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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

A Tale Told By A President, Mark A. Graber Nov 2011

A Tale Told By A President, Mark A. Graber

Mark Graber

Part I of this essay makes the case for symbolic politics. Presidents often have political reasons for subjecting courts to mere words. Part II makes the case for constitutional hardball.


Political Science Fall 2011, Dan Sabia Oct 2011

Political Science Fall 2011, Dan Sabia

Political Science Newsletter Fall 2011

No abstract provided.


The Beauty And The Beast: Civil Society And Nationalisms In Bosnia And Herzegovina, Joan Davison Oct 2011

The Beauty And The Beast: Civil Society And Nationalisms In Bosnia And Herzegovina, Joan Davison

Faculty Publications

Both ethnic nationalism and liberal civic nationalism exist with historical precedents in Bosnia­Herzegovina. Many elected elites privilege extremist ethnic nationalism. The power-sharing structure of the Dayton Peace Accords institutionalizes their influence and permits the current political stalemate. Further, a legacy of authoritarianism vitiates a political culture supportive of elite accountability and mass responsibility. Yet a nascent civil society witnesses to the past and potential future of liberal cosmopolitanism. This research includes interviews with leaders and members of civil society organizations to assess the impediments to and strength of civil society as a vehicle to promote civic nationalism. While interviewees ...


Introduction To The Special Issue: Governing Energy In A Fragmented World, Ann Florini, Navroz K. Dubash Sep 2011

Introduction To The Special Issue: Governing Energy In A Fragmented World, Ann Florini, Navroz K. Dubash

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

This special issue brings together leading experts from Asia, Europe and North America to examine the international institutions, national governance mechanisms and financing systems that together will determine the future of the energy sector. The enormous environmental externalities imposed by fossil fuel extraction and consumption, the devastating corruption and human rights abuses that have accompanied this energy system, and the geopolitical vulnerabilities that have arisen because of the uneven natural distribution of these resources, have occasioned enormous handwringing - but not, yet, a shift to a more rational system of providing energy services. Although national governments play the dominant role in ...


The Unintended Political Consequences Of Higher Education In The Prc, Allison Carroll Goldman May 2011

The Unintended Political Consequences Of Higher Education In The Prc, Allison Carroll Goldman

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

In the past 10 years, China has grown its higher education sector into the largest in the world. At the same time, growing international integration of Chinese institutions means increasing cross-fertilization of ideas across national borders. While the literature on these developments has focused largely on their economic implications, this study asks what they mean politically. In light of current questions regarding political debate and reform in the Chinese Communist Party, this paper suggests new higher education policies may have important unintended consequences for the future of Chinese political development. As Chinese political leaders continue to reform and adapt policies ...


The Senate: Out Of Order?, Aaron-Andrew P. Bruhl May 2011

The Senate: Out Of Order?, Aaron-Andrew P. Bruhl

Faculty Publications

Due to the routine use of the filibuster and related devices, today’s Senate operates as a supermajoritarian body. This Symposium Article considers whether this supermajoritarian aspect of the Senate renders it dysfunctional and, if so, what can be done about it. I contend that the Senate is indeed broken. Its current supermajoritarian features have pernicious effects. Further, and contrary to the claims of many of the Senate’s defenders, this aspect of the Senate is not part of the original design. I go on to explain why the Senate’s procedures, despite their deficiencies, have nonetheless proven resistant to ...


Not Just Another Tea Party, Nicole Kramer May 2011

Not Just Another Tea Party, Nicole Kramer

Senior Honors Projects

Not Just Another Tea Party

Nicole Kramer

Faculty Sponsor: Brian Krueger , Political Science

At times throughout U.S. history, there have been factions within political parties that do not just fade away or blend into the dominant paradigm, but survive and fundamentally alter the party. However, what qualifies a movement as a faction and not just another political idea that has gained some popularity, and what allows a faction to actually make a significant impact?

I began my research when I became curious and started looking at the Tea Party movement. As part of my study I wanted to learn ...


Roma Surrecta: Portrait Of A Counterinsurgent Power, 216 Bc - Ad 72, Emerson T. Brooking May 2011

Roma Surrecta: Portrait Of A Counterinsurgent Power, 216 Bc - Ad 72, Emerson T. Brooking

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This study evaluates the military history and practice of the Roman Empire in the context of contemporary counterinsurgency theory. It purports that the majority of Rome’s security challenges fulfill the criteria of insurgency, and that Rome’s responses demonstrate counterinsurgency proficiency. These assertions are proven by means of an extensive investigation of the grand strategic, military, and cultural aspects of the Roman state. Fourteen instances of likely insurgency are identified and examined, permitting the application of broad theoretical precepts to episodes spanning 300 years of Roman power. In summary, Rome demonstrates remarkable counterinsurgent sophistication, suggesting far more savvy and ...


