume como una ciencia al singular (ciencia política) y se sigue pensando en plural (ciencias políticas); empero la democratización en el país la impactó favorablemente pues abrió un abanico de temas que requieren explicaciones propiamente politológicas, lo que ha impulsado el crecimiento de la ...