Proposition 8: Religion, Morality Politics And California's Same-Sex Marriage Debate, Nathalie Jill Kun Baker Apr 2011

Proposition 8: Religion, Morality Politics And California's Same-Sex Marriage Debate, Nathalie Jill Kun Baker

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This paper explores the relationship between religious affiliation and support for a constitutional amendment banning same-sex marriage, and how this relationship changes over the course of the campaign. There is a demonstrable connection between religious beliefs and partisan and ideological preferences in the United States (Patrikios 2008; Campbell 2007; Layman 2001). Using Proposition 8 in California (2008) as my primary case study, I consider how religion shapes voter behavior specifically in same-sex marriage ballot propositions and how moral policy decisions most clearly expose the link between religious beliefs and ideological preferences. I find that the predictive capacity of religion with ...


How Congresswomen Of Color Affect Policymaking In The U.S.: 110th - 111th Congress, Chiyel R. Hayles Apr 2011

How Congresswomen Of Color Affect Policymaking In The U.S.: 110th - 111th Congress, Chiyel R. Hayles

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Congresswomen of color yield a distinct policy impact in Congress through their perspectives as women and as Americans of color, and through the mix of congressional tools they most often use. Both despite and through the legislative process and the institutional leadership positions they hold, they are able to influence policy by engaging with the executive branch. These more frequently utilized tools include scrutinizing and pressuring the executive branch as advocates, critics and advisers, and public outreach to generate more inclusive and better-informed policymaking. These congresswomen often specifically address substantive interests that are especially pronounced for people of color around ...


Political Opportunity And The Tea Party – Why And Where Tea Party Protests Occurred, Daniel Rudofsky Apr 2011

Political Opportunity And The Tea Party – Why And Where Tea Party Protests Occurred, Daniel Rudofsky

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

The TEA Party initially formed in 2009 to protest excessive government spending and skyrocketing debt. Very quickly their message caught on with many Americans across the country. Local groups sprouted up across America without any hierarchical organization directing their efforts. While some national TEA Party groups provide training and funding to certain local organizations, many of these local groups remain fiercely independent of any national affiliation. By examining their most basic political tool, the protest, this paper explains why the TEA Party movement chose certain congressional districts to hold its protests. It discovers that the TEA Party rationally chose certain ...


Cousins Across The Pond: Crises In Westminster And The Parliamentary Model's Usefulness For Reform Of The U.S. Model, Cory J. Krasnoff Apr 2011

Cousins Across The Pond: Crises In Westminster And The Parliamentary Model's Usefulness For Reform Of The U.S. Model, Cory J. Krasnoff

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

No abstract provided.


Democratic Political Socialization On University Campuses, Amit B. Patel Apr 2011

Democratic Political Socialization On University Campuses, Amit B. Patel

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This paper intends to contextualize early research on political socialization with recent developments that provide new considerations for the transmission of democratic political learning at a more advanced learning stage. It attempts to demonstrate this literature on political socialization as the foundation for evaluating the continuing research of the Penn Democracy Project in the field of democratic political socialization of undergraduate students. In light of the political socialization literature, this paper reveals the results of the most recent iteration of the Penn Democracy Project research study, which provide insight into the state of citizenship at the University of Pennsylvania. The ...


Women's Participation In Peacebuilding: A Missing Piece Of The Puzzle?, Mary K. Mccarthy Apr 2011

Women's Participation In Peacebuilding: A Missing Piece Of The Puzzle?, Mary K. Mccarthy

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

No abstract provided.


The Military Dimensions Of Post-Cold War Us Oil Policy: Access To Oil And Consequences For Geostrategy, Andrew Ryan Schlossberg Apr 2011

The Military Dimensions Of Post-Cold War Us Oil Policy: Access To Oil And Consequences For Geostrategy, Andrew Ryan Schlossberg

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

My objective is to analyze the military dimensions of United States oil policies since the end of the Cold War. America’s increasing economic dependency on imported oil, a vital input in the health of western economies, has been widely documented, but how does the military understand the role of oil, particularly in war times? I question long-standing assumptions about oil and international politics, particularly regarding “access” to the resource. In the end, I hope to produce a report that will shed light on aspects of the military’s oil strategy that either contradicts or is not captured by the ...


Bringing Down The House: The Causes And Effects Of The Decline Of Personal Relationships In The U.S. House Of Representatives, Evan Philipson Apr 2011

Bringing Down The House: The Causes And Effects Of The Decline Of Personal Relationships In The U.S. House Of Representatives, Evan Philipson

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Over the past 35 years, personal relationships have declined among members of the United States House of Representatives. In the aftermath of the Watergate scandal, polarization and partisanship have risen on Capitol Hill, only to be exacerbated by the impact of Newt Gingrich and the 1994 Republican Revolution. As a result of this increased polarization and partisanship, members of Congress are less able and less willing to forge the personal relationships that are necessary for Congress to function. These relationships make Congress more effective as an institution and result in the body passing more productive legislation. In the absence of ...


Roads Of War: Paved Highways And The Rise Of Ied Attacks In Afghanistan, Evan W. Medina Apr 2011

Roads Of War: Paved Highways And The Rise Of Ied Attacks In Afghanistan, Evan W. Medina

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Paved roads have been widely heralded by members of the policymaking world as a useful tool in combating the use of improvised explosive devices (IEDs) in Afghanistan. With the number of IED attacks growing exponentially since 2006, government officials have made the case for greater funding for road construction by explicitly linking paved roads with improved security conditions. This thesis subjects that connection to greater scrutiny and gives voice to the few detractors who contend that paved roads make security conditions worse. Moreover, this thesis examines new data on IED attacks along roads in Afghanistan and concludes that paving has ...


Drugs And Revolution: The Effect Of Narcotics Revenue On Rebel Group Goals, Gideon Spitzer Apr 2011

Drugs And Revolution: The Effect Of Narcotics Revenue On Rebel Group Goals, Gideon Spitzer

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This thesis seeks to answer the broad question: how does drug funding affect rebel group goals? More specifically, it explores why rebel groups reliant upon substantial narcotics-related revenue tend to be non-separatist in nature. The thesis tests three cases against five hypotheses in order gain a better understanding of the mechanisms that produce non-separatist goals among drug-funded rebel groups. This includes an examination the development of narcotics-fueled war economies, the role of state weakness in civil war, the reasons for non-separatist conflict perpetuation, as well as the discipline problems that arise as a result of a rebel group’s involvement ...


Game Changers In Us Defense Strategy: An Examination Of The Causes Behind The Increased Emphasis On Irregular Warfare Since 9/11, Jessica Parisi Apr 2011

Game Changers In Us Defense Strategy: An Examination Of The Causes Behind The Increased Emphasis On Irregular Warfare Since 9/11, Jessica Parisi

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Despite the vast research devoted to the shifting focus of the defense strategy toward irregular operations and developing a counterinsurgency doctrine since September 11, 2001, little is known about the driving political forces behind the process. Most assume that the strategy has shifted because after ten years embroiled in two wars—Iraq and Afghanistan—the United States has learned that conventional operations do not work against unconventional enemies. While this is true, how and why the strategy is integrated at the policy level is less well understood. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to fill in this void. An ...


Change Comes With Time: Substantive Interpretation Of Non-Proportional Hazards In Event History Analysis, Amanda A. Licht Apr 2011

Change Comes With Time: Substantive Interpretation Of Non-Proportional Hazards In Event History Analysis, Amanda A. Licht

Faculty Publications

While methodologists have provided us ample notice of both the problem of non-proportional hazards and the means of correcting them, less attention has been paid to the post-estimation interpretation. The suggested inclusion of time interactions in our models is more than a statistical fix: these corrections alter the substantive meaning and interpretation of results. Framing the issue as a specific case of multiplicative-interaction modeling, I provide detailed discussion of the problem of non-proportional hazards and present several appropriate means of interpreting both the substantive impact and the significance of variables whose effects may change over time.


Political Science Spring 2011, Dan Sabia Apr 2011

Political Science Spring 2011, Dan Sabia

Political Science Newsletter Spring 2011

No abstract provided.


First Amendment "Beefs": Agricultural Checkoff Programs And Freedom Of Speech, Sarah A. Vaughn Apr 2011

First Amendment "Beefs": Agricultural Checkoff Programs And Freedom Of Speech, Sarah A. Vaughn

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

In the past fourteen years, the Supreme Court has ruled three separate times on the constitutionality of Federal Farm Promotion Programs under the First Amendment. The challenge has been that the programs, which fund generic advertisements such as “Got Milk?” and “Beef: It’s What’s For Dinner,” compel the subsidization of objectionable speech from private producers. The answers handed down from the Court have been conflicting, but each has contributed to the new, still-emerging “government speech doctrine.” In the most recent case, Johanns v. Livestock Marketing Association (2005), the Court ruled that the speech in question was completely governmental ...


Jurisdiction‐Granting: Legislative Capacity And Ideological Distance, Seth W. Greenfest Jan 2011

Jurisdiction‐Granting: Legislative Capacity And Ideological Distance, Seth W. Greenfest

Political Science Faculty Publications

This paper examines the conditions under which Congress passes jurisdiction-granting legislation, legislation that expands the discretion of the federal district courts by designating them as venues in which policy questions are to be heard. This project extends existing research that has demonstrated that Congress manipulates the parameters of jurisdiction by examining the manner in which Congress routinely engages in this activity. I construct and evaluate a comprehensive dataset of laws in which Congress grants jurisdiction to the district courts for the period between 1949 and 2000 with the goal of explaining conditions under which Congress grants jurisdiction Two explanations are ...